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Oaxl No._ 

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U.OA m 





i'l ) I 
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translated - and.'annotated • BY 






ii: - 

ill . , . 1 .t UhlUL 

Att. N, .. 

Date .... 

Cali No.**'^,?"i/ii^,ri — i T iJ 







(of TTtIX)eiJ«KC), 





Fol. III.^ Chapi. XXJL ittrj ^ Es SiuSmi ^ ihr Stm atid 

£j SmJ&ai^ J 

TiIE F^ntr VoVACE or SlKDlXAD Sbamah . 

■»■ » 4 

i. The Sh-cdkd Vovagi or Stwdiad the Seauatt « 

f. TWlTflUll Vc^VAlJt Or SllffiOADTIIt StAUAW , * - * » * * 

Tkm Fqoit-m VoTiot or Sikdiau tm Suuajt 

t. The Firra VoYAq* nr Sishiad the Sejimav . * . * ^ ^ _ 

ThkSijcth VuYAor or SurBaAD-mmScAJWAw » « . t ^ , 

Tiir Si-YKim VovAiji or Susdiabtm Sbamaw * - • ; , ^ 

The Sstektp VoyAOE or Siwtsmiu the Seauam (A^r^nf at 

qf ilif C^india JE£jEfp«) , ^ ^ . * . 

134. THE cm" OF &KAS5 

iV*///.i C4i^*.S:.0/i. Cil^ i?wr. iTi-|5:L) 

I3i. THE CR-WT ANT> MAUCE OF WOMAN - . - * . . 

iLam^ I'W. CAa^. A"X/- i.f^jr^3V/ ^ JfAf ^ ^rnj; c 

DamuJl*nJ fAf SfVfn //'jcSciTr, pp. 



A. The Klua aitb Hii Wa^i^a Win 
I, Ths CQKrEm{>xEJ 4 Ht* Wtrip A?ro thb Paikot 
r. The FtTirLt* awdHii Soj( , _ . » . 

d. The Raax"* Tam ACAiiitr the Cmaite Wije 














r. Tat Much Am lat Lqavis cr .. . IJf7 

The L*i3V AUB nti Two Lqvbls * * # . . . . * ip 

TkI Kt^a"* Soi* AMO THE OoiEil . * " 13 

L The Dwor oj Has^ » * « « , •. a < « » i - 142 

L Tkk WouA^ WHO i^ADE Her HTiBAJiH Sir? Di3^r - - * , * c H2 

/, Tat Emcraktbo ^ . r , r - , ^ liJ 

L The W^tiut"! Sqh AMO tue H^A^uAH-EKEnEi'i Wiri ^ * a . #150 

i Thm Wf¥E * Davicr TO C^EA? M» Hti*«4UO ^ ISl 

w*T«e: Goldjmitw AMO tm CititomiSiEijnns-Gnii. h « r # # 

Thr Mam who Nevea Lau<i1€eti pi'uk^ rui ufi or hs? Datj . . . 

E. The KtSho'r SoM AMO-rat Mhwamt'a Will * * i - - * liT 

The Page wko tEt^sEo to Kjotnr t«s SpeAui Or Imii p c • * 149 

f- The Lact AKD HiA FnatSaiTifcAS * . t r - p - , , jT2 

T, The THKii Wmi e£, a a thz Mat wua i o mgeo to i o jnm Nlasr ar Pan^^A 110 

The SrotEM Kecalace . ^ . . . . . h a c . 112 

ti Tmb Two PtoioM* ..- # . u 4 *. } t $ 


p. The HoB!VE WTTTITHE fiELVeiitt^ , .. ,18® 

»_ The KiMo*i So» aeo the [tiinr'i Mieteeji ♦ « , t i. * . 19^ 

r. The ^AJtOAJ^VVgAjO Meaciiait'AHDT fii SniEPEEi. > . a « , 202 

j-T bs Daeaucuee AHOTttt TiittE-YEAi-Oui Gffitra • . ^ , 208 

a- The StflipEN PoAiE - - # c ^ . 209 

Ad. The Foe ABO THE Font.. . . r c 211 

lU- JUUAK AND ms BHmmEItf 213 

{Zjw, m., rxii- Si^ ^ 7 ^^^, pp. js3-mi 







There lived in the city of Baghdad, during the reign ^ 

mander of the Faithful Harun al^Rashid, a man named Mted 

the Hamm^* one in poor case ^ho bore burdem on for 

hire. It luippcned to him one day of great heat tha w _ . 

carrj'ing i heavy load, he beoLme exce^tng wear^’’ 

profusdy, the heat and the weight alike 

Ltly, i he was passing the gate of a merchants 

which the ground was sv.^ept and watered, and there ^hc am 

temperate, he sighted a bitjati bench beside the door; ® ^ ^ 

load^er«>n, to take rest and smell the 

perceived the daum of day and ixased saying her permi y- 

' Line Ui 1) «Di ««r bW friend "E»J1ndihW -»f •«<> 

Stndihiir Ktid In Greek Srnnpu) i» sail emtexiim, * ^Hn-j *» (fndfdpiri). The 
Afib tteria; >na k»k upr-n it a * m«e 

deri-itbn offered by Hcle iltem»rks 00 the N«h= Tt 

Hele. U^D Laodon. Cad=ll, 1797} from the Ptmotr ibid (* »<»««) w " 

it, however, *101 • fiftle cwfiai* thit thl* V^Y 

b fouiul in ladiin « eoHy « AIe,tnder^i«y./vf-^ l»J« cf the 

Periplaa U •‘Duklishiir.ibid," the S»n*let. bens «D»l^‘h^" «p*ih^ „ii l:- iL 

TS iJIjrtrr Kke X Jtimtninn* of Conrtendnopit Some *d«*. C*li hm 

HituJfhid ** 


Al-P L^YLAli WA LflVlAH. 


It toast jfUit ^unbreb atib iriiirt^>5rbcntb 

She said, It liath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
Haoimid $et his load upon the benen to take rest and smell the 
air» there came out upon him from the cotirt'dour a pleasant 
breete and a delicious fragrance. He sat down on the edge of the 
bench, and at once heard from wnthin the melodious sound of lutes 
and other stringed instruments, and mirth'exciting voices singing 
and reciting, together with the song tjf birds w^arbhng and glorify^- 
ing Almighty Allah in various tunes and tongues^ turtles, mock' 
ing'birds, merles, nightingales, cusliats and stone'curlews,' whereat 
he marvelled in lum^f and was mov'cd to mighty joy and solace. 
Then he went up to the gate and saw within a great flower'garden 
wherein were pages and black slaves and such a train of servants 
and attendants and so forth as is found only with Kmgs and 
Sultans; and his nostrils were greeted with die savoury odours of 
all manner meats rich and dii^catc, and delicious and generous 
wines. So he raised his eyes heavenwards and said, “Glory to 
Thee, O Lord, O Creator and Provider, who providest whomso 
Thou wilt without count or stint! O mine Holy One, I cry Thee 
pardon for all sins and turn to Thee repenting of all offences! O 
Lord, there is no gainsaying TIik in Thine ordinance and Thy 
dominion, neither wilt Thou be questioned of that Thou dost, for 
Thou indeed over all things art Ahnightj’! Eiitolled be Tby 
perfection: whom Thou wilt Thou mokest poor and whom Thou 
wilt Thou mahest rich! Whom Thou wik Thou exaltrat and 
whom Thou wilt Thou a basest and there is no god but Thou! 
How mighty is Thy majesty and how enduring Thy dominion and 
how excellent Thy government! Verily, Thou favourcst whom 
Thou of Thy servants, whereby die owner of this place 
abideth in all joyance of life and ddighteth himself with pleasant 
scents and dehduus meats and exquisite wines of aU kinds. For 
indeed Thou ap^intest unto Thy creature that which Thou w'ilt 
and that which Thou hast foreordained unto them; wherefore are 
some weary and others are at neat and some enjoy fair fortune and 
aflluence, whilst others suffer the extreme of travad and misery, 
even as I do." And he fell to reciting. 

’Arab kariwin" ^Owa^nticdlciiirmiia,Ijnn.iiitiibriljnoKttMlrtiiKttby Tgyitttuu 
tnd twtd h; ipcirtuncn. 


"How maov bv mv Uboun, that cvcnaort endure, * All gpods of life enjoy 

and in eooly shade podine? - j . » a a ««■ 

Each mom that dawm I watc in travail and m woe, * And strange la my 
condition and my burden gais me pine: * , c 

Many others are in luch and fnwt diiserics are Tfce, * Ami Fortune never 
loads than with loads the like o' mine: 

They live ihdr happy days in all eobce and delight; * Eat, drink and dwdl 
in htmtjur 'mid the noble and the digfie; , . . . 

All living ihings were made of a little drop of spefffl, * Thine engin is mine 
and my provetiince is tlvine; / . * , 

Y« the diilerence and distance 'twirt the twain of us are far As the 
difference of savour 'twixt vinegar and wtne; ^ , 

But at Thee, O God All-wise! I venture not to mil * whose ordinance is 
just and whoee justia cannot faiL 

When Sindbad the Porter had made an end of redting his verses, 
he bore up burd^i and was about to fare on, when tbCTs came 
forth to him from the gate a little foot'page, fair of face and 
shapely of shape and dainty of dress who caught him the^d 
saying, "Come Iti and speak "with my lord, for he oalleth for 
The Porter would have excused hirasdf to the page hut the lad 
would take no refusal; so he left his load with the dairkee^ in 
the vestibule and followed the boy into the hous^i whi^ he found 
to be a goodly mansion, radiant and full of majesty, till he brou^it 
him to a grand sitting-room wherein he saw a company of nobles 
and great lords, seated at tables garnished with all manner of 
flowers and sweet-'seented herbs, besides gr^t plenty of diun^ 
viands and fruits dried and fresh and COTfections and wines^ol the 
choic^t vintages. Thcr^ also were xTistrutn^ts of tuusic tind 
mirth and lovely slave-girls playing and singinp AU the company 
was ranged according to rank; and in the highest place a 
of w'orshipful and noble aspect whose beard-stdp hoanness 
Stricken; and he wa^ 5 tn.tely of st^iture und fair of favour* _ 

of aspect and full of gravity and dignity and majesty. So Smdbad 
die Porter was confounded at rhat which he beheld wid aid m 
himself, "By Allah, this must he either a piece of Paradise or 
some icing’s pakcel" Then he saluted the company with much 
respect praying for dicir prosperity, and kissing me gropid before 
them stood w’ith his head bowed down in humble attitude. ■ 
And'Shahraxad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say 
her permitted say. 


Alp Lattlah wa Laylah. 

niljra it teas tfje Jftbe ?i^antjnb snb irtlirlp-difl)t& 

She said, k hath ^ched me, O auspicious King, that Sjnd ba d 
the ‘■‘ftCT kissing ground between their h^ds stood with 

his head bowed down in humbk attitude. The master of the 
house bade him draw near and be seated and bespoke him kindly, 
bidding him welcome. Then he set before him various kinds of 
viancbi rich delicate ^nd di^liciouSi i^nd th^ Portfir^ sft^r sayinE 
his BismiUah, IcU to and aie his lill, after which he exclaimed, 
“Praised be Allah whatsc be our case!‘“ and, washing his hands, 
returned thanks to the company for his entertainment. Quoth the 
host, **Thou art welcome and thy day is a blessed. But what is 
• Quoth the other, “0 my lord, my name 

IS Smdbad the Mammal, and I carry lolk*s goods on my head for 
f^G," The house'iuaster smiled and rejoined, “Know, O Porter 
that thy name is even as mine, for 1 am Smdbad the Seaman; and 
now, O Porter, f would have thee let me hear the couplets thou 
recitc^t at die gate anon.” The Porter was abashed and replied, 
“Allah upon thee! Excuse me, for toil and travail and bek of 
luck when the hand is empty, teach a man ill manners and boorish 
ways. the host. Be not ashamed; thou art become my 

brother; but repeat to me the verses, for they pleased me whenas 
1 heard thee recite them at the gate. Hereupon the Porter re- 
peated die couplets and they delighted the merchant, who said 
to him, ‘ know, O Hammah that my story is a wonderful one, and 
thou sliult hear all that bcfel me and all I underwent ere I rose to 
this state ot prosperity and became the lord of this place wherein 
thou secst me; for I came not to this high estate save after travail 
sore and perils galore, and how much toil and trouble have I not 
suffered in days of y<?re! I have made seven voyages, by ea ch of 
which Iiangeth a marvellous tale, such as confoundcdi the reason, 
and all tliis came to pass by doom of fortune and fate; for from 
what destiny doth w't ite there is ncidier refuge nor flight. Know, 
then, good my lords (continued he) that I am alwut to rebte the 

First Voyage o/ Sindhtid rlic Seuimin.”^ 

Mv fath^ was a merchant, one of the notables of my native place 
a monied man and ample of means, who died whilst 1 was yet a 

^ piEt «EiU ixipHjjf, ivcrti the vnl I it Sindbiui the C_ 

the Arab jwitpr MHui w iepe»t ane renvli «f Poh wSee 

Uur cliJ fntoa mast not be cottfiMndcJ with ibe etwnrm of tKt "fil&ctihiri 
ihc Of Sinaw the -Saje Mghi dhTm SitvdibSa.n«BEh : 



rhil iji, leaving me much wealth in money and lands and fanc' 
houses. When I grew up, I laid bands on the whole and ate of 
the best and drank freely and wore rich clothes and lived lavishly, 
companioning and consorting with youths of my own age, and 
considm'ng that this course of life wnuliJ continue for ever and ken 
no change. Thus did I for a tong time, but at last 1 awoke from 
my heedlcssncss and, returning to my senses, 1 found my wealth 
had become unwealth and my condition iU'conditioned and all 1 
once bent had left my hand. And recovering my reason 1 was 
stricken with dismay arjd contusion and bethought me of a saying 
of our lord Solomon, son of David (on whom be peace!), which I 
had beard aforetime from my fathCT, ’Throe things are better than 
other three; the day of death is better than the day of birth, a liw 
dog is better than a dead lion and the grave is belter than want, ’* * 
Then 1 got together my remains of estates and proper^ and sold 
all, ev'en my doihes, for three thousand dirhams, with which I 
resolved to travel to foreign parts, remembering the saymg of 
the poet, 

“By mmu of toil man shaU scale the beigbc; * Who to fame a^ircs mustn t 
sleep o' night; 

^Vho seeketh pear] m the deep roust dive, * ^^^mning weal and wiraJih by 
bs main and might; 

And who seekedi Fame without coil and strife • Th* tropcisstble seeketh and 
wustech life." 

So taking heart I bought me goods, merchandise and all needed 
for a voyage and, impatient to be at sea, I embarked, with a com* 
pany of merchants, on board a ship bound for Bassorah. There 
we again embarked and sailed many days and nights, and w'e 
paired from isle to isle and sea to sea and shore to shore, buying 
and selling and bartering everywhere the ship touclicd, and con* 
tinued our course till we came to an island as it were a garth 
of the gardens of Paradise. Here the captain cast anchor and 
making fast to the shore, put out bmding planks. So all 
on board landed and made furnaces" and lighting fires therein, 
busied then^ves in various ways, some cooking and some 

^The fim *nd *«*na from Rtfle*. ehaptt. vh. I, mil i*. 4 The But Edit, itnie 
for the thlwf, ‘Thep-ttve in better then the p;tlacr.'' N'wic afe tbun SbloAan, but Easusm* 

do not '"ircrflfT 

* Amb, ''KiniSfl”; a fiunact, ^ kriuCT bEfoK oodml (yoI p, 372 ); hen; a pqt Ml at 
chama! In the w A btik benffii of cH ^hap&S iihe a and 



Ai 4 = Lavlah wa Laylaii. 

washing, whilst other sorne walked about the island for solace, 
and the crew fdl to catu^ and drinking and playing and sporting. 
1 was one of the walkers but, as we were thus engaged, behold the 
master who was standing on the gunwale cried out to us at the 
top of his voice, saying, “Ho there! passengers, mn for your lives 
and hasten back to the ship and lea%Te your gear and save your¬ 
selves from destruction, Allah preserve you! For diis island 
whereon yt stand is no true island, but a great fish stationary 
a-middlemost of die sea, whereon the sand hath settled and trees 
have sprung up of old time, so that it is bo:otne like unto an 
island^ but, when ye lighted fires on it, it fdt the heat and 
mo^ed; and in a moment it wflJ sink with j-ou into the sea and ye 
will all be drowned. So leave your gear and seek your safety 

ere ye dfe!”^-^And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased saying her pemiicted say. 

SShen it tt|e ififie ifiunhreli anb H^tripniiitlj 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
ship-master cried to the passengers, “heave your gear and seek 
safety, cne ye die;” ah who heard liim left gear and goods, clothes 
washed and unwashed, fire pots and brass cooking-pots, and hed 
back to the ship for their lives, and some readied it while others 
(amongst whom was I) did not, for suddenly the island shook and 
sank into the aby^es of the deep, with ah tkit were thereon, and 
the dashing sea surged over it with clashing waves. I sank with 
the others down, down into the deep, but Almighty Allah pre¬ 
served me from drowning and threw in my way a great wooden 
cub of those that had served the ship's company for cubbing, 1 
gripped it for the sweetness of life and, l^thding ic like one 
riding, paddled with my feet like oars, whilst che waves tossed me 
as in sport right and left. Meanwhile the captain made sail and 

^ Thcte fiilvMajiif* are common in the ihc rrisrii of Plijiy (ivij, 4), which 

Mstgiibi mtufcjrn to tht Bftltit (%jd. anJ tltniA V the wbilci of N^cifchui 

C- J- SoGnui iPtinli xShah’) lAy^ uiiiriB ULetuu tilin ipaiia ctemmn- 

/ujfenniu'" See Bochan's fl. SO) fot Joh't Ijcviiihm^ i%\l Hcri« 

Boianla Iruiun Jik iv.^ bomow^d hit magical whiJicanvl Mlltcrn P,J_ 

deemtsd Ml uliuicfi A baiting whale would rfadily I'Ne Krakcn md Cetui i^f Olxtia 

Mjwnrrt Cm. -5). Al.Kjxwim'i r[Dnoov tmtbc on ihr ''Wgnrfsfa of ihc WoHj'' 
■tl-Mablil&kii) idJj the time tak of the '^Sukt/nli turioiK, rht cokswhilyt, far which 
vx S'isrfvT dJ. 

First Voyage of St^rDBAD the Seaman. 


departed with those who had reached die ship> regardless of the 
drowning and the drowned; and I ceased not toUowing the vessel 
with iny eyes, till she was hid from sight and I made sure of death. 
Darkness closed in upon me while m this plight and the w^ds and 
waves bone me on ^ that night and the neit day, till the tub 
brought to with me under the lee of a lofty island, with trees cjver- 
hanging the tide. I caught hold of a branch and by its aid 
clambered up on to the land, after coming nigh upon death; but 
when 1 reached the shore, I found my legs cramped and numbed 
and my feet bore traces of the nibbling of fish upon their soles; 
withal I had fdc nothing for excess oi anguish and fadgue. I 
threw myself down on the island ground, like a dead man, and 
drowned in desolation swooned away, nor did I return to my 
senses tfll next morning, when the sun rose and rei-ived me. But I 
found my feet swollen, SO made shift to move by shuffling on my 
breech and crawling on my knees, for in that island were found 
store of fruits and springs of sweet water. I ate of the fruits which 
strengthened me; and mus 1 abode days and nights, till my life 
seemed to return and my spirits began to revive and I was better 
able to move about. So, af ter due consideration, I fell to exploring 
the island and diverting mysdf with gazing upon all things that 
Allah Almighc)' had created there; and rested under the trees 
from one of which I cut me a staiF to lean upon. One day as 1 
walked along the marge, I caught si^t of some object in the dis' 
tance and thought it a wild beit or one of the monster'creatures 
of the sea; but, as I drew near it, looking hard the while, 1 saw 
that it was a noble mane, tethered on the foch. Presently I went 
up to her, but she cried out against me with a great cry, so that 
I trembled for fear and turned to go away, when there came forth 
a man from under the earth and followed me, crying out and 
6a>ung, “"Who and whence art thou, and what caused thee to 
come hither?*’ '*0 my lord,” answered [, "'’I am in very sooth, 
a waif, a stranger, and wto left to drown with sundry others by 
the ^ip we voyaged in;‘ but AUah graciously sent me a wooden 
tub; so I saved myself thereon and it fioat^ with me, tili the 
waves cast me up on this island.’* When he heard tliis, he took 
my hand and saying, “Come with me," carried me into a peat 
Sardab, or underground chamber, which was spacious as a saloon. 

* Saluibud dtWi nar ny tfmt t ifeipwrixleed maji* lleirig a. model in the. martcl 

of "tr^FcUcr»* talc*r he aiwayn tt!b the mtlh when an untruthi would najr *cnre him 


Aj-t Laviak wa Layiah. 

He made me sic down at its upper end; theii tie brought me some' 
what of food and, being anhungered. 1 ate till 1 was satisfied and 
rcfrcsliedi and when he had put me at mine ease he questioned 
tne of mysdl', and 1 told him all that had befallen me from first 
to last; and, as he wondered at my adventure, 1 said. “By Allah, 
O my lord, extuse me; I have told thee the truth ol my case and 
the accident which betided me; and now I desire that thou tell 
me who thou art and why thou abidest here under the earth and 
why i^ou hast tethered yonder mare on the brink of the sea.'* 
Answered he, “Know, that 1 am one of die several who are 
stationed in different parts of this island, and we are of the grooms 
of King Mihrjan^ and under our hand are all his horses. Every 
month, about new-moon tide w'e bring hither our best mares which 
have never bem covered, and picket them on the sea'shorc and 
hide ourselves in this place under the ground, so that none may 
espy U 5 . Presently, the stallions of the sea scent the mares and 
come up out of the water and seeing no one, leap the mares and 
do their will of them. When dicy have covered toem, they try to 
drag them away whth than, but cannot, by reason of the leg-ropes; 
so diey erv out at tliem and butt at tliem and kick them, which 
we hearing, know' chat the stallions have dismounted; so we rtm 
out and shout at them, whereupon they are startled and return in 
fear to the sea. Then the marcs conceive by them and bear colts 
and fillies worth a mint of money, nor is their like to be found on 
earth's face. This is the time of the coming forth of the sea' 

stallions; and In^aUabt 1 will bear thee to King Mihr/an’- 

And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of day and ceased Co say her 
permitted say. 

^ Lane Oil* &3J wvuld mate tlfis t oorrupPEm tjf the Hindn Rajah; 

hmitiMheranicnf th^^tiuriunnal th? Giicbrci: i 

ok! Pemifl wDfJi ^Mlkr {iht ftun, whtJiM and M will pr«cntly 

appcHfi in the daps of the just An^hirwiA, the Ptiwiivi twwwd SouiJicm Afatika 
and Et5t Africa sourij nf Cape GuMitkfd CJlni On the other hand, Euppcditig 

the word to be * comjption of Mahsuwj, SiDdhijd map alliidf to the Camsis Nantinga 
kingdtHn in NCLi^th India whose capital ™ at eo wy greii InSm 

lUjah ersn Kcof Kja^hirh (Cutch), fflmqix* to Moslem atoty ai thu; Rjifhara f B^iliabd Rais, 
who fiHiided tht Baiiabhl cm *or the i^nintTrin the Eimdry FUjah orMaid.har>p 

For M4ijragr^ cff Mihri^j tee Rc!tau!i[it^i "Two Mohninimdldn Traveller* of the NinA 
Century/* In she icocMint of C-eySoo by Wolf rEngJjjh Traaii. p. I6S) it aiijolnidie^'IDiaa 
de CiveiJlk^ fof wild to which th* Dutch mwchant* eeftt ikeir hf^od-mares. Sir 

W. Jaetd tUsscriprijon of Aaii,. chapt- fl) maices the Arabian ialuttl Sobormi or Mahdii=* 

flKSl' VdVAUB Of SlN&BAO THii 


G[l[)m il toaiS ttic JEjunlircfe anft jTcrJitJt 

She continued. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the 
Sycc‘ said to Sindhad the Seaman, "I will bear thee to fcng 
Mihnan and show thee our country. And know that liadst thou 
not happen^ on us thou badst perished imsenibly and none hao 
known of thee; hut I will be the means of tiic saving of my Ufe 
and of thy return to thine own land.*’ 1 called down blcs^gs 
him and thanked him for ha kindness and courtesy: and, while 
we were yet talking, behold, the stalliun came up out of the 
and, giving a great cry. sprang upon the mare jmd covered her. 
When he had done his wiU of her, he dismounted and would have 
carried her away with him, but could not by rea^ of the cetto. 
She kicked and aied out at him, whereupon the groom toot a 
sword and target* and ran out of the underground saloon, smiting 
the buckler with the blade and calling to his company, who came 
up shouting and brandishing spears; and die stalhon took fnght 
at them and plunging into the sea, lie a buff^o, disapp^e 
the waves/ ^After this we sat awhile, till the rest of the 
came up, each leading a mare, and ^ing me with tbeir f^ow- 
Syce, questioned me of tny case and I repeated my ^ 

Thereupon they drew near me and spreading ^e table, and 
invited W to eat: so I ate wiif 

and mounting me on one of the ttiar^, set ou^ wa ir*„£T 
on without c^g, tm we came to the capu^ city of king Mr 
^ S^going into him acquainted with my 
he sent for ml, and when they set me before him and salams had 
been exchangedt he g:ive me a corral wdemne and wiahi^ m 
long Ufe bark me te U him my tale. So I related to him all that 

• Anil.. iKe v=U,l«a«r. W for . B«on. « . "W. 


1 Armb. "Daj^k«h'* i •bcrhM WT wc w> the Classic* of 

■Th. fiirdi ^ mum f«m ihTs;.b ,r pickcd^g 

Euni^; .nd the t Colontl J t). Wit»»n of iJis Biimbiy Anny 

<>f Siind. lKt« futmol during the 

iftd WHB earned in a noaf w™ ^ himU This would 

how, -rrith hi$- dun bwrod !««» fini dotui »mpe 



I had seen and all that had befallen me froin litst go last, whereat 
he marvelled and said to jue, '’By Allah, O my son, thou hast 
indeed been miraculously prescrviedl Were not the tenn of thy 
life a^ng one, thou hadst not escaped from these straits; but 
praised be Allah for safetyl Then he spoke cheerily to me and 
entreated me with kindness and conddcratiodi moreover, he made 
me Ihs agent for the p<jrt and registrar of all ships tliat entered 
the harbour. 1 attended him regularly, to receive his command' 
ments, and he favoured me and did me all manner of kindne^ 
^d invested me with costly and splendid robes. Indeed, J was 
high in credit with him, as an invercessor for the folk and an 
intermediary between diem iuid him, when they wanted aught of 
1^. I abcxJc dius a great while and, as often as I passed through 
the dty to the port, 1 questioned the merchants and travellers 
and sailors of the city oi Baghdad; so haply 1 miglit hear of an 
occasion to return to my native land, but could ^d none who 
kne\y it or knew any who resoned thither. At this I was chagrined, 
lOr I \ras wca^ of long strangerhood; and my disappointment 
endu^ ior a time till one ^y, going in to King Mihrjan, 1 found 
with him a compa^ of Indians. I saluted them and they rettmi^ 
my sabm; ^id ptilitely welcomed me and asked me of my country. 

■-And Shahraaad perceived the dawn of day and ceased savinir 

her permitted say, ' 

Slfjrn tt toag tfjt JTibt ^Qhinhrtb aiib JFortp-tirgf 

She con^ued. It hath readied me, O auspicious King, that 
^dkd the Seaman sad;—When they asked me of my country 
I qu^tioned them of theirs and they told me that they werc^ 

Shakinyah' who ire the noblest 

in delight 

and solace and metrimcnt and own camels and horses and catdc, 
Moreo^r. they told me that die peopk of India are divided into 
twoand-seventy castes, and I marvelled at this with exceeding 

•i «»l)k.«ro(ini, ’ ^ iwfaiicnttl Iwniw hsn tcuns 

Fjbst Voyage Of Sikdead the Seamau. 


marvd, Amotigsi other things ^at 1 saw in png hlihrjanj 
dotnmions was an island called Kasil.' wherdn all night is he^ 
the beating of drums and tabrets; but we were told by the neigh' 
bouring islanders and by traveUers that the inhabitants are iwDple 
of and judgment.^ In this sea I saw also a fish two 

hundred cubits long and the fishennen fear it; so they 
together pieces of wood and pur it to Bight.® 1 also anower 
fish, with a head like that of :in owl, besides many other ^ders 
and rarities, which it would be tedious to recount. 1 oorupied ray' 
sell thus in visiting the islands till, one day, as 1 stood in the port, 
with a stair in my hand, according to my custom, behold, a great 
ship^ whcrciii were coariy DDerchsJTit&^ mailing for the harbour. 
Whm it reached the small inner port where ships anchor under 
the city, the master furled his sails and making fast to the shore, 
put out the landing-planks, whereupon the crew fell to breaking 
bulk and landing cargo whilst I stood by, taking written note of 
them. They were long in bringing the goo^ ashore so 1 askM 
the master, *‘I8 there aught left in thy ship?'*: he amw^ck 

“O my lord, there are divers bales of merchandise m the hol^ 
whose cremer was drowned from amongst us at one of the islands 
on our course: so his goods remained in our charge by way ot trust 
and we purpose to seU them and note their prire, that we may 
convey it to his people in the aiy of Baghdad, the Home of 
Peace.'* “What was the merchant's name? ^oth 1, and quoUi 
he "Sindbad the Seaman;" whereupon I scraicly conside^ mm 
and knowing him, criod out to him with a great c^, saying, O 
captain, 1 am that Sindhad the Seaman who travelled with other 
merchants; and when the fish heaved and thou calledst to us 

It B t Friir ^'KihW " Lj-'ic flU SS) iii^ipcwri U til W the “BiiftaU of 

nrar farcrics,^ roariii^ 

wKo plate! nev BjrtJii * *lc*cr lal _ rnwleJ t»v J?»iU (Sewena, tol. i-, p. 16S). 

bv j«ui «e rli=^Kona.4. ^ J ^ ^ 

1 Al^ r«m At-KTT-lwt « .. iu. h' bstween Herbemh 

the Fj« Afi^cAit %n tKc PsrElait by Tnittrptsn fSrrabch 

M.,1b .a„ tb.' M .met, 

,1.-1 with U-e «•**': ^ * 


Alp Layijui wa Laylaii. 

some saved themselves and others sank, I being mt of them . But 
Allah Almighty threw in my "way a peat tub a I wwxJ, of those the 
crew had usra to wash w'ithal, and the winds and waves carried me 
CO this island, where by Allah’s grace, I fell in w-ith King Mihijan s 
grooms and they brought: me hither to the King their master. 
When I told him my story, he entreated me with favour and made 
me his harbour-master, and I liave prospered in his service and 
found acceptance with him. These bales, therefore are mine, the 

goods whch God hath given me.”-And Shahraaud perceived 

the dawn of day and ceased to say her pitmitted say. 

EBbtn it hia5 the Jfihe Ibunbceh anh :ffSTt|^i;tconh fligth 

She continued. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
Sindbad the Seaman said to the captain, "Th^ bales arc mine, 
the goods which Allah hath given me,” the other excliumi^ 
“There is no Majesty' and there is no Might save in Allah, the 
Glorious, the Great! Verily, there is neither conscience nor good 
faith left among men!" said 1, “O Rais,^ what mean these words, 
seeing that I have told thee iny case?" And he answered, 
"Because thou heardest me say tmt 1 had with me goods whose 
owner was drowned, thou thinkest to take them without right; 
but this is forbidden by law to thee, for we saw him drown before 
our eyes, together with many other passengers, nor was one of 
them saved. So how const thou pretend that thou art the owner 
of the goods?" "O captain," said 1, “listen to my story and give 
heed to my words, and my truth wd) be manifest to thee; for 
lying and leasing are the l^er-raarks of the hypocrites." Then 
I recounted to him all that had befallen me since I sailed from 
Baghdad with hiui to the rime when we came to the ibh-island 
where we were nearly drowned; and I reminded him of certain 
matters which had passed between us; whereupon both he and the 
merchants were certified at the truth of my story and recognised 
me and gave me joy of my deliverance, saying, “By Allah, we 
thought not that thou hadst escaped drowning! But the Lord 
hath granted thee new life.” Tlien they delivered my bales to me, 
and I found my name written thereon, nor was aught thereof 
lacking. So I opened them and making up a present for King 

^ Tile CHptain cit niBAtcr owrier^ of ■ ihip, 

First Votage of Sindbad tiie Seamaji. 


Mihniin oi the finest and costUest of the contents, caused the 
sailors carry it up to the palace, where I went in to the King 
and laid my present at his feet, acquainting him with what tiad 
happened, especially concerning the ship and my gno^; whet'eat 
he wondered with exceeding wonder and the trum of all that 1 
had told liim was made manifest to him* Ito affecaon tor me 
redoubled alter that and he showed me exceeding honoi^ and be 
stowed on me a grcit present in return tor ^e. Then I s^d my 
bales and what other matters I owned makiiig a great pr^t on 
them, and bought me other goods i^ndl gear of the growth and tidi' 
ion of tlie Lsland dty, When the merchants were about ® 
their homeward voyage, 1 embarked on the ship ail that i 
possess^, and going in to the King, thanked him for all his favi^ 
and fnendship and craved his leave to return “ ^y own land and 
friends* He taiewelled me and bestowed on me great store of 
the country'stuffs and produce; and I took leave of 
embarked Then we set sail and fared on nighfe and flays by 
the permission of Allah ALniight)i” and Fortune s^ us 
Fate tawured us, so tliat wc a^ived in safety at Bassonh^ 
where I landed rejoiced at my saie return to my ^ml "‘I; ™ 
a short say, I set our for Baghdad, the House ot 
of goods and commodities of great price. Reaching the aty m 
due time. I went straight to my own quarter and entered^ 
house where aH my fnends and kinsfolk came to gr^t 
I bought me eunuchs and concubmes, seirancs^d "eg™ 
till I had a large establishment, and I bought me house^ imd lands 
and gaidens. dU I was richer and in hctter'case than 
retold CO enjoy the society of my 
assiduously than ever, forgetting aU I had 
hardship and strangerhotxl and every pen! of travel and I 
mvsdf to all manner joys and solaces and dehghts. eating the 

ddnricst vianife and drinking the Ae 

wealth allowed this state of things to endure. 

storv of my first voyage, and to-morrow, 

the tale of the second of mv sev^ vo^Tiges (Smth he wlm 

the tale). Then Sindhad the Seaman made Sindhad the Lto 

man sun with him and bade give him an 

saying, “Thou barf cheered us with thy comp any this day. Ihe 
• The M«tHn frtVtnii, .hnwrt w < r.nwHAe, ho«wer humhU 

Alp Layiau wa Laylau. 


Poner thanked him and, taking the ft/t, went (us way, pondering 
that which he had heard and marv^ng mightily at what fhmgc 
bedde mankind. He parsed the night in his own place and wim 
early monnng repaired to the abode of Sindbad the Seaman, who 
received him with honour and seated him by his sidc^ As soon as 
the rest of the company was assembled, he set meat and drink 
before them and, when diey had well eaten and drunken and were 
mcrr>' and in cheerful case, he took up his discourse and recounted 
to them in these words the narrative of 

The SecoTtd Voyage of Sind W tfic Seaman, 

Know, O my broiier, that I was living a most comfortable and 
enjoyable life, in all solace and delight, as I told you yesterday, 

-'And Shahiazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying 

her permitted say. 

IHbcn it toaa tlje ^unhreh avfy jforlP-lJjirh iJig^t. 

She continued. It ha^ reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
Sindbad the Scaman''s guests were all gathered together he thus 
bespoke them:—1 was Ih'ing a most enjoyable life until one day 
my mind became possessed with the thought of travelling about 
the world of men and seeing their cities and islands; and a longing 
seized me to traffic and to make money by trade. Upon this 
resolve I took a great store of cash and, bujdng goods and gear 
fit for travel, bound them up in bales. Then I went down to the 
river-bank, where I found a noble ship and brand-new about to 
sail, etjuipped with sails of fine cloth and well manned and pro- 
1 ^ook passage in her, with a number of other merchants, 
MCI after embarking our goods we weighed anchor the same day. 
Right fair ww our voyage and we sailed from place to place and 
from isle to isle; and whenever we anchored we met a crowd of 
mCTchants and notables and custorners, and we took to buying and 
filing and bartemg. At last Destiny brought us to an island, 
fair and verdant, m trees abundant, -with ydlow-ripc fruits luxuri- 
ant, and flowed fragrant and birds warbling sott descant; and 
streams crystalline and radiant; but no sign of man showed to the 

Seconp Voyage of Sindbap the Seamah, 


descrier, m, not a blower of the fire.' The captain made fast with 
us to this island, and the merchants and sailors landed and walked 
about, enjoying the shade of the trees and the song of the birds, 
that chanted the praises of the One, the Victorious, and marvel' 
ling at the works of the Omnipotent King.’ I landed with tlxe 
rest; and, sitting down by a spruig of sweet water that welled up 
among the trees, took out some vivers I had with me and ate of 
that which Allah Ahnighc^* had allotted unto me, And so sweet 
was the sephyr and so fragrant were the flowers, that presently 1 
waxed drowsy and, lying down in that place, soon drowned 
in sleq 5 - When 1 awok^ I found mpdf alone, for the ship had 
sailed and left me behind, nor had one of the merchants or 
sailors bethought himself of me, I searched the island right and 
left, but found neither man nor Jmn, whereat 1 was beyond meas' 
urc troubled and my gall was like to burst for stress of chagrin and 
anguish and concern, because I was left quite alone, without aught 
of wordly gear or meat or drink, weary and heart'hroken. So 
I gave myself up for lost and said, ‘‘Not always doth, the crock 
escape the shock. I was saved the first time by finding one who 
brought me fnito the desert island to an inhabited place, but now 
there is no hope for me." Then I fell to weeping and wailing and 
gave myself up to an access of rage, blaming myself for having 
again ventured upon the perils and hardships of voyage, wbenas 
I was at my ease in mine own house in mine own land, taking my 
pleasure with good meat and good drink and good clothes and 
Strin g nothing, neither money nor goods. And 1 repented me of 
having left Baghdad, and this the more after all the travails and 
dangere I had undergone in my first voyage, wherein I had so 
narrowly escaped destruction, and esdaiined Verily w'e are 
Allah's and unco Him we are returning!' I was indeed even as 
one mad and Jinn'Struck and presently 1 rose and walked about 
the island, right and left and every whither, unable for trouble to 
sit or tarry in any one place. Then I climbed a tall tree and 
looked in all directions, but saw nothing save sky and sea and 
trees and birds and isles and sands. However, after a while my 
eager glances fell upon some great white thing, afar ofi in the 

‘ A pnpular H) esepfa* titter deflokitaa. 

' Tht liteniute of *1! pteplw wntaiiw this ph^obgics] prrrrteion. Binfe d« ntrf 
linff hymns; the song of the mskii w call the fsninlc *itd whan the pj’tnns^eiwo 
teidt «li Kte dumbw 

i 6 

Alf Laylam wa Lavlah. 

interior of the island; so 1 came down from the tree and made 
for that wKjch 1 bad seen; and bdiolth it was a huge white dome 
rising high in air and oi vast oitupass. 1 walked at] around it, 
but found no door thereto, nor couid I muster strength or nimble- 
ness by reason of its exceeding smoothness and slipperineas. So 
I marked the spot where 1 stood and went round about the dome 
to measure its circumference w'hich 1 found fifty good paces. 
And as 1 stood, casting about how to gain an entrance the day 
being near its fall and the sun being near the horizon, behold, the 
sun was suddenly hidden from me and the air became dull and 
dark. Methought a cloud had come over the sun, but it w'as the 
season of summer; so 1 marv'etied at this and lifting my head 
looked steadfastly at the sky, w*hen I saw that the cloud was none 
other than an enormous bird, of gigantic giith and inordinately 
wide of wing which, as it flew through the air, veiled the sun and 
hid it from the island. At this sight my wonder tedoublcd and I 

remembered a story*-And Shahtiuad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

BUfitn It inas tf)t jfiUe lOutibreb aiih jFortp-fourtf) 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued in these words:—^My wonder redoubled 
and i remembered a acory 1 had heard aforetime of pilgrims and 
travellers, how in a certain island dwelleth a huge bird, called the 
‘‘Rukh’*' which feedeth its young on elq^hants; and f was ceiti- 

* "rtic pUer tor." The ii Pctaion, with many mcnnlngf, r.f. a clicck rt n'li 
R(»fch*')i m "rook" fliEio) at ct«s; a iltitioceTot, etc. Tin: fchfe ir,;rU.wi[]e ttf tJm 
mrffirrtDKiV if, u Houal, fotindwl upon fact: man rememben suul mtnbinc* but Joe* [»t 
cnMir. TV E(PTitiMi Etzanif rti.beflDu^^fikixni-t) tn*r hayc he«B a TermnlKcnce of 
pgan* pttswtactykand other winaed monatenL the Nile the Uijtiid fabled hy 
tnc!c Cb'Cnrd. pqttfji out ooc^^ rhe iwirliii and birth to the 

the PfTi. t-llie the "'Bw 

Yui^ Qf ^hc Rjbbii, the “G^irqai'" of th- rhe "Ajiki" of rhe 

thi: 'HAthliSftea iHrl/'of Eiii^dh^|fT)iha\ Piimbbi^^hlch heui thisfrcngdi office 
the “ICerk«t'Vof ihcTuriti; the theGretkt; tht Rutudit ‘'Ncrk*-^- ihc 

Mrrel iJii Chlticw: the Jap^cK mt\ tlit dtiJ indent 

L ^ reed™!, aRd rhe drasttni, fiifjSn*, haulitka, etc. of 

A "W"'* •antirt® only a aupcremicLuii: of eT46S<nrton fM. 

IViJoj Huch had wing-fuThct^ twelve pacca kwigj wihiM be die huge larJ* but btiJy 

SccOKD Voyage of Sindbah Seaman . 


fied that th^ dome which caught ©y sight was none other than a 
RukhV egg. As 1 looked and won^ned at the marydlo^ works 
of the Almighty, the bird alighted on the dome ^d bi^ed over 
it with its wings ocn'cring it and its legs stretched out be^d it ^ 
the ground, and in this posture it fdl asleep, glory be to Him who 
deepeth not! >XTien I saw this, I arose and, unwinding my 
hand fiom my head, doubled it and c\vi 5 ted it into a rope, wnth 
which I flirt my miJdk and bound my waist fast to the legs o: the 
Rukh. saying in myself. "‘Pcradvencurc. this bird may capf me to 
a land of dries and inhabitants, and that wilt he letter th^ abi " 
me in this desen island," I passed the night watching and feanng 
to sleep, lest the bird should fiy awTiy with me unawares; and, as 
soon the dawn broke and mom shone, the Rukh off its egg 
and spreading its wings with a great cry flew up into the air drag' 
ging roc with it; nor ceased it to soar and to tower tiU I fought j 
had reached the limit of the finuament; after which it d^ended, 
earthwards, littk by Uttk. tiU it lighted on the top of a high Ml. 
As soon as i found myself on the liar J ground, 1 made h^ to un' 
bind myself, quaking for fear of the bird, tliough it took no h^d 
of me nor cvm me: md, loosing my turhand Lrom its 1 
made off w-ith my best speed. Presently, [ saw it catch up in its 
huge claws samething from the earth and ose with it lugh m air, 
and obKr\-ing it narrowly I saw it to be a serpent big of bulk and 
gigantic of girth, wherewith it flew away clean out of sight. 1 
mari^lleti at this and faring forwards found myself on a over- 
looking a ’i-alley, exceeding great and wide and deep aM boun^ 
by vast mountains that spired high in air: none could descry meir 
summits, for the excess of their height, nor was any able to climb 
up thereto. When I saw tliis, I blamed myself for that winch 1 
had done and said, "Would Heaven 1 had tarried in the island! 

Idlkd o^t. Si.4b.d mnv «IM. »).= J 

™ iFiUnw ’nic late Herr tlilJctirand ifiieoTcreil cw the iUncan ettwr, 

«■ •»*" '«*' 

die Ariiini Avl. KiiA mill l»tine th*! ^ T n lH Irf ,h™ 

naniir Hri. A l*««ai> iilustradnii in Lant (»i. ihnw* the Rt»hh evil’s off 
^i... . . hcjk and pouucw wlffc die (Ttt.fcirtHiiii v( m hawk ind field nice: and the 

hnw&ln. it 4a elephant « a favtwrilC Wr^eSd 

Twelve tff the ItminJ T.bte" wen: the ta'elve Ru*hi cf etwy. need 

noE KO, with F-hcr, tt* ChetuUm wUeh the Panidi^Jtfc T^e 

reader will cwwuti Hr- H- H- Wlljson'* E*»r*. editrf by my Iwrocd cfirttspaftrient. Dr, 
Rost, lihrariiitt tif ihe India Houk VtoI. i. pp. 192-0), 

VOL Vt. 


Alf Latlah wa IjwiAn. 

It was better than this wild desert; for there 1 had at least fruits 
to eat and water to drmk, and here are ndtlier trees nor fruits nor 
streams. But there is no htajesty and there is no Might save in 
Allah, the Glorious, the Great! Verily, as often as 1 am qtiit of 
one peril, I fall into a wtjrse danger and a more grievous," How' 
ever, I took courage and walking along the Wady found that 
its soil was of diamond, the scone wherewith they pierce minerals 
and precious stones and porcelain and the onyjt, for that it is a 
dense stone and a dure, whereon neither iron nor hardhead liath 
effect, neither can we cut off aught therefrom nor break it, save by 
means of leadstone.’ Moreover, the valley swarmed with snakes 
and vipers, each big as a palm tree, that would have made but one 
gulp of an elephant; and they came out by night, hiding during 
the day, lest the Rukhs and eagles pounce on them and them 
to pieces, as was that wont, why I wot not. And I repented of 
what f had done and said, "By Allah, I have made haste to bring 
destruction upon myself!" The day began to wane as I went 
along and 1 looked about for a place where 1 might pa -'i s the night, 
being in fear of the serpents; and i took no thought of meat and 
drink in my concern for ray life. Presently, 1 caught sight of a 
cave nearhand, w'ith a narrow doorway; go I entered and seeing a 
great stone dose to the mouth, I rolled it up and stopped the 
entrance, saying to myself, "1 am safe here for the night; and as 
soon as it is day. I will go forth and see what destiny will do." 
Then I looked within the cave and saw at the upper end a great 
seipent brooding on her eggs, at w-hich my flesh quaked and my 
hair stood on end; but T raised my eyes to Heaven and. com' 
mitring my case to fate and bt, abode all that night without sleep 

U ti not to ihl* P^«^e *t be t to the 

of tic Nw fw, for rhe diffiylrn ef thit talt cf 

U^ei* » enhines chc trttJinr at ttir (jem. Ufodrgndi noeqf JJuviil mwrJy ftne, 

^ « ,n tht B«*il .nj rh, C*pe. AtohbiU,pp EpipL^ 

(ob, .^.U, HU} irlls thi* MOTT «boiiE tltjsdtith or mlj- rEpblanii ODtra. V 

dismoivli ) ami Medo J- Conti, trhoK '■pwuiiiiiin AlbcnJi-iwii” 
^ Vyftir»n;,sw in thr Gol«iml4. Mdof flcmid p|«« tkt fUou. 

Z, 17 v'” ■ n,«« 300 mile* iqm,« « thr »nth. 

in the "V.lJry of tic 

2 ol. 7 r. i Tdi tht ««.. (d* h th 4 ^mptlarr, of 

Hul,ko: ltd It 1* bpiwti i» Wnia. Gd. Yufo (M E ii. 149) Omt dl rhe^ « 

«n«mog thr Ar^ and thdr dona™ 
(lu. 3), But «Mncc did Hcmiutui bafrw ihc fiilt ^ 

Second Voyage of Sindead the Seaman. 19 

rill daybreak^ when I rolled back the stone from the mouth of the 
cave and went torch, staggering like a drunken man and giddy 
with watching and fear and hunger. As in this sore case 1 walked 
^ong the vahey, behold, there fell down before me a slaughtered 
beast; but I saw no one, whereat 1 marv'elled with great marvel 
and presently remembered a story I had heard aforetime of traders 
and pilgrims and travellers; !uiw the mcjuntains where are the 
diamonds are full of perils and terrors, nor can any fare through 
them; but the merchants who tralhc in diamonds have a device by 
which they obtain them, that is to say, tliey take a sheep and 
slaughter and skm it and cut it in pieces and cast them down from 
the mountain'tops into the vallcy-solc, where the meat being fresh 
and sticky with blood, some of ihe gems cleave to it. There they 
leave it till mid'day, when the eagles and vulrures swoop down 
upon it and cany it in their daw's to the mountain'summits, 
whereupon the merchants come and shout at tliem and scare them 
away from the meat. Then they come and, taking the diamonds 
which they find t rickin g to it, go their ways with them and leave 
the meat to the birds and beasts; nor can any come at the 

diamonds but by this device,-^And Shahioaad perceived the 

dawn of day and ceased saying her pennictcd say. 

IBIjen it teas the JTitie iiluTilireb anh jPortp-fiftfi 

She said, it hath reached me. O auspicious King, t^i Sind- 
bad the Seaman continued his relation of what bcfel him in the 
Mountain of Diamonds, and iitformed them tliat the merchants 
cannot come at the diamemds save by the device aforesaid. So, 
when I saw the slaughtered beast fall (he pursued) and bethought 
me of the story, I went up to ir and :^ecl my pockets and shawk 
girdle and turband and the folds of my clothes with the choicest 
diamonds; and, as 1 was thus engaged, down fell before me another 
great piece of meat. Then widi my unrolled turband and lying 
on my back, I set the bit on my breast so that 1 was hidden by 
^e meat, which was thus raised above the ground. Hardly had I 
gripped it, when sui i*aglf^ swooped down upon th€ flesh ^d, 
seizing it with his flew up with it hi^h in air and me cling' 

ing thereto, and ce"dsed not its flight dll it alighted on the h^ad of 
one of the mountains where, dropping the carcass he Idl to rend" 


Al¥ Lavlah WA Lavi^, 

ing ic^ but, behol<i, there arose behind him a great iicise ot sheur^ 
tng and clattering of wood, whereat the bird took iiight and Ikw 
away. Then I loosed off myself the meat, with clothes daubed with 
blood therefrom, and stood up by its side; whereupon up came 
the merchant, who had cried out at the eagle, and seeing me stands 
ing there, bespoke me not. but was alTri^tcd at roe and shook 
with fear. However, he w-ent up to the carcass and turning it 
over, found no diamonds sticking to it, whereat he gave a great 
ay and exclaimed, “Harrow, my disappointment! There is no Mak 
esty and there is no Might save in Allah witli whom we seek ref' 
uge from Satan the stoned!" And lie bemoaned bimsdl and beat 
hand upon hand, saying, “Alas, the pity of it! How oometh 
this?" Then I went up to him and he said to roe, “WTio arc 
thou and what causeth thee tc come hither?" And 1, “Fear not, 
I am a man and a good man and a merchant. My story is a 
wondrous and my adventures marvellous and the roanner of my 
coming hither is prodigious. So be of good cheer, thou shale 
receive of me what shall rejoice thee, for 1 have uich me great 
plenty' of diamonds and I will give thee tliercof what shall s^ce 
thee; for each is better than aught thou couldst get otherwise. So 
fear nothing,” The man rejoiced thereat and ilunked and blessed 
me; then we talked together till the other merchants, hearing me 
in discourse with thdr fcUow, came up and saluted roe; for each 
of them had thrown down his piece cpt meat. And as I went off 
with them I told them my w'hole story, how I had suffered hard¬ 
ships at sea. and the fashion of my reaching the x'Jilley. But I 
gave the owroer of the meat a number of the stones I had by me, 
so they all wished me joy of my escape, ^ying, “By Allah a new 
life hath been decreed to thee, for none ever reached yonder 
valley and came off thence alive before thee: but pi'aised be A llah 
for thy safety!” We passed the night togotlicr in a safe and 
pleasant place, beyond measure rejoiced at my deliverance from 
the Valley of Serpents and my arrival in an inhabited land: and 
on the morrow we set out and Joumeyed over the mighty range 
of mountains, seeing many serpents in the vaPey, till we came to 
a fair great island, wherein was a garden oJ huge camphor trees 
under each of which an hundred men might take shelter. When 
the folk hav'^e a mind to get camplvor. they bore into the upper 
part of ^ bole w*ith a long iron; w'hcreupoii the liquid camphor, 
which is the sap of the tree, fioweth out and they catch it in 
vessels, where it conercteth like gum: but. after this, the tree 

SeCOKD VoYaOE of SlNDlliU> TilE SjiAMAM. 2X 

dicth and becomcdi firewood** Moreover, there is in th^ island a 
kind of vtild beasc, called “Rlimoceros,"® that pascureth as do 
steers and buffalos with us; but it is a huge brute, bigger of bcxiy 
than the camel and like it feedeth upon the leaves and twigs of 
trees. It is a remarkable animal with a great and thick horn, ten 
cubits long, amiddlcward its h^d; wherein, when cleft in twain, 
is the iikcncM of a man* Voyagers and pilgrims and traveUers 
declare that this beast called “i&rkadan” will carry off a groit 
dephant on its horn and graze about the island and the sea-coast 
therewith and take no heed of it, tiU the elephant dkth and its fat, 
melting in the sun, runneth down into the rhinoceros's eyes and 
blindeth him, so that he lietli dovm on the shore* Then comes 
the bird Rukh and carrieth off both the rliinocetos and that which 
is on its horn to feed its young withal* Moreover, I saw in this 
isbind many kinds of oitcn and buffalos, whose bke are not found 
in our country. Here I sold some of the diamonds which I had 
by me for gold dinars and silver dirhams and bartered others for 
the produce of the country; and, loading them upon beasts of 
burden, fared on with the merchants from valky to valley and 
town to town, buying and selling and viewing foreign countries 
and the works and creatures of Allah, rill we came to Bassorah- 
city, where we abode a few' days, after which I continued my 

journey to Baghdad.-^And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased to say her permitted ay. 

* coitktIv desenbea ihc primlliTcw*^ fvf cxirurCHti^ cffmphw, i iji?tncw*p 

Eo (bu: IkKkt ind EomiStHi iiiEmivcd by ihc Aral* ifid pimtd k repotatwa by M 
Rafiprul* TTiiti bcft in fhc MaLiry PtulnsulUji Siani'D'tra and Ekinifot 

althou^li (^^4TO PitM .]«dan=j rhji the tw u not f^nd Soutlmf the £i|iiamr. 

In lilt Ciicr £J[x- uf hfiadrcd Niabti the cainphor-tsland fw pctdnsnla) ti ciSled 
^AJ-Rchfjh'" whidi h the Arab name JciiehO'rm’ni. 

s In Bill Edit. JvaikafAEi: Cik. EafkanliJan and ochifra Karkand ariJ Karkadin; the 
ward bcin^ Pcralan, Kum or the ka^t^tivov of Mimn Maf. AnJm. im. 21). 

The lenijih of the hom ciaererrtTeiBfhiyffi that the white apmci ia meant; 

it tti'pT'H'ti wa I ki akS-itirkjft- C-iipa -afc miuie of the blicfc Kurn £a buncUc of hbm) wltich^ 

lake VcrtcTaitn iwcat at the tfluch of poiKin A Kcdnil of the hdrrn i* Ripppisd w 

■how white lln« k tbr Ibnft dif a mm, aiul nfhdjr likctiMM vf biitbs but liiM I niM 
HU'. Tlie Ipvrt aplcndid s^iorT wt the .Afrienn ii peths^ the most 

cf JtoMr gume. It I™ ^crveil ro cs^plain away md abotlih the tintcttni anmiMl the Sdenriiti 
of Pum^ Huf Gauini AfnCB. w^ili one vuicc isitm ue that i l»r«-jike ammtl wkh 
n ttmdeejwije hnm on the fwheail ci/dm The Ute Dr. B^adc^of Niger fufar.thnrouihir 
heiirvftl \n it and thttse cniimra on the iubjeirt wiU read il®ar Ai^ ^ 

Komi ifi Preface ' of the Voyage jpi Darfour^ by Mnnammed ibn Qmw 

pl-Tfluniy Piria, Diiprat, 1S45. 


Ifiticn It fnos i||t Jfibe ant) ^ottp>flixtt) 

She said, Ic hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
Sindbad the Seaman returned trum his travel to Baghdad, the 
House of Peace, he arrived at home w'ith gieat score of diamonds 
and money and goods. (Continued he) I foregathered with my 
friends and relations and gave alm<i and largesse and bestowed 
curious gifts and made presents to all my friends and companions. 
Then 1 betook m>'sdf to eating well and drinking well and wear' 
ing fine clothes and making meny with my fellows, and forgot all 
my sufferings in the pleasures of return to the solace and delight 
of Ufe, w'ith light heart and broadened breast. And every one 
who heard of my return came and questioned me of my adven- 
tures and of foreign countries, and 1 rebted to them all that had 
befallen me, and the much 1 had suffered, whereat they wondered 
and gave me joy of my safe return. "This, then, is the end of the 
story of my second voyage; and to-morrow, In^dlahl I will tell 
you w'hat befel me in my third voyage,’' The company marvelled 
at his story and supped with him; after which he ordered an 
hundred dinars of gold to be given to the Porter, who took the 
sum wich many thanks and blessings (which be stinted not even 
w'hen he reached home) and went his way, wondering at what he 
had heard. Next morning as soon as day came in its sheen and 
shone, he rose and praying the dawn'prayer, repaired to the house 
of Sindhad the Seaman, even as he had bidden him, and went in 
and gave him good-morrow'. The merchant welcomed hi m and 
made him sit w'ith him, till the rest of the company arrived: and 
when they bad well eaten and dninken and were merry with joy 
and iollit>% their host began by saying, “Hearken. O my brothers., 
to W’hat I am about to tell you; for it is even more wondrous 
what you have already heard; but Allah abnc kenneth what 
things His Omniscience concealed from man! And listen to 

The Third Voyage of Smjbod the Seaman." 

As I told you yesterday, I rctumed from my second voyage over' 
joyed at my safety and with great increase of wealth, Allah having 
requited me all that 1 had wasted and lost, and 1 a bode- awhile in 
Baghdad-city savouring the utmost ease and prosperity and com' 

Third Voyage of SrNPBAi> th:e Seamam, 

fort and happiness, dll the carnal man ^-as once more seia^ with 
longing for D^avel and diversion and adventure, and yeamro after 
traffic and lucre and emolument, for that the human heart is ^tu- 
rally prone to evil. So making up my mind 1 laid in great plenty 
of goods suitable for a sea-voyage and repairing to Basaorah, w^t 
down to the shore and found there a fine ship ready to wjth 
a full crew and a numerous company of merchanti, men of worth 
and substance; faith, piety and consideration. 1 embarked with 
them and we set sail on the blessing of Allah Almighty and on 
His aidanw and His favour to bring our voyage to a safe and 
prosperous issue and already we congratulated one another on our 
good fortune and boon voyage, We fared on from sea to sea and 
from island to island and city to city, in all tlelight and ^ntent' 
ment, buying and selling wherever we touched, and mking our 
solace and our pleasure, till one day when, as we sailed athwart 
the dashing sea, s'wollen with cl a s hin g billows, behold, the master 
(who stood on the gunwale examining the ocean in aU clirecdotis) 
cried out with a great cry, and bu£cted his face and pluckt out 
his beard and rent his raiment, and bade furl the ^ and cast the 
anchors. So we said to him, **0 Rais, what is the ma^r? 
“Know, O my brethren (Allah preserve youl), tliat the wind bath 
gotten the better of us and hath driven us out of our course into 
mid'oeeao, and destiny, for our ill luck, hath brought us to the 
Mountain of the Zughb. a hairy folk like apes,' among whom no 
msn ever feU and came forth alive: and my hean presageth ttot 
w-e all be dead men." Hardly had the master taa<k an end of 1^ 
speech when the apes were upon us. They surrounded tbe^p 
on all sides swarming like locusts and crowding the shore. They 
were the most frightful of wild creatures, covered with black hair 
like felt, foul of favour and small of stature^ bang hut four spans 
high, ycUow'cyEd and black'faced; none knoweth their langu^c 

^ Ihn it-Wuidi mcftrien* ma "lile of Av«” i" Se* orChifw ind Al-Idnu P*»™ 
«il from Sukutr* fOwip, Sufch»tr*. So«(n*), It » . 
tic Hmn«ic mid Hemdotert It^cnd of th< Pvemie. by «tnh™potd *fKS. T^c 
fablij (PjTTTtd Spirlw=i-i= t cubit=3 l[wn»j vm, a* unubl, !hl 

tt|>l«iEtoni of !«e hufe prf.vtd; thr aw«f» hormottuL of 
Atk* Tiki-Hki, Wiirnliiliktew 1 men the Bninscd nee 

e<ntf»l Rgioia crtflteftiotJkal Africa with tbeilinorinttllT 

**mont*T*,‘* » irsnl *5 bDm.w«il Ainn the h»ha™i * mono-apej nM 

FtutentyV Ewt ol Sand^. 



nor what they are, and they shun the txjmpany of men. We feared 
to slay them or strike them or drive them away, because of their 
inconceivable multitude; lest, if we hurt one, the rest fall on us and 
slay us, for numbers prevail o\’Cr courage; so wc let them do Lheir 
wiH, albeit we feared they would plunder our goods and gear. 
They swarmed up the cables and gnawed them asunder, and on, 
like w'he they did with dl the ropes of the ship, so that it fell of 
from the wind and stranded upon their mountainaus coast. Then 
they laid hands on all the merchants and crcw% and landing us on 
the island, made off with the ship and its cargo and went their 
ways, we wot not iwhithcr. Wc were thus left on the island, earing 
of its fruits and pot-herbs and drinking of its streams rill, one day, 
we espied in its midst what seemed an inhabited house. So we 
made for it as fast as our feet could cany u$ and behold, ft was a 
castle strong and tall, compassed about with a lofty \vaU, and 
having a two'leaved gate of ebetny^wood both of which leaves open 
stood. We entered and found within a space wide and bare like a 
great square, round which stood many high doors open thrown, nnd 
at the farther end a long bench of stone and brariers, with cooking 
gear hanging thereon and about it great plenty of bones,- but we 
saw no one and marvelled thereat with exceeding wonder. Then 
we sat down in the courtyard a little while and presently falling 
asleep, slept from the forenoon till sundown, w'lifi lo! the earth 
trembled under our feet and the air rumbled wdth a terrible tone. 
Then there came down upon us, from the top of the castle, a huge 
creature in the likeness of a man, black of colour, tall and big of 
bulk, as he were a great datC'tree, with eyes Hke coals of fire and 
cyc-tceth like boar's tusks and a vast big gape like the mouth of a 
w'ell. Moreover, he had long locJSe lips like camel's, hanging down 
upon his breast,, and cars like rivo Jams* falling over hiH Moulder- 
blades and the nails of his hands were like tW daw? of a lion.® 
When we saw this frightful giant, we were like to faint and eveiy 
moment increased our fear and terror; and wc became as dead 

‘ A kinj d bai^ (Andb. pfur. BAirifi)) tued lan the Nile nrfuh.pyHfurm shape 

whei «ecti in binl’i rime trurdlitc* "cm IJIg: tvo Tiuirtaw" inm [he Cite, i’dit, 
•This ffiant u eUsdnettr Ffll^^heiaui! hut the IU« iwil b;.hs» jwd cvtirrpn of hrr twti 
nfietmaican ii. MS), The AjCh iTUTtnd (thapt. etidU pinkci IV>lrpheniLLK ttrpof itr 
wth ilic sheep. Sr Juhn ^TanJeeiUE (ir biiih pemw e»ar tjisieJ) nifniicini msm fiftr ftet 
high is the Iwhaa te^ni^i; and At~K*nirtnl ami .Al-Uttu nw^fet them lu the Sen af 
Qiinj, a Butiirr B*r fiw tnDniten irt suioal. 

Third Voyage of Sindbao the Seamau. ay 

men for excess ot horror and affright,^-And Shahrazad per' 

ceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her pentutted say* 

IBlKti it toai tJjt ifibe S&u>il>r£D anlj Jfortp-Beumtfi 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious I^g, that Sindbad the 
Seaman continued:—When we saw this frightiul giant we were 
stuuck with exceeding tirtror and horror• And after trampling 
upon the earth, he awhile on the bench; then he arose and 
coming to us seized me by the arm choosing me out item among 
my comrades the merchants. He took me up in his hand and 
turning me over felt me, as a butcher feeleth a sheep he is uxiut to 
slaughter, and I but a little mouthful in his Imnds; but finding me 
lean and fleshless for stress of toil and trouble and weariness, let 
tn^ go and took up another* whom in like m^ner he turned over 
and fdt and let go; nor did he cease to fed and turn over ^e 
of us, one after another, till he came to the master of the ship. 
Now he was a sturdy, stout, broad'shouldercd wight, fac and in 
full vigour; SO he pleased the giant, who aeited him, as a butcher 
seizeth a beast, and dirowing him down, set his foot on hfe neck 
and brake it; ^er which he fetched a long spit and thrusting it 
up his backside, brought it forth of the crown of his head. Then, 
lighting a fierce fire, he set over it the spit with the 
and turned it over the coals, till the flesh wm routed, when he 
took the spit off the fire and set it like a Kabab'Stick Mlore him. 
Then he tare the body, limb from limb, as one jointeth a ^cken 
and, rending the flesh with his nails, feU to eating of it and gnaw- 
ing the bones, till there was nothing left but some of these, 
he threw on one side of the wall. This done, he sat for a while, 
then he lay dowTi on the stonC'bench and leU ^l^^j sriarking an 
snoring like the gurgling of a lamb or a cow with its throat 
nor did he a^-ake till morning, when he n^se ^d fa^ forth and 
went his ways. As soon as we were certified thw he w^ gone, 
we began to talk with one another, iweeping and l^moaning ouj^ 
selves for the risk we ran, and saying. Would Heaven 
been drowned In the sea or that the apes had i^"l* * ■ 
were better than to be roasted over the coals; by Allah, this is a 
vile, foul death! But whatso the Lord will^ must cpme to p^ 
and diert is no Majesty and there is no Might, save in Him, the 
Glorious, the Greatl We shall assuredly perish miscranly and 

Alf Lavlah wa Lavi^. 


none will know of us; as there is no escape for us from this place.'" 
Then we arose and roamed about the islMd, hoping that haply we 
might find a place to hide us in or a means of flight, for indeed 
death was a light matter to us, provided we were not roasted oii'cr 
the fire* and eaten, However, we could find no biding'place and 
the evening overtook uis; so, of the excess of our tenor, we re* 
turned to the castk and sat down awhile, Presently, the earth 
trembled under our feet and the black ogre came up to us and 
turning us over, felt one after other, till he found a man to his 
liking, whom he took and serv'ed as he had done the captain, 
Willin g and roasting and eating him; after which he lay down on 
the b^ch’ and slept all night, snarking and snoring like a beast 
with its throat cut, till daybreak, when he arose and went out as 
before. Then we drew together and conversed and said one to 
other, “By Alkli, we had better throw ourselves into the sea and 
be drowned than die roasted; for this is an abominable death!" 
Quoth one of us, “Hear ye my words I let us cast about to kill 
him, and be at peace from, the grief of him and dd the Moslems of 
his barbarity and tyranny.’* Then said 1, “Hear me, O my broth' 
ers; if there is nothing for it but to slay liim, let us carry some of 
this firewood and planks down to the sea shore and make us a boat 
wherein, if we succeed in slaughtering him, we may either embarit 
and let the waters carry us whither Allah wfileth, or else abide 
here till some ship pass, when we will tF ike passage in it. If we fad 
CO kill him, we will embark in the boat and put out to sea; and if 
we be drowTied, we shall at least escape being roasted over a kitcb' 
en fire with sliced weasands; whilst, if we escape, we escape, and if 
we be drowned, we die martyrs,'* “By Allah," said they all “this 
rede is a right;" and we agreed upon this, and set about carrying 
it out. So we baled down to the beach the pieces of wood which 
lay about the bench; and, making a boat, moored it to the strand, 
after which we stowed therein somewhat of victual and returned to 

^ Ftre h rwbiddea u a wcrrtpt iJie ide* bdfiff it iWU 

be merv^ed for the neit H-ence the -uifoni fcAf thi; misre tbnA ihe eedag; 

iritli auTw k wQiiy pTi?b*blT he the rtvene. The Pitman Sniah 
of a) btiTue fothcr^ k wd( kewn. T have ticiscd the culiifialHETT of burning the Modem'i 
tatpit nndrf ccrtjrin dniainitsnca t otherMiic the munierer mjiy come to be cumnipcd. 

^ Anb, the bendi of form tif before nQticbl. In olden Eimype 

bcfiehci were much mcrrc uieil ifoin chmr\ these bcEnu jrtkln of biurr. So Kita^ Horae 
*Wt iiiro ftbstche;" etui hence OUT ''FGng'i Bench'' (Court). 

TuntD Voyage of SraosAO the Seaman. 


tte castle. As soon as evening fell the earth trembled i^der our 
feet and in came the blackamoor upon us, snarling like a dog about 
to hite. He came up to ua and fe^g us and turning one 

by one, took one of us and did with him ^ he had done bdote 
ate him, after which he lay down on the bench 
snorted like thunder, As soon as we were assured that sie^ 
we arose jmd mking two iron spits ol those staging 
them in the fiercest of the fire, dli they were red-hot, like burning 
S. when we gnpped fast hold of them ^d go mg up to the 
giant, as he lay snoring ott the bench, thrust them ^ 

pressed upon them, & of us. with our i^md might, so tlmt Im 
eyeballs burst and he became stone blind. Thereupon hecnedun^ 
a preat cry whereat our hearts trembled, and springirig up tTOm 
tl^bcnch, he fell a-groping after us, blindfold. 
right and left and he saw us not, for his sight was altogether blent 
bSt we were in terrible fear of him and made sure dead 

m^^airing of escape. Then he femnd the jlmg 

with his hands and went out roaring aloud; and t^old, 
shook under us. for the noise of his roonng, and we 
fear. A he quitted the castle we follow^ him and betook 
ourselves to the pbee where we had moored oi^ boat, si ying to 
one another, "If ^ accursed abide absent rill the gomg doi^ ol 
the sun and come not to the castle, we shall know ^t ^ is d^, 
and if he come back, we will emba J m the boat and 
escape, committing our affair to AI^. But, as we spohe, , ’ 
up Sme the blackamoor with other as hey were G^. 
fouler and more frightful than he, with ^es like red_hot ^s. 
which when we saw, we binned into the boat ^ 

moorings paddled away and pushed out to sea. ^iriTOn 

ogres caug^ht sight of us, they cried out at us and run^ do^ 
tbSc sea-shore, fell a-pelting us with n>cb. whereof som f^ 
amongst us and others feU into (he sea. We paddled with^o^ 
might dU we were beyond their reach but the ^ 

us were slain by the rock^throwing. and the 
sported with us and carried us into the midst of the dashing 
^llen with billows dashing. We kn^ not wbither’^^t ^d 
my fellows died one after another. riU there remained but three. 

* Ul. i* Br^.1. Ml. 

Ae BuL Fifif. (hf iVEferontd by t ftnule, smrHT th»rv he 

We emaot *c«pt Miirrca Po!r(theH"ii- 

Alf Laylah wa Laylah. 


myself and two others;-And Shahiaiad perceived the dawn 

of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

liS^tn It hia0 ttie dTibe i^ttithreh anh Jfortp'efgfjtt 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, chat Sindbad the 
Seaman thus continued:—Most part of us were slain by the rock' 
throwing and only three of us remained on board the l^at for, as 
often as one died, we threw him into the sea. We were sore 
exhausted for stress of hunger, but w'e took courage and heartened 
one another and worked for dear life and paddled with main and 
might, till the winds cast us upon an island, as we were dead men 
for fatigue and fear and famine. We landed on the island and 
walked about it for a while, finding that it abounded in trees and 
streams and birds; and we ate oi the fruits and rejoiced in our 
escape from the black and our deliverance from the perils of the 
sea; and thus we ^d till nightfall, when "we lay down and fell 
asleep for excess of fatigue. But we had hardly closed our eyes 
before we were aroused by a hissing sound, like the sough of wind, 
and awaking, saw 1 «rpent like a dragon, a seld-sesn sight, of 
monstrous and belly of enormous bulk which lay in a circle 
around us, Presently it reared its head and, seizing one of my 
companions, swallowed him up to his shoulders; then it gulped 
down the rest of him, and we heard his ribs crack in its belly. 
Presently it went its way, and we abode in sore amazement and 
grief for our comrade and mortal fear for ourselves, saying, "By 
Allah, this is a marvellous thing! Each kind of death that 
threatened us is more terrible than the last. We were rejoicing 
in our escape from the black ogre and our deliverance from the 
penis of the sea; but now we have fallen into that which is worse, 
There is no Majesty and there is no Might save in Allah! By 
the Almighty, we have escaped from the bbickamoor and from 
diowning: but how shall we escape from tbs abominable and 
yiperi^ monster?” Then we walked about the island, eadng of 
its fruits and drinking of its streams till dusk, when we climbed up 
into a high tree and went to sleep there, I being on the topmost 
bough. As soon as it was dark nignt, up came the serpent, looking 
right and left; and, making for the tree whereon we were, climbed 
up to my comrade and swallowed him down to his shoulders. 

Tuiiu> Voyage of Sujubad the 3$ 

Then it; coiled about the bole* * with him, whilst 1, who could not 
ptfp my eyes off the sight, heard his bones ctack in its belly, and 
it swallowed him w*liolc, after which it slid down from the tree. 
When the day bioke and the liglit showed me that the serpent was 
gone, I came down, as I were a dead man for stress of fear and 
anguish, and thought to cast myselt into the sea and be at rest 
from the woes of the w'orld; but could not bring myself to this, for 
venly life is dear. So I took five pjecee of wood, broad and long, 
and bound one crosswise to the soles of my feet and others in like 
fashion on my tight and left sides and over my breast; and the 
broadest and largest I bound across my head and made them fast 
with ropes. Then I lay down on the ground on my back, so that 
1 was completely fenced in by the pieces of wood, which enclosed 
me like a bier.’ So as soon as it was dark, up came the serpent, 
as usual, and made towards me, but could not get at me to swallow 
me for the wood that fenced me in. So it wriggled round me on 
every side, whilst 1 looked on, hke one dead by reason ol my 
terror; and every now and then it would glide away and come 
back; but as often as it tried to come at me, it was hindered by 
the pieces of ■wood whercw'ith I had bound myself on every side. 
It ceased not to beset me thus from sundown till dawn, but when 
the light of day shone upon the beast it made off, in the untit^ 
fury and extreme disappointment. Then 1 put out my hand and 
unbound tnysdf, well-'nigh down among the dead men for fear 
and suffering; and went down to the island'sbore, whence a ship 
afar off in the midst of the waves suddenly struck ray right. So 
1 tore off a great branch of a tree and made signs with it to the 
crew, shouting out the while; w^hich when the ship's company saw 
they said to one another, ‘"We must stand in and see what this 

*TWi 1* ftom AlKsTwini, wlw maikw ihi "wifiJ iuclf WKintl a tree W m foA, 

end ttiue btcik w piece* ihc bope* of the hreesi Tn its briJj .'' 

* "Uke 1 closer,'’ in the Celt. Edit. The serpent t» «n eiceggemtlan of the pythno 
vihkch gnmt (0 an eimnnioui lizc. MoRitmui t^hidia tre mentieectl in sober hUtxNT, 
. thii which dder«'i (tesaki*- Or. de Laeeitla, a »bo mt! leniilile Brw Ren 

rrat^. mmtkmt fiis eerriwtt dtdtM down upon i tree-trunk m the Captamey w San 
Peulo (BrutI), which be«*n (o move and proved w he a hu(fc make. F. M- Rnto (the 
Stndbail of t^ug^al though ftot to fefpeclabte’j wh«« in fiumatm tukee re^e ? " 
from "ligen, ctocitdile*, wpped aJtler* and sapent* which iJay men wth thnr breath. 
Father Lebd In Tigre fehept. *.) w-t» twarfy kiHed by rhe pwamt-hrtith of a huge make, 
end healed hhnaelf with a beioaf canted eJ ioc, Mafeiu makei the breath of crec^lea 
•weviMimua, hut that of the hfalahar serpents and vipers "adto teter nc ooau* ot afflato 
ipao lucate perfaibeaiiTtir.'' 


Alf Laylah wa Latlam. 

is; peradvmture ‘tis a man.** So they made for the iskad and 
presently heard my cries, whereupon diey took me on board and 
questioned me of my case, I told them all my adventures from 
urat to last, whereat they marvdled mightily and covered my 
shame' with some of their clothes. Moreover, they set before me 
somewhat of food and I ate my fill and I drank cold sweet water 
and was mightily refreshed; and Allah Almighty quickened me 
after I was virtually dead. So I praised the Most Highest and 
thanked Him for His favours and exceeding mercies, and my heart 
revived in me after utter despair, till meseeraod as if ali I had 
suffered were but a dream I had dreamed. We sailed on with a 
fair wind the Almighty sent us dll we came to an island, called 
Al'Salahitah,'' which aboundeth in sandal^wood when the captain 

cast anchor,^-And Shahraxad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased saying her permitted say. 

iBtitn it teas tfit Jfihc SSninKteh anh Jfortp-mntb iiigfii. 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued;—-And when we had cast anchor, the 
merchants and the sa i lo rs landed with their goods to sell and to 
buy. Then the captain turned to me and said, **Hark*ee, thou art 
? ^ pauper and cellest us that thou hast undergone 

frightful hardship; wherefore I have a mind to benefit thee with 
somewhat that may further thee to thy native land, so thou wilt 
^er bless me and pray for me.” **&,> be it,” answered I; “thou 
Shalt have my prayers.” Quoth he, “Know then that there was 
with US a nmn^ a craveller, whom we lo^t, and know not if he 
be alj^e or dead, for we had no news of him; so I purpose to 
commt bales of goods to thy charge, that thou raayst sell them 
in island. A part of the proceeds we will gh-c thee as an 
equivalent for thy pains and service^ and the rest we wili keep tilT 
wc return to Baghdad, where we will enquire for his famdy and 

Anb. Aurjir ; (be wwid hu been boffemvi! hy the tlancIcjeTnru Jupin, lad metBi 
■ wnmen, m wife, 

f ** Unaliiit (he Brrt Mr. "Al-K»!iiit»b*‘: end Al-Kwerihl 
-w i“?*‘ . . ' '«Eei tit hm pemIVJRefprina which Cntnoen* [TheLu*. *, 1W). 
pUeo (a Jm-Mtnw of H, P^lo. Some fe*i SeUbut-rimw, oaest ibe Mdue. 

cu funed (he «wlefi, dors, arinenwn, e«e. fFurebii li. I7fi4.j 

Third Voyage of Sindbad the Seamah, 31 

deliver it to them, together with the unsold goods. Say me then. 
wiJr thovJ undertake the charge and land and sell them as other 
merchants do?” I replied “Hearkening and obedieno: to thee, 
O my lord; and great is thy kindness to me” and thanked hM; 
whereupon be hade the sailors and porters bear the bales in question 
ashore and commit them to my charge. The ship's scribe asked 
him, “O master, what bales are these and what merchant's name 
shall i write upon them?"; and he answered, “Write on them 
the name of Sindbad the Seaman, him who was with us in the 
ship and whom we lost at the Rukh's island, and of whom we have 
no tidings: for wc mean this stranger to sell them; and we will 
give him a part of the price for his pains and keep the rest till we 
return to Baghdad w'here, if w'e find the owner we will make it 
over to him, and if not, to his family.” And the clerk said, Tby 
words are apposite and thy rede is right.” Now when I heard 
the captain give orders for the bales to be inscribed with my name, 
I said to myself, “By Allah, I am Sindbad the Seam^!" So 
\ armed mysdf with courage and patience and waited till all the 
merchants had landed and were gathered together, talking and 
chaffering about buying and selling; then I went up to the captain 
and asked him, ”0 my lord, knowest thou what manner of man 
was this Sindbad, whose goods thou hast committed to me for 
sale?”; and be answered, “I know* of him naught save that he 
was a man from Baghdad'city, Sindbad bight the Seaman, who 
was drowned w'ith many others when we lay anchored at such an 
island and I have heard nothing of him since then,” At this 1 
cried out with a great cry and said, ”0 captain, whom Allah keep! 
know that I am that Sindbad the Seaman and that I was not 
drowned, but when thou castest anchor at the island, I landed 
with the rest of the merchants and crew; and I sat down in a 
plearant place by myself and ate somewhat of food I had with 
me and enjoyed myself till I became drow^ and was drowned 
in sleep; and when 1 awoke, 1 found no ship and none near me, 
These goods are my goods and these bales are my bates: ^nd aU 
the merchants who fetch jewels from the Valley of Diamonds saw 
me there and will bear me witness that I am the very Sindbad the 
Sraman; for 1 r^ted to them everything that had befallen me 
and told them how you forgot me and left me sleeping on the 
island, and that betided me which bedded me." When the pas- 
sengers and crew heard tny words, they gathered about me and 
some of them believed me and others disbelieved: but presently. 

Alp I*avlah wa Laylaii. 


behold, one of the merchants, hearing me mention the Valley of 
Diamonds, came up to me and said to them, ‘“Hear what I say, 
good pcoplcl When 1 related to you the most wonderful thing 
in my travels, and J told you that, at the time we cast down our 
slaughtered animals into the Valley of Serpents (I casting with 
the rest as was my wont), there came up a man hanging to minf, 
ye believed me not and gave me the lie.” “Yes ” quoth they, 
"thou didst tell us some such tale, but we had no call to credit 
thee.” He resumed, "Now this is the very man, by token that 
he gave me diamonds of ^eat value, and high price whose hte 
are not to he found, requiting me more than would have come up 
sticking tcj my quarter of meat; and 1 companied with him to 
Bassorah'dty, where he took leave of us and went on to his native 
stead, whilst we returned to our own land. This is he; and he told 
us his name, Sindbad the Seaman, and how the ship left him on 
the desert island. And know' ye that Allah hath sent him hither, 
so might the truth of my story be made manifest to you. Moos' 
over, these arc his goods for, when he first foregathered with us, 
he told us of them; and the truth of his worda is patent." Hearing 
the merchant's speech the captain came up to me and considered 
me straitly aw'hife, after which he said, “What was the mark on 
thy bales?” "Thus and thus,’* answered 1. and reminded him of 
somewhat that had passed between him and me, when I shipped 
with him from Bassorah. Thereupon he was convinced that 1 was 
indeed Sindbad the Seaman and took me round the neck nnH 
^ye me joy of my safety, saying, "By Allah, O my lord, thy case 
is indeed wondrous and thy talc marvellous: but lauded be Allah 
who hath brought thee and me together again, and who hnrh 

restored to thee thy goods and gear!"-^And Rh^Thr a^rid per' 

ceived the dawm of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

«Ii)£n it Miai (fie Jfibc gnmhrch attb jFiftictli iJiBhl, 

She ^d. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the S^an thus continued:—‘Alhamdoldlah!" quoth the cap* 
tain, ^^laudcd be Allah who hath restored unto thee thy goods and 
Then 1 disposed of my merchandise to the of my 
skill, and profited largely on them whereat I rejoiced with exceed' 
joy and congratulated myself on my safety and the recovery 
of my goods. We ceased not to buy and sell at the several islands 

Third Voyage of Sinddad the 5 iLufA>i. 


till we came to the land of Hind, where we bought doves and 
ginger and all mdinner spices, and thence we fared on to the land 
of Sind, where also we bought and sold, in these Indian seas, I 
saw wonders without number or count, amongst others a fish like 
a cow which bringeth forth its young and sucldeth them like 
human beings; and of its skin bucklers are made/ There were 
eke fishes like asses and camds* * and tortoises twenty cubits wide.* 
And I saw also a bird that coineth out of a sca-shdl and layeth 
eggs and haccheth her chicks on the surfaoe of the water, nevCT 
coming up from the sea to the land.* Then wc set sail again 
with a fair wind and the blessing of Almighty Al l ah ; and, after a 
prosperous voyage, arrived safe and sound at Bassorah. Here I 
abode a few days and presently returned to Baghdad where i went 
at once to my quarter and my house and saluted my family and 
familiars and friends. 1 had gained on this wyage w-hat was 
beyond count and reckoning, so I gave alms and largesse and dad 
the widow and the orphan, by way of thpnksgiving for my happy 
return, and fdl to feasting and making merry with my companions 

^ Evidsnllr tJir hippopotamstt ' vitL 25^ ix. 2 Jiod mil. M). h esn hsMlr b* 
tht MuI*ccmi Tapir, m shitki* mte iwt maEk of rhe hMc. Hn!c the buSilo 

which IK wiy fo [mian rii( Persis; but (M* uioudJ not be a ipcclotum 

•The fish It irom Plbr (in. 3)5 aU fhoM tai» wc fautulEd the 

mwiiiEC {whole prctubirMcc haire fug;^^ted the ejuncl)^ the leiil end the 

iluiong or iKwralf 1 hivc noticed (ZaFiaibar e 305) of ieh[hyol<^]c^l mvirtli 

current ofi ihe East Africm inboard; end even eke mqawtcri d( the ^otlUh watert ue 
HO! pU ktwiwn : witnea* the mysMrious ^'hfisdie." See Ikeharr Cttii i. 7 1 and Fnrchii 
iji, ^30. 

■The coWsJ WTteisc is noticed by ^ILnu me Ndt Atiinuil. by Strabo CUb. 

1 ^. Pliriy Cut. 10) and rHodom* Skoluj (iv^ 1) who htA heerd of tithe i?f CheSnno- 
phji^. lunke^ them cntrtK hiii« near Taprbbjftir find ^emnn xs Kouse-wf^; 

fitJicit mm the flkell iheo bu^a und «m*eks- A oolo^sochelye dm fisynd on rhe 
Sowalik Rills bv Dr. Filconcr end Major (efterwimis Sir Pfoby > In 

Fjndi: Blanchflld dhihited to ihc AcaitSmlc tks SdetlCCS a mollMiir mb ftmn Jipaii 1.30 
ttiEiirt Ifjtig {Of 3-50 irududm* ensl other miVzWm have rep^ed 4 mcir^ lit* 

cnaTaCfSt tttm never ta certM prowli!^ and acijin gn:*l ilimeMfliti under rmv-otirahJe 

□mmutAnm, fr- when not inMiblcd by mint, 

* Line fiigatfiK <«1. and with some pfobnbiltty^ rhat the bni wai a mutifsis; but 
rhe wild cTii^k lions cuncemiirff the bamikdr^wf Tmty perbaps have been thc^hM of the 
fjible. Tlrt albatfoa tUv wu bfnf suppeised never to toadi tmii Pojwihly the baroAdej 
Tike the baremeti or Tartmim Umb, may be a ■arvivcT wf ihe lUy wben the anmuil tmt 
trcfctabEc kinfdnmi had not ftt bfajtflhed dfinio different direcdwi* 



Alf LA-sn-Aii WA Laylak. 

and in timates and forgot, while eating well and drinking wdl and 
dressing well, everything that had b^allcn me and all the perils 
and hardships 1 had suffered. 'These, then, are the most adimrable 
things I sighted on my thu d voyage, and to-morrow, an it be the 
will of AU^, you shall come to me and 1 will relate the adventures 
of my fourth voyage, which is sdll more wonderful than those you 
have already heard." (Saitb he who telleth the tale), Then Sindbad 
the Seaman bade give Sindbad the Landsman an hundred golden 
dinars as of wont and called for food. So they spread the tables 
and the company ate the night-meal and went their ways, mar¬ 
velling at the tak they had heard. The Porter after taiung his 
gold passed the night in his own house, also wondering at w'hat 
his namesake the Seaman had told him, and as soon as day broke 
and ^e morning showed wdth its sheen and shone, he rose and 
praying the dawn-prayer betook himseir to Sindbad the Seaman, 
who returned his s^ute and received him with an open breast and 
cheerful favour and made him sit wdth him. till the rest of the 
company amved, when he caused set on food and they ate and 
dtank and made merry. Then Sindbad the Seaman bespake them 
and related to them die narrative of 

The Fouitli Voyage of SiWhod the Semiwn, 

Know, O my brethren that after my return from my third voyage 
and ftmcgaAenng with my friends, and forgetting all my perils 
and hardships In the enjoyment of case and comfort and repose, 1 
visited one day by a company of merchants who sat down 
with me and talked of foreign travel and traffic, rill the old bad 
man within me yeamed to go with them and cnjtiy the sight of 
strange countries, and I longed for the society of the various races 
of mankind and for traffic and profit. So I resolved to travel with 
t^m and buying the necessaries ftrr a long voyage, and great store 
of co^ly goods, more than ever hefoie, transported them from 
Baghdad to Bassorah where I took ship with the merchants in 
question, who were of the chief of the town. We set out, trusting 
in the blessing of Almighty Allah; and with a favouring breeje 
an the best conditions we sailed from island to island and sea to 

Fourth Voyacb op Sind&ad the Seauan. J5 

nil otic iiay, there arose against us a contrary wind and the 
captain cast out his anchors and brought the ship to a standsdli, 
fearing lest she should founder in raid-ocean. Then we all fell to 
prayer and humbling ourselves before the Most High; but, as wc 
were thus engaged there smote us a funous squiill which tore the 
to rags and tatters; the anchorcable parted and, the ship 
foundering, we tvere cast into the sea, goods and all. I kept my^ 
self aQoat by swimming half the day» tiU, when i had given mysell 
up for lost, the Almighty threw in my way one of the planks of 
the ship, whereon I and some others of the mer chan ts scxambled- 

-And Shahrajad perceived the dawn of day and ce as ed saying 

her permitted say> 

it toad tfre lOunhrrb anh Jfiftp-firdt ^ighit 

She said, it hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the continued as follows;—^And when the ship foundered 

1 scrambled on to a plank with some others of the merchants and, 
mounting it as we would a horse, paddled with our feet in the sea. 
We abode thus a day and a night, the wind and waves helping us 
on, and on the second day shortly before the mid-time between 
sunrise and noon* the broese freshened and the sea wrought and 
the rising waves cast us upon an island, well-nigh dead bodies for 
weariness and want of deep, cold and hunger and fear and thirst. 
We walked a[x>ut the shore and found abundance of herbs, where* 
of we ate enough to keep breath in body and to stay our failing 
spirits, then lay down and slept till moming hard by the sea- 
And when morning came with its sheen and shone, we arose and 
walked about the island to the right and left, till we came in sight 
of an inbabitpd house afar off. So we made towards it, and ceased 
not walking till we reached the door thereof when lo! a number 
of naked hicti issued from it and without saluting us or a word 
said, laid hold of us masterfully and carried us to their king, who 
signed us to sit. So we sat down and they set food before us such 

"*Ziliwth," «1 k> niEirtintt si limehewt. TEie fivir pr*^ nwtle iH 

Moslem^ Ifttcff stticc icccuni of TimCt nmncniJmcurt w itr mviiton a dt- 



Alf Laylah wa LatlaH. 

3s we knew not* * and whose like we had never seen in all our Uves. 
My oompaninns ate of it, for of hunger, but my sumach 
revolted from ii and I w-ouid not eat; and my refniiiung from it 
was, by Allah’s favour, the cause of my being alive till now; for 
no sooner iiad my comrades tasted of it than their reason lied and 
their condition changed and they began m devour it like madmen 
posseted of an evil spirit. Then the savages pve them to drink 
of cocoa-nut oil and anointed them therewith; and straightway 
after drinking thereof, thdr eyes turned into tlidr heads and they 
fell to eating greedily, against their wont. When I saw this, I was 
confounded and concerned for them, nor was I ie^ anxious about 
myself, for fe;ir of the naked folk. So 1 watched them narrowly, 
and it was not long before 1 discovered them to be a tribe of 
Magian cannibals whose King was a Ghitl.® All who came to their 
country or whoso they caught in their valleys or on their roads 
they brcfught to this King and fed them upon that food and 
anointed them with that oil, whereupon their stomachs dilated that 
they might e:it largely, whilst thdr reason fled and they lost the 
power of thought and became idiots. Then they stuffed them with 
cocoa-nut oil and the aforesaid food, dil they became fat and gross, 
when they slaughtered them by cutting thdr chrrjats and roasted 
them lor the King's eating; but, as for the savages themselves, 
they ate human flesh raw.* WTum ] saw this. I was sore dismayed 

»Tltii ij thr 'rnwne herb." rJiv:*, vimtwl SuiJutn it) I59S fPur^hH i, lin) 
$P^I "Qf A Itind of Mftl, (ifheroof K liTile beice *aien, ni;tkittli q man m turn f«lc ill 
Accmmff ifl him to be irtK*miirt(!ia«d." Liiwdiaosi'i "Dirtirji" wm a poppy-W 
bma tontoiTiijig flmidl kEmcIt like idckmi vlskh firjmprd tnd ^lifruftncefnl vt a ilttnk 
"1*^ * iiT out of hin wia." Thit Li Fathtr Lobo'i "I'AfiauinJ” 

of the CAffEi, C^Ipd by the Partujinrie duiro {DgUifit Xfrantfitium} tEtll Uicjd by dirhiMicif 
woremoner*. It may be Dampicr'i Gangs (Caniah) ac Bang (BJianji which be juitly 
ill KihiH JiffetBidT “apawJina ta ailrcfttit otmatitTiriortii for jwnr ir tfupefie*, 
«licn IE imJ(« al«p 7 , other* memr and lonir nuiie mml," tfliriia, Csllect. ii. «0.) 
^Frre.- b 1» mEntiont Dory, Buns antJ (‘oat. the Pdmt of Bemtei, an lofuBoo of poppy^ 

* Atab^^uf," betc an epic, a eannlbal, 1 cannot litit reiBjni the ■‘Ghiil of the watte" 
a« aa embo^iiacat of the natural ftar and horror which i man feel* when he facer a iwIIt 
danger^ de«n a* rr^nU canrjlwllam. AiU*m-a of eummon kmc 

a^»» tr who) necessary »ve Ufe, and utdiicc our inawkiili rnodm) aemlliiEitT never 
Dixinef chciic mha 

Alimencu tnj 

Cannlb^ i« iJic Massa^etw of Ecrod (i.), tjie Paid of Indji (in.), and the 
twediuiH near Mmui {jvJ j Strabo (lib, ir.) of the Lud: Poaipoaiui Mela 7} and 

Fourth Voyage oe Sinobaij the Seaman. yj 

for myself aiitl my eomradeSt who were now become so stupefied 
that they knew not what was done with diem and the naked folk 
committed them to one who used every day to lead them, out and 
pasture them on the island like cattle. And they wandered 
amongst the trees and tested at will, thus waxing very fat, As for 
me, ] wasted away and became sickly for fear and hunger and my 
desh shrivelled on my bones^ which when the savages saw, they 
left me alone and took no thought of me and so far forgot me that 
one day I gave them the slip and walking out of their place made 
for the beach which was distant and there espied a very old man 
seated on a high place, girt by the waters. 1 looked at him and 
knew' him for the herdsman, wKo had charge of pasturing my 
fellows, and with him were many others in like case. As soon as 
he saw me, he knew me to be in possession of my reason and not 
afflicted like the rest W’hom he was pasturing: so signed to me 
from afar, as who should say, “Turn tack and take tlte right-hand 
road, for that will lead thee into the King's highway," So I turned 
back, as he bade me, and foTlow^ed the right-hand road, now run' 
ning for fear and then walking leisurely to rest me, till I was out 
of the old man's sight, By this time, the sun had gone down and 
the darkness set in: so 1 sac down to rest and would have slept, 
but slcsjp came not to me that night, for stress of fear and famine 
and fatigue. When the night was half spent, I rose and walked 
on, rill the day broke in all its beauty and the sun rose over the 
heads of the lofty hills and athwart the low gravelly plains. Now 
I was weary and hungry and thirsty; so I ate my fill of herbs and 
grasses that grew' in the island and kept life in body and stayed 
my stomach, after which I set out again and fared on all that day 
and the next night, staying my greed with roots and hierbs; nor 

St-Jerejnf (sd JorjiuimjDrSwii- M. Pftlolocatei thciniiiDriigviii,B krueJism of^KTifir* 
on, 171, wtd in AnBiitivin (th« AmlMinanwn ides*}, pwiribl? the (m Maniokl whkti 
FtEirmK ('^4i wiih iJi£ XEcfabir^, pl£i4;ci ^wi die Eitiicm fidt of of 

HcTEBat; and Lbtncis derive^ thc HcrokJiffn fmBBUCt; wFiidi Birracta the iran of ilupt 

(See Scrapion^ Dt H. Kdlt- Errol's, p. 74, 6th 

EdjL^. hnd* hii cunfiibub itt LftmEmy (Sumatra) anti Barthcma in ihc 

“l*It of Gi-ira"' (Jivsi). Ibn AhVVanli and Al-K;fmni notice them tn the Iih 
in the Situ of ihc Z^i t the name U MrTupted Pefika 

the dcc-deaccftdctj rjiqic of CamoetKi in nlic LttSr ir, 1^).- 1 ne Brcu.r Edit, 

(i¥, SZ) eaUi^thtm ‘^KhawiHj^^cfifiain KttiTian* in Eisiem At^a- Nwdiw lo flay 
dtat coQa£-fLut dl wouJJ bav^ ao itupcfjntiii cfftxt ynluss niiml with ofjjum pr daturA, 
hemp or henbane. 


Ai^ Laylau wa Laylau. 

did 1 cease walking for seven days and thdr nights, dl] the mom 
of the eighth day, when 1 caught sight of a faint object in the 
distance. So 1 made towards it, though my heart quaked for 
all 1 had su^en^ hnt and last, and behold it was a company 
of men gathering peppcr'grains.* As soon as they saw me, they 
hastened up to me and surrounding me on all sides, said to me, 
“Who art thou and whence come?’* I replietl. “Know, O folk, 
that I am a poor stranger,'* and acquainted them with my case 

and all the hardships and perils 1 had suffered,-And Shahrasad 

perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

EQbtn it buifif tf;r Jfitae jQ^untttch anb ^fiftp'Setmib 

She said, it hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued:—And the men gathering pepper in the 
island questioned me of my case, when 1 acquainted them with all 
the hardships and perils I had suffered and howl had fled from the 
savages* whereat ^ey marvelled and gave me joy of my safety, 
saying, “By Allah, this is wonderful! But how didst thou esc^ 
from these blacks who swarm in the island and devour all who 
in with them; nor is any safe from them, nor can any get out of 
their clutches?” And ^tcr 1 had told them the fate of my com' 
panions, they made me sic by them, till they got quit of their 
work: and fetched me somewhat of good food, which I ate, for I 
was hungry, and i^ed awhile, after which they took ship with me 
and carrying me Cxi dieir island-home brought me before their 
King, who returned my salute and received me honourably and 
questioned me of my case, I told him all that had befallen me, 
from the day of my leaving Baghdad-ciiy, whereupon he wondered 
with great wonder at my adventures, he and his courtiers, and 
bade me sit by him; then he called for food and 1 ate with him 
what sufficed me and washed my hands and returned thanks to 
Almighty Allah for all His favours praising Him and glorifying 
Him. Then I left the King and walked for solace about the city. 

‘Blidt ptpper II ^Ftylmcd in the Goansr but w« mut; gfi Kweh to find tlie "BiHd 
iLFiW” (h<H!ts of pepper) r'j. Mala bur. The cnnrhltMt prkt* dcmsndt^ hj- Venice for 
thii ipiie led dirtcUr to tJic dbcaverr of The Cape mole bp t]« PoTtugueu; u the "Gr*int 
oT ParuliK** ^Amofliitni Gnimm) ParuHti) toilneed the Enstiih to cxplnre the Weat 
AfltCu CfiMlL 

Fourth Voyag£ ^ihdbati tks 39 

which 1 found wealthy and populous, abounding in market-streets 
well stocked with fot^ and merchandise and tuU of buyers and 
sellers. So I rcioiced at having reached so pleas^t a place anU 
look my ease ih^re after my fatigues; aiid 1 made frieD^ with me 
cownsiolk, nor was it long bciore 1 became mon: in honour and 
iavcoir wsth them and their King any ol the chief moioi the 
realm. Now 1 saw that all the citizens, great and small, rode fine 
horses, high-priced and diorough-bred, without saddles or housings, 
whereat 1 wondered and said to the King, Wherefor^ O my lord, 
dost thou not ride with a saddle? The^ is ease for the ndcr 
and increase of power.” “What is a pddle. asked he; 
saw nor used such a thing in all my lif ei and I answered, w i 
thy permissioQ I will make thee a saddle, that thou mayest ride ^ 
it and see the comfort thereof" And quoth he,^ „ 

quoth 1 to him, “Furnish me with some wood, which being 
brought, I sought mea cki^’er carpenter and sit^g by hro ^owed 
him how to make the saddle-tree, prtraymg for him 
thereof in ink on the wood. Then I took 

made felt of it, and, covering the saddle-tree with leather, stuffed it 
and polished it and attached the girth and sturup lathers; ^ttr 
which I fetched a blacksmith and described to hip the fashion of 
the stirrups and bridk-bit. So he forged a tine pmr o stirrups 
a bit. and filed them smooth and tinned’ them. Moreover, I made 
fast to them fringes of silk and fitted bndlpleatheis to the ^it. 
Then 1 fetched one of the best of the royal horses ^j^addhng 
and bridling him, hung the stirrups to the saddle and 
the King. The thing took hk fancy and he thanked me; to he 
mounted and rcioiced greatly in the saddle and ^cw^ed me 
handsomely for my work. When the King s saw the saddle, 

he asked of me one 'ike it and I made it for him. Furthennore, 
all the grandees and olficers of state came for saddles to me: so i 
fell to making saddles (having taught the craft to the 
and blacksmith), and selling them to all who sought, till 1 amass^ 
great wealth and became in high honour and great favour with the 
King and his household and grandees. 1 abode thus till, one day, 
as 1 was sitting with the King in all respect and contentment, he 

■rrttii, AmT*. wnlj * JCCitijgiJicr i>f iJie AAS>'rifl:n AnmkiJi, 

ICflU W 



Alf Laylah wa Laylah. 

said to me, ‘"Know thou, O $uch an one, thou an become one of 
us, dear as a brother, and we hold tliee in such regard and affection 
that we cannot pan with thee nor suticr thee to leave our aty, 
wherefore 1 desire of tlroe obedience in a certain matter, and I will 
not have thee gamsay me." Answered I, "O King, what is it thou 
dearest of me? Far be it from me to gainsay dice in aught, for [ am 
indebted to thee for many favours and bounties and much kindness, 
and (praised be Allah!) I am become one of thy seiwants." Quoth 
he, "I have a mind to marry thee to a fair, clever and agreeable wife 
who is wealthy as she is beautiful; so thou mayst be naturdlised 
and domiciled with us: ! will Itjdge tliee with me In my palace; 
wherefore oppise me not neitlier cross me in tliis." When I heard 
these words t w'as ashamed and held tny peace nor could make 
him any answer,' hy reason of my much bashfulness before him. 
Asked he, "Why dost thou not reply to me, O my son?"; and 1 
answered, saying, "O my master, it is thine to command, O King 
of the age!" ^ he summoned the Kazi and the witnesses and 
married me straightway to a lady of a noble tree and high pedi¬ 
gree; wealthy in moneys and means; the tlower of an .indent race; 
of surpassing b€aut>* and grace, and the owner of farms and estates 

and many a dw-eUing-pIace.-'And Shahrazad jHurceived the 

dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

CBhtti if toag ffie iftbe t:nh dFinp'lfjirb 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad the 
Seaman continued in these words:—^Now after the King my master 
had married me to this choice wife, he also gave me a great and 
gcK^ly house standing alone, together with slaves and officers, and 
assigned me pay and allowances. So I became in ah ease and con¬ 
tentment anti delight and forgot cverj^hing which had befallen me 
of weariness and trouble and hardship: for 1 loved my wife with 
fondest love and she loved me no less, and wc were as one and 
abode in the utmost ctunfort of life and in te happiness. And I 
said in myself, W^en I return to my native land, I will carry her 
with me," But whatso is predestined to a man, that needs must 
be, and none knoweth what shall befal him. We lived thus a 

* Our AnWan THmi* hd prohahU , Penrlnpe nr tv(o «ti humt und lindi t Cahrw 
«« thlt Oiysii. Hu motjticr 4t thr ni-TTfiim of W«inian1unrl It noMhtc. 

Fourth VovAcfi op Sindbad the Seaman, 


great while, dll Almighty Allah bereft one of my neighbours of his 
wife. Now he was a gossip of nune; so hearing the cry of the 
kecners I went in to conrJole with him on hi** loss and found him 
in very ill plight, full of trouhk and weary ol soul and mind. I 
condoled with hiin and comforted him, saying, not for thy 

wife w'ho hath now found the mercy of Allah; the Lord will surely 
give thee a better in her stead and thy name shall be great and thy 
life shall he long in the land, Inshallah!“^ But he wept bitter 
tears and replied, * *'0 my friend, how can I many another wife 
and how shall Allah replace her to me with a better than she. 
whenas I have but one day left to live?” "O my brather,” said I, 
“return to thy senses and announce not the glad tidings of thine 
own death, for thou art well, sound and in good case“By thy 
bfe, O my friend," rejoined lie, “to'morrow thou wilt Itwe me and 
will nev'er see me again till the Day of Resurrection.” 1 asked, 
“How so?” and he answered, “TTiis very day they bury my 
wife, and they bury me with her in one tomb; for it is the custom 
with iis, if the wife die first, to bury the husband alive with her 
and in like manner the wife, if the husband die firat; so that 
neither may enjoy life after losing his or her mate. “By Allah, 
cried 1, *‘this is a most vile, lewd custom and not to he endured of 
any!" Meanwhile, behold, the most part of tlie townsfolk came 
in and fell to condoling with my gossip for his w*ife and for him' 
self. Presently they bid the dead w'oman out, as was their wont; 
and, setting her on a bier, carried her and her husband without the 
city, till tliey came to a place in the side of a mountairi at the end 
of the island by the sea; and here they raised a great rock smd 
discovered the mouth of a atone'ri^'etted pit or well,* leading 
dowti into a vast underground cavern that ran beneath the moun' 
tain. Into this pit they threw the corpse, then tying a rope of 
palm'fibres under the husbond^s armpits, they let iu'm down into 
the cavern, and with him a great pitcher of fresh water and seven 
scones by way of viaticum." When he came to the bottom, he 
loosed himself from the rope and they drew it up; and, stoppin g 
the mouth of the pit with the great stone, they returned to t he 

'Hiesc aiv rbc tit cwiiQilatiait on ittdt oeuiian^; tke aniiiic 

pirt ift ihclr cQBiTiist willi the EieLfrirnina le »-jao*-cr's i>trcip«t 
»Ui. ■'* mat^n uf Itfct ih<f curtuTOTH: a well 

* ! iitrr MwaFc iKb tif the ic the custom df way met, 

tKc trtititJ be fe-irfilr by the Sud {Sut»c)-ritc of sbe Hindui- Ssjnplc 

viTTiqjulrnre wsa and id by" many pcuple. 

42 Alf Layuvu wa Laylam. 

city^ my fn&nd in tKc csvcm with ius dcid wifc« 1 

5 thW 1 Co niysdl, "By AJJaH, this tsshion ot death is more 
grievous than the tirsti ’ And 1 went in to the King and ^d to 
him. “O my lord, why do ye bury the quick with the dead? 
Quoth he, "It hath been the custom, thou must know, of our 
forbears and our olden Kings from time immemorial, if the 
husband die tim, to bury his wife with him, and the like with 
the wife, so we may not sever them, ^ve or de^." 1 asked, 

"O King of the age, if the wife of a foreigner like myself die 
among you, deal ye with him as with yonder man? i and he 
answered, "Assuredly, we do with him even as thou hast seen." 
When I heard this, my gall-bladder was like to burst, for the 
violence of my dismay and concern for myself: my wit became 
dazed; 1 felt as if in a vile dungeon; and hated their society; for 
1 went about in fear lest my wife should die before me and they 
bury me alive widi her. However, after a while, 1 comforted 
mysell, saying, "Haply I shall predecease her, or shall have 
returned to my own land before she die, for none knoweth which 
j^hall go first and which shall go last." Tlicn I applied myself to 
diverting my mind from this thought with various occupadoos; 
hut it was not long before my wife sickened and complained and 
took to her nillow and fared after a few days to the mercy of 
Allah; and the King and the rest of the folk came, as w'as their 
wont, to condole with me and her family and to console us for 
her loss and not less to condole with me for myself. Then the 
women washed her and arraying her in her richest raiment and 
golden omamertts, necklaces and jewellery, laid her on the bier 
and bore her to the mountain aforesaid, where th^ lifted the cover 
of the pit and cast her in; after which all my intimates and ac' 
quaintanccs and my wife's kith and kin came round me, to farewell 
me in my lifetime and console me for my owm death, whilst I cried 
out among them, saying, “Almighty Allah never made it lawful to 
hury the quick with the dead! I am a stranger, not one of your 
kind; and I cannot abcar your custom, and had 1 known it I 
never would have wedded among you!" They heard me not and 
paid no heed to my words, but laying hold of me, bound me by 
force and let me down into the cavern, with a large guggkt of 
sweet water and seven cakes of bread, according to their custom. 
When I came to the Ixittom, they tailed out to me to cast myself 
loose from the cords, but I refuse to do so; so they threw- ihem 
down on me and. closing the mouth of the pit with the stones 

Fourth Votage op Sinbbai> the Se.o>ia^. 


afor^s^d, went tbetf ways,-And Shahrazad perceived the 

dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

fithen it teas tfie Jfibr l^ttnlirth anh 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindirtd 
the continued^'—they left me m the cavern with 

my dead wife and, closing the mouth of the pit, went their wajra, 

1 looked about me and found myself in a vast cave full of dead 
bodies, that exhaled a fulsome and loathsome smell and the air 
was hcaty with the groans of the dying. Thereupon 1 fell to 
blaming myself for what I had done, saying. By Al l ah , 1 d^erve 
all that hath befallen me and all that shall befai mcl W^t curse 
was upon me to take a wife in this city? There is no Majesty and 
there is no Might save in Allah, the Glorious, the Great! As often 
as I say, I have escaped from one calam ity, 1 fall into a worse. 
By Allah, this is an abominable death to diel Would Heaven 
I had died a decent death and been washed and shrouded like 
a man and a Moslciii, Would 1 had been drowned at ^ 
or perished in the mountains! It were better than to die this 
miserable death!" And on such wise I kept bkroing my own 
folly and greed of gain in that black hole, knowing not night from 
day; and 1 not to ban thfi Foul Fi^d ^nd to bless the 

Almighty Friend. Then 1 threw myself down on the bon^ ol the 
dead and lay there, implcisring Allah s help and in the yiolence^ot 
my despair, invoking death which came not to me, till the tire 
of hunger burned my stomach and thirst set my throat aflame 
wlmn I sat up and feeling for the br^d, ato a tuorsci and 
upon it swallowed a mouthful of watp. After this the wor^ 
night I ever knew* 1 ait>se* and exploring the cavern* found that 
it extended a long way with hollows in its sides; and floor 
was strewn with d^d bodies and rotten bones, that had lain there 
from olden time. So I made myself a pbee in a cavity of the 
cavern, afar from the corpses lately thrown down and there slept. 
! abode thus a long while, till my provision was like to pve 
out; and yet I ate not save once even,- day or second day; 
nor did I drink more than an occasional draught, for fear my 
victual should fail me before my death; and I said to myself, 
"Eat little and drink little; belike the Lord shall vouchsafe 
deliverance to thee!" One day. as 1 sat thus, pondering my ca^ 


Au' Laviah wa Lavlah. 

and bechmking me bow 1 should do, when ray bread and water 
should be exhausted, behold, the stone that covered the opening 
was suddenly rolled away and the light streamed down upon rae. 
Quoth I, “I wonder what is the matter: Imply they ha\ne brought 
another corpse." Then 1 espied folt standing about the mouth 
of the pit, who presently kt down a dead man and a Uve wo- 
man, weeping and bemoaning herself, and with her an ampler 
supply of brc^ and water than usual.' 1 saw her and she w'as a 
beautiful woman; but she saw me not; and they closed up the 
opening and went away. Then I took the leg-bone ot a dead man 
and, going up to the woman, smote her on the crown of the head; 
and cried une cry and fell down in a swoon. I smote her 
a second and a third time, till she was dead, when 1 Lud hands on 
her bread and water and found on her great plenty of ornaments 
and rich apparel, necklaces, jewels and gold trinkets'^ for it was 
their custom to bury women in all their finery, i carried the 
vivers to my sleeping place in the cavem'side and ate and drank 
of them sparingly, no more than sufficed to keep the life in me, lest 
the provaunt come speedily to an end and I perish of hunger and 
thirst. Yet did I never wholly lose hope in Almighty Allah. I 
abode thus a great while, killing all the live folk they let down into 
the cavem and taking thdr prewisjons of meat and drink; till 
one day, as 1 slept, I was awakened by something scratching and 
burrowing among the bodies in a comer of the cave and said, 
“What can this be?" fearing wolves or hyamas. So I sprang up 
and seising the leg'hone aforesaid, made for the noise. As s>on as 
the thing waa ware of me, it fied from me into the inward of the 
cavern, and lo! it was a wild beast. Hov/ever, \ followed it to the 
further end, till I saw afar off a point of light not bigger than a 
star, now appearing and then disappearing. So t made for it, and 
as f drew near, it grew larger and brighter, till I was cemified that 
it was a crevice in the rock, leading to the open country; and I 
said to myself, ''There must be some reason for this opening; 
either it is the mouth of a second pit, such as that by \vhich they 
let me dowm, or else it is a natur^ feure in the stonery," So I 
bethought me awhile and nearing the light, found that it came 

* ihc wtrt vtikcr thnA a mafl The RrcBl Kdit, hnw^cf-p hiu gtigglei of 

IfjErr mil (tvf fcnnewT" 

■ The coTifc¥sion h miute with irue Eaitem Mng/rttid iritl pmbftbty nont of the heimt 
of thr murdm which Mv«i the lire. 

Fourth Voyage op Sindsad the Seamak. 


from a breach in the bade side of the mountain, which the wild 
had enlarged by burrowing, that they mi^t enter and 
devour the dead and freely go to and fro. When I saw dm, my 
Spirits revived and hope came back to me and I made sure of life, 
after having died a death. So t w’Cnt on, as in a dre^, and 
making shift to scramble through the breach found myself on the 
slope of a high mountain, overlooking the salt sea and cutting off 
all theteto from the island, so that none could come at that 
part of the beach from the I praised my Lord and thanked 

Him, rejoicing greatly and heartening myself with the prospect of 
deliverance: wen I returned through the crack to the cavern and 
brought out all the food and water I had saved up and donn^ 
some of the dead folk’s clothes over my own; after which I gath' 
ered tctgether all the collars and nec klac es of pearls and jewels 
and trinkets of gold and silver set with precious stones and other 
ornaments and v'aluables 1 could find upon the corpses; and, 
making them into bundles with the grave clothes and rain^t of 
the dead, carried them out to the badk of the mountain facing the 
sea'shore, w'here I established myself, purposing to wait there rill 
it should please Almighty Allah to send me relief by means of 
some passing ship. 1 visited the cavern daily and as often as I 
found folk buried alive there, I killed them all indifferetitly, 
men and women, and took their victual and valuables and trans' 
ported them to my seat on the sea'shnre. Thus I abode a long 

^bile,-^And Shahraxad perceived the dawm of day and ceased 

saying her permitted say. 

IQIt^n it teas Jf ibe JSiunlircli anb JFiftP'fifrf] 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, ^t Sindbad die 
Seaman continued:—^And after carrying all my vii^aJs and valu- 
ables from the cavern to the coast I abode a long while by the sea, 
pondering my case, till one day I caught sight of a ship passmgin 
the midst of the dashing sea, swollen wi^ dashing biUtws.^ bo 1 
took a piece of a white shroud I had with me and, tying it to a 

‘7T«» mlc b evidently t»kcn frtBii ihc c»«|« of MnKftbn 

pit into which he huJ b«n thtwm, * fiw hciitg bt (suitb- Tht Atb^ in an can, d y 
emer sto^cnti ofGreek litctaww. Hole fp-1«) noted tic ewneidefiW. 


Au Latumi wa Laylah. 

staff, ran along the sei'shore, mating signok tlierewith and calling 
to the people in the ship, till they espied me and hearing my 
shouts, sent a boat to fetch me off* * When it drew near, the crew 
called out to me, saying, "Who art thou and how earnest thou to 
be on this mountain, whereon never saw we any in our bom 
days?" I answered, *“1 am a gentleman’ and a merchant, who hath 
be^ wrecked and saved myself on one of the planks of the ship, 
with seme of my goods: and by the blessing of the Almighty and 
the decrees of Destiny and my own strength and skill, after much 
toil and moil I have landed with my in this place where I 
awaited some passing ship to take me ofL" So they took me in their 
boat together with the bundles 1 bad made of the jewels and valu' 
ables from the cavem, tied up in clothes and shrouds, and rowed 
back with me to the ship, where the captain said to me, "How 
earnest thou, O man, to yonder place ern yonder mountain behind 
which heth a great city? All my life I have sailed these seas and 
passed to and fro hard by these heights; yet never saw I here any 
living thing save wild b^ts and birds." I repeated to him the 
story 1 had told the sailors,* but acq uain ted him with nothing of 
that which had befallen roe in the city' and the cavern, lest there 
should be any of the iaknJry in the shm* Tlien I took out some 
of the best pearls I had with me and offered them to the captain, 
saying, "O my lord, thou hast been the means of saving me off 
this mountain, 1 have no ready money; but take this from me in 
requital of thy kindness and good offices." But he refused to 
accept it of me, saying, "When we find a shipwrecked man on the 
sea'shorc or on an island, we take him up and give Kim meat and 
drink, and if he be naked we clothe him; nor t^e we aught from 
him; nay, when we reach a port of safety, we set him ashore with 
a present of our own money and entreat him kindly and charita¬ 
bly, for the bve of Allah the Most High." So I prayed that his life 
be long in the land and rejoiced in my escape, trusting to be de¬ 
livered from my stress ana to forget my past mishaps; for every 
time 1 nemembered being let down into the cave with my dead wife 
I shuddered in horror Then we pursued our voyage and sailed 
from hland to island and sea to sea, till we arrived at the Island of 

* BtoI. lidlr. "Khwijah," oaf "How^ec." ntesniiig ■ KbnwbnAlter, m min of Ictccn; • 

*Aiid lie ctoei rcptut it full wh,it tic htitren ihlcie h^'vt Icnewn righr »eiL I 

Fourth Votage op Sosidbad the Seaman. 


the Bell, which containeth a city two days* pumey in extent, 
whence after a six days* run wc reached the Island Kala, hard by 
the land of Hind.* This place is governed by a potent and 
puissant King and it produceth exedkne camphor and an abun' 
of the Inian rattan: here also is a lead mine. At last by 
the dea:rce of Allah, we arrived in safety at Bassorah-lown whpe 
1 tarried a few days, then went on to Baghdad-dty, and. finding 
my quarter, enter^ my house with lively pleasure. There 1 fore' 
gathered with my family and friends, who rejoiced in my happy 
return and gave me joy of my salety. I laid up in my storehouses 
all the goods I had brought with me, and gave alms and largesse to 
Fakirs and beggars and clothed the widow and the orphan. Then 
I gave mysdf up to pleasure and enjoyment, returning to my old 
merry mode of lif^e. "Such, then, be the moat marvellous adven¬ 
tures of my four^ TOyage* but to-moirow if you will kindly come 
to me. I win tell you that which befel me in my fifth voyage, which 
was yet rarer and more marvellous than those which forewent it. 
And thou, O my brother Sindbad the Landsman, shalt sup 
with me as thou art wont." {Saith he who tdietli the talc), Whm 
Sindbad the Seaman had made an end of his story, he called for 
supper; so they spread the table and the guests ate the evening 
mead; ^tcr which he gave the Porter an hundred dinars as usual, 
and he and the rest of the company went their ways, glad at heart 
and marvelling at die talcs they had heard, for that each story 
inore cxtniordiD^ry' tKan that wliich tore went it. The portsr SirtcJ' 
bad passed the night in hm own house, in all joy and cheer and 
wondennent; and, as soon as morning came with its sheen and 
shonC:, he prayed the dawn^prutyer and repaired to the house of 
Sindhad the Seaman^ who welcomed him and bade him sic with 
hinr) till the rest of the conipany arrived, when they ate and drank 
and made merry and the talk went round amongsc theiTi. Presefitly, 
thdr host began the narrative of the fifth voyage,——And Shahra^ 
2 ,ad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

^ Iwhmd (if the IhU (Arab, ra^dift* psnR useii by aifiitiiuia bm fbrbiJdcn 

IS Mtuliiw), ^ u written ‘' KulUir* anii * varicTy of wati. B aw SVakk. 

enitr plicc* It flt iCeydiiJi in tic Malay pcninsaili* i^ppo^rittSucnatra- Ranautiot iiktitifiea 
it wiiiii Cilalut, about tbt point of Malibit/' 

Alf Layxah wa Laylah, 


SStim It teas tbc JTibf il^intiTFt) rniti 

She said* It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that the host 
began in these wurtis the narrative of 

T/ie rifth Vo>’dge of ShidhoJ rhe Seanum. 

KjJOWi O my brothers, that when ! iiad been awhile on shore after 
my fourth voyage; and when, in my comfort and pleasures and 
meny'makings and in my rejoicing over ijiy large gains and profits, 
! had forgotten all I had endured of perils and sufferings, tlie 
carnal man was again scaled with the longing to travd and to 
see foreign countries and islands,^ Accordingly I bought costly 
merchandise suited to my purpose and, making it up uito bales, 
repaired to Bassorah, where I walked about the riva>quay till I 
found a fine taH ship, newly builded with gear unused and fitted 
ready for sea. She pleased me: so I bought her and, embarking 
my goods in her, hired a master and crevv, over w’hom I set certain 
of my slaves and servants as inspectors. A number of merchants 
also brought their outfits and paid me freight and passage-money* 
then, after reciting the Fatihah we sec saff over Allah’s pool in all 
joy and cheer, promising ourselv^ a prosperous voyage and much 
wofit. We sailed from city to city and from island to island and 
from sea to sea viewing the cities and countries by which we 
passed, and seUing and buying in not a few rill one day we to 
a great uninhabited island, deserriid and desolate, whereon was a 
white dome of biggest bulk half buried in the sands. TTie met' 
chants landed to examine this dome, leaving me in the ship; and 
when diey drew near, behold, it was a huge Rukh’s egg. They 
fell a-beatmg it with stones, knowing not what it was, am present* 
]y broke it open, W'hereupon much water ran out of it and the 
young Rukb appeared within, So they pulled it forth of the shell 
and cut its throat and took of it great store of meat. Now I was in 
the ship and knew' not what they did; but presently one of the 

’ ItLuujf, becauie A«b enrmjgrAphert Idt« t» pLci (h«lr ipttieu mirMuta w tuidi 

Fitth Voyage of Sindbah the Seaman, 


passengers up to tne and said, "O my lord, come and look 
at the egg that we thought to he a dotne," So I looked and seeing 
the merchants heating it with stones, called out to them, “Stop, 
stop! do not meddle with that egg, or the bird Rukh will come 
out and break our ship and destroy us."’ But they paid no heed 
to me and gave not over smiting upon the egg, when behold, the 
day grew dark and dun and the sun was hidden from us, as if 
some great cloud had passed over tlie firtnament.' So we raised 
our eyes and saw that w-hat wc took for a cloud wras the Rukh 
poised between us and the sun, and it w^as liis wings that darkened 
the day. When he came and saw his egg broken, he cried a loud 
cry, whereupon his mate came flying up and they both began 
circling about the ship, crying out at us with voices louder than 
thunder, I called to the Rais and crew', “Put out to sea and seek 
safety in flight, before we be all destroyed," So the merchants 
came on board and we cast off and made lustc from the island to 
gain the open sea. When the Rukhs saw this, they flew off and we 
crowded all sail on the ship, thinking to get out of their country; 
but presently the tsvo re'appeared and flew after us and stood over 
us, each carrying in its claws a huge bcailder which it had brought 
from the mm mr at ns . As soon as the hc'Rukh came up with us, 
he let fall upon us the rock he held in his pounces; hut the master 
put about diip. so that the rock misjcd her by some small mattCT 
and plunged into the waves with such violence, chat the dup 
pitched h^h and then sank into the trough of the sea and the bo^ 
tom of the ocean appeared to us. Then the shc'Rukh let tall her 
rock, which was bigger than that of her mate, and as Destiny had 
decr^d. it fell on the poop of the ship and crushed it, the rudder 
flying into twenty pieces; whereupon the vessel foundered and all 
and everything on board were cast into the main.^ As for tne I 
struggled for sweet life, till Almighty Allah threw in my way one 

* UJce the ci](m|Mnion« of Ulysset wfia tie the Oiien idi.l. 

^ the osortnmi* kingfisher of Liwisn’s True Histnry (Elb, ii.), ^ 

•This isle i» horwwetl from Ibti AUWiliJi, who adhs th*r the grefhonli 
the morning sfier esxing the irmog Rulth with ttlstk hsif whteh wrsr turned white, 
seine legend is roeountod hy Al-llirRiTi fob, AH- BOS=1-105^) whu wi» mniktoJ into 
Ladn by Bwhirt (Hietunileon ii, p. S54) snd quoted by Hoff snii Lane fiii, lOJ), ^ 
ocelleat trudy of Mareo Polo'i R«kh Wiis msdc by mr ieurued friejid the Into Pnif. G. 
C- BUiieoni of Boletus, -‘DellXTeMllo Rue," Bolrgna, Cembaiini, 18SB. Pn**- Biantoiu 
predicted diet other gieni Unis wouh! be found in Madag wrer on the Ejut Africsn Coui 
ofipoeite; but he died befa** hoirtng of Hihlcbraiid i discovefy. 



Alf Laylah wa Laylak. 

of ihc planks of the ship, to which J dung and bestriding it, fell 
a'paddtog with my feet. Now the ship had gone down hard by an 
island in the midst of the main and the winds and waves bore me 
on till, by permission of the Most High, they cast me up on the 
^orc of the island, at the last gasp for toil and distress and half 
dead with hunger and thirst. So I landed more like a corpse chan a 
live man and throwing myself down on the beach, lay there awhile, 
dll I began to revive and recover spirits, when I walked about the 
island and found it as it were one of the garths and gardens of 
Paradise. Its trees, in abundance di^t, bore ripo'yellow fruit for 
freight; its streams ran dear and bright; its Sowers were fair to 
scent and to sight and its birds warblra wdth delight the praises of 
Him to whom Delong permanence and all'might. So I ate my £11 
of the fruits and slak^ my thirst with the water of the streams 
till I could no more and I returned thanks to the Moist High and 

glorified Him;--And Shabrasad perceived the da^Yi of day and 

ceased saying her permicted say. 

IHhen it toast the Jfihe Srunhreh onh dfiftp*tfdimth ^ishh 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued:—So when I escaped drowning and reached 
the island w'hich afforded me fruit to eat and water to drink, I 
returned thanks to the Most High and glorified Him; after which 
I sat till nightfall, hearing no voice and seeing none inhabitant. 
Then J lay down, well-nigh dead for cmvail and trouble and tenor, 
and slept without surcease till morning, when I arose and walked 
about under the trees, till 1 came to the channel of a draw-well fed 
by a spring of running water, by which well sat an old man of 
venerable aspect, girt about with a waist-deth* mafT<> of the fibre 
of palm-fronds.* Quoth I to mysdf, "Haply this Shaykb b of 
those who were wrecked in the ship and hath made his way to thb 
bland." So I drew near to him and saluted him, and he returned 
my salam by signs, but spoke not; and I said to him. "O nunde 

* Ar»b, "tiir," the e«tien girb tjf Eeitern men; enti, luch preuved in the Meccu 

pil^nmqgr. The "wiittHcbth'* u cidicr tidied cn vr kepi in pkcc by m ^irdlc- 
■ Arab. *Tjr/' « mceedxncun^ for the wudeiui noi uoknbwFi in tht “THTkiili 

i>f LfstiiiJciiu 

Fifth Voyage of Sindbad the Seamak, ji 

mine, what causech thee to sit here?" He shook his h^d and 
moaned and signed to me with his hand as who should say, Take 
me on thy shoulders and carry me to the other side of the well- 
channel." And quoth I in my mind. "I will deal kindly with him 
and do what be destretb; it may be I shall win me a reward in 
Heaven for he may be a paralytic." So I took him on my back 
and carrying him to the place whereat he pointed, said to him, 
“"Dismount at thy leisure," But he would not get off my back 
and wound his about my neck. I looked at them and seeing 
that they were like a buffalos hide for blackness and roughness,' 
was affrj^ced and would have cast him off; but he clung to me 
and gripped my neck with his legs, till I was well-nigh choked, the 
world grew black in my sight and I fell senseless to the ^ound 
like one deid. But he stdl kept his seat and raising his legs 
drummed with his heels and beat harder than palm-rods my ba^ 
and shoulders, till he forced me to rise for excess of pain, *0100 
he signed to me with his hand to carry him hither and thither 
among the trees which bore the best fnuG; and if ever 1 refund 
to do his bidding or loitered or took my leisure he beat me with 
his feet more grievously than if 1 had been beaten with whips. 
He ceased not to signal with his hand wherever he was minded to 
go; so 1 carried bim about the island, like a captive slave, and he 
bepissed and conskited my shoulders and back, dismounting not 
night nor day; and whenas he w*ished to sleep he wound his legs 
about my neck and leaned back and slept awhile, then arose and 
be at me; whereupon I sprang up in haste, unable to gainsay him 
because of the pain he inflicted on me. And indeed I blamed 
myself and sore repented me of having taken compassion on him 

‘ The Penuu hiPt * FUaw monater eJltJ "Tasmeh-pi" -Scrt>Ws» 

The ‘tjy Men" 'a not in ourji,ne.ounms nar an Ifrit *i in Siyf J-Maldk. dixlM-. 
bui a iotott «rji«genifton qtf a pferiiBng in of Asii ind 

AfncKt i Rtcrioi where the TicBc-fly ptereiiB the bKfdi hurden bewti. I bn tn 

telli us th« in Maitbnr everyUiin* w»t borne iipM men’s I” Afrrtn the 

kinelet rides a dsee, nod an erTetnoniiJus oicasions meaija hi* Fnmc Mtnisief- l_ nsve 
oficri been redueed Do this scyle of conveyimce snd found man the w^rst imasifiable 
ridina: »■ •«> hold nnd the ihirpness of the shnoldtMidge won ^ka the Jei^ who 

inwiwubly. The dasiedsn nfwurse hitd the Shnylth of ihc St* in thcTnions 
#!td Bachirt OBmo- ii- 6^8, SBO) notice* the homo imuetitiu, Senct Jik1*u» sihl Sena. 
Marimis. Ht-k (p. ISJ ) the inevltahk oiirtn,outsn <tn*it o wood), one of 

imtniUiiir,? eopyistt." *nil quotes “Dadny" in Scr.irw'* wmicet rtmunee lP«-t ii. Cbiipt 
I) ind ^0.1* fib 42-^ 

AlJ LaTUAH WA LAiriAtf. 


and continued in this condition, sufferiiig fatigue not to be dc' 
scribed, tiU I said to mysdf, “I wrought him a weal and he 
requited me with my ili; by Alliih, ne^'cr more will 1 do any man 
a ser\'ice so long as I live!" And again and again I besought the 
Most High that 1 might die, for stress of weariness and miseryj 
and thus I abode a long while rill, one day, 1 came with him to a 
place wherein was abundance of gourds, many of them dry. So 1 
took a great dry gourd and, cutting open the liiead, scooped out 
the inside and cleaned it; after which I gathered grapes from a 
vine which grew hard by and squeesed them into the gourd, till it 
was full of the juice. Then I stopped up the mouth and set it in 
the sun, where I left it for some days, until it became strong wine; 
and every day I used to drink of jt, to comfon and sustain me 
under my fatmues with that fro ward and obstinate fiend; and as 
often as I drai^ myself drunk, I forgot my troubles and took new 
heart. One day he saw me drinking ;md signed to me with his 
hand, as who should say, "What is that?" Quoth I, "Jt is an excel' 
lent cordial, which chcEreth the heart and re^ iveth the spirit," 
Then, being heated with w'inc, I ran and danced with him among 
the trees, dapping my hands and singing and making merry: and 
I staggered under him by design. When he saw this, he signed to 
me to give him the gourd that he might drink, and 1 feared him 
and gave it him. So he took it and, draining it to the dregs, cast 
it on the ground, whereupon he grew fmlicsoine and to 

clap hands and jig to and fro on my shoulders and he made water 
upon me so copiously that all my dress was drenched. Bur pre¬ 
sently the fumes of the wine rising to his head, he became help¬ 
lessly drunk and his side-muscles and Umbs relaxed and he 
swayed to and fro on ray iiack. When I saw that he had lost his 
senses for drunkenness, I put my hand to his kgs and, Ixising 
diem from my neck, stooped down well-nigh to the ground ana 

threw him at full length,-And Shahrasad perceiv^ the dawn 

of day and ceased to say her permitted eay, 

{Bhcn it biaff tJje JfitiE iljimhrrt) anh Jfiffp-cigljtf) .^is^jl. 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspiciou-s King, that Sindbad the 
Seaman continued:—So 1 threw the devil off my shoulders, hardly 
crediting my deLverance from him and fearing lest he should shake 
off his drunkenness and do me a misdiief. Then I took up a great 

Fifth Voyage op Sinobad the Seamah. 


stone from among the trees and coming up to him smote him 
theiewith on the head with all my might and crushed in bis skuU 
as he lay dead dnink. Thereupon his flesh and fat and blood 
being in a pulp» he died and went to bis deserts. The Fire, no 
mercy of Allan be upon him! I then returned, with a heart at 
case, to my former station on the sea-shore and abode in that 
island many days, eating of its fruits and dnnking of its waters 
and keeping a look-out tor passing ships; till one day, as 1 sat on 
the beach, recalling all that had belalkn me and saving, '‘I wonder 
if Allah will save me alLw and restore me to my home and family 
and friaadsl" behold, a ship w'as making for the island through 
the dashing sea and clashing weaves. Presently, it cast anchor and 
the passengers landed: so I made for them, and when they saw’ me 
all hastened up to me and gathering round me questioned me of 
my case how' 1 ramg thi^er. 1 told them all that had bended 
me, whereat they marx’elled with exceeding mark’d and said, “He 
who rode on thy sliouldcf is called tlie ‘Shaykh al-Bahr’ or Old 
Klan of the &a,’ and none ev'cr felt his legs on neck and came off 
alive but thou: and those who die under him he eateth: so praised 
be Allah for thy safety!” Then they- set somewhat of food before 
me, whereof I ate my fill, and gave me somew'hat of clothes 
wherewith I clad mysdf anew and covered my nakedness: after 
which they took me up into the ship, and we sailed days and 
nights, till fate brought us to a place called the City of Ape^ 
budded w-ith lofty houses, all of which gave upon the sea and it 
bad a single gate studded and strengthened with iron nails. Now 
every ni^t, as soon as it is dusk die dw'cUers in this city use to 
come forth of the gates and, putting out to sea in boats and 
ships, pass the night upon the waters in their fear lest the apes 
should come down on them front the mountains. Hearing this I 
was sore troubled remembering what I had before suffered from 
the ape-kind Presendy I landed to solace mi-seSf in the city, but 
meanwhile the ship set sail without me and 1 repented of having 

' M(uc literaSIy "TJir Chief nl the Sen i-Co-urt.** Sh*);kh besns W * fFittff mthp 
tkiui an tlili* (toUflinann, nJdcrnmn>. So the "Otil Man *>( iJie fanioiu in 

cnuaiiing dayi, wa» the Oiief llvhi ud Uic Nusayriyah dr Aitilrt r»m(e, a (K^nJlc^^ 
plviurganon of the Ltbanas. Our *"014 m"n" et the tcur ijiay Hhtt been msnrstEil by 
d>o Koranic tnnimentaion on thapt, Ti. WSicn an InftOel rtK* f?vm tlw gp-ivc, » Mdc-M 
fiSwe mecu him mvd wj», *'W'hy wontlcTcA thwi et my Idithsonensnf I am ^ne 
EvUDcnla: thou did>tn4c upon mein (he wnrlJ and nn* Iirilliideirpdn thofr"* ^tuiinfl 
tb« K^iiuR w (he wDida.) 


Axf Latiaji wa Laylah. 

gone ashore, and calling to mind my companions and what had 
befallen me with the apes, first and after, sat down and fell 
a-weeping and lamenting. Presently one of the townsfolk accosted 
me and said to me, “O my lord, mesKmeth thou art a stranger to 
these parts?” “Yes,” answered I, "I am indeed a stranger and a 
poor one, who came hither in a ship which cast anchor here, and 
I landed to visit the town; hat when I would have, gone on bca^ 
again, 1 found they had sailed without me.” Quoth he, ”Come 
and embark with us, for if thou lie the night in the city, the apes 
wnll destroy thee.” “Hearkening and obedience,*’ replied I, and 
rising, straightway embarked with him in one of the boats, where' 
upon they pushed off from shore and anchoring a mile or so from 
the land, there passed the night. At daybreak, they rowed back 
CO the city and landing, went each about his business. Thus they 
did every' oight, for if any tarried in the town by night the apes 
came down on him and slew him. As soon as it was day, the 
apes left the place and ate of the fnuts of the gardens, then went 
back to the mountains and slept there tiU nightf^ when they 
came down upon the city." Now this place was in the 
farthest part of the counoy of the blacks, and one of the strangest 
things that befei me during my sojourn in the city was on this 
wise. One of die company with whom I passed the night in the 
Iwat, asked me, O my lord, thou art apparendy a stranger in 
these parts; hast thou any craft whereat thou canst work?"; and 
I answered. By Allah, O my brother, I have no trade nor know I 
any handicraft, for I was a merchant and a man of money and 
substance and had a ship of my own, laden with great store of 

"I*«*lh* ii Gorilt.»J«id thtf* m,ny cf women 

U ihe foTner to diem. 

It tt th»t the entbnspoid ape le emwl hjr the ptwiCE of women and I 

‘"v ^ hime iTflocephtlai w™ld h*v^ r»pe(f a £r\ h«f ir wt 

lounj lurtt* who tiiIeeJ the DeaihlDr Ctrdciu «id mcniscric at 
o/Eei. by the vicb™ „po.u« of the bnboone' 

P^m. The fcmile nmltej* i^ueUy viliEin the «tfentionf of men aad I heard m India 

u " tnowled,* »fto«rion had 

^ ^ "bethcf aueh itimt would be viable ate 

rXl^ l'^1 iMthw diffiedty to the pteudfl.-;iHi« 

called ptyehflhjgy, „ ,uch mute wwdd hn^c only hall a »ut and inue by a Enotfoatf would 

nieontaiiwopoaed lo Wl pT!h^««d meo 
who might be tncfql u hewen of wtjod and drawen of waieri hi* idea wu to out the 

ofhuwnity. I neverbewd whai boctaeof bii^b«ed. 

Fifth Vcjvage of Siuobad the Seaman. 55 

goods and merchandise: but it foundered at sea and all were 
drowned excepting me who saved myself on a piece of plank 
which Allah vouchsafed to me of His favour.” Upon this he 
brought me a cotton bag and giving it to me, said, “Take this 
bag and €11 it with pebbles from the beach and go forth with a 
company of the townsfolk to whom 1 will give a charge respecting 
thee. Do as they do and bdifcc thou shalt gain what may further 
thy return voyage to thy native land/' Then he carried me to the 
beach, where I filled my bag with pebbles large and small, and 
presently we saw a company of folk issue from the town, each 
bearing a hag like mine, with pebbles. To these he com¬ 
mitted me, commending me to their care, and saying, ‘This man 
is a stranger, so cake him with you and teach him liow to gather, 
that he may get his daily bread, and you will cam your reward 
and recompense in Heaven.” “On our head and eyes be it!" 
answered they and bidding me wdeorae, fared on with me till we 
came to a spacious Wady, fuU of lofty trees with trunks so smooth 
that none might climb them. IMow sleeping under these trees 
were many apes, which when they saw us rose and lied from us 
and swarmed up among the branches; w'hereupon my companions 
began to pelt them with what they had in their ba^, and the apes 
fell to plucking of the fruit of the trees and casting them at the 
folk. 1 looked at the fruits they cast at us and found them to be 
Indian’ or cocoa-nuts; so 1 chose out a great tree, full of apes, 
and going up to it, began to pelt them with scones, and they in 
return pelted me with nuts, which I collected, as did the rest; so 
that even before 1 had made an end of my bagful of pebbles, I 
had gotten great plenty of nuts; and as soon as my companions 
had in like manner gotten as many nuts as they could carry, we 
returned to the a'ty, where we arrived at the fag-end of day. Then 
I w'ent in to the kindly man who had brought me in company 
with the nut-gatherers and gave him all I had gotten, thanking 
him for his kindness; but he would not accept them, saying, "Sell 
them and make profit fay the price; and presently he added (giving 
me the key of a closet in his house) “Store thy nuts in this safe 
place and go thou forth every morning and gather them as thou 

I Arab. «ir cd<oh i* from the P^rt- fncaoiH^ i 

{tnjsbciir} in ftlliiikin ta cdi7caruf£ of the humi^fi eyn nihit 1 tfT^]r 

here mvs i c&o&t-tfEc li asHly inth » hit o(n?pc « ■ kmniiltcrclurr- 

Alf Latuvh wa Layiah. 

hast done ttyday, and choose oui the worse for sale and supplying 
thyself; but lay up the rest here, so haply thou mayst collect 
enough to serve thee for thy return home,” Allah requite theet” 
answered 1 and did as he advised me, going out daily with the 
oocoa'nut gatherers, who commended me to one another and 
^)wed me the best'Stocked trees,’' Thus did 1 for some time, tiU 
i had laid up great store of exceUenr nuts, beside a large sum of 
money, the price of those I had sold, I became thus at my ease 
and bought all 1 saw and had a mind to, and passed my time 
pleasantly greatly enjoying my stay in the cit}', tdh as 1 stood on 
the beach, one day, a great ship steering through the heart of the 
sea presently cast anchor by the shore and landed a company of 
merchants, who proceeded to sell and buy and barter their goods 
for cocoa-nuts and other cornrooditira. TTieii I went to my friend 
and told him of the coming of the ship and how I had a 
mind tn return to my own country; and he said, ” ’Tis for t hee 
to decide." So 1 thanked him for his bounties and took leave of 
him; then, going to the captain of the ship, I agreed with him for 
my passage and embarked my ax;oa'Tiuts and what else 1 pos¬ 
sessed, We weighed anchor,-And Shahratad perceived the 

daum of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

{Qhtn if bjfts tfjr dfiUe ^mihreh anh ^iftp-nfntJj 

She sard. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued:—-So 1 left the City of the Apes and em¬ 
barked my cocoa-nuts and what else 1 possessed. We weighed 
anchor the same day and sailed from island to island and sea to sea; 
and whenev'er we stopped, 1 sold and traded with my cocoa-num, 
and the Lord requited me more than I erst had and lost. Amongst 
other pbccs, we came to an island abounding in doves* * and cinna- 
mon and pepper; and the country people told me that by the side 
of each pepper-bunch groweth a ^ear leaf which shaded it from 
the sim and casteth the water off it in the wet season; but, when 
the oin ceaseth the leaf tumeth over and drot^peth down by the 

m Egypt tjros mriEtke^^f fitkrrinFi ffmti end Gtotacr tOncn]>> 
don cf Qhhxi., ctuotcd by Ifoie aiwj Lane) mendema a ilmilap midcEe of Kann^rina bf 
iiriutin^ tht fnoiUuyj (if the KiTi{:dora. 

* Brwl. Edit. CLovea and dnnaimm b thoie du'yi grew in wfdjily diitviT ploH*. 

Fifth Voyage of Sinusao the Seaman. 


side of the buncb* *^ Here I took in great store of pepper and 
cloves and cinnamon, in exchange for cocca'nuts* ai^d we pass^ 
thence to the Island of Al'Usirdt.^ wheni:^ cometh the Comorra 
alocs^w'ood and thence to another isbndj fire days' journey in 
length, where grows the Chinese h^-aioes, which ia better than 
the Comonn; but the people of this island’ are fouler of condition 
and religion fh^in those ot the other, for that they love fomkadon 
and wine-bibbing, and know not prayer nor call to pmyer. Thence 
wc came to the pearl-fisheries, and 1 ga^Ti the divers some of my 
cocoa-nuts and said to them, "Dive for my luck and lot!" They 
did 50 and brought up from the deep bight* great store of large 
and priceless pearls; and they said to tne, "By Allah, O my master, 
thy luck is a lucky!" Then we sailed on, with the blessing of 
Allah (whose name be exalted!); and ceased not sailing till we 
arrived safely at Bassorah, There I abode a little and then went on 
to Baghdad, where 1 entered my quarter and found my house and 
foregathered with my family and saluted my friends w'ho gave me 
joy of my safe return, and 1 laid up all my goods and valuables 
in my storehouses. Then 1 distributed aims and largesse and 
clothed the widow and the orphan and made presents to my 
relations and comrades; for the Lord had requited me fourfold 
that I had lost. After which I returned to my old merry way of 
life and forgot all 1 had suffered in the great profit and gain I h^ 
made. "Such, then, is the history of my fifth vojrage and its 
wonderments, and now to supper; and to-morrow, come agam and 
I will tell you what befei me in my sixth voyage; for it was still 
more wonderful than this." (Saith he who telleth the tale). Then 
he called for food; and the servants spread the ^le, and 
when they had eaten the e\'£ning'meal, he bade give Sindbad the 

tn peppcr-l^laiiiaii^icvft tl is usudl to *«r. banuTiM lor th^nE 

70 un |2 ikrabs wliidi btjr bunches Uto iiry-fruiE, not . _ _ , . „ j - c 

*lhz firai. EMXh lii* Ljn*Lb ciU* ir ihz IaUhJ of 

'-CanMiriEi" U a pamntt. uf (-Vlip, the g^dew 

Orxnd% And "Kiuniri" (a nuud, u priTwas) s fmm a trmpSc £if SiuTu'*wife: hence Ptoferay f 
Ww .Ml floi k to the N. Ea« 

Cori quod Carmmni ct[mr inaihe toquiC nj* (Hist, Indit i. p. 16 ). In the 

Km ^'Al 'fid'* Ttrei to the eii(lc-woad (Alockyldn Agulbchtim] » cilW becaus^potted 
hkc the pttfme. Thfit of CJumpa (CocHi^Chinft, meftdoMd by CiffioenSp The Ltu, 

^ 129) IB idU furnuu*! J ■ i. <L 

* Ar^b. tank, pcioU reach, bight Htnec Birkat Far mn m the Suci iMtdL 

(Bj^rimngc i. 297 .) 

Alf Laylah wa Laylah. 

porter an hundred golden dinars and the Landsman returned home 
and lay him down to sleep, much marveUinf at all he had heard. 
Next morrjing, as soon as it was light, he prayed the dawn-prayer; 
and, after blessing Mohammed the Cream of ail creatures, betwk 
himself CO the house of Smdbad the Seaman and wished him a 
good day. Tlie merchant hade him sit and talked with him, cUl 
the rest of the company arrived. Then the sen-ants spread the 
table and when they had well eaten and drunken and were mirdi' 
ful and merry, Sindbad the Seaman began in these wor^ the 
narrative of 

The Sixth Voytige ojf Stndixid tile Senmnn. 

Know. 0 tny brothers and friends and companions all, that I 
abode some time, after my return from my fifth voyage, in great 
solace and satistaction and mirth and mernment, Joyance and 
enjoyment; and 1 forgot what I had suffered, seeing the great 
gain and profit I had made tili, one day, as I sat making merry 
and enjoj'ing myself with my friends, there came in to me a com-' 
pany of merchants whose case cold tales of tra\xl, and talked with 
me of voyage and adventure and greatness of pdf and lucre, 
fler^pon J remembeml the days of my return from abroad, and 
my joy at once more seeing my native kind and foregathering wdeh 
my family and friends; and my soul yearned for travel and traffic. 
So compelled by Fate and Fortune I resolved to undertake another 
yoy^e; and, buying me fine and cosdy merchiindise meet for 
foreign trade, made it up into l^aJes, W'ith which 1 journeyed from 
Baghdad m Bassotali. Here f found a great ship ready for sea 
and full of merchants and notables, who had with them goods of 
price; co I embarked my bales therein. And wc left Bassorah in 
^ety and good spirits under the safeguard of the King, the 

Prese^.-And Shahrazad percdved the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say. 

Qhjen ft jfibc gjtinirrcEi antt .flieht. 

Mid, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Sea^n continued;—And after embarking my bates and 
leaving Baseorah in safety and good spirits, wc continued our 

SixTK Voyage Of S[KDBAif the SsAMA^^ 5Q 

voyage from place to place and from city to city, buying and 
selling and profiting and diverting ourselves with the sight of 
countries where strange folk dwell. And Fortune and the voyage 
smiled upon us, til! one day, as we went along, behold, the captain 
suddenly cried with a great cry and cast his turband on the dedt. 
Then he buffeted his face like a woman and plucked out his beard 
and fell down in the waist of the ship well nigh fainting for stress 
of grief and rage, and t^ing, "Oh and alas for the ruin of my 
house and the orphanship of my poor childrenr' So all the mcT' 
char^ and sailors came round about him and asked him, ‘'O 
master, what is the matt(^?'’; for the light had become night 
before their sight. And he answered, saying, *^Know, O folk, that 
we Imve wandered from, our course and left the sea whose ways 
we wot, and come into a sea whose w^ays 1 know not; and unl^ 
Allah ^'(7uchsafe us a means of escape, we are all dead men; where' 
fore pray ye to the Most High, that He deliver us from this sttEit, 
Haply amongst you is one righteous whose prayers the Lord wdll 
accepc.'’ Then he arose and cbmb the mast to see an there were 
any escape from that strait; and he would have loosed the sails; 
but the wind redoubled upon the ship and w'hirled her round 
thrice anti drave her backwards; whereupon her rudder brake and 
she fell off towards a high mountain. With this the captain came 
down from the mast, saying, “There is no Majesty and there is no 
Might save in Allah, the Glorious, the Great; nor can man pre^'ent 
that which is fare-ordained of fate! By Allah , we aie fallen on a 
place of sure destruction, and there b no way of escape for us, nor 
can any of us be saved!" Then we all fell a-weeping m^er ourselves 
and bidding one another farewell for that our days were come to 
an end, and we had lost all hopes of life. Presently the ship struck 
the mountain and broke up, and all and evicrything on board of 
her were plunged into the sea. Some of the merchants were 
drowned and others made shift to reach the shore and save them^ 
selves upon the mountain; 1 amongst the number, and when we 
got ashore, we found a great island, or rather peninsula* ’whose 
base was strewn wdth wreckage of crafts and goods and gear cast 
up by the sea from broken ships 'whose passengers had Ixsn 
drowned: and the quantity confounded cempt and calculation. 

* Fn^ablf Capf Crtcnrrrin; to Jiiidgr finm the nTcr. but tht twt pame* Sin-aTiilih (Cc^'fan 
rAmtMjj for Tljia wat by Marco Pc4o^ tii- cap- 19; and tinc^t 

auihiiri rtlarc iht lamc df **T3p«biuie " 


Ai*r Layiah wa Laylah. 

So 1 climbec! the cliffs into the inward of the ide and walked on 
inland, till 1 came to a stream of sweet water, that welled up at the 
nearest foot of the mountains and disappeared in the earth under 
die range of hilk on the oppeate side. But all the other 
sengers went over the mountains to the inner tracts; and, dis' 
per sing hither and thither, were confounded at what they saw and 
Mcame like madmen at the sight of the wealth and treasures 
wherew’ith the shores were strewn. As for me 1 looked into the 
bed of the stream aforesaid and saw therein great plenty of rubies, 
and great royal pearls' and all kinds of jewi^ and precious stones 
which were as gravel in the bed of the rivulets that ran through 
the fields, and the sands sparkled and gljitered with gems and 
precious ores* * Moreover we found in the island abundance of 
the finest lign'Oloes, both Chinese and Comorin; and there also 
is 3 spring of crude ambergris" which floweth like wait or gum 
over the stteam'banks, for die great heat of the sun, and runneth 
down to the sea'shore, where the monsters of the deep come up 
and swallowing it, return into the sea. But it bumeth in their 
b^es; so they cast it up again and it congealeth on the surface 
of the water, whereby its colour and quantities are changed: and 
at last, the waves cast it ashore, and the travellers and merchants 
who Iotow it, collect it and sell it* But as to the raw ambergris 
which is not swallowed, it flowctb over the chaimd and congeal^ 
eth on the banks and when the sun shineth on it, it meltedi and 
scenteth the whole vuUcy with a musk^like fragrance; then, when 
the sun ceaseth from it, it congealeth again. But none can get to 
this place where is the crude ambergris, because of the mountains 

^ 1 nerd liAnlly tretiHe the fciuffcr with ■ nvtc an pcurl-^ihcntf: die ilrarripdoni of 
tnTtItciii a« conrifiumn frmn llie dafs fif PEtn| Rsl 35), Soiiniu {cap. S6> ind Mirco 
Pob [in. 23f). MaximlliflA af TrmjkylvMja* In hii njurarivcof rotate (Noimj 

OfWf* p- 532) wyi ri^ar the Gdcbc* prodnot peirii big it turtb-dovea' the 

King cif Fofne (Borneo) KjJ two onkma m goose's cggi,. Pigifrita Qn Ptirthaj) 

teiluea lK\t ns Sit TbmnAt Hethett to dove> egp, 

* Amb. "Anbir^^ pfoornuticed '^Amburi^^ whetcin 1 vmAd dmve Ambt^- 

«u bng suppo^ to be A hu^L, m vtgetAble whkh grew upon the le^hattom er fa» 
in jpringij Of a produced in the wacer like or blnamen'* {t) s now It ii 

known to be tht egeitj of i whait It it hiyjiJ sn lurnpi wetghing icvcml pcHmds upoo the 
Zanribu- Co43t tnd ie »k! m e high prii^Cp being heJeJ ■ potent iphutHfiaitc. A imtlJ 
hotinw if dfitled in the bottom of tfie cup md the coffee b poured upem the hit cf itribeigri* 
it cofituni; when the ulei^nouf matter ihowi in doti iunfJnt the '^Kiymagh** (co^cc- 
CTe3ni)t thehubbl]r froth whidi fbutaupan theaurface whith i-n cipcfc ^^coffee eemiic'* 
dlitributc? eflviaily tiruzoM tfae jlacftA. Atgon^ola rnentkinf lit Ceylon^ ’'ipnitgi of Ihjiud 
bstuiocii thfdw duw Oof aJ uid sme of pure balsam.** 

SoTH Voyage op Sindbao the Seam ah. 6i 

which endose the island oa all sides and which foot of man cannot 
ascend. ^ We continued thus to explore the island, marveUine at 
the wonderful works of Allah and ^e riches we found there, out 
sore troubled for our own case, and dismajred at our prospects. 
Now we had picked up on the beach some smalt xnattcr of victual 
from the wredi and husbaatded it carefully, eating but once every 
day or two, in our fear 1^ it should fail us and we die miserably 
of famine and affright. Moreover, we were weak for coL'c brought 
on by sea'sickness and low diet, and my companions deceased, 
one after other, till there was but a small company of us left. 
Each that died we washed and shrouded in some of the dotbes 
and linen cast ashore by the tides; and after a little, the rest of 
my fellows perished, one by one, till 1 had buried the last of the 
party and abode alone on the island, with but a little provision 
left, I who was wont to have so much. And I wept over myself, 
saying, “‘Woidd Heaven I had died before my companions and 
they had washed me and buried me! It had been better than I 
should perish and none wash me and shroud me and bury me. 
But there is no Majesty and there is no Might save in Allah, the 

Gbrious, the Great!*'-And Shahraiad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

©hen It teas (be JFibc ibnhUrth anh ^ixtp-firfit iJighf, 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Smd' 
bad the Seaman continued in these words;—Now after I had 
buried the last of my party and abode alone on the island, 
I arose and dug me a deep grave tm the sea'shore, saying 
to myself, “^^^enas 1 grow and know that death cometh 
to me, I will cast my.^ into the grave and die there, so the 
wind may drift the sand over me and cover me and 1 be 
buried therein." = Then I fell to reproaching mysdf for my 
little wit in leaving my native land and betaking me again to 

'The cdc>ccllcT forgcfi tfrilt Stndbud and hli wmapadofu have jun itcsniled it; hut 
dilt H t ^sf fhe Eojtcm Saffa- 1 miy no re thit deKTip-tioii 

of in ihc text tells ttt admirjtrly wrelt what Si Sj nut. 

^Thiicatrora lialhidid w by Unc iMucL nh. iv,)i U is thtmU ofpilflrlma m 

Mfctih when loo ill m wnik w ride i. 1 SO) ■ Hcntc all nt-tn emr thcri* ahimid*: 

mthc, sifitr being dipped in iht Hotjf Water of Zemicmp wai iiolcn from me bt fhe 
SoizlaI df BerJxrab. 

Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 


travel, after aU 1 had sufiered during my first five voyages, and 
when 1 bad not made a single one without suffcnng more horabie 
perils and more terrible hardships than m its lorcnirmer and 
having no hope of escape from my present I repent^ 

me of my foUy and bemoaned myself, especially as I had no need 
of money, seeing that I had enough and more t^n enough ^d 
could not spend what t had, no, nor a half of it in ^ my ate. 
However, after a while Allah sent me a tliought and 1 said to 
myself, "By God, needs must this etteam have an end as well as 
a beginning; ergo an issue somewhere, and bcHke its course may 
lead to some inhabited place; so my best plan is to ma^ ^ a 
little boat' big enough to sic in, and cany it and launching it on 
the riv^r^ embark therein and drop down the stream. If I escape^ 
1 escape, by God's leave; and if I perish, better die in the river 
than here " Tlien, sighing for myself, 1 set to w’ork collecting 
a number of pieces of Chinese and Comorin aloes-wood and 
I Wnd them to^hser with rof^ from the wreckage; then I 
chose out from the broken-up ships straight planks of even siic 
and fixed them firmly upon the aloes'WCKxJ. making me a boat' 
raft a little narrower than the. channel of the stream; and I tied 
it tightly and firmly as though k were nailed. Then I loaded it 
with the goods, predous ores and jewels: and the union pearls 
which were like gravel and the best of the amberms crude and 
pure, together with what I had collected on the island and what 
was left me of victual and wild herbs. Lastly 1 lashed a piece 
of wood on either side, to serve me as oars; and launched it, and 
embarking, did according to the saying of the poet. 

“Fly. fly with life whenns evils threat; * Leave the house to tell of its 
huilder’i face! _ 

Lartd after lafld shalt thou and find * But no other liic on thy wish shall 

Fret not thy soul in thy thoughts o* night; * All woa ihall end or soonet or 

iA/hoso B bom in cimr land to die, • There and only there 4uill gang ilia 

Nor trust grcitthings to another wighi,*Soul hath only soul forconfcdeiatr."* 

My boat'rafe drifted w'ith the stream, I pondering the issue of my 
affain and the drifting ceased not till I came to the place where 

*AnU. EiJlrVr ntd '’Hmju:*' ( =*4 faJV}, 

^ These linct accar in itusdi^d funn m NItfbi », 

Sixth Votage of Sihcead the Seaman. 

it disappeared beneath the mountain. 1 rowed my conveyance 
into the place which was intensely dark: and the current carried 
the raft with it down the underground channel.^ The thin stream 
bore me on through a narrow- tunnel where the raft toudied dther 
side and my head rubbed against the roof, remm therefrom being 
impossible. Then I blamea myself for having thus risked my life, 
and said, *'If this passage grow any straitcr, the raft will hardly 
pass, and I cannot turn back; so I shall inevitably perish miserably 
in this place.'* And I threw mj-sclf down upon my face on the 
raft, by reason of the narrowniHs of the channel, whilst the stream 
ceased not to carry me along, knowing not night from day, for the 
of the gloom which encompassed me about and my terror 
and concern for myself lest I should perish. And in such condi' 
cion my course continued down the channel which now grew 
wider and then straiter tiU, sore aweary- hy reason of the darkness 
which could be felt, I fell asleep, as 1 lay prone on the raft, and 1 
slept knowing not an the time were long or short. ^Tien 1 awoke 
at last, I found myself in the light of Heaven and opening my eyes 
I saw myself m a broad of the stream and the raft moored to an is-- 
land in the midst of a number of Indians and Abyssinians, As 
soon as these blackamoors’’ saw that I was awake, they came up to 
me and bespoke me in their speech; hut I understood not what they 
said and thought that this was a dream and a virion which liad be' 
tided me for stress of concern and chagrin. But 1 was delighted at 
my escape from the river. When they saw I understood them not 
and made them no answer, one of them came forward and said bo 
me in Arabic, “Peace he with thee, O my brother! \STio art thou 
and W'hence faredst thou thither? How earnest thou into this river 
and what manner of land lies behind yonder mountains, for never 
knew we any one make his w-av thence to us?" Quoth 1, “And 

^Tliae uulagnund riw« (which Df*- lifinfStoM dtridDl) arc famlSaj hv cv^rv 
from S^rwer'* "Side* id ihc Fciilta of Adtlherg und the Tinmvw nrar Tnc^rr 
Hcnfic "Ptfter Wilkani** bOTrowod hi* owit whkh hiii him M Gnndcpohfi- I w>in: 
eatpeJicTicc of S:ndb!ed** tomjwjt, havtiii; ontc Jtttcmptcii to dc*ct/id die Ft4ki on ftiot- 
Thc CtMsics hi 4 j the Alphcu* (Fliny v- 31 ; icrd Scncca, N'ijt. -Cjuir. rfj, ;*nd the TSgrtv 

EupJtratn f uppQ*ed bj'flaw siFMdifrBTiiiiJiii : iitd tht Msdi^vu!* kii^w iLr Ahosui orD^autfiu 
BLod thc!^rilicTLjdofilfiih:qn, 

^ con hardly W called '^lafltjnroon/' hwt llic anr^njwc rif thi whirc ihift 

showi ititelf In Eflatenu Turk* «iiJ BraJiJnmm) ai' much \( not JTMtiTT Eh4n, anMii|j?t 
Kiirfipe^fli SwTiirlirTTi Itidia the ttme Is eifpbnd hj' Vrjro Ja Ganiii was cnrsTiLkii 
*r]ih thtrea impoftcil by rhr Anbt. 


Alf Laylah wa Laylah. 

upoo thtt be pace and the ruth of AlLJiimdWs blessing! 

are ye and what country is this?" “O my brother, answered he, 

“we are husbandmen and tillers of the soil, who came out to 
water our fields and plantations; and, finding thee adeep on 
raft. laid hold of it and made it fast by us, against thou 
awake at thy leisure. So teU us how ihou campt hither? 1 
answered, “For Allah’s sake. O my lord, ere 1 speak give me some^ 
what to eat, for I am starving, and alter ask me what thou 
wilt “ So he hastened to fetch me toed and I ate my M. til 
1 was refreshed and my fear was calmed by a gpxi fadiyd^ 
and my life returned to me. Then I rendered thanks to t^ 
Most High for mercies great and small, gl^ to ^ out of the 
river and reioicing to he amongst them, and 1 told thpn all my 
adventures from &st to last, especially my troubles m ^e narrow- 
channel.——And Shahmrad perceived the dawn of day and 
ceased to say her permitted say. 

Wl)cn it tnas Ific JTitie J^unhtch anft 

She said. It hath reached me. O auspicious King, that Sindbad the 
Seaman continued:—When I landed and found myself amongst 
the Indians and Abj’ssinians and had taken some rest, they con' 
suited among themselves and said to one another, ‘There is 
no help for it but we carry him with us and present ^ to our 
King, that he niay acquaint him with his advmtures." ^ they 
took me, togethef with the raft^boat and its lading of monies and 
merchandise; jewels, minerals and golden gear, and brought me 
to their King, who was King of Sarandib.' telling him what bad 
happened; whereupon he saluted me and bade me welcome. 
Then he questioned me of my condition and adventures through 
the man who had spoken Arabic and I repeated to him my story 
from beginning to end, whereat he marvelled esoeedingly and gave 
me foy of my dehverance; after which I arose and fetched from 

■ "SarnHcJltj'’ "^Ccylan^ (the of Ptoftmy ami Oioda™ Siculsa) 

from the Piili “SihitUm" (n&t the ihr?rtenfdl to STilam %nd Ham in old 

Tiffiul. Vuj drr Tenit ircKiU f,nd k m thir Malay "Pah Seisin”-hlc of Gtmi (the 
RitnA« 4 jirTpa Of Jtw^l I^lt of the TTmiJn^ jund ihc Jdiifflt ikiir or Rubf-lilaml of ibe 
Ar^hrh “3*1 the Irenicd Cnlortd Ytik (Manjd Poh ii. 2%) rtma^ thflt have j Jftptod 
mjjiy Mibyiin nmea, e-jf PefPi, ChSnii and Jipan^ Sarindih It eWty "ScImiwIwIp**** 
irtdeh rcduccil 10 “Silho-" 


Sixth Voyage of Sin&bao the Seaman* * 

the raft great store of precious ores and }cwek and ambergris and 
Ikn-aloes and presented them to the King, who accepted them and 
entreated me with the utmost honour, appointing me a lodging in 
his own palace. So I consorted with the chief of the islanders, and 
they paid me the utmost respect. And I quitted not the roy;d 
palace. Now the Island Sarandib licth under the equinoctial line, 
its night and day both numbering twelve hours. It measu^ 
giglity leagues long by a breadth of thirty and its width is 
bounded by a lofty mountain^ and a deep %*al]ey. The mountain 
is conspicuous from a distance of three days and it containern 
many kinds of rubies and other minerals, and spice'tte^ ot aiJ 
torts. The surface is covered with emery wherewith gems are cut 
and fashioned; diamonds are in its rivers and pearls are m its 
valleys. I ascended that mountain and solaced myseil wTth a v^w 
of its marvels which are indescribable and aiterwards 1 retired to 
the King,- Thereupon, all the cravelli^s and merchants wto came 
to the place questioned me of the affairs of my native land and or 
the Caliph Harun al-Rashid and his rule and 1 told them of ^ 
and of that wherefor he was renowned, and they praised him 
because of this; whilst 1 in turn qu^oned them of the makers 
and customs of their own countries and got the Imowledge 1 
desired. One day, the King himself asked me of the and 

form of go^'emment of toy country, and I acquainted with tte 
droimstancc of the Caliph^a sway in the city of Baghdad and me 
justice of his rule. The King maiT-’elled at my account of his 
appointments and said. "By Allah, the Caliph's ordmances are 
in^ wise and his fashions of praiseworthy guise and thnu hast 
made me love hira by wbat tbou tcllest me: wherefore I 
a mind to make him a present and send it by thee.'’ h 

"Hearkening and obedience, O my lord; 1 will bear thy gift to 
him and inform him that thou art his sincere lover and true 
friend;' Then 1 abode with the King in great honour and rcg^ 
and consideration for a long while till, one day, as I sat m ms 
palace, I heard news of a company of merchants, that w^e fitting 
out a ship for Bajssorah^ and said to myself, I cannot do better 

tTha M the Ad-m’i Pesk, the Jabal fltRwtiui, of the when 

fen -hen ™t ™t of Eden In ihc lowwt or Junw qjhm. Eve W1 W J«W«h <* 
myth) »iid the mkApp? rsv " **'“'"* rewgmnwi} new Met^ah, 

tlicir fall wAt ■■ tall Intlted* I Pil^rtiaEC IH- ^59.) 

* He i* tKc Alfinoui of otir Arahla-n Oiiyitcy- 



Alp L^VLAit wa Laylah, 

than voyage with these men." So I rose without stay or delay 
and the King's hand and acquainted him with my longing 
to set out with the merchants, for that I pined after my people 
and mine own land« Quoth he, ‘* *Thou art thine own master; yet, 
it it be thy will to abide with us, on our bead and eyes be it, for 
thou gladdencst us with thy company.” "By Allah, O my lord," 
answered I, "thou hast indeed overwhelmed me with thy fa^'ours 
and well-doings; but 1 weary for a sight of my friends and family 
and native country.” When he heard this, he summoned the 
merchants in question and commended me to their cane, paying 
my freight and passage-money. Then he bestowed on me great 
riches uom his treasuries and charged me with a magnificent 
present for the Caliph Ha run al-Rashiit Moreos'er he me 
a sealed letcer, saying, "Carry this with thine own hand to the 
Commander of the Faithful and give him many salutations from 
us!" ‘^Hearing and obedienoE," I replied. The missive was wtitten 
on the skin trf the Khawi' (which is finer than Iamb-parchment 
and of yellow colour), with ink of ultramarine and the concents 
were as follows. “Peace be with thee from the King of Al-Hind, 
before whom are a thousand elephants and upwn whose palace- 
crenelles are a thousand jewels. But after (laud to the Lord and 
praises to His Prophet!): wc send thee a triflmg gift which be 
thou pleased to accent. Thou arc to us a brother and a sincere 
friend; and great is the love we hear for thee in heart; favour us 
therefore witli a reply. The gift beritteth not thy dignity: but 
we beg of thee, O our brother, graciously to accept it and peace 
he with thee," And the present was a cup of ruby a span high® the 
inside of which was adorned with precious pearls; and a cov¬ 
ered with the skin of the serpent w-hich swalloweth the elephant, 
which skin hath spots each like a dinar and whoso sirteth upon it 
ne\*er sickeneth;* and an hundred thousand miskah of Indian 

* Thij ward w aot in HjqW (p. 1^*2) iii4 Lmiau vmbnzand it ^ nirm 

rhe hfOg-<ii:crj hut why^ one cmjipoi firuigine. The Hnlitial U ndchcr ''beautiful^' nor 

ind TTiAai iticn of mv 4^y h^ve ^hot ilxrzent in tht SiTuidShikijrgJh. 

* M. Pdo ifKdki A ruby in ^lan LCcy^]i ■ lasg Jinrj diiek: 

WiUium of Tyrt menttQji* a rtiby wc;giuii[jr twcEvc K^y^Hnn iljimift IL 123)^ md 

MtuiileviUe m^ikca King of Mmuticm wmt ibvtjt hi* iwcfc i ''rubyc orient** mt 
Icing by hvx finBcm 

* Xhff fiblc 1$ IWrn ni ont! IIm Al-WanJi who the serpent fen utjfnnl 

fettioJ tn .TjciiLtpiuj^ Pllnv^ aicis, 4) in the ^ of (i./, Zuiiibir). Jja ihe "gwrow 
till**' of E-utnin £lcni;aJ the stin of ihff jnelct Batt^ar £ b held lo cure pjiin. (AjiQt# 
Rcj, toL iU.) 

Sixth Voyage op Sindbad the Seaman, 67 

ligivaloes and a davc'girl like a shining moon. Then I took leave 
of him and of all my intimates and aojuaintances in the island and 
embarked with the merchants aforesaid. We sailed with a fair 
wind, coimnitting ourselves to the care of Allah (be He extolled 
and eiolted!) and by His penmssion arrived at Bassorah, where 
I passed a few days and nights equipping myself and packing up 
my bales. Then I went on to Baghdad'City, the House of Peace, 
where I sought an audience of the Caliph and laid the King s 
presents before him, He asked me whence they came and I said 
to him, "By Allah, O Commander of the Faithful, 1 know not the 
name of the dry nor the way thithert" He then a^ed me, O 
Sindbad, is this true which the King writeth?"; and 1 answered, 
after kissing the ground, "O my lord, I saw in his kingdom much 
more than he hath written in his letter. For state processra^ a 
throne is set for him upon a huge elephant, deven cubits highj 
and upon this he sicteth having his lord& and office^ 
guests standing in ranks, on his tight hand and on his l’£ft+ 
At his head is a man bending in hand a golden javelin and behind 
him another with a great mace of gold whose head is an emerald' 
cl sptin long BTtd as thick as a man s thumbs. And when he 
raounteth horse there mount with him a thousand horsemen clad 
in gold brocade and silk: and as the King proceeded! a man 
precedetH him, erj-ing. This is the King of great dignity, of lugh 
authority!‘ And he conrinueth to repeat his praises in wwas I 
remember not, saydng at the end of his panegyric, This the 
King owning the crown whose like nor Solomon nor the Mihraj* * 
ever possessed.' Then he is silent and one behind him prockimech, 
saying, *He will die! Again I say he 'will die!; and the other 
addeth, 'Extolled be the j^ection of the Uving who dieth not!’* 
hdoreover by reason of his justice and ordinance and intelligent, 
there is no Kari in his city, and all his lieges distinguish betw^n 
Truth and Falsehood.^' Quoth the Gillph, "How great is this 

1 Fw “F-mernyp" Hotc fp. 1*77) rtid erfiery or Mimanrine spar* 

*EndH^tJ7 Mahfirij-Gre*t ftijah, in CTiicf, m Hinau title arnimnn to 

tbrtc petenwto befisfc alluded lu* the NaraartgriT, BfUkiW* or Sanrury- 
>TkU i* prcbably cLu^c^L So ibe pji^c aa^d to EbSkp ot 
'"R«mcmW^ Fbilipj rhou tn mtirtii]”; aba ibc *biTe m thtf Rcim4R Trrumpbp 

"Respite postc tc: hoffiiRCfii ts esse memento T” 

tlw (fjiiie SevEftiJ, «tin ihnlt thou tnci™ wh«t liiirfly i wfi»lc worfcl 

CDulil oemtain-’' But ihe cu*tom [ray aljo hfl'-it Imn Jniliynt tin? fontnut of encmil 
pciinp with the rcjil Titiity of hmimfi Kfe m^gpus ttKif m wl. 


Alt Laylah wa Laylah, 

King! His letter hath shown me this; and as for the mightiness 
of his dominion thcu hast told us what thou hast eye-witnessed. 
By Allah, he hath been endowed with, wtsclom as with wide mk.” 
Then 1 related to the Commander of the Faithiid all that had 
befalleo me in my last voyage; at which be wondered exceedingly 
and bade his hi^rians record my story and store it in his 
treasuries^ for the edificatioti of all who might see it. Then he 
conferred on me exceeding great favours, and 1 repaired to my 
quarter and entered my home, where 1 w'arehoused all my goods 
and possessions. Presently, my friends came to me and 1 dis' 
tributed presents among my family and gave aims and largesse: 
after which I yielded mys^ to joyance and enjoyment, mirth 
and merry-making, and forgot all that I had suffer^. “Such, then, 
O my brother^ is the history of what befel me in my sixth voyage, 
and tcymorrow, Inshallah! I will tell you the story of my seventh 
and last voyage, w'hich is still more wondrous and marvellous than 
that of the first she." (Saith he who telieth the tale), Then he bade 
lay the table, and the company supped with him; after which he 
gave the Porter an hundred dinars, as of wont, and they all went 
their ways, marvelling beyond measure at that which they had 

heard.-^And Shah^zad perceived the dawn of day and ceased 

saying her pertoitted say. 

laijtn it tuas lijt jfibe ?bunhceh anh ftbtlp-lfitrt 

She said. Ft hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
Sindbad the Seaman h-ad related the history of what bcfel 
him in his sixth voyage, and all the company had dispersed, 
Sindbad the Landsman went home and slept as of wont. Next 
day he rose and prayed the dawn-prayer and repaired to his 
namesake’s bouse where, after the company was all assembled, 
cbe host began to relate 

The ScT'enth Voyage of Sindfcod the Seonuin. 

Know, O company, chat after tny return from my sixth voyage, 
which brought me abundant profit, I resumed my former life in 
all possible joyance and enjoyment and mirth and making merry 
day and night; and 1 carried some time in this solace and eatis' 

Seventh Voyage op Sindbad the Seaman. 


faction dll my soul began once more to long to sail the scis and 
see foreign countries and company with merchants and hear new 
things. So having made up my mind, 1 packed up in bales a 

a uantiry of precious stuffs suited for sea'trade and repaired wim 
aem from Baghdad'dty to Bassorah'cown, where I found a ship 
ready for sea, and in her a company of considerable merchants. 1 
shipped with them and becoming friends, we set forth on our ven- 
cure, in health and safety; and sailed with a fair wind, till we 
to a aty called Madinat-d^Sin; but after we had left it, as we fared 
on in all cheer and confidence, devismg of traffic and travel, bdwld, 
there sprang up a violent head'wind and a tempest of rain fell on 
us and drenched us and our goods. So we covered the bales with 
our cloaks and garments and drugget and canvas, lest doey be 
spoiled by the rain, and betook ourselves to prayer and suppli' 
cation to Almighty Alkh and humbled ourselves before Him f^ 
d^verance from the peril thar was upon us. But the captain 
arose and tightening his girdle tucked up his skirts and, after 
taking refuge with Allah from Satan the Stoned, clomb to the 
mast "Head} whence he looked out right and kfe and at the 

passengers and crew fell to buffeting bis face and plucking out his 
beard. So wc cried to him, “O Rais, what is the matter?"; and 
he replied saying, "Seek ye deliverance cjf the Most from 

the strait into which we have fallen and bemoan yourselves and 
take leave of one another; for know that the wind hath gejeten the 
mastery of us and hath driven us into the uttermost of the seas of 
the world." Then he came down from the mast-head and opening 
his sea-chest, pulled out a bag of blue entton. from which he took 
a. powder like ashes^ This lie s£c iti s saucer wetti^d with ^ little 
water and, after waiting a short time, smelt and tasted it; and 
be took out of the chest a booklet, w-herdn he read awhile and said 
weeping, “Know, O ye passengers, that in this is ^ 
vellous matter, denoting that whoso cometh hither shall surely die, 
without hope of escape: for that this ocean is called the Sea of the 
Clime of the King, wherein is the sepulchre of our lord Solomon, 
son of David {on both be peace?) and therein are serpents of ^ 
bulk and fearsome aspect: and what ship soe%'er cometh to these 
climcs there riseth to her a gre&t fish^ out of the and swsUow^ 
eth her up with all and everything on board her. Hearing these 

• Arali, » ferm .pptid to JoniihV while <iid » mwiTtm rf the '‘SwitJi’* 

bdlip the oomman 


At.p Lavlaii wa Lavlah. 

words frotn the captain great was our wonder, but hardly had be 
made an end of speaking, when the ship was lifted out of the water 
and let fall agaui and wc applied to praying the death'ptaycr^ and 
committing our sods to Allah. Presently we heard a ternblc great 
cry like the louU'pcaling thunder, whereat wt were terror-struck 
and became as dead men, giving ourselves up for lest. Then behold, 
there came up to us a huge fish, as big as a tall mountain, at whose 
sight we became wild for affright and, weeping sore, made ready 
for death, marvelling at its vast sice and gruesome semblance; 
when lo! a second fish made its appearance than which we had 
seen naught more monstrous. So we bemoaned ourselves of our 
lives and farewdled one another; but suddenly up came a third 
fish bigger than the two first; whereupon wc lost the power of 
thought and reason and were stupefied for the excess of our fear 
and horror. Then the thn^ fish began circling round about the 
ship and the third and biggest opened his mouth to swallow it, 
and we looked into its mouth and behold, it was wider than the 
gate of a city and its throat was like a long valley. &a we besought 
the Almighty and called for succour upon His Apostle (on whom 
be blessing and peace!), when suddenly a violent squall of wind 
arose and smote the ship, which rose out of the water and settled 
upon a great reef, the haunt of sea-monsters, where it broke up 
and fell asunder inro planks and all and everything on bc^d were 
plunged into the sea. As for me, I tore off all my clothes but my 
gown and swam a little way, dll I happened upon one of the ship’s 
planks whereto 1 clung and bestrode it like a horse, 'whilsc the 
winds and the waters spi^rted with me and the wa\'es carried me 
up and cast me down; and I was in most piteous plight for fear 
and distress and hunger and thirst. Then I reproached myself 
for what I had done and my soul was vveary after a life of ease 
and comfort; and I said to myself, “O Sindbad, O Seaman, thou 
repentest not and yet thou art ever suffering hardships and trav¬ 
ails; yet wilt thou not renounce sea-travel; or, an thou say, T re¬ 
nounce,’ thou liest in thy renouncement. Endure then w’ith pa¬ 
tience that which thou sufferest. for verily thou deservest all that 

betideth thee!"-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day 

and ceased to say her permitted say. 

1 UsuflUp 4 two-liOT jirflj-er. 

Seventh Voyage of Sindbab the Seaman. 


liBlieiT it taaB t^ir jfibt $unt)rcti anb 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Sindbad 
the Seaman continued^—But when 1 had bestdiiden the plank, 
quoth 1 to myself. "Thou deservest aU that betideth thee. All 
^ IS decreed to roe of Allah (whose name be exalted'), to turn 
me from my greed of gain, whence anseth all that I endure, for I 
have wealth i^ure." Then I returned to my senses and said, "In 
very sooth, this dim: I repent to the Mosr High, with a sincere 
repentance, of my lust tor gain and venture; and never wiU 1 again 
name travel with tongue nor in thought." And I ceased not to 
humble raysdf before Aionghty Allah and weep and bewail my' 
self, recalling my former estate of solace and satisfaction and mirth 
and merriment and joyanoe; and thus 1 abode tw'o days, at the end 
of which time I came to a great island abounding in trees and 
streams. There 1 landed and ate of the fruits of the bland and 
drank of its waters, till I was refreshed and my life returned to me 
and my strength and spirits were restored and I recited, 

"Oft when thy case shtiws knotty and tanglid *t£3n, * Fate dTwiu frcim 
Heaven and eitmjgKtinu every ply: 

In patience keep diy soul till ckar thy lot * For He who ties the knot can 
eke untie.' 

Then I walked about, till I found on the further side, a great river 
of sweet water, running with a strong current; whereupon I called 
to mind the boat'raft 1 had made aforerime and said to myself, 
"Needs must I make another; haply I may free me from this 
strait. If I escape, 1 have my desire and I vow to Allah Almighty 
to foreswear travd; and if I perish I shall be at peace and shall 
rest from toil and moil." So 1 rose up and gathered together great 
store of pieces of wood from the trees (which w'ere all of the finest 
^nders'wood, whose Hke ia not all>e I knew it not), and made shift 
to twist creepers and tree-twigs into a kind of rope, witli which T 
bound the billets together and so contrived a raft. Then saying, 
"An I be saved, ''tis of God’s grace,” I embarked thereon and 
committed myself to the current, and it bore me on for the first 
day and the second and the third after leawng the isbnd; whilst 
I lay in the raft, eating not and drinking, when I was athirst, of 
the water of the river, till I was weak and giddy as a chicken, for 


Alf Latlah wa Lattlah. 

stress of fatigue and f amin e and fear. At the end of this time 
J came to a high mountain, whereuader nm the river; which when 
I saw, I feared for ray life by reason of the stoutness 1 had suffered 
in my fonner journey, and I would fain have stayed the raft and 
landed on the moimtain'sidc: but the current o\'erpowercd me and 
drew it into the subterranean passage like an archway; whereupon 
I gave myself up for lost and said, "There is no Majesty and there 
is no Might save m Allah, the Glorious, the Great!" However, 
after a little, the raft glided into open atr and 1 saw before me a 
wide \’alley, whercinto the river with a noise like the rolling 
of thunder and a swiftness as the rushing of the wind. I held on to 
the raft, for fear of falling off it, whilst the waves tossed me right 
and left; and the ciaft continued to descend with the current nor 
could I avail to stop it nor turn it shorewards, tili it stopped with 
me at a great and goodly city, grandly ediffed and containing much 
people. And when the townsfolk saw me on the raft, dropping 
down witli the current, they threw me out ropes which I had not 
strength enough to hold; then they tossed a net o\'cr the craft and 
drew it ashore with me, whereupon I fell to the ground amidst 
them, as I were a dead man, for stress of fear and hunger and lack 
of sleep. After a while, there came up to me out of the crowd an 
old man of re\^rend aspect, well stricken in years, who welcomed 
me and threw over me abundance of handsome clothes, wherewith 
I covered my nakedness. Then he carried me to the Ham mam' 
bath and brought me cordial sherbets and delicious perfumes; 
moreover, when I came out, be bore me to his house, where his 
people made much of me and, seating me in 3 pleasant place, set 
rich food before me, whereof I ate my fill and returned thanks to 
God the Most High for my deliverance. Thereupon his pages 
fetched me hot water, and I ivashed my hands, and his handmaids 
brought me silken napkins, w'ith which I dried them and wiped 
my mouth. Also the Shaykh set apart for me an apartment in a 
pan of his house and charged his pages and slavc'girls to wait 
upon me and do my will and supply my wants. They were 
assiduous in my service, and I abode with hhn tn the guest' 
chamber three days, taking ray ease of good eating and good 
drinking and good scents tffl life returned to me and my terrors 
subsided and my hean was calmed and my mind was eased. On 
the fourth day the Shaykh, my host, came in to me and said, 
“Thou cheerest us vvith thy company, O my son, and praised he 
Allah for thy safety! Say; wait thou now come down with me to 


che beach and the bazar and sell thy goods take thdr 
Belike thou mayst buy thee wherewithal to trainc. 1 have ocdCTetl 
my eervants to remove thy stock'in'trade froin the ^ they 
have piled it on the shore ” 1 was silent awh^^d Mid t(^y' 
self "What mean these words and what goods have 1/ 
said he "O my son, be not troubled nor careful, but come with 
me to the market and if any offer for thy go^ what price 
tenteth thee, take it; but, an thou be not samffed, 1 ^ lay them 
up for thee in my warehouse, against a fitting «c^ion tor Mle. 
So I bethought me of my case and said to mysdf. Do his biddmg 
and see w-hat are these goods!"; and I said to him, O my nuncle 
the Shaykh. 1 hear and I obey; I may not gainsay thee m aught 
for Slab’s blessing is on all thou dost. Accordingly he guided 
me to the market^eet, where I found that he had t^cn in pie^ 
the raft which carried me and which w’as of sandal'wood and 1 

heard the broker crying it for sale.-^And Shahrazad perceived 

the dawn of day and ceased saying her penuitted say. 

(Bbtn it teas fte :fFibe ©unhrrt anb 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicioiK pig tl^t Smd^ 
the Seaiiian dius resumed his talc:—1 found that tlw Spykh had 
taken to pieces my mit which lay on the beach and the broker was 
crying the sandal'wood for sale. Then the merchants came and 
opened the gate of bidding for the wood and bid aga^t on^e 
another till its price reached a thousand dinars, whm timy le 
biddmg and my host said to me, "Hear, O ray son, this isps cur 
rent price of thy goods in hard times like these: wilt thou seU 
them for this or shall I lay them up tor thee m my storeho^, dh 
such time as prices rise?'' "0 my lord, answered 1 the W 
ness is in thy hands: do as thou wilt. Then 
thou seU the wood to me. O my son, for an hvmdred gold pieces 
over and above what the merchants have bidden for it? I 
answered, “Yes, 1 have sold it to thee for monies reemved. ^ 
he bade his senmnts transport the w'ood to his storehouses and, 
carrying me back to his house, seated me and counted out to me 
the purchase money; after which he laid it in bags and setting 

TIui It ^ fennuU M«lem 


Alf Lattlah wa Laviail 

(hem ia a privy place, locked them up with an iron padlock and 
gave me its key. Some days after this, the Shaykh said to me, 
‘’O my son, I have somewhat to propose to thee, wherein I trust 
thou do my bidding.” Quoth I, “What is itT* Quoth he, 
”1 am a very old man and have no son; but 1 have a daughter 
who is young in years and fair of favour and endowed with 
abounding wraith and beauty. Now I have a mind to marry her 
to thee, that thou maysr abide with her in this our country, and 1 
wall make thee master of all 1 have in hand for 1 am an oJd man 
and thou shaLt stand in my stead." 1 was silent for shame and 
made hmi no answer, whereupon he continued, "Do my desire in 
this, O my son, for I wish but thy weal^ and if thou v^t but do 
as I s-ny, thou shale have her at once and be as my son; and all 
that is under my hand nr that cometh to me shall be thine. If 
thou have a mind to traihe and travel to thy native bnd. none 
shall hinder thee, and thy property will be at thy sole disposal; so 
do as thou wilt,” “By Allah, O my uncle,'" replied 1, "thou art 
become to roe even as my father, and f am a stianger and have 
undergone many hardships: while for stress of that wWch I have 
suffered naught of judgment or knowledge is left to me. It is for 
thee, therefore, to dedJe what I shall do." Hereupon he sent his 
servants for the Kaai and the witnesses and married me to his 
daughter making for us a noble niatriage-fcast* and high festival. 
When t went in to her, I found her perfect in beauty and loveti' 
ness and symmetry and grace, clad in rich taimeni and covered 
with a profusion of ornaments and necklaces and other trinkets of 
gold and silver and predous stones, wonh a mint of money, a price 
none could pay. She pleased me and we loved each other; and 1 
abode wfth her in all solace and delight of life, till her father was 
taken to the mercy of Allah Almighty. ^ we shrouded him and 
buried him, and I laid hand^ on the whole of his property and all 
his servants and .slaves became mine. Moreover, the merchanfs 
installed me in his office, for he was their Shaykh and their Chief; 
and none of them purchased aught but with his knowledge and by 
his leave. And ncAV his rank passed on to me. When I became ac* 
quainted with the townsfolk, I found that at the banning of each 
month chty were transformed, in that their faces changed and they 
became like unto birds and they put forth w'ings wherewith they 

■Arak wc^tiTTn^-hrcakfaf^ ^ ^ math more certmamou* and 

intporf4nT dfFiiir. 


Seventh VovAOfi of &nl>baij Ttii Seaman. 

flew unto ebe upper legiona of the finnameot and none r emaiiif^ 
in the dty save women and children; and 1 said in my mind, 
‘‘When the first of the month cometh, 1 wili ask one of them to 
carry me with them, whither they go.” So whm the time came 
and their completion changed and their forms altered, I went in 
to one of the townsfolk and said to him, “"Allah upon thee I carry 
me with thee, that I might divert myself with the rest and return 
with yoUn” '“This may not be,’* * answered he: but I ceased not to 
solicit him and I importuned him till he consented. Then I went 
out m his company, without telling any of my family' or rervants 
or friends, and he took me on bis back and flew up wim me » 
fai^ in air, that I heard die angels glorifying^ in t^ 
heavenly dome, whereat I wondered and exclaiinct^ Iraisea be 
Allah! Extolled be the perfection of Allah!” Hardly had I matte an 
end of pronouncing the Tasblh—praised be Allah!—when there 
out ^ front Bud all but consutnod cotiipa.ny» 

whereupon they fled from it and descended with curses upon me 
and, casting me down on a high mounmin, went away, exceet^g 
wroth with me, and left me there alone. As I found my sell in 
this plight, I repented of what I had done and rramat±ed myselt 
for having undertaken that for which 1 was uri^le,3a3jm^ There 
is no Majesty and there is no Might, save in Allah, Gionous, 
the Great! No sooner am I delivered from one aflhction tnan l 
fall into a worse." And I continued in this case knoiwing not 
whither I should go, wlien lo! there came up two young mc^ as 
they were moons, each using as a staff a rod of red gold, oo 
approached them and saluted them; and w-hen they returned my 
salam, 1 said to them, ’'Allah upn you twain; who are ye and 
what are ye?" Quoth they. "We are of the servants ot the Most 
High Allah, abiding in this mountain;" and, gtvmg me a rod of 
red gold they had with them, went thdr ways and left me. 1 
walked on along the mountain'ridge staying my steps with 
staff and pondering the case of the two youths, when behold^ 
serpent came forth from under the mountain, with a man m 
jaws, whom she had swallowed (n-en to below his navd, ;md he 
was crying out and saying, "Whoso delivercth me, Allah will 

» hr. hJi trife 1 nanfftibcr in ItoUin liSr twi^S Hun wfisni 

MiltcK uiil » hif itMJglle—«Pt riipctai inflniiln (mv wtIW, MPin? yw pw*. 

erses). “Whu," die «ntd, "he sped-* f{ hii wife ** he »«JU th' iwifpmsii 

• The Iff Arshic b uioidT ftmtiiine. 


Alf Latlah wa Latlah. 

ddtvcr Kim from all Rdversiiyl” So I went to the serpent 
and smote her on the head with the golden staff, whereupon she 

cast the man forth of her mouth.-And ShuKrjzad ptjrceived 

the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

it tsciK tfjt j^the ^unbtth anb ^ixtp-frgcit 

She said* It hath readied me, O auspicious King, that Stndbad 
the Seaman thus continued:—When 1 smote the serpent on the 
head with my golden staff she cast the man forth of her mouth. 
Then I smote her a second time, and she turned and &ed; where' 
upon he came up to me and said, ’‘Since my deliverance from 
yonder serpent hath bs^en at thy hands I w^ilJ never leave thee, and 
thou shaft be my comrade on this mountain," "And welcome,” 
answered t, so we fared an along the mountain, till we fell in 
with a company of folk, and 1 looked and saw amongst them the 
very man who had carried me and cast me down there. I went 
up to him and spake him fair, excusing myself to him and saying, 
"O my comrade, it is not thus that friend should de?l with friend." 

? uothL he, "It was thou who wcU-nigh destroyed us by thy 
asbih and thy glorifying God on my ^ck.” Quoth I, "l4rdon 
me, for I had no koowk^c of this matter; but, if thou wilt take 
me with thee, I swear not to say a word.” So he rdented and 
consented to carry me with him, but he made an express condition 
chat, so long as I abode on his back, 1 should ahstaiii from pro¬ 
nouncing the Tasbih or otherwise glorifying God, Then I gave 
the wand of gold to him whom I had delivered from the serpent 
and bade him farewell, and my friend took me on his back and 
flew with me as before, till he brought me to the dey and set me 
down in my own house. My wife came to meet me and saluting 
me gave me joy of my safety and then said, “Beware of going 
forth hereafter with yonder folk, neither consort with them, for 
they are brethren of the devils, and know not how to mention 
the name of Allah Almighty; neither worship they Idim," “Ami 
how did thy father w-ith them?” asked T; and she answered, “My 
father was not of them, neither did he as they; and as now he is 
dead methinks thou hadst better sell all we have and with the 
price buy merchandise and journey to thine own country and 
people, and I with thee; for I care not to carry in this dty, my 
father and my mother being dead.” So 1 sdd all the Shaykh s 
property piecemeal, and looked for one who should journeying 

Seventh Voyage of Sindbad the Seaman. 77 

thence l» Bassorah that J might join myself to him. And wMe 
thus doing I heard of a company of townsfolk who had a mind 
to waW die voyage, but could not find them a ship; so they 
bought wood and huilc than a great ship wherein I cook passage 
with them, and paid them all the hire. Then we embarked, 1 and 
my wife, with all our moveables, leaving our houses and domains 
and so forth, and sec sail, and ceased not sailing from island to 
i dand and from sea to sea, with a fair wind and a favouring till 
we arrived at Basaorah safe and sound, I made no stay there, 
but freighted another vessel and, transferring my ^3ods to her, 
set out for^right for Baghdad-city, where 1 arrived in safety, and 
entering my quarter and repairing to my house, foregathered with 
my family and friends and familiars and laid up my g!f>^ in my 
warehouses. When my people who, reckoning the period of my 
absence on this my seventh voyage, had found it to be seven and 
twenty years, and had given up all hope of me, heard of my retuto, 
they came to welcome me and to give me joy of my saft^’; and I 
related to them all that had befallen me; whereat th^ 
veiled with exceeding marv'd. Then I forswore travel and vowed 
to Allah the Most High 1 would venture no more by land or sea, 
for that this seN'enth and last voyage had surfeited me of travel 
and adventure; and I thanked the LtKd (he He praised and 
glorified!), and blessed Him for having restored me to my 
and kin and country and home. ‘'Consider, the^ore, O Sindbad, 
O Landsman,” continued Sindbad the Seaman, what suffering^ 
have undergone and what pmls and hardships I have endured 
before ODining to tnj,^ present ^tate. Allah upon thee^ O ray 
Lord!” answered Sindbad the Landsinan, pardon me the wrong 
I did thee”’ And they ceased not from friendship and fehow^p, 
abiding in all cheer and pleasures and solace of life, till there 
came to them the Destroyer of delights and the Sunder^ of 
Societies, and the Siatterer of palaces and the Caterer for Cotc' 
tcrics to wit, the Cup of Death, and glory be to the Living One 
who dieth not!”* * 

* i>, in citryiBi; hit Ueilth, with tbe nsk of the cril J 

• I lubjmn • tnin*kri(Mi of rSe Sf»ciiih V^ras* fcwi ih« CtVq. Eifii. 

Nights which difitrt in osenrifll poititi fwm the AH ret^pna Slidhwi she ^ 

miin «n apecial ialeTCst. (n <jne print ihl* tile » bndly wJeied.J^e 

tnon eidting .« the r«li«l usd ‘"f 

(JeptcsdiiB etfrft The Rukh. the Ogre md rise Old M»ti 0 the Sc* thwW emne hut. 


Alp Lavuh wa Laylah. 

A Tranilation of 

The Serentlj Voyage of SindJiad tlipSfaiiwn 

according to 
tijtf version of the 
Calcutta Edition 

lohicfi differs m wscrntwil form 
from the ftTCCedmg 

Srnow, O my fcfotherj and fnends dntJ com/jdnionj (dJ. tJmt 
when I Mt vojraging and commercing, I slid m myself, “Suffioeth 
me that hath befallen me;” and I spent my time in solace and 
pleasure. One day as 1 sat at home there came a knock at the door, 
porter opened a page entered and said, "The Caliph 
biddeth thee to him. I went with tiitn to the King’s majesty and 
kissed ground and saluted him; whereupon he welcomed me and 
entreated me with honour and said, Sindbad I have an 
0(^n for theej wjit thou do it?” So I kissed his hand and 
a^ed him, saying, “O my lord, w*hat occasion hath the master for 
the slaver’; whereto he answered me. am minded that thou 
travel to the King of Sarandib and carry to him our writ and 
oiif gift, for that he hath aent to ti£ a present and a letter. 1 


trembled at these words and rejoined, “^By Allah the Omnipocen^ 
O my lord, { have taken a loathing to wayfare, and when I hear 
the words ‘Voyage' or 'Travel,’ my binbs tremble for what hath 
befallen me of hardships and horrora. Indeed I have no desire 
whatever for this; more by token as I have bound myself by oath 
not to quit Baghdad.” Then 1 informed the Caliph of all 1 had 
passed thniugh from first to last, and he man'elled with exceeding 
marvel and said, “By the Almighty, O Sindbad, from ages of old 
such mishaps aa happened to thee were never known to happen to 
any, and t^u dost only right never even to talk of travel. For 
our sake, however, thou wile go this time and carry our present and 
our letter to him of Sarandib; and Inshalbh—by God’s leave!— 
thou shak return quickly; and on this wbe we shall be under no 
obbgation to the said King/* I replied that I heard and obeyed, 
being unable to oppose tus command, so he gave me the gifts and 
the missive with money to pay my way and ! kissed hands and 
left the presence. Then I dropped down from Baghdad to the 
Gulf, and with other merchants embarked, and our ship sailed 
before a fair wind many days and nights till, by Allah's aid, we 
reached the island of Sarandib. As soon as we bad made fast we 
landed and I took the present and the letter; and, going in with 
them to the Kmg, kissed ground before him. When he saw me, 
he said, "Well come, O Sindbad! By Allah Omnipotent we were 
longing to see thee, and glory be to God who hath again shown us 
thy face!" Then taking me by the hand he made me sit by Iris 
side, rejoiemg, and he welcomed me with familiar kindness again 
and entreated me as a friend. After this he began to converse 
with me and courteously addressed me and asked, “What was the 
cause of thy coming to us, O Sindbad? ’ So after kissing his 
hand and thanking him f answered, ”0 my lord, I have brought 
thee a present from my master, the Caliph Harun Al'Rashtd; 
and offered him the present and the letter which he read and at 
which he rejoiced with passing joy. The present consisted of a 
mare worth ten thousand ducats, bearing a golden saddle set with 
jewels; a book; a sumptuous suit of tdothes and an hundred 


Alf Laylah wa Laviah, 

different kinds of white Cairene doths and silts of Su^‘ Cufa and 
Alexandria; Greek carpets and an hundred maunds'' weight of 
linen and raw silk. MorKiver tliere was a wondrous rar^, a. 
marvellous cup of crystal middlemost of which was the figure of a 
lion faced by a kneeling man grasping a bow with arrow drawn to 
the very head, together with the fo^-tray* * of Sulayman the son 
of David (on whom be peace! The missive ran as follows, 
“Peace from King Al-Rashid, the aided of Allah (who hath vouch¬ 
safed to him and his forefathers noble rank and wide-spread glory), 
be on the fortunate Sultan. But after. Thy letter came to our 
hands and we rejoiced thereat; and we have sent the book 
entitled 'Delight of the Intelligent and for Friends the Rare 
Preent,'* together with sundry curiosities suitable for Kings; so 
do thou favour us by accepting them; and peace be with thee!” 
Then the King lavished upon me much wealth anfl entreated me 
with all honour; so I prayed for him and thanked him for his 
munificence. Some days ^ter I craved his leave to depart, but 
could not obtain it except by great pressing, whereupon I fare* 
welled him and fared forth from hisdey, with merchants and other 
companions, homewards-bound without any desire for travd or 
trade. We continued voyaging and coasting along many islands; 
but, wboi we were half-way, we were surrounded by a number of 
canoes, wherein were men like devils armnsd with bows and arrows, 
swords and daggers; habited in maff-coats and other armoury. 
They fell upon u& and wounded and stew all who opposed them; 
then, liaving captured the ship and her contents, carried us to 
an island, where they sold us at the meanest price. Now I was 
bought by a wealthy man who, taking me to his house, gave me 
meat and drink and dothing and treated me in the friendliest 
manner; so I was heartened and I rested a tittle. One day he 
asked me. “Dost thou know any art or craft?" and I answered 
him, “O my lord, I am a merchant and know nothing but trade 

■ Anb. "AtSuw*?**’' ibi* iucctaamdif indant Arainoc jm, h, Lwa I 

ftnculEij by ■ Suntan frem in Miucww who called ft after his name "liitk Siii’' 

(the nMtnlet). 

•Arab, “Miaii,’' ■ wnghe varying frem tm tn hx pouhik: even diis canmiQij term u 
iMt Jwmtl in the Bhla of Une’i Mod Egyptian*, .Appendix B. The "Miund'' ta « 
wcU-kiiown Anelo^TndiiA 

* Thii ttfikk if net tnenrionai clfcwkcre in Tht 

«Afipirud3r t iincr diU, 


and traffic/* “Dost thou know," rejoined he,“ how to use bow 
and arrow?” “Yes,” replied I, ”i know that much.” Th^upon 
he brought roe a bow and arrows and mounted me behind him 
upon an elephant; then he set out as night was wdl nigh over 
and, passing through a forest of huge growths, came to a tall and 
sturdy tree up which he made roe clirob. Then he gave roe the 
bow and arrows, saying, “Sit here now, and when the elephant 
troop hicher in early rooming, shoot at ^em; belike thou wilt hit 
one; and, if he fall, coroe and tell me.' With this he left me, 
I hid myself m the tree being in sore terror and trembled till the 
sun arose; and, when the elephants appeared and wandered about 
among the trees, I shot my arrows at them and continued till 
I had shot down one of thcin. In the evening 1 reported my 
success to my master who was dchghted in roe and entreated me 
with high honour; and next morning he removed the dain 
elephant. In this wise I continued, every rooming shooting an 
elephant which roy master would remove till, one day, as I was 
perched in hiding on the tree there came on suddenly and 
expectedly an innumjcrable host of elephants whose scTe amin g 
and trumpeting were such that I imagined the earth trembled 
under them. All surrounded my tree, whose circumfercnee was 
some fifty cubits,* and one enormous monster ^ine up to it 
and winding his trunk round the bole haled it up by the roots, 
and dashed it to the ground. I fell down fainting amongst the 
beasts when the monster elephant wound his mink about me 
and, setting me on his back, went off with me, the others ac' 
companying us. He carried me soli unconscious till he reached 
the pbee for which he was making, when he roUed me off his 
back and presently went his ways followed by the others. So 
1 rested a little; and, when my terror had subsided, f looked 
about me and I found myself among the bones of elephants, 
whereby I concluded that this was their burial-place, and that 
the monster elephant had led me thither on account of the 

fjlie Ulfliul Ik r^dently Ceyloft, loftginnioil cIrphMt), kftd the ow ii 
"Binyan’' rFleuk Imlics). AfensmJtng to UaKhDirn and Wdf, the elejjhano of all Uiuli 
do m'^efetice atut honour to tlioie of Ccylan. 


Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

tusks.' So I arose and walked a whole day and night till I 
arrived at the Jiouse of my master, who saw ray colour changed 
by stress of afiright and laminc. lie rejoiced in my return and 
said to me, “By Allah, thou hast made my heart sorel I went 
when thou wast missing and found the tree turn up, and 
thought that the elephants had slain ttuec. Tell me how it was 
with thoe," 1 acquainted him \vith all that had betided me; 
whereat be wondered greatly, and rejoiced and at last asked 
me, “Dost thou know the place?"; whereto I answered, “Yes, 
O ray master!” So we mounted an elephant and fared until we 
came to the spot; and, when my master beheld the heaps of 
tusks, he rejoiced greatly; then carrying away as many as he 
wanted he returned with me home, After this, he entreated me 
with increased favour and said, “O my son, thou hast shown 
us the way to great gain, wherefore Allah requite thee! Thou 
art freed for the Almighty's sake and before His face! The 
elephants used to destroy many of us on account of our hunt- 
ing them for their ivories and sorivellos: but Allah hath pre* 
served thee from them, and thou hast profited us by the heaps 
to which thou hast led us." “O my master" replied [, "God 
free thy neck from the fire! And do thuu grant me, O my 
master, thy gracious leave to return to my own country.’’ 
“Yes" quoth he, “thou shalt tiave that permission. But we 
have a yearly fair, when merchants come to us from varioiis 
quarters to buy up these ivories. The time is drawing near; 
and, when they shall have done their business, 1 will send thee 
under their charge and w^l! give thee wherewithal to reach thy 
home.” So J blessed and thanked him and remained with him, 
treated with respect and honour, for some days, when the raer' 
chants came as he had foretold, and bought and sold and 
bartered; and when they had made their preparations to return, 
my master came to me and said, “Rise and get thee ready to 
travel with the traders en route to thy country," They had 
bought a number of tusks which they had bound together in 

* Fini wfuch nor tjiIuekI. Ai Hc»Ee tlie kA Fliiry 

ami irc c4]ijdlljr E>ciTtidaufl flf the vj,hic of ivwy, Pliiry fTiri. 31 quota Horodotus 

Wihtcnif thz buriT^f of Itcstw itid rclatn how elcphiiFitr, wKpji hiintoiJ.^ brak thnr 
(lift Jidbl CoKetl thonl iigiiiniTE a trtt iT^nk hf waif of riniom. PfutnrcK^ unj 

PliltrisTnirui spcik of itc intctlis^nco wQiihtp of the ''half-refljon 

wtrh thff which The hfiidiii trrpi Im 04 . 11 !?'. Topsdri Gwet 

(p 153) mafecft dephmitt btu-y thffic tuiti, *Vhidi common]j i\r^ out zverf tenth yaf.** 
In Anbadn litEramtit the dc|ihint1ft alw'iij^ coonectod nith Tndli. 

Titt CrrT OP BRAisa. 


loads and were embarking them when my master sent me 
them, paying for my paiisage and seeding all my debts; beside 
which he gave me a large present in eptxk. We out and 
vayagi^d from inland to isliintl till w£ h^d crossed the sea 
landed on the shores of the Persian Golf, when the tnerch^ts 
brought out and sold thdr stores: I aUo sold W'hat I bad ^ 
a high profit; and I bought some of the prettiest things in the 
place for presents and beautiful raredes and everything eke 1 
wanted. 1 likewise bought for myself a beast and we 
forth and crossed the deserts from country to country tiU I 
reached Baghdad. Here I went in to the Caliph and, attw 
saluting him and kissing hands, informed him of all tl^ ^ 
befallen me; whereupon he rejoiced in my safety and th^ed 
Almighty Allah; and he bade my story be written in letters 
of gold- 1 then entered my house and met my family and 
brethren; and such is the end of the history that happen^to 
me during my seven voyages. Praise be to AU^i, the One, 
the Creator, the Maker of ail things in Heaven and Earth!- 

Now when Sbahrasad had ended her story of the two Sindbads. 
Dinarzad exclaimed, “O my sister, bow plea^t k thy ^e 
and how tasteful! How sweet and how grateful 1 She rcpliecl, 
“And what is this compared with that I could tell thee ^ 
morrow nightr' Quoth the King, "What may it be? And she 
said;—It is a tale touching 


It is related that there was, in tide of yore and in times and ye^ 
long gone before, at Damascus of Syria, a Caliph known ^ AM 
al'Malik bin Marwan, the fifth of the Ommiadc hoase. As this 
Commander of the Faithful was seated one day m his pala^ 
conversing with his Sultans and Kings and Grandees oi his 
empire, the ta lk turned upon the legends of p^st peoples and 

•Thb, ti™ ”Ctr ef «vr*r).« «1^- 

■ziri tJiriir* «is p«bnb(y hf thr s«n^ J B™" tS 

tdut W bi:a«M a tnndr waits- Compate antb thw TT«: '■ 

wLsaiD* In NiiMji ts vuJfi. Niliiit 


Alp Laylw wa Laylah, 

the craditicHU of our lord Solomon, David's son (on the twain be 
peace!), and on that which Allah Almighty had bestowed on him 
of loroship and dominion over men and Jinn and birds and beasts 
and reptiles and the wind and other created things; and quoth 
the Caliph, “Of a truth we hear from those who forewent us that 
the Lord (extolled and exalted be He!) vouchsafed unto none the 
like of that which He vouchsafed unto our lord Sobmon and that 
he attained unto that whereto never attained other than he, tn that 
he was wont to imprison Jinns and Xlarids and Satans in cucut' 
bites of copper and to stop them with lead and seal' them with 
his ring,”—^And Shahraaad penxived the dawn of day and 
ceased saying her pennitted say. 

it hms tl}e iFibr ^utihreh anb jpixtp'Sebenlti 

She said. It hath reached me. O auspicious King, that when 
the Caliph Ahd al'Malik bin Marwiin sat conversing with his 
Grandees concerning our lord Solomon, and these noted what 
Alliih had bestowed upon him of lordship and dominion, quoth 
the Commander of the Faithful, ”Ind^ he attained unto that 
whereto never attained other tham he, in that he was wont to im' 
prison Jinns and Marids and Satans in cucurbites of copper and 
stop them with lead and seal them with his ring," Then said 
Talib bin Sahl (who was a seeker after treasures and had books 
that discovered to him hoards and wealth hidden under the earth), 
“O Commander of the Faithful,—Allah make thy dominion to 
endure and exalt thy dignity here and hereafter!—my father told 
me of my grandfather, that he once took ship with a company, 
intending for the island of Sikiliyah or Sicily, and sailed until 
there arose against them a contrary wind, which drove them from 
their course and brought them, after a month, to a great moimtam 
in one of the lands of Allah the hlost High, but where that land 
was they wot not. Quoth ray grandfather:—^This was in the 
darkness of the night and as soon as it was day, there came forth 
to us, from the caves of the movmtain, folk black of colour and 
naked of body, as they were wild beasts, understanding not one 
word of what was addressed to them: nor was there any of them 

*T!ic BmJ. odiJt that ihc uaLrtn^ wtn of iTAmpoc] ftnaici ggiH hopper 
l«iL I bare bwrxmd c^auiif from Lu fnl, ti, pp, 30 ^ a 

The City of Brass. 


who knew Arabic, save thdr King who was of thor own 
When he saw the ship, he came down to it with a company ot ms 
followers and saluting us, bade us welcome and questioniM us of 
our case and our faith. We told him all concede ourselves^d 
he ^d, *Be of good cheer for no harm shall befal you. And 
when vve, in turn, asked them of cbeir faith, we found that each 
was of one of the many o^eeds pre\'ai!ing before the pt^cbmg ot 
Al'lslam and the mission of Mohammed, whom may Allah bless 
and keep! So my shipmates remarked, ‘We not what thou 
sayest.' Then quoth the King, ‘No Adam;Son hath ever come 
to our land before you: but fear not, and rejoin in the assurance 
of safety and of return to your own country.' Then he 
fain t’d us three days, feeding us on the flesh of birds and wild 
beasts and fishes, than w’hich they had no other meat, and, e 
fourth day, he carried us down to the beach, that we might divert 
ourselves by looking upon the fisher'folk. There wc saw a man 
casting his net to catch fish, and presently he pulled thm up and 
behold, in them was a cucurbite of copper, stopped with Ipd and 
sealed with the signet of Solomon, son of David, on whom be 
peace! He brought die vessel to land arid broke it open, wbra 
there came forth a smoke, which rose a'twistmg blue to the zenidi, 
and wc beard a horrible voice, saying, I repentl I rep^t! P^' 

don, O Prophet of Allah! U-iU never return to that wbd I did 

aforetime.' Then the smoke became a temble Giant fnghtfrd of 
form, whose head was level with the mountain tops, and he 
vanished from our sight, whilst our hearts well'nigh torn out 

for terror; but the blacks thought nothing of it. Then we returned 
to the King and questioned him of the matter; whereupon quoth 
he, ‘Know that tfe was one of the Jinns whom Solonran, ^ of 
David, being wroth with them, shut up in these ve^k ^ 
into the sea, after stopping the mouths w-ith melted liad. 
feh ermen ofttimes, in Casting their ncte, brmg up such 
which being broken open, there come forth of them Jumis who, 
deeming that Solomon is still alive and can pardon them, m^e 
their submission to him and say, I repent O Pto^et of AII^ 
The Caliph marvelled at Talib s story and said, Glo^ be to Grt3. 
Verily, to Solomon was given a mighty domimim. Now 
Nahighah al-ZubyanP was present, and he said, Tahb hath 

> As (his ■ »elUt.™ii pre^Mwnioc hi* hae » dcc5iJellr»aKhro. 

luiticA by inCcFitwfu 

86 Aip Lay*!^ v^a Laylau. 

spoken sootbly as is proven by the saying of the AU'wise, che 
Prirnsvai One, 

'And Solomon, when Allah to him * 'Rise, he thou Caliph, rule with 
righteous «vay: 

Honour obedience for obeying thee; * And who reheb imptuen him for 

Wherefore he used to put them in copper-bottles and cast them 
into the sea." The poet's words seemeo good to the Caliph, and 
he said, "By Allah, I long to look upon some of these Solomonic 
vessels, w'hich must be a warning to whoso will be warned." "O 
Commander of the Faithful," replied Tdib, "it is in thy power to 
do so, without stirring abroad. Said to thy brother Abd al-Aziz 
bin Marw^, so he may write to Musa bin Nusayr,' governor of 
the Maghnb or Morocco, bidding hfTn talfp horse thence to the 
mountains whereof 1 spoke and fetch thee therefrom as many of 
such ojcurbites as thou hast a mind to* for those mountains adjoin 
the frontiers of his province." The Caliph approved his counsel 
and said "Thou bast spoken sooth, O Talib, and I desire that, 
touching this matter, thou be my mcEsenger to Musa bin Nusayt; 
wherefore thou ahalt have the White Flag' and all thou hast a 
mind to of monies and honour and so forth; and I will care for 
thy family during thine absence." “With love and gladness, O 
Commander of ^e Faithful!" answered Talib. “Go, with the 
blessing of Albh and His aid," quoth the Cidiph, and bade write 
a letter to his brother, Abd al-Aziz, his viceroy in Egypt, and 
another to Musa bin Nusayr, his docroy in North-Western Africa, 
bidding him go himself in quest of the Solomonic bottles, leaving 
his son to govern in his stead. Moreover, he diarged him to engage 
guides and to spare neither men n<jr money, nor to be remiss in 
the matter as he would take no excuse. Then he sealed the two 
letters and committed them to Talib bin SaM, bidding him ad¬ 
vance the royal ensigns before him and make his utmost speed; 
and he pvc him treasure and horsemen and footmen, to further 
hun on his way, and made provision for the wants of his household 

'The Mulem amijuirrnr of Spaih «kiie Eaiiaiint, TJrifc, the gtILcnt and im- 

fcrtanBtr, rta^rseiJ OlbrAJtir fjihfll aJ-Tunk). 

enbum of Umar^uh COnuni^de) GtHplii were whites of the 

Abbu bJack^ mnd of the Fidm'ttci Qurfij^ tlie roriJ Eng denoted 

ihc gowiUmma or jabiupotcpdiny. 

The City of Brass, 


during his absence. So Talib set out and arrived in due course 

a: Cairu.^-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say- 

IZlhtn ft tDd£( the Jfibe ^uithtEh anti ^ixtf-eigtjth 

She said. It hath riiadied me, O auspicious King, that Talib bin 
Sahl set out with his escort and crossed the desert country between 
Syria and Egypt, where the Governor came out to meet him and 
entreated him and his company with high honour whilst they 
tarried with him. Thai he gave them a guide to bring th^ to 
the Sa'id or Upper Egypt, where the Emir Musa had his abiding' 
place; and when the son of Nusayr heard of Talib s coming, he 
went forth to meet him and rejoiced in iuni, Talib ^ve him the 
Caliph’s letter, and he took it reverently and, laying it on his 
heao, cried, “1 hear and 1 obey the Prince of the Faithful." 
Then he deemed it best to assemble his chief officers and whm 
were present he ac<]uainted them with the contents of the Caliph^s 
letter and sought counsel of them how he should act. "O Emir," 
answered they, "if thou seek one who shall guide tba to the place 
summon the ^aykh 'Abd al'Samad, ibn 'Abd al'Kuddus, al' 
Samudi;* for he is a man of varied knowledge, who hath travelled 
much and knoweth by experience all the ^as and wastes and wolds 
and Countries of the worid and the inhabitante and ivonders 
thereof; wherefore send thou for him and he wiU surely guide thee 
to thy desire." So Musa sent for him, and behold, he was a very 
ancient man shot in years and broken down with lapse of days. 
The Emir saluted him and said, “O Shaykh Abd ai'Samad, our 
lord the Commander of the Faithful, Abd al'Malik bin Marwan, 
hath commanded me thus and thus. I have small knowledge of 

' w, Old Cain>, w Futcae: the pfweoT Cairo wa* then t Coptic village founded 
olij iFiiiyptilW KtttfTncTVi LitNTkfihl^Ctti, to ifrhich bcldngfcd the V 

mnd the [Cfreat wcll^ Jijr Vtiflilf* abluriHy attrilMJtcd H> ** 

drntljr th^ pn^pn oF I-cvi amj mcins » high jvritst 1 ^ * name wai 

^ I ufltiPE \mt mtpeci fhiE thii h a ctcricat enur fnr “AL-SamAnh^* * nt&ue of 
Samtnhid {V^lhin^^n•| in tkf Dflri pb the Darji^eiw the m 

ScbcnnTibu (in Copdc jem-nyh ^jem the GwHi A tuwn which haj wwfpced miii^ 
mm tn hloilem dmet But thefr h iltp * Samft(kli a w milES own 
icrum from Dendernh anri, a 4 lU tnoacuJt it I* aA Anricnt me- 


Alf Laitlah wa Laylail 

the land wherein is that which the Caliph desireth; but it is told 
me that thou knowest it well and the ways thither. \\'’^ilt thou, 
thercforc, go with me and help me to accomplish the Caliph’s 
ne«d? & it please Allah the Most High, thy trouble and travail 
shall not go waste." Replied the Shaykh, "I hear ai^d obey the 
bidding ot the Commanaer of the Faithful; but know, O Emir, 
that the road thither is long and difficult and the ways few.” 
”‘How far is it?” asked Musa, and the Shaykh answered, "It is a 
journey of two years and some months going and the like return" 
ing; and the way is fuU of hardships and terrors and things 
wondrous and macveUous, Now thou art a champion of the Faith' 
and our country is hard by that of the enemy; and peradventure 
the Nazarenes may come out upon us in thine absence; wherefore 
it behovcth thee to leave one to rule thy government in thy stead." 
"It is well," answered the Emir and appointed his son Harun 
Governor during his absence, requiring the troops to take the oath 
of fealty to him and bidding them ob^ him m all he should com' 
mand. And tliey heard his words and promised obedience. Now 
this Harun was a man of great prowess and a renowned wanior 
and a doughty knight, and the Shaykh Ahd abSamad feigned to 
him that the place they sought was distant but four months' jouT' 
ney along the shore of the sea, with camping-places all the wray, 
adjoinmg one another, and grass and springs, adding, "AUah will 
assuredly make the matter easy to us through thy blessing, O 
Lieutenant of the Commander of the Faithful!" Quoth the Emir 
Musa, "Knowest thou if any of the Kings have trodden this land 
before us?"; and quoth the Shaykh, "Yes, it belonged aforetime 
to Darius the Greek, King of Alexandria.” But be said to Musa 
pnfvily, "O Emir, take with thee a thousand cameLs laden with 
victual and store of gugglets,”“ The Emir asked, "And what 
shall we do with these?"; and the Shaykh answered, "On our 
way is the desert of Kayrawan or Cyrene, the which is a vast 
wold four dap' fourney long, and lacketh water: nor therein doth 
sound of voice ever sound nor is soul at any time to be seen. 
Moreover, there blowcth the Simoon* * and other hot winds called 

I Egypt hud nrH then Wn ftm^ctcrcd from the CKrisdjuic. 

* Aimb. IjC. thiia Anfl l^nrnoj enrthcflWdrt jn^i ^HT Fufclei\ 

1 fertneflttd inoidc of biricy or raiiini. 

* I retain t3£i ^loicr^hlc blunder; ftc form Li from Sanmi^ tht potioiv 


The Crrif Of Brass. 


Al'Jiiwayb» which dry up the watei'^cins- but if the water be in 
gugglcts, no hand can come to it." “Right," said Musa and 
sending to Alexandria, let bring thence great plenty of gullets. 
Then he took svith him his Wasir and two thousand cavalry, clad 
in mail cap-a-pie and set out, without other to guide chem^t 
Abd al'Samad who forewent them, riding on his hackney. The 
party fared on dil^eatly, now passing through inhabited lands, 
then ruins and anon traversing trightiul wolds and t^sty wastes 
and then mountains which spired high in air; noir did they leave 
jounreying a whole year’s space till, one morning, when ti^ day 
broke, after they had travelled all night, behold, ^e Shay^ found 
himself in a land he knew not and said. “There is no Majp^ and 
there no ^ight save in A llah, the Glorious, the Great! Quoth 
the Emir, “What is to do, O Shaykh?"; and he answered, sayi^, 
"By the Lord of the Ka’abah, w'e have wandered from our road. 
“How cometh that?" asked Klusa, and Abd al-S^ad replied, 
“The stars were overclouded and I could not guide myself by 
them.” “Where on God's earth are we now?" asked the Emir, 
and the Shaykh answered, “I know not; for 1 never sec eyes on 
this land till this moment.” Said Musa, “Guide us back to the 
place rvhere we went astray”; bur the other, “I know' it no more. 
Then Musa, “Let us push on; haply Allah will guide us to it or 
direct us aright of His power.” So they fared on nil the hour of 
noon-prayer, when they came to a fair champaign, and wide and 
level and smooch as it were the sea when calm, and presently th^e 
appeared to them, on the horhion some gtirat thing, high and 
in whose midst was as it were smote rising to the confines of Ae 
sky. made for this, and stayed not in their course tdl 

drew near thereto, when, lol it was a high castle, firm of foundauo^ 
and great and gruesome, as it were a towering uiountam, bunded 
all of black stone, with frowning crenelles and a door of gleaming 
China steel, that dazzled the eyes and dazed the wits. 
almut it were a thousand steps and that which appeared ^ar off 
as it were smoke was a central dome of lead an hunched cubite 
high. When the Emir saw this, he marvelled thereat with cKeed- 
ing marvel and how this place was void of inhabit^ts: and the 
SMy^, after he had certified himself thereof, said, “'^ere is no 
god but the God and Mohammed is the Aposde of God. Quom 
Musa, 'T hear thee praise the Lord and hallow Him, andmes^^ 
thou rejoicest." "O Emir," answered Abd al-Saxnad, “Rejoice, 
Allah (extolled and exalted be He!) hath delivered us Irom the 


Ai-f Laylah wa Laylah. 

frightful wolds and tfairscy wastes " **How bnowest thou that?" 
said Musa^ and the other, "I know it for that my father told me 
of my grandfather that he said, 'We were once journey mg in this 
land and, straying from the road, we came to this palace and thence 
to the Oty of Brass: between which and the place thou seekest is 
two full months' travel; but thou must take to the sea'shore and 
leave it not, for there be watehng'plac^ and wdls and camping' 
grounds established by King Zu m'Kamayn iskandar who, when 
he went to the conquest of Mauritania, found by the way thirsty 
deserts and wastes and wQds and dug therein tvater'pits and built 
cisterns.’ ** Quoth Musa, "Allah rejoice thee with good news!'' and 
quoth the Slraykh, "Come, let us go look upon yonder palace and 
its marvels, for it is an admonition to whoso will be admonished," 
So the Emir went up co the palace, with the Shaykh and his 
officers, and coming to the gate, found it open. Now this gate 
was builded with lofty columns and porticoes whose walls and 
ceilings were inlaid with gold and silver and precious scones; and 
there led up to it flights of steps, among which were two wide 
stairs of coloured marble, never was seen their like; and over the 
doorway wa.s a cablet whereon were graven letters of gold in the 
old andent Innian character, "O Emir," asked the Shaykh, 
"Shall I read?"; and Musa answered, “'Read and God bless 
thee!: for all that b^deth us in this journey dependeth upon thy 
blessing." So the Shaykh, who was a very learned man and 
versed in all tongues and characters, went up to the tablet and 
read whatso was thereon and it was verse like this, 

“The signs ihar hiaie their mighty works portray • Warn us that all must 
tread the self'sune way: 

O thou who Kandest in this stead to hear * Tidings of folk, whose power 
hath passed for 

Enter this palacc'gatL’ and ask the news • Of greatness faljen into dust and 

Death hai destroyed th^in and dutperstd thar * And in £hc due£ diey 
lost thdr display; 

As had they ody set thdr hardens down * To rest awhile, and thm had 
node away." 

When the Emir Musa heard these couplets, he wept till he lost his 
senses and said, "There is no god but the God, the LiWtig. the 
Eternal, w'ho ceaseth not!** Then he entered the palace and was 
confounded at its beauty and the goodliness of its construction. 
He diverted himself awhile by viewing the pictures and images 

The Cmr ot Brass. 


therein, dU he came to another door, over which also were written 
verses, and said to the Shaykh, "Come read me these!” So he 
advanced and read as follows, 

"Under these dcmiEa hnw many a OTnpany * Halted of pLd aikl fanfd with- 
omen my: 

See thou what might displays Km ocher wights * Time with hk sbi^ which 
could such kmU waylay; 

They shared together what they gathErM * And left their joys and fated to 
Dcadi decays 

What joy& die>' jc^edf what food they ate! and nerw * In ditst they'ie eaten, 
For the yiotm a prey/* 

At this the Emit Mvisa wept bitter teais^ and the world waxed 
yellow before his eyes and he saief, "Verilyi wt w^ere created for 
a mighty matter;'"^ Then they proceeded to expbre the palace 
and found it desert and void of living thing, its courts desolate and 
dwelling^laces waste laid. In the miclsE: stood a lofty pavilioQ 
with a dome rising high in air, and about it were four hundred 
tombs, budded of yellow marble. The Emir drew near unto these 
and b^old, amongst them was a great tomb» wide and long; and 
at its head stood a cablet of white marble, whereon were graveo 
these couplets, 

“How oft haw I foti^t! and hmw many havr slain! * How much have I wit- 
nwed of hlesBing and banc! 

How much have 1 eaten! herw much have 1 druoki * How oft have I 
cnid to eifiging-girrE Etrainf 

How much have 1 bidden! how oft haw forbid! * Hnw many a and 


I have sieged And have searched, and the cloistered maids * In the depths of 
its walb for my captives were m"cnl 

But of ierporailce sinnod I to win me the meeds * Whidi won provikj naught 
ana brou^t nothing of gain * 

Then reckon uiy leck'ning, O maR* be wise * Ere the goblet of deaih 
and of doom thou rhaLt drain; 

For yet but a little the dust on thy head • They ahaij strew* and thy life ihall 
go down to the dead.** 

The Emir and his companions wept; then, drawing near linto the 
pavilion^ they saw that it had eight tloors of sandal'Wtwod, studded 
with nails of gold and stars of silver and inlaid with all manncf 
precious stones. Qn the first door were written these verses. 

■ f>. fw wcwiWj> ami to prcjpiire fumricr. 

Au Layi^ wa Lati^h. 


“Wbat I left, 1 fcft it imc foe nobility of soul, • But through sentence and 
decree tw every man are dight, 

What while 1 lived happy, with a tempef haught and high. • My hoar d in g' 
place defending like a lion in the hght, 

I toot no rest, and greed of gain forbad me give a grain * Of mustard'seed 
to save from the of Hdl oiy sprite, 

Until strieken on a day, as with arrow, by decree * Of the Maker, the 
Fashioner, the Lord of Might and Ri^it 
When my death was appointed, my Life 1 could not keep * By the many of 
my stratagems, my cunning and my sleight; 

My tnxtpa I had oolicc^ avad^ me not. and none * Of my friends and of 
my neighbours had power to mend my plight: 

Throu^ my life I wa# wearied to joumeylng to death * In stress or in solace, 
in joyance or dspjght; 

So when money-'bags are bloated, and dinar unto dinar * Thou addest, all 
may leave thee with Heeting of the night; 

And the driver of a camel and the digger of a giave^ • Are what thine heirs 
shall bring ere the moming dawneth bright: 

And on Judgment Day alone shalt thou stand before thy Lord, * Overladen 
with thy sins and thy crimes and thine alright: 

Let the wnrld not seduce thee with Ituings, tnn behold * Whar measure to 
thy family and neighbours it hath doled." 

When Musa heard these verses, he wept with such weeping that 
he swooned away^ then, coming to himself, he entered die 
pavilion and saw therein a long tomb, aw'^me to look upon, 
whereon was a tablet of China steel and Shaykh Abd ahSamad 
drew near it and read this inscription: “In the name of Ever¬ 
lasting Allah, the Never-beginning, the Ne^'Ct'etiding; in the 
name of Allah who begetteth not nor is He begot and unto whom 
the like is not; in the name of Allah the Lord of Majesty and 
Might; in the name of the Living One who to death is never 

dxghtf"-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased saying her permitted say. 

ii^en ft tnatf (he ifi'tie jS^unbreh onb £)ixtp-mn(9 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that Shaykh 
Abd al-Samad, having read the aforesaid, also found the follow¬ 
ing, “O thou who comest to this place, take warning by that 

^ The exmcl tAina the BmiIkwi'* to the cemeterr which, u ofrefl dbtuiti henee 

to dlrxm a wnel b m omeri flf dath 

Thb Cmf OP Brass. 


wliich thou seest of the accLdents of Time and the vicissitudes of 
Fortune and be not dduded by the world and its pomps and 
vanities and fallacies and falsehoods and vain allurements, for that 
It is llattering, deoeitfiil and treacherous, and the things thereof arc 
but a loan to us which it wiU borrow }»ck from all borrowers. It 
is lilft* * unto the dreams of the dreamer and the sleep^visions of 
the sleeper or as the mirage of the desert, which the thirsty take 
for water;’ and &itan m^eth it fair for men even unto death, 
These arc the ways of the world; wherefore put not thou thy 
trust therein neither incline thereto, for it bewrayeth him^ who 
leancth upon it and who committeth himself thereunto in 
affairs. Fall not thou into its snares neither take bold upon its 
skirts, but be warned by my example. I possessed four thou' 
sand bay borses and a haughty palace, and I had to wile a thou- 
sand daughters of lungs, high-bosomed maids, as they were 
moons; I was blessed with a thousand sons as they were fierce 
lions, and I abode a thousand years, glad of heart and mind, and 
1 amawfl ticasures beyond the competence of all the Kings of 
the regions of the earth, deeming that delight would sdll endure 
to me. But there fell on me unawares the Destroyer of delights 
and the Sunderer of societies, the Desolator of domiciles and the 
Spoiler of inhabited spots, the Murtherer of great and small, babes 
and children and mothers, he who hath no ruth on the prar for 
his poverty, or feareth tht King for all his bidding or forbidding. 
Verdy, we abode safe and secure in this palace, till there de¬ 
scended upon us the judgment of the Lord ot the Three Worlds, 
Lord of the Heavens, and Lord of the Earths, the vengeance of 
the Manifest Truth* overtook us, when there died of us e\'ery 
day two, till a great company of us had penshed. When I saw 
that destruction had entered our dw'ellings and had homed ■nnth 
us and in the sea of deaths had drowned us, I summoned a writer 
and bade him indite these verses and instances and admonitiona, 
the which 1 let grave, with rule and compass, on these doors and 
tablets and combs. Now I had an army of a thousand thouand 
bridles, men of warrior mien with forearms strong and keen, armed 

• Kttfwi sdT. 35. Tlif ^ "Sariti’* (mtugn) i* fo«nj in lna»h (xay. '•'* 

passage thciutd be rntdefEd “Audi (he niirage (stiirsb) ihBlI become ■ wk* (mi, *"<1 
the pardied ground ihall become a pod'*). The Hiiuliia wit it Mrigatfisnn* " 

the thine the deer, 

* A suse of .Allah. 


Au' Latlah wa Lavlah. 

with spears and oaail'coacs sheen and swords that gieaio; so i 
bade them don their kmg'han^g hauberks and gird on their 
biting blades and mount their IdgK-tnettled steeds and level their 
dreadful lances; and whenas there fell on us the doom of the 
Lord of heaven and earth, I said to them, 'Ho, all ye soldiers 
and troopers, can ye avail to ward off that which is fallen on me 
from the Omnipotent King?' But troopers and soldiers availed 
not unto this and said, 'How shall wc battle with Him to whom 
no chamberlain barreth access, the Lord of the door which hath 
no doorkeeper?* Tlien quoth I to them, ‘Bring me my tna- 
sures,’ Now ! had in my treasuries a thousand dstems in each 
of which were a thousand quintals' of red gold and the like of 
white silver, besides pcark and jewds of all kinds and other 
things of price, beyond the attainment of the kings of the earth. 
So they (id chat and when they had kid all the treasure in my 
presence, I said to them, 'Can ye ransom me with all this tiea' 
sure or buy me one day of life therewith?' But they could not! 
So they resigned themselves to foreordained Fate and fortune 
and I submitted to the Judgment of Allah, enduring patiendy 
that which he decreed unto me of affiicrion, till He took my soul 
and made me to dwell in my grave. And if thou ask of my nam e, 
i am Kush, the son of Shaddad son of Ad the Greater." And 
upon the tablets were engraved these Lnes, 

“An ihou tt-oxiltkt know ray name, whoso day is done • Witii shifts of dine 
and changes 'neath the sun, 

Know I am Shaddid's son, who mJed tnankind * And o’er ill eirth upheld 

AU stubborn peoples abject were to me; * And SHm to Cairo and to Ad- 

I reified in glory oonquering numy kings; • And peoples feared: ray raischief 

Yea, trjbs and itmics in my hand I saw; * The world aJl dioded me. both 
fhettds and fone 

When [ kmIc horse, 1 viewed ray numbered troops, • Bridles on naghing 
steeds a millinn. 

And I had wealth that none oould tell or ootrat, * Against misfortune tiea' 
Suring all I won; 

• Arab. huadt^weight iij. IDO JEm.I, abewr U*. iviotr. Hsrm the 

FroKh ifnintii and iii coA^Fnen (yttrf). 

' O, "(thu Shim (Synij t* (the land of) Aiinin," anrettor of the NaturiBud Anh* 
thu is, tt> Anfui. 

Thc City of Brass. 


Fain had I bought my life with all my wealth, • And for a moracnt'a space 

my death to shun; l .1 

But God would naught avc what Hia putpoee wiLu»i • So Inini my brctltieii 

cut 1 Ijodc altme: , * * - l . c 

And Death, that auntleis man, cstchangcd my lot * To paupm hut trem 
graiideur'a mansion, . . j, ^ 

When found I all mine actions gome and piEt • whemor 1 m pJedgeo and 

by my sin undone 

Then feat. O man. who by a hrinlt dost range, • The turns of Fomme aiwJ 
the chance of Change." 

The Enijr Musa was hurt to his heart and loathed Ids life for 
what he saw of the slaughterjng'places of the folk; an^ as th^ 
went alxiut the highways and byeways of tlic palace, viewing ito 
atring'chamljers and pleasaunoeA, behold th^' came upon a ctble 
of yellow onyx, upborne on four feet of juniper'wood,* and nierc' 
on these words graven, *‘At this table have eaten a thou^nd kin|^ 
blind of the right eye and a thousand blind of the lett and y« 
other thousand sound of both ey^es, all of whoin have departed tM 
world and ha\'e taken up their sojourn in the tombs and the 
catacomb.*’ All this the Emir wrote down and left th^aiace, 
carrying off with him naught ."save the table aforesaid Then he 
fared on with his host three days’ space, under the gu dance of the 
Shaykh Abd al'Samad, dU they came to a high bill, whereon stood 
a horseman of brass. In his hand be held a lance with a broad 
head, in brightness like bUnding levcn, whereon w^as graij^, U 
thou that contest unto me, if thou know not the way to the City 
of Brass, rub the hand of this rider and be will timi reund and 
presently stop. Then take the direction whereto he tace^ and 
fare fearless, for it w-ill bring thee, without hardship, ta the ciiy 

aforesaid."-And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of day and 

rrajied to say her permitted say. 

I Ko™ m. 11 . "Evny man it gi^tn in pkSst for thiT ^liifh he )Ji*U 

• Therein .wn.ftnffcteflal ftnifiaion b» ihe t^a. Anjr 

umA hr tht Gr«lw MarmciT m*rhte « *" 

the ‘'Mwnart-'-nuirblt. evWendT fiidr Che bnUiMl 

Alt Laylah wa Layuui. 


ZSIien it jTibe Hhinbreb aitt) ^rbentiett 

She saidr It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
Emir Musa rubbed liie horse man’s hand he revolved like the 
dazdine lightning, and stopped facing in a direction other than 
chat wherein they were journeying, So they took the road to 
which he pointed (which was the right way) and, finding it a 
beaten tiadi, fared on through their days and nights till they had 
covered a wide tract of country. Then they came upon, a pillar of 
black stone like a fumace'chimney wherein was one sunken up to 
his armpits. He had two great wings and four arms, two of them 
like the anns of the sons of Adam and other tw'o as they were 
lion s paws, with claws of iron, and he was black and and 
frightful of aspect, with hair like horses' tails and eyes like blazing 
coals, slit upright in his face. Moreover, he had in the middle of 
his forehead a third eye, as it were that of a lynx, from which flew 
sparks of fire, and he cried out say mg, “Glory to my Lord, who 
hath adjudged unto me this grievous torment and sore punishment 
until the Day of Doom!" When the folk saw him, they lost their 
reason for affright and turned to flee; so the Emir Musa asked the 
Sbaykh Abd ahSamad, "What is this?”; and he answered, "1 
know not ” Whereupon quoth Musa. “Draw near and question 
him of his condition; hapfy he will discov'er to thee his case.” 
“Allah assain thee, Eim'rf Indeed, 1 am afraid of him;” replied 
the Shaykh: hut the Emir rejoined, saying, “Fear not; he is 
hindered from thee and from all others by that wherein he is." So 
Alxl al'Samad drew near to the pillar and said to him which was 
therein, “O creature, what is thy name and what art thou and how 
earnest thou here in this fashion?" “1 am an Ifrit of the Jinn," 
replied he, "by name Dahish, son of Al'A'amash,' and am con- 
fined here by the All-might, prisoned here by the Providence and 
iunJ^ed by the judgement of Allah, till it pleases Him, to whom 
jdong Might and hlajesty, to release me." Then said Musa, "Ask 
lim why he is in durance of this column?” So the Shaykh asked 
lim of this, and the Ifrit replied, sayinjg, “Verily my tale is 
wondrous and my case marv^ous, and it is this. One of the 

* These (fnlicil rinnui mre tbpKn for ihpir AfiftiXed; 

iflii ifith cyci ilwtyi 

The Cmr op Brass. 


sons of TKlifi had an idol of red camelian, whereof I was guardian, 
and there served it a King of the Kings of the sea, a Prince of 
puissant power and prow of prowess, ovcr-niling a thousand 
thousand warriors of the Jann who smote with swords before 
him and answered bis summons in time of need. All these were 
under my commandment and obeyed my behest, being each and 
every rebels against Solomon, son of David, on whom be peace! 
And I used to enter the bell;? of the idol and thence bid and 
forbid them. Now this Kir^''s daughtiff loved the idol and was 
frequent in prostration to it and assiduous in its service; and she 
was the fairest woman of her day, accomplished in beauty and 
loveliness, elegance and grace. She was described imto Solomon 
and he sent to her father, saying, ‘Give inc thy daughter to wife 
and break thine idol of camelian and testify saying, There is no 
god but the God and Sobmon 1$ the Prophet of Allah!* an thou 
do this, our due shall be thy due and thy debt shall be our debt, 
but, if thou refuse, make ready to answer the summons of the 
Lord and don thy grave^ear, for 1 will come upon thee with an 
irresistible host, which shall fill the waste places of earth and make 
thee as yesterday that is passed away and hath no return for aye.' 
When this message reached the he waxed insolent and 

rebellious, pride-fm and contramadous and he cried to bis Watirs, 
‘What say ye of this? Know ye that Solomon son of David hath 
sent requiring me to give htm my daughter to wife, and break 
my idol of camelian and enter his faithr And they replied, *0 
mighty King, how shall Solomon do thus with thee? Even could 
he come at thee in the midst of this vast ocean, he could not 
prevail agairxst thee, for the Marids of the Jann will fight on thy 
side and thou wilt ask succour of thine idol whom thou servest, 
and he will help thee and give dice detory over him, So thou 
wouldst do well to consult on this matter thy Lord,* {meaning the 
idol aforesaid) ‘and hear what he saith. If he say. Eight him, 
(i^t him, and if not, not.' So the King went in without stay or 
delay to his idol and offered up sacrifices and slaughtered victims; 
after which he fell down before him, prostrate and weeping, and 
repeated these verses, 

*0 my Lord, wcQ I wcet thy poissxnt hand: * Suhymia would break tbee 
and see th« bam'd 

O my Lord, to crave succour here 1 stand * CtanmaiKt and I bow tc hy high 



Alp Laylak wa Layiah. 

Then 1” (continued tbc Ifnt addressing tjie Shay^ and those 
about him), “of my ignorance and want of wic and re^lessness 
of the conuDjmdment of Solomon and lack ot Knowledge anent 
his power, entered the belly of the idol and made answer as 

*As for me, of him I fed naught affright; • Tot my lore and my wialom are 

infinite: , 

If he wiah for warfare Fll ahcjw him fight * And CKit of his body 111 tfiir nii 


When the King heard my boastful reply, he hardened his h^ 
and resolved to wage war upon the Prophet and to offer him 
battle; wherefore he beat the messenger with a grievous bcattt^ 
and returned a foul answer to Solomon, threatening him 
saying, 'Of a truth, thy soul hath suggested to thee a vain thing; 
dost thou tnenace me with mendacious words? But gird thyself 
far ba^e; for. an thou come not to me, I will assuredly come to 
thee.' So the messenger returned to Solomon and told him all 
that had passed and wbatso had befallen him, which when the 
Prophet heard, he raged like Doomsday and addressed himself to 
the fray &nd Icvisd srnucs of mm Jmh bircis irvd reptile. 
He conunanded his Wazir Al-Dimiryat, King of the Jann, to 
gather together the Mands of the Jinn from all parts, and be 
collected for him six hundred thousand thousand of devils,' More- 
by his order, Kis V/azir Asaf bin Barkbiya levied him an 
army of men, to the number of a thousand thousand or more. 
These all he furnished with arms and armour and mounting, with 
his host, upon his carpet, took flight through air, while the beas^ 
fared under him and the birds flew overhead, till he liglited down 
on the island of the refractory King and encompass^ it about, 

filling earth with his hosts.’*-And Sbiihrazad perceived the 

dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say, 

Hlljett it taa5 flic Jfftc i^unhrth anft 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the Ifnt 
continued, "So when ^lomon the prophet (with whom be peace!) 

* The Anbt hflve no mm.i fpf milSInA; %T«*er Muirco wals? not hsTc l«rnfd 

It &oni thtJttt. Chi tfte oiha kiiuJ ths Hindus hive uitprs qumEnlHou* thm madEm Bijropcv 

The Cmr of Brass, 


lifted down with his host on the island he sent to our King, aay^ 
ing, * *Bd)old, I am come; defend thy life against that which is 
fafien upon thee, or else make thy submission to me and otaifess 
my apostieship and give me thy daughter to lawful wife and break 
thine idol and wor^p the one God, the atone Worshipful; and 
testify, thou and thine, and say, There is no God but the God, and 
Solomon is the Apostk of Allah!* This if thou do, thou shaJt 
have pardon and peace; but if not, it will avail thee nothing to 
fortify thyself in this island, for Allah (extolled and exalted E)e 
He!) hath bidden the wind obey me; I will bid it bear me tt) 
thee on my carpet and make thee a warning and an example 
to deter oihers.* But the King made answer to bis messenger, 
saying, ‘It may not on any wise be as be recjuirccb of me; so tell 
him 1 come forth to him,' With this reply the messenger returned 
to Solomoii, who thereupon gathered together all the Jinn that 
were under his hand, to the number of a thousand thousand, and 
added to diem other than they of hiarids and Satan$ from the 
islands of the sea and the tops of the mountains and, drawing 
them up on parade, opened liis armouries and distributed to them 
arms and armour. Then the Prophet drew out his host in batdc 
array, dividing the beasts into two bodies, one on the fight wing 
of the men and the <^er on the left, and bidding them tear the 
enemies' horses in sunder, Furthennore, be ordered the birds 
which were in the island to hover over their heads and, whenas the 
assault should be made, that they should swoop down and tear out 
the foe's eyes with their |>eaks and buffet thdr faces with their 
wings; and they answered, saying, ‘We hear and we obey Allah 
and thee, O Prophet of Allah!* Then Solomon seated himself 
on a throne of aJabsister, studded with precious ston^ and plated 
witli red gold; and, comtnanding the wind to bear him aloft, set 
his Wazir Asaf bin Barkliiya" and the kings of mankind on his 
right and his Wasir Al-Dimiryat and the kings of the Jinn on his 
left, arraying the beasts and vipers and serpents in the van. There' 
upon they all set on us together, and we gave them batde two day s 
over a vast plain: but, on the third day, disaster befel us, and t he 

^Thit foimijb, ^cconiing tu %Todcms, would begin wirh the bqpnniTqf u no 

%\ih buE jUlub b the a Hal = 

o( Albli.*" AhJ iu c!m with My«t, DatiJ SolaniiaEi if f tod JcfUfi to 

*Thif lan uf fixtaidilA luf been iiotkal bcfoiT. The eeije cmliroiden this Kctramc 
chfpi^ Jtami. 

lOo Alt Layiah wa Layiah, 

ju(%mcnt of Allah the Most High was csecuted upon us. Now 
the first to charge upon them were 1 and my troops, and I said to 
my companions, '/dsicie in your places, whilst I sally forth to 
them and provoke Al'Dimiryat to oombat singular,' And behold, 
he oune forth to the duello as he were a vast mountain, with his 
fires fiaming and his smoke spireing, and shot at me a falling star 
of fire; but I swen'ed from it and it missed me. Then I cast at 
him in my turn, a flame of fire, and smote him; but his shaft* 
overcame my fire and he cried out at me so terrihle a cry that 
meseemcd the skies were fallen flat upon me, and the mountains 
trembled at his ^’oice. Then he commanded his hosts to charge; 
accordingly they rushed on us and we rushed on them, each cryine 
out upon other, and battle reared its crest rising in volumes and 
smoke ascending in columns and hearts well ni^ cleaving. The 
birds and the flying Jinn fought in the air and the beasts and 
men and the foot'faring Jann in the dust and I fought with Al' 
Dimiryat, till 1 was aweary and he not less so. At last, I grew 
weak and turned to flee from him, whereupon my companions and 
tribesmen likewise took to flight and my hosts were put to the rout, 
and Solomon cried out, saying, ‘Take yonder furious tyrant, the 
accursed, the infamous!' Then man fell upon man and Jinn upon 
Jinn and the armies of the Prophet charged down upon us. with 
the wild beasts and lions on their right hand and on thdr left, 
rending our horses and tearing our men; whilst the birds hovered 
ovcr'head in air pecking out our eyes with their daws and beaks 
and beating our faces with their wings, and the serpents struck us 
with their fangs, till the most of our folk lay prone upon the face 
of the earth, like the trunks of date-trees. Thus defeat befel our 
King and we became a spoil unto Solomon. As to me, 1 fled from 
before Al-Dimityat; but he followed me three months' journey, till 
I fell down for weariness and he overtook me, and pouncing upon 
me, made me prisoner. Quoth 1, ‘By the virtue of Him who hath 
exalted thee and abased me, spare me and bring me into the 
presence of Solomon, on whom be peace!' So he carried me 
before Solomon, who received me after the foulest fashion and 

*^Thc 0T«!. Edit- (vi, 371) ems hf 

ihAft It w» R duel with tJw '^Shihlb" of fallmg itnrs^ the 
^rhich arc ^pofcd, t huve mM, to be the airtrin ihot by thr itigtbt Jtgairur 

drviJa mhd cttI fpirin when approBch too n«f Hcaycn ifl cirdcf ks owheor diviiae 


The Cmr of Brass, 


bring this pillar and hollow it out. Then be set me herein 
and chained me and sealed me with his signeC'ring, and Al' 
Dimiryat bore me to this place wherein (hou seest me. Moreover, 
he charged a great angel lo guard me, and this pillar is my pr^on 
until Judgroent’day,"—And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of 
day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

IShen it tnad t^c Si^t p^unhreh anh |l»etienlp-iitconh 

She said. It hath reached me* * O auspicious King, that when the 
Jinni who was prisoned in the pillar had told them his tale, from 
first to last, the folk marvelled at his story and at the (rightfulness 
of his favour, and the Emir Musa said, “There is no God but 
the Godl Soodiiy was Solomon gifted with a mi^^ dominion.** 
Then said the Shaykh Abd al-Samad to the jinni, "Ho the«[ I 
would fain ask thee of a thing, whereof do thou inform us," “Ask 
what thou wilt," answensd die If lit Dahish and the Shaykh ^d, 
“Are there hereabouts any of the Ifrits imprisoned in ^tdes of 
brass from the time of Solomon (on whom be pcacel)?** 
replied the Jinni; “there be such m the sea of Al'Karkar’ on the 
shores whereof dw'dl a people of the lineage of Noah (on whom 
be peace!): for their country was not reached by t^ Deluge and 
they are cut off there from the other sons of Ad^." Quoth Abd 
al'Samad, "^And which is the way to the City of Brass and the 
place wherein are the cucurbites of Solomon, and what distance 
Ueth between us and it?" Quoth the Ifrit, “It is near at hand, 
and directed them in the way thither. So they left him and fared 
forward till there appeared to them afar off a great blackness and 
therein two fires facing each other, and the Emir Musa asked the 
Shaykh, “What is yonder %"ast blackness and its twin fires?"'; 
the guide answered, ^''Rejoice O Emir, for this is the City of Brass, 
as it is described in the Book of Hidden Treasures which 1 have 
by me- Its walls are of bbek stone and it hath two towers of 
Andalusian brass,^ which appear to the beholder in the distance ^ 
they were twin fires, and hence is it named the City of Brass. 
Then they fared on without ceasing till they drew near the city 
and behold^ it was as it were a piece of a mountain or a mass of 

' A ftney tea from ?he 1-M. ( ?)■ 

* Aadilufiait^SpjjiUh, the n lerjii accc|Med iht Mo*Jcui invider* 


Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

iron cast in a mouJd and impenetrable for the height of its walls 
and bulwarks; while nothu^g could be more beautiful than its 
buildings and its ordinance, bo they dismounted clown and 
sought lor an entrance, but saw none neither found any trace of 
opening in the walls, albidt there were hvc-ancl'twenty portals to 
the city, but none of them was visible from without. Then quoth 
the Rmir , "O Shaykh, 1 see to this city no sign of any gate;" and 
quoth be, “O Emir, thus is it described m my Book of Hidden 
Treasures; it hath hve'und'twenty portab; but none thereof may 
be opened save from wuhjn the city,"' Asked Musa, And bow 
shall we do to enter the city and view its wonders?” and Talib 
son of Sahl, his Waiir, answered, "‘Allah assain the Emir! let us 
rest here two or three days and, God willing, we will make shift 
to come within the walls.” Then said Musa to one of his men, 
“Mount tlvy camel and ride round about the city, so haply thou 
may light upon a gate or a place somewhat bwer dian this 
fronting us, or In^allah! a nreach whereby we can enter.” 
Accordingly he mounted his beast, caking water and victuals with 
him, and r^e round the city two days and two nights, without 
drawing rein to rest, but found the wtjII thereof as it were one 
block, without breach or way of ingress; and on the third day, he 
came again in sight of his companiems, dared and amazed at what 
he had seen of the extent and loftiness ot the place, and said, ”0 
Emir, the easiest place of access is this where you have alighted,” 
Then Musa took Talib and Abd al-Samad and ascended the 
highest hill w'hich overlooked the city. W*hen they reached the 
top, they beheld beneath them a city, never saw eyes a greater or 
a goodlier, with dwelling-places and mansions of cowering height, 
and palaces and pavilions and domes gleaming gloriously bright 
and sconces and bulwarks of strength infinite; and its streams 
were allowing and flowers a-blowing and fruits a-glowing. It was 
a city with gates impregnable: but void and still, without a voice 
or a cheering inhabitant. The owl hooted in its quarters; the bird 
skimmed circling over its squares and the raven croaked in its 
great thoroughfares weeping and bewailing the dwellers who erst 
made it their dwelling? The Emir stood awhile, marvelling and 

^ TliU Enc tiiacnpdOT imll rwrRni! the fravel3tfr of the otJ Hnumm tuwni deserted 
tht ccarurr, w^iicli Silty wrsBcr mncfilliAl the Cidci <sf 1 have 

Mnttf ifiytliipyf wtiftlef « m^xuiUttht nS^hl in one <if these plana whole 

tnuofiry a pefftci dm when fim the snowy [ighi pwirittg dn ihe jet^biaek basaje and 
the hreeie sghing ami the jacks] waging m the iIcht Around. 

Tiiz Cmf OF Bram. 


sorrowing for the desolation of the city and ^ying, ’"Glory to Him 
whom nor ages nor changes nor times can blight. Him who created 
all things of His Might!” Presently, he chanced to bok aside and 
caught sight of seven tablets of white marble afar off. So he drew 
near ^cm and finding inscriptioRs graven thereon, called the 
Shaykh and bade him read these. Accordingly he came forward 
and, examining the inscriptions, found that they contained matter 
of admonition and warning and instances and restraint to those of 
understanding. On the first tablet was inscribed, in the ancient 
Greek ch^cter: “O son of Adam, how heedless art thou of that 
wliich is before dice! Verily, thy years and months and days 
have diverted thee therefrom. Knowest thou not that the cup 
of death is filled for thy banc which in a Uttle white to the dreg^ 
thou shalt df^? Look to thy doom ere thou enter thy tomb. 
Where be the Kings w'ho held dominion over the lands and abas^ 
Allah's sen'ants and built tbtsc palaces and bad armies under their 
commands? By Allah, the Destroyer of delights and the Severer 
of societies and the Devastator of dwcHing-places came down upon 
them and transported them from the spaciousness of their pabces 
to the staitness of their burial'phccs." And at the foot of the 
tablet were •written the following verses, 

"Where are the Kings eaith-wsfipling, where are they? • The built and 
peopled left thejr e’er and aye! * * j t. 

The/'re tmibed y« pledged t» actiODa past away * And after death upon 

them cajoie decay. 1. 

Where are thdr troops? They failed to ward and guard! • Where are the 
wealth and hoards in tnasuric* lay? 

Th* fmpyrean^a Lord suipxiKd them with one word. • Nor wealth nor 
refuge could their doom delay!" 

When the Emir heard this, he cried out and the tears ran down his 
chfidts and he Allah^ froin^ the world abs^n^g 

is the wisest course and the sole assaining!'' And he call^ for 
ncn'case and paper and wrote down what •was graven cm the first 
tablet. Then he drew near the second tablet and found th^ 
words graven thereon, “O son of Adam, what liath seduced thee 
from the service of the Ancient of Days and made th^ foi^et 
that one day thou mUBt defray the debt of death? Wottest thou 
not that it is a tnmsient dwelling wherein for there is 
abiding! and yet thou taketh thought unto the vJOtld and clravest 
fast thereto? Where be the kings who Ink peopled and the four 


Alf Layijvh wa Latuui. 

quarters of the gk^ possessed? Where be diey who abode m 
Ispahan and the land of Khoiasan? The voice of the SuEimoner 
of Death summoned them and they answered him^ and the 
Herald of Detruction bailed them and they replied, Here arc wel 
Verily, that which they budded and fortified profited them 
naught; neither did what they had gather^ and provided avail 
for their defence.*' And at the foot of the tablet were graven 
the following verses, 

“Where be the men wItt built and fortifled * High places never man thdr 
lilie espied? 

In fear of Fate they levied troops and hoeta, * Availing naught wkoi came 
the time and tide, 

Where be the Kuroa hoaned in strongest ualls? * As though they ne^er had 
been from home they hied!'* 

The Hmtr Klusa wept and exclaimed, '*By Allah, we are indeed 
created for a grave matterl'* Then he copied the inscription 

and passed on to the third tabl^-And Shahraxad perceived 

the (kwn of day and ceased saying her pennicted say. 

IQfltn ft toatf tf)t JTfbe l^unbreh anb &£bentp'tli(rh 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that the Emir 
Musa passed on to the third tablet, whereon was written, ‘*0 son 
of Adam, the things of this world thou Invest and prizes! and the 
hest of thy Lord lhau spumest and despisest. All the days of 
thy life pass by and thou art content thus to aby. Make ready 
thy viaticum against the day appointed for thee to sec and prepare 
to answer the Lord of every creature that be?” And at me foot 
were written these verses, 

’'Where is the w^bt who peopled in the pjit * fiind'laiu] and Sind; and 
there the tyrant played? 

Who Zanj’ and H.iba^ bound beneath his yoke, * And Hubia curbed and 
low its puissance laid 

Look not for news of what ts in hu grave. * Ah, bf is far who can diy vision 

The stroke of death fell on him sharp and aure; * Nor saved him palace, nor 
the lands he swayed.” 

^ I hive nnd, n the Aritb. fbtti] of the Penion '^wig-bir'’ Blackdindl, emr 

Zmiibxr. Theie irho wcnld kitcir niofe of the ctymoli^ wUl oenwlt my ’^Eanuber,'* 
etc, chitpr. L 

The City op Brass. 


At this Musa xivept with sere w^ing and, going on to the founk 
tablet, he read inscribed thereon, "O son of Adsm, how long shall 
th/ Lord bear with thee and thou every day sunken in the sea of 
chjf folly? Hath it then been stablished unto thee that sotne day 
^u shalt not the? O son of Adam, let not the deceits of thy 
days and nights and times and hours delude thee with their 
delights; but remember chat death beth ready for thee ambushing, 
fain on thy shoulders to spring, nor doth a day pass but he 
mometh with thee in the morning and nighteth with thee by 
night. Beware, then, of his onslaught and make provision there' 
against. As was with me, so sc is with thee; thou wastest thy whole 
life and squanderest the joys in which thy days are rife. Hearken, 
therefore, to my words and put thy mist in the Lord of Lords; 
for in the world there is no stability; it is but as a spider's web 
to thee." And at the foot of the tablet were written these 

"Where » the man wfan did ihoee bboun! ply * And based and built and 
reared these Vr'alls on high? 

Where be the ostlcs* lords? Who theu'em dwelt • Fared forth and left them 
in decay to lie. 

All are entombed, in pledge against the day * When every sin shall show to 
every eye. 

None but tlie Lend Most High enduranct: bath. • Whose Might and Majesty 
fihill incTver die.'" 

When the Emir read this ^ he swooned away and presentiy coming 
to hituseli ttiarvclled ciceedingly and wrote it down. Then he 
drew near the fifth tablet and behold, thereon was graven, "O 
son of Adam, what is it that distracted thee from obedience of 
thy Creator and the Author of ihy being. Him who reared thee 
whenas thou wasc a little one, and fed thee wbenas thou wast 
ftdl'grown? Thou art ungrateful for His bounty, albeit He 
watcheth ovtt thee w'ith His favours, letting down the curtain of 
His protection over thee. Needs must there be for thee an hour 
bitterer than aloes and hotter than live coals. Provide thee, there* 
fore, against it; for who shall sweeten its gall or quench its fires? 
Bet^nk thee who forewent thee of peoples and nerocs and take 
warning by them, ere thou perish.." And at the foot of the tablet 
were graven these couplets, 

"Where be die Eutb'tines who from where they T»(k, * Sped and to grave¬ 
yards with their hoardings yode; 

Alt Layiah wa Laylail 


Erst on tfair oifninting^ys thiM ha^kt bdsfld • Horn that cutK^akd 
gmiiul wlicrcun dicy mdc; 

HjUw many a king: they* * humbieci in didr dayl * How niuiy a host cbey 
Jed snd laid oit loidt 

But fnan th' Empyrean's Lord tti ha^ there came • Otke v;Qinl, and joy 
waud grief cne Duunuig glowed." 

The Emir marvelled at this and wote it down; after which he 
passed ofl to the sixth cablet and behold, was inscribed thereon, 
“O son of Adam, think not that safety will cnditre for ever and 
aye, seeing that death is sealed to thy head alway. Where be 
thy fathers, where be thy brethren, where thy friends and dear 
ones? They have all gone to the dust of the tombs and presented 
themselves before the Glorious, the Forgiving, as if they had never 
eaten nor dronken, and they are a pledge for that which they 
have earned. So look to thyself, ere thy tomb come upon thee," 
at the foot of the tablet were these couplets, 

"When; be the King? who reied the FnnJm of old? * Where be the BCiog 
who peopled Tingis'wdd’? 

Their wotKs are written in a. book which He, * Tbs One. th* Atl-faiher shall 
as witness hold." 

At this the Emir Musa marvclkd and wrote it down, saying, 
"There is no god but the God! Indeed, how fpxxily w'cre these 
folk!** Then he went up to the seventh t^let and behold, 
thereon was written, "Glory to Him who lore<irdaineth death to 
all He createth, the Living One, who dieth not! O son of Adam, 
let not thy days and their delights delude thee, ncitlier thine hours 
and the delices of their time, and know that death to thee cometh 
and upon thy shoulder sitteth. Beware, then, of his assault and 
make ready for his onslaught. As it was with me, so it is with 
thee; thou wastest the sweet of thy life and the joyance of thine 
hours. Give ear, then, to my rede and put thy trust in the Lord 
of Lords and know chat in the world is no stabiL'ty, but it is as it 
wTre a spider's web to thee and all that is therein shall die and 
cease to be. Where is he who laid the foundation of Amid* and 

'Arab. *Tsif>|ih*^=Strabo (dmyjidcm oncemm)^ Tiifi^pw. Bm 

irhj che terttiliul fl 

*Ot Amidiilit by iheTarfci alhA ^'Kitni from the colour of the atan«i 

viti the AraSi ^'Diyar-bflkr^' (Didrbttklr), a iiamc wJdeh tJicy 4i» (pre to the itfKile 

The City gp Brass. 


huiyed it and builded Fdrikio* and exalted k? Where be the 
peoples of the strong places? Whecias them they had inhabited, 
after their might into the tombs they descended. They have 
been carried otf by death and we shall in like manner be aUlicted 
by doom. None abideth save Allah the Most hligh, for Me is 
Allah the Forgiving One." The Emir Mua wept and copied all 
this, and ind^ the world was belittled in his eyes. Then he 
descended the hill and reiomed his host, with whom he passed 
the nest of the day. casting about for a means of aoo^ to the 
city. And he said to his Waiir Talib bin Sahl and to the chief 
officers about liim, "Mow shall we contrive to enter this city and 
view its marvds?; haply we shah find therein wherewithal to win 
the favour of the Commander of the Faitliful." "Allah prolong 
the Emir*s fortune!" replied Talib, **let os make a ladder and 
mount the wall therewith, so perodventure we may come at the 
gate from within." Quoth the Emir, "This is what occurred to 
my thought also, and admirable is the advice!" Then he called 
for carpenters and blacksmiths and bade them fashion wood and 
btiild a ladder plated and banded with iron. So they made a 
strong ladder and many men wrought at it a whole monim. Then 
all the company laid Itold of it and set it up against the w'all, 
and it reached the top as truly as if it had been built for it before 
that time. The Emir marvelled and said, “The blessing of Allah 
be upon you. It seems as though ye had taken the measure of 
the mure, so excellent is your work." Then said he to his men, 
"Which of you will mount the ladder and walk along the wall 
and cast about for a way of descending into the city, so to sec 
how the CISC stands and let us know how we may open the 
gate?" Whereupon quoth one of them. “I will go up, O Emir, 
and descend and open to you"; and Musa answered, saying, 
"Go and the blessing of Allah go with thee!" So the man 
mounted the ladder; but, when he came to the top of the wall, 
he stood up and gaaeJ fixedly down into the city, then dapped 
his hands and crying out, at the top of hfe voice, "By Albh, thou 
art fair!" cast himself down ihco tne place, and Musa cried, *’By 
Allah, he Is a dead man!" But another catne up to him and said, 
"O Emir, this was a madman and doubtless his madness got the 
better of htm and destroyed him. 1 will go up and open the gate 

^ mh ikty em Diyir-bAkr: the natiTU nre c^lkd hfpri! 

the aLhrrviatiorT irt the iciti 


Alf Laylah wa Laylak- 

fio vou. if it be the will of Allah die Most High. Go up* 
repUeti Musa, "and Allah be with thffi! But ^warc lest 
thy head, even as did thy comrade. Then tbe «nan 
the ladder, but no sooner had he reached the top of thc^wdl than 
he laughed aloud, saying. “Well done! donel ; and «apM 
palms cast himselt' down into the aty ajxd died for^gbt. When 
the FTniV saw this, he said. “An such be the actian of a r^sori' 
able man, what is that of the madman? H aU our men 6a 
this wise, we shall have none left and shall fail of our errand ano 
that of the Commander of the Faithful Get 
march? v^y we have no concern with this city. But a third 
one of the company said, “Haply another may be ^ther than 
they “ So a third mounted the wall and a fourth and a mtb and 
all cried out and cast themselves down, even as did t^ fira: ^r 
did they leave to do thus, till a dozen had perished m like 
fashion. Then the Shaykh Abd al-Samad came forward 
heartened himself and said. “This affair is reserved to none oth^ 
than myself; for the e-Yperienced is not like the inexpsnen<^. 
Quoth the EmirT thou shak not do that nor wili I have 

thee go vip" ^ thou peristu we shall all be cut off ttD the last man 
since thou art our guide." But he amwtrred. saying, “Peradvro' 
ture that which we seek may be accomplished at my hands, by 
the grace of God Most High!" So the folk aU agreed to let ^ 
mount the ladder, and he arose and heartening himself, smd, “In 
the name of Allah, the Compassionating, the Compassionate!" 
and mounted the ladder, callhig on the name of the Lord and 
reciting the Verses of Safety.* %\Tien he reached the top of the 
wall he dapped hie hands and gazed fixedly down into the city; 
whereupon the folk below cried out to him with one accord, saying, 
“O Shaykh Abd al-Samad, for the Lord's sake, cast not thysdf 
down!"; and they added, “Verily we are Allah's and unto Him 
we are rcturningt If the Shaykh fall, we are dead men one and 
all." Then he laughed beyond all measure and sat a long hour, 
redting the names of AHah Almighty and repeating the Verses 
of ^ety; then he rose and cried out at the top of his voice, 
saying, “O Emir , have no fear; no hurt shall betide you, for 

* Amli. '“ATit ccFinEsi Konnk verttt whl^h att u urnm^nf^ hicL «, ^‘Aqd 

whmforc sKcmU nor put our zmi in Allah f" lif) j '^Ssry thocr^ ahiU IwBill 

m «vc whut Alkh balh iiijtfml fur tu/ ” CtK. SiV, 4 rJ uuiiiry othm. 

The Crrv of Bmss. 


Allah (to whom belong Might and Majesty!) bath averted from 
me the wiles and malice of Satan» by the bluing of wor^, 
‘In the name of Allah the Compassionating the Compassionate!* * ’* 
Asked Musa, *'What didst diou see, O Shaykh?”; and Abd al' 
ft umad answered, *'l »w ten maidens^, as they were Houiis of 
Heaven calliiig to me with their hands'*——^And Shahraaad pet-' 
edved the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

Glhtn ft bias tbt jfnat ibunhreh anh ^hentp-imirtti 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the 
Shaykh Abd al'Samad answered. “I saw ten maidens like Hourm 
of Heaven/ and they calling and signing/ 'Come hither to us’; 
and meseemed there was below me a lake of water. So 1 thought 
to throw myself down, when behold, I espied my twelve com' 
panions lying dead; so 1 restrained inytelf and recited sckmewhat 
of Ally's Book, whereupon He dispelled from me the damsels' 
wjtchlike wiles and malicious guiles and they disappeared. And 
doubdess th ^s was an enchantment devised by the people of the 
dty, to repel any who should seek to gaie upon or to enter the 
place. And it hath succeeded in slaying our companions.'* Then 
he w^ed on along the wall, till he came to the two towers of 
brass aforesaid and saw therein two gates of gold, without pad' 
locks or visible means of opening. Hereat he paused as long as 
Allah pleased’ and gazed about him awhile, tfll he espied in the 
middle of one of the gates, a horseman of brass with hand out' 
stretched as if pointing, and in his palm was somewhat written. 
So he went up to it and read diese words, O thou who 
comest to this place, an thou wouldst enter turn the pin in 
my navel twelve times and the gate wiU open. Accordingly, 
he examined the horseman and finding in his navel a^ pin 
of gold, finU'Set and fast fixed, he turned it twelve time^ 
whereupon the horseman revolved like the blinding lightning 

‘Their i«« ihe "Btiiie* of rhcTi«siirt," nlludBdl w In the starr cf Hoiu of Banorab 


» Arab. wVich may abo mcaa bKVtmifti. tmr protds, 

TKTrrn' hairiiJ of fitujir tcwudi ourtd-ve*! Eowijdi rbt object; and aor faihioJi 

tc tliEm, Go awiyl 

* ■ lassg Qme a kmgnnt- 


AiP Laylam wa Laylah. 

and the gate swung open with a noise like thunder. He entered 
and found hunscK in a long passage,’ w'hicii brought him down 
some steps into a guard'rootn furnished with goodly wooden 
benches, whereon sat men dead, over whose heads hung fine 
shields and keen blades and bent bows and shafts ready notched. 
Tlicnce, he came to the main gate of the city; and, finding it 
secured with iron bars and curiously wrought locks and bolts 
and chains and other fastenings of wood and metal, said to 
himseif, the keys arc with yonder dad folk." So he 

turned back to the guard'room and seeing amongst the dead 
an old man seated upon a high wooden bench, who seemed the 
chiefest of them, said in his mind, '“Who knows but they are 
with this Shaykh? Doubtless he w^as the warder of the city, 
and these others were under his hancL" So he wtmt up to him 
and lifting his gown, behold, the keys were hanging to Ms girdle; 
whereat he joyed with exceeding joy and was Gke to Jly for 
gladness. Then he took them and going up to the portil, undid 
the padlocks and drew back the bolts and bars, wherettpon the 
great leaves flew’ open with a crash like the pealing thunder by 
reason of its greatness and tcrribleness. At this he cried out, 
saying, “Alkho Akbar—God is most great!" And the folk with* 
out answered him with the same words, rcjoidng ^d thanking 
him for his deed. The Emir Musa also was dJighted at the 
Shaykh's safety and the opening of the city'gate; and the traops 
all pressed forward to enter; but Musa cried out to them, saying, 
folk, if we aK go in at once we shall not be safe from some 
iU'chance which may betide us. Let half enter and other half tarry 
without." So he pushed forwards with half his men, bearing their 
weapons of war, and finding thdr comrades Isring dead, they 
buried them; and they saw the doorkeepers and eunuchs and 
chamberlains and officers reclining on coudies of silk and ail 
were corpses. Then they fared on till they came to the chief 
market-place, full of lofty buildings whereof none overpassed the 
others, and found all its shops open, with, the scales hung out 
and the brasen vessels ordered and the caravanserais full of all 

^ Anh. frani tJic PtriLiii. TKis ii the \0154 dait piSMite which Icadj t* tht 

tniicf ifuin gate of nji Euicm city, ituS ivKich is tmiti ixp htme s itcgc. It it uiiudly 
futnifthrd wirh MiufslkilKLvc&iilVa cif wdol an:! iirtJ formi a Ln 

ht>t wrathcr. Kence T^t «nd tar itrid »tw <.1 in the vul luerc man. tpciki wiiii 

hit cncmici 

The Cm or Bkasb. 


mnrtnpT goods^ and they beheld the merchants sitting cm the 
&hop'board 5 dead, with shrivelled skin and rotted bones, a 'wam' 
ing to those who can take warning; and here they saw four 
separate markets all replete with wealth. Tlicn they left d»c 
great basir and went on till they came to the silk market, 
where they found silks and brocades, orfrayed witli red gold 
and diapered with white silver upon all manner of coloura, and 
the owners lying dead upon mats ot scented goats leather, and 
looking as if they would sp^; after which they traversed the 
tnarket-street of pcarb and rubies and odier |cw^ and came to 
that of the schroffs and motiey-diangcrB, whom ^ey saw sitting 
dead upon carpets of raw silk and dyed stuffs m shops ^fuU of 
gold and silver. Thence they passed to the perfumers bazar 
where they found the shops hlled with drugs of all kinds and 
bladders of musk and ambeigris and hfadd'seent and camphor 
and other perfumes, in vessels of ivory and ebony and Khalany 
wood and Andalusian copper, the which is equal in value to 
gold; and various kinds of rattan and Indi^ cane; but the 
shopkeepers all lay dead nor was there with them aught of 
food. And hard by this drug-market they came upon a palace, 
imposingly edified and magnificently decorated: so they entered 
and found therein banners displayed and drawn sword'blades 
and strung bows and bucklers hanging by chains of gold and 
silver and gilded with red gold. In the vesribulK stood 

benches of ivory, plated with glittering gold and cojvercd with 
stilren stuffs, whereon lay men, whose skin had dried up on thrcir 
bones; the fool had deemed them sleeping; bur, for lack of food, 
tlicy had perished and tasted the cup of death. Now when the 
Emir Musa saw this, he stood still, glorifying Allah the Most 
High and hallow'ing Him and contemplating the beauty of the 
palace and the massiveness of its masonry and fair perfection of 
its ordmance, for it was builded after the goodliest and stablest 
fashion and the most part of its adornment was of given' tapis^ 

"■TH* niirte* of trttoiiTt iw ti IdomIv usciJ t^y tlic Aratu a* WCImkcs of Etirnpej 
for Ifiitapjcirp a. lighr pti;y ia a “blue cw a preen hmic-'' Murb ronicaie hai iwen 

written upon tjir cuAmirt tn fionicf by men Hfliwft imofitnt diil tiJt *ctnl-civibttd deccnTtiric 
Dna u wc da. Tbty mc tiiKn but they tfo fluc fiSjiic them, hi^ni'ing iw? occsfton for fnc 
wurrf*, Aa I hn« noikedi bo*evcr, the Arsbi hive t iijfTfdRokipy for ibe 

varistwa of bwe-hiTn. U vto uAtnessai thf bsr:h uf c^^fiwjrtp nffmed by inq 

daten, beemue rtquired by womcir» dfess 


Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

jazuli; and on the inner door^ which stood open, were written in 
characters of gold and ultramarine, these couplets, 

"Consider thou. O nian. what dwsc places to thee showed • And be upm 
tfay guard «e thou travel the same road: 

And prepare thee good provisioii some day may serve thy turn * For each 
dw^cr in thi: houre needs must yede wi’ ibose who yode 
Consider htiw people thdr palaces adorned • And m dust have been 
pigged for the seed of acts they aiwcd: 

They bud c but their bmlding availed them not, and hoards * Nor saved their 
lives nor day of Etestiny followed: 

How often did they hope for what things were undcidrcod, • And passed 
unto their tomba before Hope the bomity showed: 

And from high and awfuj state ^1 a-sudden d^cy were sent * To the stnit' 
ne^ of me grave and obJ base is their abode: 

Then came to titan a Crier after burial and cried, • What booted thrcjneSi 
or crowns or the raid to you bestowed: 

Where now are gone tne facB hid by emram and by vdt, * Whose charms 
were told in proverbs, those beauties it*hi'Oiodr? 

The tombs aloud reply to the quesekmere and cry, * 'Death’s canker and 
decay those rosy chedb cortmkr 

Long time they ate and drank, but their joyiunce had a team; * And the 
eater dke was eaten, and was eaten by the wonn,*' 

When the Emir read this, he wept, till he was like to swoon away, 

--And Shahraiad perodved the dawn of day and ceased saying 

her permitted say. 

tBiten it tuasi tf|^ ^nbreh anb £icbtntp'(ifth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspiciom King, that the Emir 
wept till he was like to swoon away, and bade write down the 
verses, after which he passed on into the inner palace and came to 
a vast hall, at each of whose four comers, sto^ a pavilion lofty 
and spacious, washed with gold and silver and painted in various 
colours. In the heart of the hall was a great jetdng^fountain of 
alabaster, surmounted by a canopy of brocade, and in each pavilion 
was a sitting'place and each place had its richly'W'rought fountain 
and tank pavM with marble and streams flowing in channels along 
the floor and meeting in a great and grand cistern of tDany-colouried 
marbles. Quoth the Emir to the Shaykh Abd al'Samad, “Come, 
let us visit yonder pavilion!'’ So they entered the first and found 
it full of gold and ffiver and pearls and jaciatbs and other pnedous 

The Crrv of Brass. 


stones and metals, besides chests Bled with brocades, red and 
yellow and white. Then they repaired to the second pavilion, and, 
opening a closet there, found it full of arms and annour, such as 
^ded hdmets and Davidean' hauberks and Hindi swords and Ara" 
Bian spears and Chorasmian' maces and other gear of 6ght and 
fray. Thence they passed to the third pavilion, wherein they saw 
closets padlocked and covered with curtains wrought w ith all man' 
ner of embroidery. They opened one of these and found it full of 
weapons curiously adorned with open work and with gold and 
silver damascene and Jewels. Then they entered the fourth pavi- 
Uofi, and opening one of the closets tliere, beheld in it great store 
of eating and drinking vessels of gold and silver, with platters of 
crystal and goblets set with fine pearls and cups of camelian and 
so forth. So they all fell to taking that w'hich suited cbdr castes 
and each of the soldiers carried otf what he could. When they 
left the pavilmns, they saw in the midst of the palace a door of 
teak'wood marquetried with ivory and ebony and plated with glit' 
teiing gold, over which hung a silken curtain puHled with all 
manner of embroideries; and on this door were locks of white sdver, 
that opened by artifice without a key, The Shaykh Abd al'Samad 
went valiantly up thereto and by the aid of Ws knowledge and 
skill opened the Itxks, whereupon the door admitted them into a 
corridor paved with marble and hung with veil'likjc’ tapestries em- 
bnoidered with figures of all manner beasts and birds, whose bodies 
were of red gold and white silver and their eyes of pearb and 
rubies, am azin g all who looked upon them. Passing onwards they 
came to a saloon builded all of polished marble, inlaid with jewels, 
which seemed to the beholder as though the floor were flowing 
water^ and whoso walked thereon slipped. The Emir bade the 
Shaykh strew somewhat upon it, that they might walk over it; 
which being done, they made shift to fare forwards rill they came 

* Fuf miiaflcq oF RistaHurgy aetf TftU I. Itfi, 

^ Arib. the Iniid cf ibe Clicinwfsid+ who Arc pncntisned by Kcr^aius 

Ci!+ 93) ah4| a hmi 0 / cl»t3cd. They k in SdgJjiinB Sugbd) a.nd 

It csQirespoadi with the Kiiiv« cotustry- 

■ Arab. “SurkaV" UHisily Applied iq ■ wofruin** facc-Tcil uuJ hence che of 

the whinzh u the^'Bri Jeof Mwrah/^ 

♦Alfudltig Itj the trick played upon Btikft hr ScJcinidn who hojl hcani thar her ley* 
were h4iry hke th^fc nf an ius 1 he Intd dciwn o piLVemcJir df gIdEs drer VArer in 

frhich Afh Were ifwimming and chiti »he ralied hef iklrca && ahe apipftijichdti hlin und he 
rrv iKae the tvpott wo; trae. Hcncc, u 1 Kaye said, the dep^larary. (Koran mni.) 



Al; L4YLAH WA Layiah. 

to a great domett pavilion of stone, gilded with red gold and 
crovtued with a cupola of alabaster, about which were set lattice' 
windows carved and jewelled with rods of cincnUd,* beyond the 
competence of any King, Under this dome was a canopy of bro^ 
cade, reposing upoo pillars of red gold and wrought with figures of 
birds whose leet were of stnaragd, and beneath each bird was a 
network of fresh'hucd pearls, canopy was spread above a 
jetting fountain of ivory and camelian, plated with glittering gold 
and thereby stood a couch set with pearls and rubies and other 
jewels and beside the couch a pillar of gold. On the capital of the 
column stood a bird fashio ned of red rubies and holding to his 
bill a pearl which shone hke a star; and on the couch lay a damsel, 
as she were the Uiddent sun, eyes never saw a fairer. She wore a 
tight-fitting body'robe of fine pearls, with a crown of red gold on 
her head, filleted with gems, and on her forehead were two great 
jewels, whose light was as the light of the sun. On her breast she 
w'ore a jewelled amulet, filled with musk and ambergrh and worth 
the empire of the Cxsars; and around her neck hung a collar of 
rubies and great pearls, hollowed and filled with udotif^us musk. 
And it seemed as if she ga^d on them to the right and to the 

left.--And Shahmaad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to 

say her permicted say. 

®l)cn ft Uwsf the iFibe ©unbeeh anh #>ebcn(|'-sixth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the damsel 
seemed to be gai;ing at the folk to tlie right and to the left. The 
Emir Musa marvelled .xt her exceeding beauty and was confounded 
at the blackness of her hair and the redness of her cheeks, which 
made the beholder deem her alive and not dead, and said to her, 
“■Pcace be with thee, O damsel!" But Talib ibn Sahl said to 
him, "Allah preserve thee, O Enur. verily this damsel is dead and 
there is no life in her; so how shall she return thy .salam?"; 
adding, "Indeed, she is but a corpse embalmed w'ith exceeding 
art: her eyes were taken out after iier death and quicksilver set 
under them, after which they were restored to their sockets. 
Wherefore they glisten and when the air moveth the lashes, she 

* T iiiiffcnrAnLl ihc tuTioniJjr c^m^i wiiuiowi cur In uutkdqDc-^weric of miRrbk fTmlja) 
or bd^t ftiic HMunn) vid mth arjiaitl p4Vitt ti( MTt Ifi cmerdfli whefc m- 

foil urotiKtl be y-i«J vujuaf- 

Tile Ctty of Bkass- 


fiemetb to wink and it appeareth to the beholder as though she 
locked at him^ for all she is dead." At this the Eioir marvelied 
be^nd measure and said, "Glory be to God who subjugateth 
His cieatvires to the dominion ot Death!" Now the couch on 
which the damsel lay, had steps, and thereon stood twu statues 
of Andalusian copper representing slaves, one white and the 
other black. The larst had a mace of sted* and the second a 
sword of watered steel which daisied the eye; and berween 
them, on one of the steps ot the couch, lay a golden tablet, 
whereon were written, m characters of white silver, the follow* 
ing words; “In the name of God. the Compassionating, the Com* 
passionaDe! Praise be to Allah, the Creator of mankind; and 
He is the Lord of Lords, the Causer of Qiuses! In the name of 
Allah, the Nevet'beginning, the Everlasting, the Ordainer of Fate 
and Fortune! O son of Adam? what hath befooled thee in this 
long esperanoc? What hath unminded thee of the Death-day's 
mischance? Knowest thou not that Death caJIeth for thee and 
Iiasteneth to seite upon the soul of thee? Be ready, therefore, for 
the way and prox-ide thee for thy departure from the world; for, 
assuredly, thou shaJt leave it without dehiy. ^Tiere is Adam, first 
of humanity? Where is Noah with his progeny? Whae be the 
Kings of Hind and Inik*pliun and they who over earth s widest 
regions rdgn? WHaere do the Amalckites abide and the giants and 
tyrants of olden tide? Indeed, the dweHing'pbces are void of 
them and they have deported from kindred and home. Where be 
the Kings of Arab and Ajam? They ai^ dead, all of them, and 
gone and are become rotten bones. Where be the lords so high 
in stead? They are all done dead. Where are Kora and Haman? 
Where is Shaddad son of Ad? Where be Canaan and ZuT 
Autad,’ Lord of the Stakes? By Allah, the Reaper of lives hath 

* Arib. "Bialiii" freus ib^ Pert Ktnce tbc najne oF t!ic fjrnQiit DruET fiiiitly 

JE <:nmiritwn q( a' SmL 

ici enUfll m 11) bdcauK he tettureJ mm hry fj5trnin| thmn 

|ti fi^cir s-tikei into ttic SbIc cdhtrivcr of the jjui 

^di, ^^ScEmu onilcTVCaTid ihi wwd dF the £tin esnKliihmcttt n( f^Qmnh't 

kin^doai^ the ^ji their tenti vnih. but they may mfczul 

thu prince's qiifttjiiiicv «ii(J horiiliices of heart," 1 mtr nw that in 'TtiaAwuC* <it 
M« tem Gmas-tidvmr ni4rimh rcFTroenta^ like Protncihesit and Job^ ihr irptcal rmture 
who upholdi hai own dlgikltv nutj in ptidcnce and deflipi,^lit of ihc CreACor SJhib 
the S^n dAdarea dimr the accrct of iTiBn''c 90ul {f.r, iti cmBiEKDon) wai ^rtr when 

Fhomnlk dti:krad him^F findi and ALGhnatili in hh clium ilie Kxat noble oapinidmi 
CQ the divine, timetc k the human ipirit tDitbartan^ vol, iti.) 


Alf Laylah wa Laviah, 

reaped them and made void the lands of them. Did they provide 
them against die Day ot Resurrection or make ready to answer 
the Lord of men? O thou, if thou know me not, I will acquaint 
thee with my name: I am Tadmurah,' daughter of the Kings of 
the Amalekites, of those who held dominion over the lands in 

X 'ty and brought low the necks of humanity. I possessed that 
di never King possessed and was righteous in my rule and 
did justice among my lieges; yea, 1 gave gifts and largesse and 
freed bondsmen and bondwomen. Thus Bved I many years in 
all ease and delight of life, till Death knocked at my ci^r and to 
me and to my folk befel calamities galore; and it was on this 
wise. There betided us seven successive years of drought, wherein 
no drop of rain fell on us from the skies and no gn^n thing 
sprouted for us on the face of earth.” So we ate what was with us 
of victual, then we fell upon the cattle and devoured them, until 
nothing was left. Thereupon I let bring my treasures and meted 
them with measures and sent out trusty men to buy food. They 
drcuited all the lands in quest thereof and left no city unsought, 
but found it not to be bought and returned to us with the treasure 
after a long absence; and gave us to know that they could not 
succeed in bartering fine pearls for poor w'heat, bushel for bushel, 
w’eight for weight, So, when we despaired of succour, we dis* * 
played all our riches and things of price and. shutting the gates 
of the city and its strong plac<a, resigned ourselves to the dfmg 
of our Lord and committed our case to our King. Then we all 
died,* as thou secst us, and left Tvhat we had builded and all we 
had hoarded, Thus, then, is our story, and after the substance 
naught abideth but the trace,” Then they looked at the foot of 
the tablet and read these couplets, 

“O cfiild cf Adam, let not hope make mock and fiytc at dice, • Fran ail thy 
hands have treasured, removed thou ^It be; 

I ace thou covetest the world and fleeting woridJy charma, * And race paat 
and gone haw done the same O/S thou I sec. 

Lawful and lawlcs wealth they goii but all thdr hoarded siore, • Their term 
accomplished, naught dclaj^ of Deetmy's decree, 

’ [n ihc Cde. Edls. ‘Turmui, *on of the duigliter," etc, i* the AnhA 

Tildin^ (Pllihjrra) wbs built by QuechTadmurah, Jaughtcr ufMafiJn bln Ctaynah. 

' it is only br *“iif such dnotu|dif thit 1 can Account for the tumcAl of those marvtUoqs 
Kauratii ciiie* in the grtic irallty S. E. of Damaacut, 

* So Moks deKribaJ his otrn du di tuid burial. 

TtLE City of Bilass. 


Armis they led and puissam onen and gained them gnld galore: • 'nien left 
tbdr wealth and palaces by Fate oompeUed in flee^ 

Tostraitness the giavc-yard and humble bod of dust * Whence, pledged 
for evtfy word and deed, they never more win fret: 

As a company of travellm had unloaded in the ni^t • At house tliat lackoih 
food nM is o'erfain of company: 

Whose owner saith, 'O folk, iheie he no lodging here for you:' • So packed 
they who had erst unpacked and fared hurncdly: 

MHik ing much the march, nnr the journey nor the halt • Hid aught of 
pleasant chances or had aught of goodly gat. 

Then prepare thou good provision for to-morrow* journey stored, • Haught 
but li^teaus honrst life shall avail thee with the LonJ!** 

Aad the hmir Musa wepe as he n:ad, “By Allah, the fear of the 
Lord is the best of all proper^, the pillar of certainty and the 
sole sure stay. Verily, Death is the truth inanifest and the sure 
behest, and therein, O thou, is the goal and returu'place evident. 
Take wTuning, therefore, by those who to the dust did wend and 
hastened on the way of the predestined end, Seest thou not that 
hnary hairs s umm on thee to the tomb and that the whiteness of 
thy locks maketh moan of thy doom? Wherefore be thou on 
the wake ready for thy departure and thine account to make. O 
son of Adam, wha: bath hardened thy heart in mode abhorred? 
What hath seduced thee from the service of thy Lord? Where 
be the peoples of old tinic? They are a warning to whoso will 
be warned! Where be the Kings of Al'Sin and the lords of 
majestic mien? Where is Shaddad bin Ad and whatso he built 
and he stabliahed? "'Miere is Nimrod who revolted against 
Allah and de£ed Him? Where is Pharaoh who rebelled against 
God and denied Him? Death followed hard upon the trail of 
t hem all, and laid them low sparing neither great nor small, male 
nor female; and the Reaper of hfenkind cut them oif, yea, by 
Him who maketh night to return upon day! Know, O thou who 
comest to this place, that she whom thou seest here was not 
deluded by the world and its frail delights, for it is faithless, 
perfidious, a house of ruin, vain and treacherous; and salutary 
to the creature is the remembrance of his sins; wherefore she 
feared her Lord and made fair her dealings and provided herself 
with provaunt against the appointed marching-day. ''ATioso 
Cometh to our dty and Allah voudisofeth him competence to 
enter it. Set him t^e of the treasure all ha can, but touch not 

Alf Laylah wa Layiah. 


aught that is ou my body, for it ia the covering of my shame^ 
and the outht for the last journey; wherefore let him fear Allah 
and despoil naught thereof; else will he destroy his own self. 
This have 1 set forth to him for a warning from me and a solemn 
trust to be; wherewith, peace be with ye and 1 pray Allah to 

keep you from sickness and calamity.’*-And Shahiazad per 

ccived the dawn of day and ceased saying her permicted say> 

Ifilien it tlte Jfthe lUjunhrth <tnb ^thentp^eehent^ 

She said, it hath readied me, O auspidous King, that when the 
Emir Musa read this, he wept with exceeding weeping till he 
swooned away and presently comii^ to himself, wrote down all 
he had seen and was admonished by all he had witnessed. Then 
he said to his men, ’'Fetch tlie camels and load them wid^ these 
tncastires and vases and jewels." "O Emir," ask^ Talib, "shall 
we leave our damsel with what is upon her, things wliich have no 
equal and whose like is not to be found and more perfea than 
aught else thou takest; nor couldst thou find a goodlier o^ering 
wherewithal to propitiate the favour of the Commander of the 
Faithful?" But Musa answered, "O man, heardest thou not 
what the Lady saith on this tablet? More by token that she 
giveth it in trust to us w'ho are no traitors ” ‘And shall we," 
rejoined the Wazsr Talib, "because of these words, leave all these 
riches and jewels, scdng that she is dead? What should she do 
with these that are the adornment of the world and the oma^ 
ment of the W'orIdling, sedng that one garment of cotton would 
suffice for her covering? Wc have more right to them than she." 
So saying he mounted the steps of the couch between the pillars, 
but when he come within reach of the two ^ves, lo! the mace' 
liearer smote him on the liack and the other struck him with the 
sword be held in his hand and lopped off his head, and he dropped 
down dead. Quoth the Emir, "Allah have no mercy on thy 
restfng'place? Indeed there was enough in these treasures; and 
greed of gain assuredly degradeth a man." Then ^ bade admit 

^ A jHan'i fium tht nnTfl frndiu!^^ HO hU Icnecfl * Wwmi** 

fttiai the uf the hemJ to the ii|>i of hsT toci. i hare ihotif«d the Hifidmtial 

ippficatTrtfi of the von). 

Tm Crry Of Baass- 


the troops; so they entered and loaded the camels with those 
ti^asures and precious ora; after which they went forth and the 
Emir commanded them to shut the gate as before. They fared 
on along the sea'shore a whole months till they came m sight 
of a high mountaiti overlooking the sea and ftill of caves, wherein 
dwelt a tribe of blacks, dad in bides, witli bomooses ako of hide 
and speaking an unknown tongue. When they saw the troo^ they 
were startled like shying steeds and fled into the caverns, w^hilst 
their women and chiidrcn stood at the cave^doDtSi looking on the 
strangeirs. “O Shaykh Abd ai^Saumd,"" asked the Emir, what 
are d’lese folk?'* and he smswcred, “They are those whom wt seek 
for the Commander of the Faithful-’" So they dismounted and 
setting down their loads^ pitclvcd thmr tents; w'hereu^n, almost 
before they had done^ down came the King of the black? from the 
mountain and drew near the camp. Now he undcrst^^ the 
Arabic tongue; so, w'hen he came to the Emir he saluted h^ with 
the salam and Musa tetumed his gn^iting and entreated him with 
honour. Then quoth he to the Emir, '*Are ye men or Jinn? 
^^Well, we are quoth Musa: *'but doubtless yc are Jinn, to 

judge by your dwelling apart in this mciunciin which is cut off 
from mankind, and by your inordinate bulk, Nay, rejoined 
the black; ”we also are children of Adam, of the lineage of Ham, 
of Noah (with whom be peace!), and this sea is known as 
At^Karkar." Asked Musa, King, what is your rdigion and 
w^hat worship ye?’; and he answered^ saying, "We wnr^hip the 
God of the heavens and our religion is that of Mohammed, w'hom 
AUah bless and preserver’ '*And how came yc by the knowledge 
of this/* questioned the Emir, ^^sceirvg that nn prophet was in^ired 
to visit this country?" "Know, Emir/ replied the King, that 
there appeared to 115 whilete from out the sea a man» from whom 
issued a light that iUumined the horizons and he cned out, 10 a 
voice which was heard of men far and near, saying, O children of 
Ham* reverence to Him who sceth and is not seen and say ye* 
There is no god but the Gock and Mohpunmed is the messenger of 
Godf And he added* 'I am Abu al-Abbas al-Khizr.^ Before 
this we were wont to wordup one anodier* but he summoned us to 
the service of the Lord of all creatures: and he taught us to repeat 
th^^ words. There is no god save the God nJone* who hath for 
partner none, and His is the kingdom and His is the ptaiso. He 
giveth hfe and death and bic CKcr alt things is Ainught)'. Nor 


Alf Layi-ah wa Lavlah. 

do we draw near unto AUah (be He exalted and eattoUed!) except 
w'lth these words, for we know none other; but every eve before 
Friiy* we see a light upon the face of earth and we hear a voice 
sayjng, ‘Holy and gbrious, Lord of the /\ngcU and the Spiritl 
What He wilkth is. and what He willeth not, is not. Every boon 
is of His grace and there is neither Majesty nor is there Might 
save in Allah, the Glorious, the Great!' But yc,*' quoth the 
King, "who and what arc ye and what bringeth you to this land?” 
Quo^ hlusa, “We are officers of the Sovereign of AMslam, the 
Commander of the Faithful, Abd al'Malik bin Marwan, who hath 
heard tell of the lord Solomon, sem of David (on whom be peace!) 
and of that which the Most High bestowed upon him of supreme 
dominion; how he held sway over Jinn and beast and bird and 
was wont when he was wroth with one of the Marids, to shut Eum 
in a cucurbitc of brass and, stopping its mouth on him with 
whereon he impressed his seal-ring, to cast him into the sea of 
Al'Karkar. How we have heard tell that this sea is nigh your 
land; so the Commander of the Faithful hath sent us hither, to 
bring him some of these cucurbites, that he may look thercem and 
solace himself with their sight. Such, then, is our case and what 
we seek of thee, O King, and we desire that thou further us in the 
accomphshment of our errand commanded by the Commander of 
the Faithful.” “With love and gladness,'* replied the black King, 
and carrying them to the guest'house, entreated them with the 
utmost honour and furnished them with all they needed, feeding 
them upon fish. They abode thus three days, when he bade his 
divers fetch from out the sea some of the vessels of Solomon. So 
they dived and brought up twdvc cucurbites, whereat the Emir 
and the Shaybh and all the company rejoiced in the accomplish¬ 
ment of the Caliph's need. Then Musa gave the King of the 
blacks many and great gifts; and he, in turn, made him a present 

* AriiK **Jurn'jh” (=^ilic iJSCtnbEv}SQ bcc&4i>c the Gcncrii Resumetkiiiwill E^e 

ptflcc m that dij Asd k wif nened the erf a lion qF AdAm- tiiLcic bjt? evidently 

u rJic Jews received ■ divine erder fo keep Satuniay^ ind ihe CJiHiitiPi&Af 
Ai. [heir awn sweet will, trsEigfmial die wccktjr feiE^ai^ ta Suddjiyf wherefore the Mcilcm 
prtrcTTvd Friday^ howc^r* lA nnknawti to Ak'Ubm tinii buiinei? ti 

inierrupreJ, by Ktststnic order {kii, 9-10)* only duruig congreitAtionAl pruyc™ in ibe 
Moiquc- The mm: s MahAmmedso does h not to vor^ m crdTeJ till s/rrr puhbe seirice^ 
But the Moilctci hifdly warts a "'diy of re*l whcF&u i Chriariim, espcdilly tn tbe 
dopcntcly dull roLirineofdjiilyTifcAmi toil^ wuhcKJl sg^cAin ofEi^E to break ihedArknM 
gl his dviliiexl uui mcp«t (mbappy cxii.ixnPC| dltdnciJf requires it. 

Tub City op Brasis. 


of the wondos of ch£ deep» being bshes in hum^ fonn,* saying 
"Your entertaininent these three days hath been of the meat 
of thrae Quoth the Emir, “Needs must we carry some of 
these to the Caliph for the sight of them will pl^ise him more 
than the cucurbites of Solomon*" Then they took leave of the 
black King and, setting out on their homeward ioumey^ traveUed 
oil they t Mtn e to Damascus, where Musa went in to the Gom* 
mani-w of thc Faithful and told him aU that he had sighted and 
heard of verses and legends and instances, together with 
ittanngr of the death of Talib bin Sahl; and the Caliph said, 
"Would I had been with you, that I might have seen what you 
aw!” Then he took the brazen vessels and opened them, cucur* 
bite after cucurbite, whereupon the devils came fotth of them, 
saying. "We repent, O Prophet of Allah! Ne\'er again will we 
return to the like of this thing; no never!” And the Caltph 
marvelled at this. As for the daughters of the dera presen^ to 
them by the bla^ King, they made them dstemsof planks, full of 
water, and laid them therein; but they died of the great heat- 
Then the Caliph sent for the spoils of the Brazen City and divided 

diem among the Faithful,-^And aahrazad peredved the dawn 

of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

ffllltit it tnas dtt JTihe i^unbreb anb fi^cbentp<cight& 

She said. It bath reached me, O auspicious King, that the Caliph 
marvelled much at the cucurbites and their contents; then he sent 
for the spoils and divided them among the Faithful, saying, 
“Never gav'e Allah unto any thc like of that which He bestowed 
upon Solomon David-son!" Thereupon the Emir Mi^ sou^t 
leave of htm to appoint his son Governor of the Province in his 
stead, that he might betake himself to the Holy City of Jcrusal^i, 
there to worship Albh- So thc Comni^der of thc Faithful 
invested his son HajiJn with the government and Musa: rep^n^ 
to the Glorious and Holy City* where he died. This, theu^ is aU 
that hath come down to us of story of the City of Brass, and 

* which wKsTesclf tverywherc and In cvtrrthiTVf, muii 

In lU the cicmmti, mf iSylpha)* Rrt fMermcJi tnd Kvd Eafiii 

(Kobddj^. Thoe menromefs wcfc of oocjK Kib or niiojitce*, w the wild ol 

HAnno were gurilUl- 

12 ^ 


God is All-knowing!---Now (continued Shahn^ad) I have 

another tale to tell anent the 


There was, in days of yore and in ages and times long gone 
before, a puissant King among the Kings of China, the crown of 
crowned heads, who ruled over many men of war and vassals with 
wisdom and Justice, might and majesty; equitable to his Ryots, 
liheml to his lieges and dearly beloved by the hearts of his sub¬ 
jects. He was wealthy as he was powerful, but he had grown 
old without being blessed with a son, and this caused him sore 
affliction. He could only brood over the cutdn| off of his seed 
and the oblivion that would bury his name and the passing of 
his realm into tlfc stranger s hands. So he sedud^ himself 
in his palace, never going in and out or rising and taking rest 
till the lieges lost all tidings of him and were sore perplexed 
and began to talk about thdr King. Some said, “He’s dead”; 
others said, “No, he*s not"; but all resolved to find a ruler who 
could reign over them and carry out the customs of government. 
At last, utterly despairing of male issue, he sought the intercession 
of the Prophet (whom Allah bless and keep!) with the Most 
High and implored Him, by the glory of His Prophets and 
Saints and Martyr? and otlters of the Faithful who were accept¬ 
able to Heaven that he would grant him a son, to be the cooJth 
of his eyes and heir to the kingdom after him. Then he rose 
forthright and, withdrawing to his sitting'saloon, sent for his wife 

^ Henc Slnifibifii-nfflnAh^ the crriigin of Ikilirpithoft (thirrecufh coitiEr^ tr^ tll£ 

Tfduv^ i>F tht {John IfAtEund Ln the ^^Sewets WJse 

and i hmr of mlnnr nomanccfl- 'Pht Pcrtliin Sindibid-Nimah imufntd In 
pf«r« idiajve in AJJ* ISTf- P^fciiwr r^lconer printifd atiitTacf nf it in tKe Ori-ent 
Jaunt. (scsxT, and 13411^ arul Mi, W. A, the "Book of Hirnlibad,*’ 

with lafltyf nqtea In EIBJ34. Ar\ ^bftrart of the Pcniian work ri found in all cditi. of The 
Ktghia; but tho' differ cSpcoall^ thai in ih^^ ftreal. Edit- SOI-23”-3'T7, from 

which [ honrtw the totroducitott. Acoorrdjng ta K:jnixah lkfah£ni itiu al3.) the RegaU 
who m4?czcdcd TO Alrxitider tht Gnt amf t^tecxtioJ ctft^ iomo Rvrtii^ hooka to 
bf eompoaeil Airiottgtt which wm the liber Mwe, Uber Biratniii, IJber Sindibad^ 
Liber CEC.^ eiCi 

The Craft a>uj Mauce of Women. 


who was the daughter of his unde. Now this Queen was of sur* 
passing beauty and lovdmess, the fairest of all bis wives and the 
dearest to him as she was the nearest: and to boot a woman 
of excellent wit and passing judgement. She found the King 
dejected and sorrowful, cearful>cyed and heavy'bearted; so she 
kissed ground between his liands and saj^ '‘O King, may my life 
ransom thy life! may Time never prove thy foe, nor the shifts of 
Fortune prevail over thee; may Allah grant thee every joy and 
ward off from thee all annoy! How is it I see thee brooding over 
thy case^and tormented by the displeasures of memory?" He 
replied. Thou wettest well that I am a man now shotten in y^rs, 
who hath never been blessed with a son, a sight to cool his eyes; 
so I know that my kingdom shall pass away to the stranger in 
blood and my name and memory will be blotted out amongst 
mat. Tis dm causedi me to grieve with excessive grief." "Allah 
do away with thy sonxws,” tjuoth she: "long ere rhw day a 
thought struck me; and yearning for issue arose in my heart 
even as in thine. One night I dreamed a dream and a voice 
said to me, “The King thy husband pineth for progeny: if a 
daughter be vouchsafed to him, she will be the ruin of Yds 
realm; if a son, the youth will undeigp much trouble and 
annoy but be will pass through it without loss of life. Such a 
son can be conceived by thee and thee only and the time of 
thy conception is when the moon conjoineth with Gemini!' I 
woke from my dream, but after what I lieard that voice declare 
i refrained from breeding and would not consent to bear chil- 
dten.” "TK^ is no help for it hut that 1 have a son, Inshallah, 
'—God willing!” cried the King. Thereupon she soothed and 
consoled him till he forgot his sorrows and went forth amongst 
the lieges and sat, as of wont, upon his throne of estate. All 
rejoiced to see him once more and especiall}' the Lords of his 
re^m. Now W'hen the conjuncrion of the moon and Gemini t(x>k 
place, the King knew his wife carnally and, by order of Allah 
Almighty she became pregnant. Presently she anounced the 
glad tidings to her husiWd and led her usujJ life unti! her riin<> 
months of pregnancy were completed and she bare a male child 
whose face \v^ as the rondure of the moon on its fourteenth 
night. The lieges of the realm congiatulated one another thf:re- 
anent and the King commanded an assembly of hi= Olema and 
philosophers, astrologers and hoioscopists, whom he thus, ad- 
dressed, “1 desire you bo forecast the fortune of my srei and 


Alt Laylah wa Laylah. 

to determine his ascendant^ and whatever is diown by his 
nativityThey replied " TiiS well, in Allah’s name, let us do 
sol" and rast his nativity with all diligenoe. After ascertaining 
his ascendant, they pronounced judgemoit in these words, “We 
see his lot favour^le and his life viable and durable; save that 
a danger awaiteth his youth." The father was sorely concerned 
at this saying, when they added "But, O Ki^g, he shall escape 
from it nor shall aught of injury accrue to him!" Hereupon the 
King cast aside all cark and care and robed the wizards and 
dismissed them with splendid honoraria: and he resigned himself 
to the will of Heaven and acknowledged that the decrees of 
destiny may not be countervailed. He committed his Exjy to 
wet nurses and dry nurses, handmaids and eunuchs, leaving 
him to grow and fill out in the l^uim till he reached the 
age of seven. Then he addressed letters to his Viceroys and 
C^vemors in every clime and by their means gathered together 
Olema and philosophers and doctors of law and religion, from 
all countries, to a number of three hun^d and three score. He 
held an especial assembly for them and, when all were in presence, 
he bade them draw near him and be at their ease while he sent for 
the food'tmi^ and all ate their sufficiency. And when the banquet 
ended and the wizards liad taken seats in their several degrWs, 
the King asked chan, “Wot ye wherefore I have gathered ye to¬ 
gether?"; whereto all answered, "We wot not, O Kingl" He con- 
tinued, * *‘It is my wish that you select from amongst you fifty men, 
and from these fifty ten, and from these ten tjne, that he may teach 
my son omnem rem scibilem; for whenas I see the youth perfect 
in all science, I will share my dignity with the ftince and make 
him partner with me in my possessions." "Know, O King," they 
replied, “that among us none is more teamed or more excellent 
th^ AJ-Sindibad.* bight the Sage, who woneth in thy capital 

* Euxbiuf De Pf^p. Evan^ iit 4p PrqpJi tiy amccfning tht Egyponn belief in 

rhe Lorda of die As^cndiwii m giTen lif toC? in tJicse 

wt Jiavc the first abnjinu^ the first Drwfpdpei- in the 


* “Al-MjE'ildl/' the of ihs Ambsp'* ihua nodM the (in hit 

MojftTp written ftbo4it A,J>. ''Durtiiff the reign of Kujfuih (Cyrai) Ijvfli AI- 

Sffsdibjuj wrote rJie Seven Waxirs, had also named hintj arc- 

AD ^gO. For noiM on ihc name Slodlb&d, fee Slndb^d the Seainanp, Night dstuvi. I 

Ttitn ihr hitenry of the '‘Scvefi Saffctp" A book evidenriy dder thaji The 
Nighta in prefent form; hxt rdat the rcitler m Mr. ClcHuttin, of vhnoi mm in t famtt 

Th£ Craft amd Mauc£ op Womxm. iif 

under thy protection. If such be thy design, summon him and 
bid him do thy will.'* * The ICing acted upon their advice and the 
Sage, standing in the presence, expressed his loyal sentiments with 
his salutation, whereupon his Sovereipi bade him draw mgh and 
thus raised his rank, saying, “1 would have thee to know, O Sage, 
that I summoned this assembly of the learned and them 
choose me out a man to teach my son all knowledge; when they 
selected thee without dissenting diought or voice. If, then, thou 
feel capable of what they claimed for thee, come thou to the task 
and undentand that a man's son and heir is the very fruit of his 
vitals and core of his heart and liver. My desire of thee is ihme 
instruction of him; and to happy issue Allah guidethi*' The 
King then sent for his son and committed him to AbSindibad 
conditioning the Sage to finish his cduc^on in three years. He 
did accordingly but, at the end of that time, the young Prince 
had learned nothing, his mind being wholly occupied with play 
and disport; and when summoned and examined by his sire, 
behold, his knowledge was as niL Thcitupon the King turned 
his attention to the learned once more and bade them elect a tutor 
for his youth; so they asked, "And what hath his governor, Al' 
Sindibad, been doing?” and w'hen the King answered, "He hath 
taught my son naught;'* the Olema and philosophers and high 
oiScers summoned the instructor and said to him, "O Sage, 
what prevented thee from teaching the King's son during this 
length of days?" “0 wise mim^" he replied, “the Prince’s 
mind is wholly occupied with disport and play; yet, an the 
King will make with me three conditions and keep to them, 
f will teach him in seven months what he would not learn 
(nor indeed could any other lesson Kim) within seven years." “I 
hearken to thee," quoth the King, “and 1 submit myself to thy 
conditions;" and quoth Al'SindiMd, “Hear from me, Sire, and 
bear in mind these three sayings, whereof the first is, ‘Do not to 
others what thou wouldest not they do unto thee*;* and second, 
*Do naught hastily without consulting the experienced'; an d 
thirdly, ‘Where thou hast power show pity/® In teaching th is 

^E^dcntl^ Ehn CKrisfiaru^ ^Sthou^h rhe Ijttcr (ram wfiien 

of the mofic femoie Yet the sajfin? is the baits of all mDraiir^ in few vo-rdi 

oontflin^ the hSgh»t human ynakfm, 

*le U mrioiii co oamp>irc the dry nuf tmianfa-ljlu [one of the Anti itytc with ihe 
ifaex)Ocicd Lccurianto of the Pmaaiii p, ZO of Mr. *^BoQk of Sindihiid-^* 



lad 1 require no more of thee but to accept these three dictes and 
adhere thereto." Gied the Knig^ ye witness against 

O ail ye here assembled, that I stand hrm by these conditions!' 
and caused a prices verBui to be drawn up with his personal 
security and the testimony of his courtiera. Thereupon the Sage, 
taking the Prince's hand, led him to his place, and the King sent 
them ail requisites of provaunt and kitchcn'batienes^ carpets and 
other furniture. Moreover the tutor bade build a house whose 
walls he lined with the whitest stucco painted over with ceruse,* 
and, lastly, he ddineated thereon all the objects concerning which 
he propo^ to lecture his pupil. When ^e place was duly fur* 
riishcd, he took the lad's hanef and installed him in the apattmait 
whidi was amply furnished with l^y'rimber; and, after stab- 
lishing him therein, went forth and fastened the door with seven 
padlocks. Nor did lie visit the Prince save every third day when 
he lessoned him on the knowledge to be extracted from the 
wall'pictures and renewed his provision of meat and drink, after 
which he left him again to solitude. So whenever the youth was 
straitened in breast by the tedium and ennui of loneliness, he 
applied himself diligently to his object-lessons and mastered ail 
the deductions thcreform. His governor seeing this turned his 
mind into other channel and taught liim the inner meanings of the 
external objects; and In a little time the pupil mastered eve^ 
requisite. Then the Sage took him ftom the house and taught him 
cavalarice and Jcri'd rkiy and archery. When the pupil had 
thoroughly mastered these arts, the tutor sent to the King inform- 
ing him that the Prince was perfect and complete in things 
required to figure favourably amongst his peers, Hereat the King 
rejoiced; and, summoning his Warirs and Lords of estate to be 
present at the examination, commanded the Sage to send his son 
into the presence. Thereupon Al-Sindibad consulted his pupil's 
horoscope and found it barred by an inauspicious oonjunaion 
which would last seven days; so, in sore affright for the youth’s 
life, he said, "Look into thy nativity'seheme." The Prince did so 
and, reoogniring the portent, feared for himself and presently 
asked the Sage, saying, "Wluit dost thou bid me do?” ‘T bid thee," 
he answered, '"remain silent and speak not a word during this 

^ In :lic pexz iht Pern ls|scd ib* Ki.=rthitc ia«tl foi 

vnmen'ir mir oT Qismuthp** Bkjaf Roittij de rimp^nireT 

PfflineT OpallnCr Milk of Beauty^ ttc. 

Th£ Crat^ ako Malice op Womem. 1^7 

ge'umghti even thougb thy aire slay thee with scourging. An thou 
pass safely through this period, diou slialt win to high rank and 
succeed to thy sire 5 reign; but an things go otherwise then the 
behest is with Allah from the beginning to the end thereof/* 
Quoth the pupih '*Thou art in fault, O preceptor, and thou hast 
shown undue haste in sending that message to the King before 
looking into my horoscojK. Hadst thou delayed till the week had 
passed alt had been well.' Quoth the tutor, '‘O my son, what was 
to be was; and the sole dciaulter therein was my ddight in thy 
scholarship. But now be firm in thy resolve; rely upon Allah 
Almighty and detexmine not to utter a single word,” 'Ibereupon 
the F^ce fared for the presence and was met by the Waaire who 
led him to his father The King accosted him and addressed him 
but he answered not; and sought speech of him but h> spake not. 
Whereupon the courtiers were astounded and the monarch, sore 
concerned for his son, summoned Al'Sindibad. But the tutor so 
hid himself that none could hit upon his trace nor gain tidings of 
him: and folk said, "He was ashamed to appear before the s 
majesty and the courtiers.** Under these conditions the Sovereign 
heard some of those present saying, “Send the lad to the Sen'agtio 
where he w'ill talk with the women and soon set aside this bashhil' 
ness;*' and, approving their txiunse!, gave orders accordingly. So 
the Prince was led into the palace, which was compassed about by 
a running stream whose banks were planted with all manner of 
fruit'trees and sweet'smelUng flowers. Moreover, in this palace 
were forty chambers and in every chamber slave'girls, each 
skilled in some instrument of music, so that whenever one of them 
pbyed, the palace danced to her melodious strains. Here the 
Prince passed one night; but, on the following morning, the King's 
favourite concubine happened to cast eyes upon his beauty and 
loveliness, his symmetrical stature, hLs brilliancy and hts perfect 
grace, and love gat hold of her heart and she was ravished with 
his charms/ So she went up to him and threw herself upon him. 

^ Qjrnmentatorf conipp« (hti lAndcni with ihe t^bticsl iwry of and Paii|:ih[ir't 

wife Afid with ihccild rronfliref und fair;? the btotlKrm Aitapin mJ SaHip 

ijAttng from iftc Ibuttwftch fhc dayi of PhanucJl RamSrt ^fhiniia iVho bulit 

B-tiuji acui Ramies) at wKr«e court Mtisce OtaTtitih ti wrppriBrd to hav'e been rearid 
KCojtibfyge Etuf-i SS5S), The Incidciit would ofcoi PJNjdri-cirtis-Hippoly^si 

Fauitii^cuiti-CnifpEFt and i wife 4JiJ Kunala, etc, lliocir 

Keptien In evcr^-^iy Olc^ and the wcnAueui hat mxitiiiiifndfid itaeJf the: fedh-Jv? of ill 

Alp Layiah wa Layiah. 

but he made her no response; v^/hereu^, berng dased by his 
beauty, she cned out to hitn and required him of h i ms eli and 
impottuned him; then she again threw herself upon him and 
clasped linn to her bosom kissing him and saying, "O IGng's son, 
grant me thy favours and I will set thee in thy father s stead; 5 
will give him to drink of poison, so be may die and thou shall 
enjoy bis realm and W’caJrh.*’ Whm the Prince heard these words, 
he was sore enraged against her and said to her by signs, * O 
accursed one, iso it please Almight>' AllaiL 1 will assuredly raquite 
thee this thy deed, whetias 1 can speak; for 1 will go forth to ray 
father and will tell him, and he ^lall kill thce.“ So siting, be 
arose in rage, and went out from her chamber; whereat she feared 
tor hersdf. Thereupon she buffeted her face and rent her raiment 
and tare her hair and bared her head, then went in to the Xing 
and cast herself at his feet, weeping and wailmg. When he saw 
her in this plight, he was sore concerned and asked her, "What 
aileth thee, O damsel? How is it with thy lord, my son? is he not 
well?”: and she answered, ‘"O King, this thy son, whom thy 
courtiers a-voueh to be dumb, required me of myself and 1 repelled 
him, whereupon he did writh me as thou seest and w'ould have slain 
me; so I fled from him, nor will I ever return to him, nor to the 
palace again, no, never again!" When the King heard this, he 
was wroth with exceeding wrath and, calling his seven. Warirs, 
bade them put the Prince to death. However, they said one to 
other, "If we do the King's commandment, he will surely repmt 
of having ordered his son's dcith, for he .is passing dear to him 
and this child came not to him save after despair; and he will 
round upon us and blame us, saying, '^’hy did ye not contrive to 
dissuade me from slaying liim?’ ” So they took counsel together, 
to turn him from his purpose, and the chief Wazir said, “I will 
w'arrant you from the King's mischief this day." Then he went 
in to the presence and prostrating himself craved leave to speak. 
The King gave him permission, and he said, *'0 King, though 
thou hadst a thousand sons, yet were it no light matter to thee 
to put one of them to death, on the report of a woman, be she 
true or be she false: and belike this is a lie and a trick of her 
against thy son; for indeed, O King, I have heard tell great plenty 
of sttiries of the malice, the craft and perfidy of women." CJuoth 
the King, "Tell me somewhat of that which hath come to thy 
knowledge thereof.” And the Wazir answered, saying, "Yes, 
there hath reached me, O Xling, a tale cntituled 

Tub King and his Wazir's Wifs, 


Tfie King and his Wazir’s Wifa. * * 

TiiERj was once a King of the Kings, a potent man and a proud, 
who was devoted to the love of women and one day being in the 
privacy of his palace, he espied a beautiful woman on the terrace' 
roof of her house and could not contain himself from falling 
consumedly in love with her.' He asked his folk to whom the 
house and the damsel belonged and they said, '‘This is the dwell¬ 
ing of the WazLT such an one and she is his wife," So he called 
the Minister in question and despatched him on an errand to a 
distant part of the kingdom, where he was to collect information 
and to return T but, as soon as he obeyed and was gtme, the King 
contrived by a trick to gain access to his house and his spouse. 
When the Wasir’s wife saw him, she knew him and springing up, 
kissed his hands and feet and welcomed him. Then she sto(^ 
afar off, busying herself in his serv'ice, and said to him, oui- 
lord, what is the cause of thy gracious coming? Such an honour 
is not for the like of me." Quodi he, "The cause of it is that love 
of thee and desire thee-wards have moved me to this. Where¬ 
upon she kissed ground before him a second time and said, “By 
Allah, O our lord, indeed I am not worthy to be the handmaid 
of one of the King's servants: whence then haye I the great good 
fonrune to be in such high honour and favour with thee?" Then 
the King put out his hand to her intending to enjoy her person, 
when she said, "This thing shall not escape us; but take pab'ence, 
O my King, and abide w-ith thy handmaid all this day, that she 
may make ready for thee somewhat to cat and drink." So the 

^ Ancther venaen of xhh c*le h jjiVcii in the BrtiJ. Fidit. (vol. thji, p]i„ 27 >^! NijrJiE 
It ii tJip ^'^Stnry oef t}\E Kmfl ihff Xlnqiwn Wfe" \r tJic Bodk Itt 

theTtrsioju Arable mad Grwit {%nfTCraal rbe Kin®^ blf ringi in cbc Hcbreiir Mishit 
Sjindahintj hii imff, tnd hU in iheekljfl f^nlih Libro dc kt Engaxmosetloii Auya-' 

miencoA de Mu^cifTrs. 

*Onc rnieht hney that ihif \t BsThthebd and Uriilu But tucK 

tmai often Itivc ooturerd b tTie Em, at difIkTent Ximei anil fdfffli without fie^uinitp 
direct dcrivAtinn, The len/ncd Prt^r H. H Wdion was mistaken in Tuppossn^ iliac ch»c 
fictions n ate i n rhr TDeUng- whic^ hat alwo^ ‘perraded the Eut unfaTourahlc to thf 
difnjtr of woHitft/' They lielong to a cerEsln it^gf of cmlluiJon when the ir-i^ srs ai 
war with each other; iind they characrcrise chttatrous £mtrp« is weiU ii miv^vnnm Aili: 
wimesa Jankina. rlerk ofOxflnfnrde: while .fCsop't fahic the Lion tnd tac Mm lilO 
ciptaini thrlr ^iiueaty. 


Alp Laylah wa Iayum. 


King sac down on his Mimsier's couch and she went in haste and 
brought him a book wiierem he might read, whilst she made ready 
the food. He took the book and, beginning to read^ found therein 
moral instances and exhortations, such as restrained him from 
adultery and broke his courage to commit sin and crime. After 
awhile, she returned and set Irefore him some ninety dishes of 
different kinds of colours, and he ate a mouthful of each and 
found chat, while the number was many, the taste of them was 
one. At this, he marvelled with exceeding marvel and said to 
her, damsel, I see these meats to be manifold and various, but 
the taste of them is simple and the same." "Allah prosper the 
King!*’ replied she, "this is a parable I have set for thee, that 
thou mayst be admonished thereby." He asked, "And what is 
its meaning?"; and she answered, “Allah amend the case of our 
lord the King'; in thy palace are ninety concubines of various 
colours, but their taste is one."^ When the King heard this, he 
was ashamed and rising hastily, went out, without od^ering her any 
affront and returned to his palace; but, in his haste and confusion, 
he forgot his signet-ring and left it under the cushion where he 
had been sitting and almit he remembcTed it he was ashamed to 
send for it. Now hardly had he reached home when the Wazir 
returned and, presenting himself before the King, kissed the ground 
and made his report to him of the stateof the province in question. 

^Thc F.iirofwjaji fEjrm of dit cdlc Is 'Tuujeun ptrdfijr/* ■ oftsa quuecd but 

sdjum uEiikrgtmJ, U ii the rfpmacK of M, V\hh4 when ihc Count fproprieEwr of the 
prcfty CaunR^J him cii atcry dny fw a month f tm irhcdi rhe Abbil tar** 

*‘Alwny partri^lgc h tw muth of a gooil thinB!" Upon dtia text die Count ip«Aki. 
A ■dOfTwpoTttlcnT ittfintHirii fhnt ir wii T<^d bi- Horace iVnlpolf conrcmiitg rhe Con/nsor 
of m French King who jncprorpiJ him for conjiitfaJ inhdrtitrn. The 4 h:gr 2 ilal Ffcncb ^for 
‘‘taujourt dc h ptnfrijf*' or '^tics pfl-dnx") a fonjisn Anoihtr fnctid neforj 

itir t3 K. of the VmivdJc* fDnmTnlcd fo A.D. U32 Air the. amuK- 

mm: of the DiiuctKlni^ Afctni'anLi tjKiia XT.) urhoAc chief pitmoniigo *'uji puml 
du RiKyaulmc d'A-TwlirtTric,*' Im kirtLircfj upon fiildifr by the lord't mignortj ■ "jemtr tt 
SneffUK gciitii hcHnmfi^ Je joq Here the pirmdj^e bcOimt ;tiutfo> d'anguilk, 

Pouibly Scott reftn m (t In Redgauntfet StA i mint be ^rv fond of psrtrid^ 

to ADcepf it whtfl thrown in one"j facK ** Did not Cumpfain at RptsdAm of EOU-^ 

joun perdrix" and make it one of tui grtc^jmcca ? A srimFIrw lEotr u ihm of tJse chaplain 
who, weary of the Mmc uttered av foilow.i?— 

Rahbiti hot| r^hbir* coJd, 

Rahbiti tciuier.^ end rahbitt 
Rftbbsa yotmg, and t^btnts old— 

I tlliAnk tbe lord Tve had cnoogL 

And 1 Mt oordially think mf kind cormponilcut^L 

The King ani> his Wazir's Wipn, 131 

Then he repaired to his own house and sat down on his <^ch and 
chancing to put his hand under the cushion, behold^ he found the 
King s so ling. $0 he knew it and taking the matter to heart, 
held aloof in gn^t grief from his wife tor a whole year, not going 
in unto her nor even speaking to her, whilst she knew not the 

reason of his anger.-And Shahratad peredved the dawn of 

day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

Sthen it mas tffe jFtbe ^unhrtti anti ^cbcntp-nititli .^ight. 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the Waair 
held aloof from lus wife, whilst she knew not the cause of bis 
wrath. At last, being weary of the longsome neglect, she sent for 
her sire and told him the case; whereupon quoth he, "1 will 
complain of him to the King, at some time w’hen be is in the 
presence." So, one day, he went in to the King and, finding the 
Wazir and the Kasi of the army before ium,‘ complamed thus 
saying, “Almighty Allah amend the King’s case* 1 had a fair 
flower'garden, which I planted with mine own hand and thereon 
spent my substance till it bare fruit; and its fruitage was ripe for 
plucking, when I gave it to this thy Wasir, who ate of it what 
seemed good to him, then deserted it and watered it not, so that 
its bloom wilted and withered and its sheen departed and its state 
changed." Then said the Wazir, “O my Kmc, this man saich 
sooth. I did indeed care for and guard the garden and kqit it in 
good condition and ate thereof, tm one day I went thither and I 
saw the trail of the lion there, wherefore I feared for my life and 
withdrew from the garden." The King understood him that the 
trail of the lion meant his own seal-ring, which he had forgotten 
in the woman's house; so he said. "Return, O Wazir. to thy 
flower-garden and fear nothing, for the lion came not near it. It 
hath reached me that he went thither; but, by the honour of my 
fathers and forefathers, he offered it no hurt.” “Hearkening and 
obedience," answered the Minister and, returning home sent for 
his wife and made his peace with her and thenceforrh put faith 
in her chastity. “This I tell thee, O King (continued the Wazir), 
for no other purpose save to let thee know how great is their craft 

euthonty of the mini. 

Alp Laylaji wa Laylak. 


and how prcdpitaucy bequeaihetb rcpentanoi,’' And 1 have aUo 
heard the folbwing 

Story of the Cortjeciioner, his Wife, flnd 
the Pamt, 

Once upon a time there dwdt in Egypt a confectioner who had a 
wife famed for beauty and bvclin^; and a parrot w^hich, as 
occasion required, did the office of watchman and guard, bell and 
spy, and flapped her wings did she but hear a fly butiung about 
the sugar. This parrot caused abundant trouble to the wife, ^ 
always telling her husband what took place in his absence. Now 
one e^'pning, before going out to visit certain friends, the con' 
fecrioncr gave the bird strict Injunctions to watch ait night and 
bade his wife make all fast* as be should not return until moming. 
Hardly had he left the door than the woman went for her old 
lover, who returned with her and they passed the night together 
in mirth and merriment, while the parrot observed alh Betimes 
io the mominE the lover fared forth and the husband, returning, 
was informed by the parrot of what had taken place; whereupon he 
hastened to his w'ifc’s rexim and beat her with a painful beating. She 
thought in hersdf, "Who could have informed against me?" and she 
asked a woman that was in her confidence whether it was she. 
The woman protested by the worlds visible and invisible that 
she had not betrayed her mistress; bur informed her that on the 
morning of lus return home, the husband had stood some rime 
before the cage listening to the parTOt''s talk. When the wife heard 
this, she resolved to contrive the destruction of the bird. Some 
days after, the husband was again invited to the house of a fri^d 

^ it! an nddijAni ihe Wiik het^ kIIj tfue Tale ef the Wife arul the Pirmf 

wliidli, roUdwiuK Line^ 1 hi^e tranafemri to vtA. L j>. 51 Hut not to bnsiik the crailEttcti 
E here m troduce the Petraan verstun of the story fTOm the " Book oFS 1 n julditit>ii 

» the JeiaiU gavm \n note to L, 52; t may i|uote the rtm tjildng-bindj hft to 
tniTch D¥cr hit youn^ wife by Rajah (ton a/Shalivihjiiit the grent Incnim nwordi 
ore. A,D. Sl)^ wfw U tn the what Ruftam Co Fermi and Antar to Araiiii. lit 

the "Seven Wbe Maafcr?" the porrat b«jom» * wid Mi. Clouatna^ In sonie deter 
papers nn ''Popular Tales imd Pi^nns^* contrihutod to the Ttmii (]S&4)f 

Qdfnparri it niiK the hiatofv, m the fiesta Ronunofiim, E>f thic Achiliet^i the Abiipiit 
iLdd the Three Cocks, mo of which crowed dining the cofigrcffi of the lady ind her Inirer. 
All thc$e evidently bekwig to the Sqtuiiha4 cycie- 

TitE Confectioner, his Wife, the Parrot. 131 

where be was to pass the nighci an<i before departing, be enjoined 
the parrot with the sanie injunctions as before; wherefore bis 
heart was free from care, for he bad his spy at home. The wife 
and her confidante then planned how they might destroy the 
credit of the parrot with the master. For this purpose they re- 
solved to counterfeit a storm; and this they did by placing over 
the parrot’s head a hand'mill (which the lover worked by pouring 
water upon a piece of hide), by waving a fan and by suddenly 
uncovering a candle hid under a dish. Thus did they raise such 
a rempestL of rain and lightning, that the parrot was drenched and 
half'drowned in a deluge. Now rolled the thunder, then flashed 
the lightning; that from the noise of the band mili, this from the 
rejection of the candle; when thought the parrot tc» herself, "In 
very sooth the flood hath come on, such an one as fadike Noah 
himself ne\'cr witnessed," So saying she buried her head under 
her wing, a prey to terror. The husband, on his return, hastened 
to the parrot to ask what had happened during hk absence; and 
the bird answered that she found it impossible to describe the 
deluge and tempest of the lost night; and that years would be 
required to expl^n the uproar of the hurricane and storm. When 
the shopkeeper heard the parrot talk of last night's deluge, he 
said: "Surely O bird, thou art gone clean daft! Where was 
there, even in a dream, rain or lightning last night? ^ou hast 
utterly ruined my house and ancient family. My wife is the most 
virtuous woman of the age and all thine accusations of her are 
lies." So in his wrath he dash^ the cage upon the ground, tore 
off the parrot's head, and threw it from the window. Presently 
his friend, coming to call upon him, saw the parrot in thjs condi' 
tion with head torn off, and without wings or plraiage. Being 
informed of the circumstances he suspected some trick on the part 
of the woman, and said to the husband. “When your wife leaves 
home to go to the Hammam-bath, compel her confidante to dis' 
close the secret.” So as soon as his wife went out, the htoband 
entered his Harim and insisted on the woman telline him the 
truth. She recounted the whole story and the husband now 
bitterly repented having killed the parrot, of w-hose innocence he 
had proof. “This 1 tell thee, O King (conrimied the Warir), that 
thou mayst know how great arc the craft and mafice of women 
and that to act m haste leadeth to repent at Idsure.” ^ the King 
turned from slaying his son: bait, next day, the favorite came in 
to him and, kissing the ground before him, said, “O King, why 


Alf La^lah v/a Lavlah. 

dost chou d pi f l y to do ms justice? Indeed, tlie Kings ii^ve 
rKat: tilou cominandcst a thing and thy Waair countermaiideth it. 
Now the obedience of Kings is in the fuljilmenc of their oom* 
piandments, and every one Icnows thy justice and ecjuity; so do 
thou justice for me on the Prince, 1 also have heard a tale 

Tfie Fuller dud fiw Son, 

Theff was once a man which was a fuller, and he used every 
day to go forth to the Tigris-bank a-cleaning dotbes; and his 
son was wont to gp with hhn that he might swim whilst his 
father was fulling, nor was he forbidden from this. One day, as 
the boy was swimming,* he was taken with cramp in the forearms 
and sank, whereupon the fuller plunged to the water and caught 
hold of him: but the boy dung about him ^d pulled him down 
and so father and son were both drowned. “Thus it is with th^ 
O King, ^cept thou prevent thy son and do me justice on him, 

I fear lest both of you sink together, thou and he,"-And Shah' 

rasad perceived dawn of day and aased to say her permitted 

CDfjtn it bias ttic ifibc Ibunbrrb snb Cig(ftidtl 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that when the 
favourite had told her tale of the Fuller and his sem, she ended 
with, “1 fear lest both of you sink together, thou and he, More' 
over,*’ continued she, “for an instance of the malice of men, I 
have beard a tale concerning 

»Ii» the days <if iJit CaBph AUMutukfT bf ‘Ilili J33-W} the l^th of Bsgldsd 
•fudied fwimniing and ii it SMit that they eaiild iwitt holding chsfing-djih!!* upnn whieh 
Were eocAin^.pciu and keep sioat tilt the lauii ■» drewd. The snury li that of "TTie 
Waterman tu< S«« who wcte d/awiHid in the Nile/* of tJu Book of Si mi i h a il . 

The Rake's Trice agaii^st the Chaste Wipe* 


Tlte Rake's Trici; agaimt tlic Wife. 

A CERTAiH man loved a beautiful and lovely woman, a tDodel of 
charms and grace, maxncd lo a naan whom she lov^ and who 
loved her. Moreover, she ta'es virtuous and chaste, like unto me, 
and her rake of a lover found no way to her; so when his patience 
was at an end, he devised a device to win his will. Now the 
husband had a young man, whom he had brought up in his house 
and who was in high trust with him as his steward. So the take 
addressed himself to the youth and ceased not insinuating hi» n > yU 
into his favour by presents and fair words and deeds, till he 
came more obedime to him titan the hand to the mouth and did 
whatever he ordered him. One day, he said to him, "Hatkye, 
such an one; wilt thou not bring me into the larmly dwelling'place 
some time when the lady is gone out?" ‘'Yes," answen^ the 
young steward so, when his master was at the shop and his 
mistress gone forth to the Hammam, he took Ivis friend by the 
hand and, bringing hirn into the house, showed him the sitting- 
rooms and all that was therein- Now the lover was determined 
to play a trick upon the woman; so he took the white of an egg 
which he bad brought with him in a vessel, and ^ilc it on the 
merchant's bedding, unseen by the young man; aner which he 
returned thanks and leaving the house went his way. In an hour 
or so the merchant came home; and, going to the bed to rest 
himself, found thereon something wet. So he took it up in his 
hand and looked at it and deemed it man's seed; whereat he 
stared at the young man with ey^ of wrath, and asked him, 
“Where is thy mistress?”: and he answered, “She is gone forth 
to the H.immam and will return forthright after she has made her 
ablutions.”* Wlien the man heard thwi, his suspidon concerning 
the semen was conhrmed; and he waited furiou.^: and said, “Go at 
once and bring her back.” The steward accordingly fetched her 
and w'hen she came before her husband, the jealous man sprang 
upon her and beat her a crie\'ous betting; then, binding her anns 
behind her, offered to cut her throat with a knife; but she cried 
out to the neighbours, who came to her, and she said to them, 
“This my man hath beaten me unjustly and without cause and is 

■ Her gCqilC IP itc badi ing^catcd iKal liic Wa* fkini 

Atr Laylah wa Laylah, 


minded to kill me, though I know not what is mine offence/' So 
they rose up and asked him, "Why hast theju dealt thus by her?" 
And he answered, "She is divorced." Quoth they, "Thou hast 
no right to maltreat her; either divorce h^ or use her kindly, for 
v:c know her prudence and purity and chastity. Ind^d, she hath 
been our nei^hour this long time and we wot no evil of her." 
Quoth he, "When I came home, 1 found on my bed seed like 
human sperm, and I know not the meaning of this." Upon this 
a little boy. one of tlioee present, came forward and said, "Show it 
to me, nunde mine!" When he saw' it, he smelt it and, calling 
for fire and a frying-pan, he took the white of egg and cooked it so 
that it became solid. Then iie ace of it and made the husband and 
the others taste if it, and they were certified that it was white 
of egg. So the husband was convinced that he had sinned against 
his wife's innocence, she bdng dear of all offence, and the neigh' 
hours made peace between them after the divorce, and he prayed 
her pardon and presented her with an hundred gold pieces, And 
50 the wicked lover's cunning trick came to naught. "And know, 
O King, chat this is an instance of the malice of men and their 
perfidy,” When the King heard this, he bade his son l^e slain; but 
on the next day the second Wazir came forward for intercessioa 
and kissed ground in prostration. WTiercupon the King said, 
"Raise thy head: prostration must be made to Alkih only."* So 
the Minister rose from before him and said, "O King, hasten not 
to slay thy son, for he was not granted to his mother by the 
Almighty but after despair, nor didst thou expect such good 
luck; and we hope that he will live to become a guerdon to 
thy reign and a guardian of thy good. Wherefore, have patience, 
O King: belike he will offer a fit excuse, and, if thou make 
hasre to slay him, thou wilt surely repent, even as the merchant' 
wight repented" Asked the King, "And how was it with dhe 
merchant, O Wadr?"; and the Wazir answered, "O i^g, I have 
heard a tale of 

' Tiltrt from the Hfc of (he Esv{>tiM Murtrluk# Sylwit fMa, viii. A-H. WJ" 
A.D. 1421 J wJhj vffidJd Fu>c h\$ mbjccti to pir^tcr^ce ihtioiclvcB of ki» tlic groalid 
before liim. UTlcrbelot fcj deciliAr 

TjiE Miser and the Loaves or Bread. 


The Miser itrtcl the Loducj of Bread, 

There was once a merdiant, who was a niggard and miserly in 
his eating and drinking. One day, he went on a journey to a ccr- 
tain town and as he walked in the market-streets, behold, he 
an trot with two scones of bread which looked sound and fair. 
He asked her, "Are these for sale?”; and she answered, "Yest” 
So he beat her down and bought them at the lowest price and 
took them home to his lodging, where he ate them that day. 
When morning moirowed, he returned to the same place and, 
finding the old woman there with other two scones, bought these 
al»; and thus he oeared not during twenty-five days' space when 
the old wife disappeared. He oaade enquiry for h^, but could 
hear no tidings of her, till, one day as he was walking about the 
high streets, he chanc^ upon her: so he accosted her and, after 
the usual salutation and with much praise and politeness, asked 
why she had disappeared from the market and ceased to supply 
the two elites of bread? Hearing this, at first she evad^ giving 
hirn a reply; but he conjured her to tell him her case; so she 
said, "Hear my excuse, O my lord, which is that I was attending 
upon a man who had a corroding ulcer on his spine, and his doctor 
bade us knead fiour with butter into a plaster and lay it on the 
place of pain, where it abode all night. In the morning, I used to 
take that fiour and turn it into dough and make it into two 
scones, which I cooked and sold to thee or to another; ^but pres' 
entiy the man died and 1 was cut off from making cakes."^ When 
the merchant heard this, he repented whenas repentance availpl 
him naught, saying, "Verily, we are Allah s and verily tmto Him 
we are returning! There is no Majesty and there k no Might save 

in Him, the Glorious, the Great!”-^And Shahtaiad perceived 

the dawn of day and c**^***d saying her permitted say. 

Bthrn il Ifie JTItor l^utthtth anb eigfiip'firat ^igtlL 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidoua King, that when the 
old trot told the merchant the provenance of the scones, he cried, 

•Tills niiuiiwut J« Mllltr ha* often been told in the htwritslt of Ltutdon ud Pwi*. 
It I* ai oU 4* die l-litiFpaLleia^ 


Alf Laylau wa Laylau. 

‘There is no Majesty and there is no Might save in Allah, the 
Glodous^ the Great!'* And he repeated the saying of the Most 
High, "Whatever evil falleth to thee it is from thyself;"’ and 
vomited till he fell «ck and repented whena^ repentance availed 
him naught. "Moreover, O King" (continued the second Wasir)* 
T have heard cell, of the malice of ^men, a tale of 

TJie Lady ami fier Tu^o Lovtfrs, 

Okc£ upon a time there was a man, who was sword'bearer to one 
of the and he loved a damsel of the common sort. One 

day, he sent his page to her with a message, as of wont between 
them, and the l^m sat down with her and toyed with her. 8he 
inclined to him and pressed him to her breast and groped him and 
kissed him w'hercupon he sought carnal connection of her and 
she consented; but. as the two were thus, Uj! the youth's master 
knocked at the dtxir. So she pushed the page through a trap' 
door into an underground chamber there and opened t& door to 
his lord, who entiered hending sword in hand and sac down upon 
her bed. Then she came up to him and sported and toyed with 
him, kissing him and pressing him to her b^m, and he took her 
and lay with her. Presently, her husband knocked at the door 
and the gallant asked her, "Who is that?"; whereto she answered, 
;;My husband." Quoth he, “How shall I do?" Quoth she, 
“Draw thy sw'ord and stand in the vestibule and abuse me and 
revile me; and when my husband comes in to thee, do thou go 
forth and wend thy ways." He did as she Ixtde hinu and, when 
the husband entered, he saw theKing*s sword-bearer standing with 
naked brand in hand, abusing and threatening his wife; but, when 
the lover saw him, he was ashamed and sheathing his scymitar, 
went forth the house. Said the man to his wife. "What means 
this?": and she replied, *^‘0 man, how blessed is hour of thy 
coming! Thou bast saved a True Believer from slaughter, and it 
happed after this fashion, I was on the house-terrace, spinning,® 

* Kwwi it. SI, ^^All w (fmn AfUhi^* ffis eril s^hich befttk m^inkiRc!^ fhcreteh Dnfcfcd 
by Alkh^ h ycr the wniequcncc of ihdf own itkkcdness (1 4 ddj^ wluch vtiiktdix^ 
emteil hr AUaJ'i), 

■The Bfiol. Ridit. (iti. 2fii) “ba rhing. ** 

The King's Son and the Ogress. 


when there came up to me a youth, distracted and panti^ 

for fear of death, fleeing fium yonder man, who followed upon him 
as hard as he could with his drawn sword. The young nian fell 
down before me, and kissed my hands and feet, saying, "O Pro' 
rector, of thy mercy, save me from him who would slay me 
WTOngoudy!" So I hid him in that undergroimd chamb^ of 
ours and presently in came yonder man to me, naked brand in 
hand, demanding the youth. But 1 denied him to him. where¬ 
upon he fell to abusing and threatening roc as thou sawest. And 
praised be Allah w^ sent thee to me, for 1 was distraught and 
had none to deUver mef* “Well hast thou done, O w'omanJ 
artswered the husband. ‘“Thy reward is with Allah the Almaty, 
and may He abundantly requite thy gex^d deed!" Then he went 
to the trap door and called to the page, saying, “Come forth ^d 
fear not; no harm shall befal thee." & he came out, trembling 
for fear, and the husband said, “Be of good cheer: none shall 
hurt thee;” contfoling with him on what had betallen him; whilsc 
the page called down blessings on his head. Then they btJth wmi 
forth, nor was that Gomuto nor w*as the page aware of that which 
the woman had contrived. “This, then, O King, said the Waair, 
“is one of the trieks of women; so beware lest thou rely upon their 
words." The I^g was pepuaded and turned from putting 1^ 
son to death; but, on the third day, the favourite came in to 
and, kissing the ground beftire him, cried, “O King, do me jusa'ce 
on dry son and be not turned from thy purpose by thy Ministers' 
prate, for there is no gpod in wicked "Wazirs, and be not as the 
King of Baghdad, who relied on the word of a cmain wicked 
counsdlor of his," Quoth he, “And ho'W was that? Quoth she, 
“There hath been told roe, O auspicious and weil-advis^ King, a 
tale of 

The King r St>« utjJ the Ogress, * 

A CERTAIN King had a son, whom he loved and fav'ourcd with 
exceeding favour, over all his other children; and this son said to 
him one day, “O my father, 1 have a mind to fare a-coursing and 

* TIvi» tile t* nmfh thit lolE in t!i« Ftftli Night (vnl i. S4). it ii the fnwr of 
Prince iru) the Uinta In the Book of SindilMd wherein it i» gjeeii with Persitn riwtcftc 



Alf Layumj wa Layi-ah. 

3 'hunting.'’ So the King bade iurni^h him and commanded one of 
his Waxire to bear him company and do aD the service he needed 
during his trip. The Minister accordingly took everything that 
was necessary for the journey and they set out with a retinue of 
eunuchs and officers and pages, and rode on, sporting as they 
went, till they came to a green and wcU gnisscd champaign 
abounding in pasture and water and game. Here the IVince 
turned to the Minister and told him that the place pleased him 
and he purposed to halt there. Sc they set down in tluit site and 
they loosed the falcons and lynxes and dogs and caught great 
plenty of game, whcrca.t they rejoiced and abode there some days, 
in all joyance of life and its delight. Then the King's son gave 
the signal for departure; but, as they went along, a beautiful 
gaaelle. as if the sun rose shining from between her horns, that 
had strayed from her mate, sprang up before the Pnnee, where¬ 
upon his soul longed to make prise of her and he coveted her. So 
he said to the Warir, *'1 have a mind to follow that gazelle;" and 
the Minister replied, "Do what seemeth good to thee,” There¬ 
upon the Prince rode single-handed after the gazelle, till he lost 
si^t of his compamons, and chased her all that day till dusk, 
when she took refuge in a bit of nxky ground^ and darkness 
dosed in upon him. Then he would have turned back, but knew 
not the way; whereat he was sore concerned and said, "There is 
no Majesty and there is no Might save in Allah, the Glorious, the 
Great!" He sat his mare; all night till morning dawned, in quest 
of relief, but found none; and, when the day appeared, he fared 
on at hazard fearful, famished, thirsty, and knowing not whither 
to wend till it was noon and the sun beat down upon him with 
burning heat. By that time he came in sight of a great city, with 
massive base and lofty bulwarks; hut it was ruin^ and desolate, 
nor was there any live thing therein save nw! and raven. As he 
stood among the buildings. tnancUing at their ordinance, b! his 
eyes fell on a damsel, young, beautiful and lovely, sitting under 
one of the city w^alls wailing and weeping copious tears. So he 
drew nigh to her and asked, "Who art thou and who brought thee 

* Amb- rockT* hilljTj tm-tedj ground unfir fov nding. I ba-re ni»mi tlue the 

three Hib, wtutli if f. Ksry^atb^Teflrin«=C!ty of '‘Oionitb** tnp» Hinh, * 

Krub)i 4 chue^ a kunting-iurk ^ ^ 

orchard) arc pjXMnfoJ In Arabic tml Arc intdlijiblc in Palstinc- CUntfj^eioJ L 


The Kxng^s Sok ahd the Ogrew. 141 

hither?" She answered, “I am called Bint al'Taaumah, dau^ter 
of Al'Tiyakh, King of the Gray Country* I went out one day to 
obey a of nature/ when an Ifrit of the Jinn etched me up 
and soared with me between heaven and earth; but as he flew 
there fell on hin> a shooting'Star in the form of a flame of Are and 
burned him. and I dropped here, where th^ three days I have 
hungered and thirsted; but when I saw thee I Icmged for life.” 

-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to 

say her permitted say. 

It the Jfihe ^unbreli anb ^igbt* 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the Prince 
when addressed by the daughter of King AlTiyakh who said to 
him, "When I saw thee 1 longed for life;” was smitten with ruth 
and grief for her and took her up on lus courser’s crupper, saying, 
"Be of good cheer and keep diine eyes cool and dear; for, if 
Allah (extolled and exalted be He!) restore me to my people and 
tamily, f will send thee back to thine own folk." Then he rode 
on, praying for deliverance, and presently the damsel said to him, 
“O King’s son, set me down, that I may do an occasion under 
this walL" So he drew bridle and she alighted. He waited for 
her a lung w'hile as she hid herself behind toe wall; and she came 
forth, with the foulest of favours; which when he saw, Jus hair 
stood on end and he quaked for tW of her and he tum^ deadly 
pale. Then she sprang up on his steed, behind him, wearing the 
most loathly of aspects, and presently she said to him, ”0 l^g’s 
son, what ails thee that 1 see thee troubled and thy favour 
changed?" ”1 have bethou^t me of somewhat that troubles 
me," “Seek aid against it of thy fathers troops and his brav«." 
"He whom 1 fear careth naught for troops, neither can braves 
affright him." “Aid thyself against him with thy father's monies 
and treasures." “He whom 1 fair will not be satisfled with 
wealth." hold that ye have in Heaven a God who seeth 
and is not seen and is Omnipotent and Omniscient" "Yes, we 
have none hut Him." "Then pray thou to Him; haply He will 
deliver thee from me thine enemy!" So the King's son raised 
his eyes to heaven and began to pray with his whole heart, saying, 

^ Tlie privy and bath are fArDuritc bAuhti of the Jiniu- 

Alp Laylah wa Layiah. 


■'O my God, I implore Thy succour against that which croublcth 
me,'' Then be ptmted to her with his hand, and she fell to the 
ground, burnt black as charcoal. Therewith he thanked Allah 
and praised Him and ceased not to fare forwards; and the 
Almighty (extolled and exalted be He!) of His grace made the 
way easy to him and guided him into the right road, so that he 
reaped his own bnd and came upon his father’s capital, after he 
had despaired of life. Now all this befel by the contrivance of 
the Wazir, who travelled with him, to the end that he might cause 
him to perish on the w'ay; but Almighty Allah succoured him. 
“And tius” (said the damsel) ‘’have I told thee, O King, that 
thou mayst know that wicked Wacirs deal not honestly by nor 
counsel with sincere intent their Kings; wherefore be diou wise 
and ware of them in this matter." The King gave ear to her 
speech and bade put liis son to death; but the (bird Wazir came 
in and said to his brother Ministers, “1 will warran t you from the 
King's mischief this day" and, going in to him, kissed the ground 
between his hands and said, “O King, I am diy true counsellor 
and solicitous for thee and for thine estate, and indeed I rede thee 
the best of reck; it is that thou hasten not to slay thy son, the 
coolth of thine eyes and the fruit of thy vitals. Haply his sin is 
but a slight slip, which this damsel hath made great to thee; and 
indeed I have heard tell that the people of two villages once 
destroyed one another, because ot a drop of honey," Asked the 
King, “How was that?"; and the Waiir answered, saying, “Know, 
O lung, that I have heard this story anent 

The Drop of Honey, ’ 

A CERTAIN hunter used to chase wild beasts in wold, and one day 
he came upon a grotto in the mountains, where he found a hollow 
full of bees' honey. So he took somewhat thereof in a wateT'skin 
he had with him and, throwit^ it over his shoulder, carried it to 

* Ar^b kiator^' b fuU &f petty' wm caujkI by crifiifi. In Ejfyp* tbflcliniSs^ad und 
Hflrim Kiil In Syiii. Kby* arwl Yiirnjin (^hlcb rEfn4ii:n to the prewnt day) were « 
pu^iindDcis A3, l-iigfiljiitl Citcrani, Ih^ title beifi «ime liktntss to the 
fiiLrtcrj rbyiTicf In 'The i^misc that Jack BuUt/' ujd “Tlic Old Woman md the Croolcod 
Sbpentc which find ibeir indirect Ln m iilki^onc^ Tnlmiiditf hymn. 

TiiJi Woman who made heji Husba^sp Sht Dust. 143 

th« dc>\ followed by ii hunting dog which was dear to hioi. He 
stopped at the shop of an oihnan and offered him the honey for 
sale Md he bought it. Then he emptied it out of the skin, that 
he might see it, and in the act a drop fell to the ground, whcre^ 
upon the dies Qockcd to it and a bird swooped <i 5 wn upon the 
(lici. Now the oilman Had a cat, which sprang upon the bird, 
and the huntsman’s dog, seeing the cat, sprang upon it and slew 
it; whereupon the oihuan sprang upon the dog and dew it, and 
the hontstnan in turn sprang upon the oilman mid dew him. Now 
the oilman was of one village ami the huntsman of another; and 
when the people of the two places heard w'hat had passed, thsy 
took up anns and weapons and rose one on other in wrath and the 
two lines met; nor did the sword leave to play amongst them, till 
there died of them much people, ncaie ktioweth their number save 
Almighty Allah. ‘^And amongst other stories of the malice of 
women" (continued the WaEir) 'T have beard tdl, O King, one 

The Woman who made her Husband Sift Dust, * 

A MAN once gave his wife a dirham to buy rice; so she took it 
Md went to the rice'seller, who gave her the rice and began to 
jest "^th her and her, for she was dowered with beauty and 
loveliness, saying, “Rice is not good but with sugar which if thou 
wilt have, come in with me for an hour." So, saying, "Give me 
sugar," she went in with him into his shop and he won hb will of 
her and said to his slave, "Weigh her out a dirham's worth of 
sugar." But he made the slave a privy sign, and the boy, raking 
the napkin, in which was the rice, emptied it out and put in earth 
and dust in its stead, and for the sugar set stones, after which he 
again knotted up the napkin and left it by her. His object, in 
doing this, was that should come to him a second time; so, 
when she went forth of the shop, he gave her the napkin and she 
took it, chinking to have in it rice and sugar, and ganged her gait; 
but when she returned home and, setting it before husl^nd, 
went for a cooking-pot, he found in it ^rth and stones. So, as 

* Thti ii 'The Story oF die Olil Man who tent hit Yotmg Wife to the MMjrkcl to buj 
Rice," wild with Fenun rdlecdon* b the "Book of 

Ai,p Latlah wa L^ylah. 


soon as came back bringing the pot, he said to her, Did I 
teU thee I had aught to bu3d. that thou btingest me earth and 
stones?" When ^e saw this, she knew that the nce^sdler's slave 
had trideed her; so she said to her husband, "O man, in my 
trouble of mind for what hath befallen me, I went to fctdi the 
sieve and brought the cnoking-pot," “What hath troubled thee?" 
adeed he; and she answered, "O husband, 1 dropped the dirham 
thou gavest me in the market^street and was a^amed to search 
for it before the folk; yet I grudged to lose the silver, so I 
gathered up the earth from the place where it fell and brought it 
away, fKinking to sift it at home. Wherefore I went to fetch the 
sieve, but brought the cooking-pot instead." Then she fetched 
the sieve and gave it to her hu^b^d, sa^niig, “Do diou sift it; for 
thing eyes are sharper than mine." Accororngly he sat, sifting the 
day, tfll his face and beard were cov'ered with dust; and he di^ 
covered not her trick, neither knew what had befallen her. "This 
then, O t Cfn g , " said the Wa?ir, "is an instance of the malice of 
women, and consider the saying of Allah Almighty, ‘Surely the 
cunning of you (women) is great!* *’ And ^ain, ‘Indeei the 
malice of Satan is weak in comparison with the malice of 
women.' The King gave ear to his Wash's speech and was 
persuaded thereby and was satisfied by what he cited to him of 
the signs of All^*; and the lights of good counsel arose and 
shone in the firmament of his understanding and he turned from 
his purpose of slaying his son. But on the fourth day, the fa- 
^-ourite came in to him weeping and wailing and, kissing the 
ground before him, said, “O auspicious King, and lord of good 
rede, I have made plainly manifest to thee my grievance and thou 
hast dealt unjustly by roc and hast forborne to avenge me on him 
who hath wronged me, because he is thy son and the darling of 
thy heart; but Allah (extolled and exalt^ be He!) will presendy 
succour me against Kim, even as He succoured the King's son 
against his fatoer's Wasir." “And how' was that?" asked the 
King; and she answered, “1 have heard teU, O King, a tale of 

* Kiorjin xU* 28 , wqrtli were sfxikim by Ftatjphur to Jonspk 

* Korun if, 1 ^, A mia-ciuotitaon^ ika wnnii mtc, “flg^E thctefnrc A^nxt the friethdi m 
S4t4np for the mlt of Sutin EhjU bo 

* veneci. 

TttK Enchanted Spfiwo. 

14 ? 

The Et^hanted Spring. * * 

THEiiE was Qinae in times gpne by a King who had one son and 
none other; and, when the Prince grew up to man’s estate, he 
contracted him in marriage to anoiher King s daughter. Now the 
damsel was a model of Wuty and grace and her imdes son had 
sought her in wedlock of her sire, but she would none of him. So, 
when he knew that she was to be married to another, envy and 
jealousy gat hold of him and be bethought himself and sent a 
noble present to the Wasir of the bridegroom’s father and much 
treasure, him to use craft for slaying the Prince or coiv 

trive to make lum leave his intent of espousing the girl and 
adding, “O Wazir, indeed jealousy moveth me to this for she is 
my cousin.”’ The V/azir accepted the present and sent an answer, 
saying, "Be of good cheer and of eyes cool and clear, for I wilt 
do all that thou wishest.” Pr^ently, the bride's father wrote to 
the Prince, bidding him to his capital, that he might go in to his 
daughter; whereupon the King his fa^er gave him leave to wend 
his way ^thcr, sending with him the bribed Wazir and a thou' 
sand horse, besides presents and litters, tents and pavilions. The 
Mhiister set out with the Prince, plotting the while in his heart 
to do him a mischief; and when they came into the desert, he 
called to mind a certain spring of running water in the mountains 
there, calkd Al-Za^,* whereof whosoever drank from a man 
became a woman. So he called a halt of the troops near the 
fountain and presently mounting steed again, said to the Prince, 
“Hast thou a mind to go with me and look upon a spring of 
water near hand?" The Prince mounted, knowing not what 
should befal him in the future," and they rode on, unattended by 

* In the Book of SitiHibnJ thi* U the "Story of tht Prince who went out to hunt icid 

the iirjwsgem which the Wnjrir prncMwt (m Bm.'* ^ 

* i have naiecE that hlt ^ affwot isi an Afah if hii &r^E cauvn imitv orj mvc him- 
•df wiebtnit fcrmiil kave, 

*i.f. the fiawery, the iplenJiili an epithsi of Fatitnali, iht daushrer of the Apcatlc 
"iht bright bloODlifllJ.” Fititnih i* an oW Atah Tiame of good rmen, "the wearer;" in 
(j hDvmea F’ott&nrah ^an ificrsiiiciitiriTCw wtanw ), and ao Atfifniui, 

Khadljah and Nifitah on the bmVi* of the Nile are bafbiriied ta Aminunah, Khadddgah 

and Xafh'iiah. ^ l ■ ■ 

*iV, hii oDEiiing iniif''ttunt, the j^tsk beit|{ etphcasiiwc. 



Ai*f Latlah wa Laylar. 

an>% and without stopping dll they came to the spring. The 
Prince being thirsty said to the Waair, ‘* *0 Mmistcr, I am suffering 
from drouth," and the other answered, '^Get thee down and drink 
of this spring!'' So he alighted and w'ashed his hands and 
drank, when ^old. he straightw-ay became a woman. As soon 
as he knew what had befallen him, he cried out and wept till he 
fainted aw'ay, and the Waair came up to him as if to learn what 
had befallen him and cried, “Wliat aileth thee?" So he told 
him what had happiencd, and the Minister feigned to condole with 
him and weep for his affliction, saying, “Allah Almighty be thy 
refuge in thine affliction! How came this calamity upon thee 
and this great misfortune tx> betide thee, we carrying thee 
with joy and gladness, that thou mightiest go in to the King's 
daughter? Verily, now 1 know not whether we shall go to her or 
not; but the rede' is thine. What dost thou command me CD 
cloi?” Quoth the Prince, "Go back to my sire and tell him what 
hath bedded me, for I will not sdr hence till this matter be 
removed from me or I die in my regret" So he wrote a letter to 
his father, telling him what had happened, and the Waiir took it 
and set out on his return to the city, leaving what troops he had 
with the Prince and mwardly eiulting for the success of his plot. 
As soon as he reached the King's capital, he went in to him and, 
telling him what hud passed, delivered the letter. The King 
mourned for his son with sore mourning and sent for the wise 
men and masters of esoteric science, that they might discover and 
explain to him this thing which had befallen his son, but none 
could give him an answer. Then the Waair wrote to the lady's 
cousin, conveying to him the glad ne^rs of the Prince's misfortune, 
and he when he read the letter rejoiced with great joy and thought 
to marry the Princess and answered the Minister sending Sm 
rich presents and great store of treasure and thanking him ex¬ 
ceedingly. Meanwliile, the Prince abode b>’ the stream three 
days and three nights, eating not nor drinking and committing 
himself, in his strait, unto Allah (extolled and exalted be He!) 
who disappointeth not whoso relieth on him. On the fourth 
night, b! there came to him a. cavalier on a bright'bay steed’ 

* AmTt. ** in ft nif-tni ’^privatejiajtgnurAt** panic.; i* a 

Rqlionaljit The Hainan ScWl ii caiUJ "‘Aihib jJ-Rijf" became h allowj mare liEwrty 
of ihon tJic qchef ihftc arihocIcMC, 

*iTic an^cU in riilc fncbildi- 

The Enchawte£) Spiung. 


with a crown on His head, as he were of the sons of the Kingi^, 
and said to him, “Who Wiight thee hither, O youth?" The 
Prince told hjm his mishap, how he was wending bis wedding, 
and how the Waiir had Jed him to a spring whereof he drank 
and incuired what had occurred; and as he spoke his speech was 
broken by tears. Having heard him the horseman pided his case 
and said, "It was thy father's Waiir who cast thee into this 
strait, for no man alive save he Imoweth of this spring;” pre- 
sendy adding, “Mount thee behind me and come with me to my 
dwelling, for thou art my guest this night.” “Acquaint me who 
thou art ere I fare with thee," quoth the Prince; and quoth the 
other, “I am a King's son of the Jann, as thou a King's son 
of mankin d; so be of good cheCT and keep thine eyes clear of 
tear, for 1 will surely do away thy cark and cure; and this is a 
slight thing unto me,** So the Prince mounted him behind the 
stranger, and they rode on. Leaving the troops, from the first of 
the day till midnight, when the King’s son of the Jinn ashed the 
Prince, "Knowest thou how many days' march we have covered 
in this time?" "Not 1.” "We have come a full year's pum^* 
for a dihgent horseman,*' The Prince mar\'elled at this and said, 
"How shall I do to return to my people?" "That is not thine 
affair, but my business. As soon as thou art quit of thy com* 
plaint, thou shalt return to thy people in Ic^ than the twinkling 
of an eye; for that is an easy matter to me,* When the Prince 
heard wese words he was ready to fly for excess of joy: it 
seemed to him as he were in the imbroglio of a dream and He 
exchumed, “Glory be to Him who can restore the unhappy to 

happineffil"-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

cea^ saj-ing her pennitted say. 

ISfjen it teas the Jfihe Srunbrcb anh eigljip-thiili 

She said, It bath reached me, O auspicious King, chat the Prince 
of the Jinn said to the Prince of mankind, “When thou art quit ot 
thy complaint, thou shalt return to thy folk in less than the 
twHii^g of an eye " and the King’s son rejoiced. They fared 
on all that night till the morning moirowed when bl they i'tnmd 
themselves in a green and smiling country, full of trees spircing 
and birds quiring and ga^ fruit'growing and palaces high- 
showily and waters a'flowing and odoriferous Bowers a'blowing. 

Alj> Laylah wa Latlah. 


Here the King^s son of the Jiim abated from his steed and, 
bidding the Prince do the like, took him by the hand and carried 
him into one of the palaces, where be found a great King and 
puissant Sultan; and abode with him all that day eating and 
drinking, till nightfall. Then the King’s son of the Jinn mounted 
his courser and taking the Prince up behind him, fared on swifdy 
^ough the murks and glooms until morning, when lo, they 
found themselves in a dark land and a desert, lull of bbek rocks 
and stones, as it were a piece of Hell; and the Prince asked the 
Jinni, “What is the name of this land?" Answered the other, 
“It is called the Black Country, and bdongs to one of the Kings 
of the Jinn, by name Zu'l Janahayn, against whom none of the 
other i^gs may prevail, neither may any enter his dominions 
save by his permit: so tarry thou here, whilst ! go ask Wye," So 
saying, he went away and, rcnirning after awhile, they fared on 
again, till they landed at a spring of water welling forth of a black 
rock, and the King’s son of the Jinn said to the King’s son of 
men, ‘^Alight!" He dismounted and the other cried, “Drink of 
this waterl" So he drank of the spring without stay or dday; 
and, no sooner had he done $0 than, by grace of Allah, he became 
a man as before. At this be joyed with exceeding joy and asked 
the Jinni, “O my brother, how is this spring called?” Answered 
the other, “It is called the Women's Spring, for that no woman 
drinketh thereof but she becometb a man: wherefore do thou 
praise Allah the Most High and thank Him for thy restoration and 
mount.” So the Prince prostrated himself in gratitude to the 
Almighty, after which he mounted agam and they fared on diL- 
gently all that day, till they returned to the Jinnfs home, where 
the Prince passed the night in all solace of Ufe. They spent the 
next day in eating and drinking ciU nightfall, when the King's son 
of the Jinn asked the Prince, “Hast thou a mind to return to thy 
people this very night?” “Yes," he answered; “for indeed 1 
long for them.” TTien the Jinni called one of hb father’s slaves, 
Rajii' hight, and Said to him, “Take this young man mounted on 
thy shoulders, and let not the day dawn ere he be with his father' 
in-law and his w’ife.” Replied the slave, “Hearkening and obedi¬ 
ence, and with love and gladness, and upon my hsid and eyes!" 
then, withdrawing awhile, re^a^ppeared in the form of an Ifrit. 

■ In tlje Brn( Edit. ''Zi}ir" CxU, m). 

The Enchanted Sfrino. 


When the Prince saw this^ he lost bis senses for affright, but the 
jinni said to “Fklt not; no hann shall befal Mount 

thy horse and leap lum on to the Ifrit’s shoulders," 
answered he, “I will leave my horse with thee and bestride his 
shoulders myself/' So he bestrode the Ifrit'a shoulders and, 
when the Jinni cried, "Close thine eyes, O my lord, and be not a 
craven!" he strengthened his heart and shut his eyes. Thereupon 
the Ifrit rose with hYm into the air and ceased not to ffy between 
sky and earth, whilst the Prince was unconscious, nor the 
last third of the night come before he alighted down with him 
on the terrace-roof of his fatherin'Iaw’s palace,^ "^en said the 
Ifrit, "Dismount and open thine eyes; fOT this is the palace 
of thy father-in-law and his daughter," So he came down 
and the Ifrit flew away and left him on the roof of Ae palace. 
When the day broke and the Pnnee recovered froin his troubles, 
he descended into the palace and as his father-in-law caught 
sight of him. he came to meet him and marvelled to him 
descend from the roof of the palace, saying, "We see toJk en^ 
by the doors; but thou comest from the skies. Quoth the 
Prince, "Whatso Allah (may He be ertoiled and exaltecf!) wiU^ 
that oometh to pass." And he told him all that had befallen him, 
from first to last, whereat the King marveUed ^d reimeed in 
his safety; and, as soon as die sun rose, bade his Warir make 
ready splendid briderfeasts. So did he and they held the marriage 
festival: after which the Prince went in unto his bride and abode 
with her two months, then departed with her for his father’s capi¬ 
tal. As for the danisel's cousin, he died forthright of envy and 
jealousy. When the Prince and his bride drew near hi's fathCTs 
dty, the King came out to meet them with his troops and Wazirs. 
and so Allah (blessed and exalted be ^!) enabled the: Prace to 
prevail against his bride s cousin and his lather s Mi n ister, ^ And I 
pray the Alitughty'* {added the dBJCisel) to &id thee agiunst thy 
Warirs, O King, and I beseech thee to do me justice on thy son!" 

When the King heard this, he bade put his son to death,-And 

Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and (^ased to say her per-' 
mitted say. 

it teas tfje Jfibe ^nhcelJ anh Cig^tp-Courtti 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when Ae 
favourite had told her tale to the King she said* "I beseech thee 


Alf Lavlak wa Iayjjvh. 

to do me justice by cuttmg tiiy son co death." Now this was the 
tourth day, so the fourth Wazjr entered and, kissing die ground 
bciore him, said, “Allah stablish and protect the King! O 
King, be detiberace in doing th^ thou art resolved upon, for the 
wise man doth naught till he hath conddeined the issue theteof, 
and the pro\'erb saith, 'Whoso iooketh not to his actions' end, 
hath not the world co I rlend; and whoso acteth without considers" 
tion, there befalleth him what befel the Hammam'keeper with his 
wife.’" “And what betided him?” ajsked the King. And the 
Wasir answered, "1 have heard teli, O King, a tate of the 

WmnV’s Sou und the Hdwimtim'Kcepcr s 

There was once a bath-keeper, to whom resorted the notables of 
the folk and head men, and one day there came in to Iiim a hand' 
some youth of the sons of Wamrs who was fat and bulkj' of body. 
So he stood to serve him and when the young man put off his 
clothes" he saw not his yard, for that it was hidden between his 
thighs,^ by reason of the excess of his fat, and there appear^ 
thereof but what was like unto a filbert.* At this the batb-keqjer 
fell a-lamenting and smiting hand upon hand, which when the 
youth saw, he said to him, "What ails thee, O bath-keeper, to 
lament thus?" And he answered, saying, ''O my lord, my tamcn' 
tacion is for thee, because thou art in sore straits, for all thy fair 
fortune and goodLness and exceeding comeliness, seeing thou h aftt 
naught wherewidial to do and receive delight, like unto other 
men.’ Quoth the youth, “Thou sayst sooth, but thou inmde ; ^ me 
of somewhat I had forgotten.” “What is ^at?" asked the bath'' 
keeper, and the youth answered, 'Take this gold piece and fetch 
me a pretty woman, that I may prove my nature on her.” So he 
took the money and betaking hiinself to his w’ife, said to her, ”0 

* Thii the 1 Sem ant! tfic MeirhiErti** Wift" of the HEtpp{ide» {chdpt. L) utLiw- 
femd to a3I the PnJLnt tcthou tif India. It h the Swry the BatlUccE^ wli* 
dactod hi* Vnit: to itic Soaj (vf th-e King of Kaciuj m Ehc Book of ^ndlb^d. 

■The pacjiif Caliph Al^fuktaJi fci Amii ’ilalt +67^AJ>. 107S) iru to 

fnrbtci men enccfibij the hathi of Baylulid without drawers 
■Thii pemlianty it oot nncoanmon amun^t the to^Ued Aji^an nM Serninc racct^ 
#ltS!c to iJic Afiioan It u all but unknown. Women highly imic t oan^Dmuitkai which 
(a« tic pralimre dtKfibcd it} h ilwars '^athEf In hit belly or its mine."* 

The Wazib's Son and the Keepers Wife. lyt 

woman, there is a;mc to me in the bath a young man of the sons 
of die Wazirs, as he were the moon on the fullest night; but he 
hath no piickte like other men, for that which he hath is but some 
jiinall matter like unto a filbert. I lamented over his youth and he 
ga%'e me this dinar and asked me to fetch him a woman on whom 
he might approve himself. Now thou art worthier of the money 
than another, and from this no ham shall betide us, for I w'ill pro^ 
tect thee. So do tliou sic with him aw^hile and laugh at him and 
take this dinar from him." So the good w'ife took the dinar and 
rising, adorned herself and donned the richest of her raiment. 
Now' she was the fairest woman of her time. Then she went out 
with her husband and he carried her in to the Wa^ir's son in a 
privy place. When she came in to him, she looked at him and 
Ending him a handsome youth, fair of favour as he were the moon 
at full, was confounded at his beauty and loveliness^ and on like 
wise his heart and wit were amazed at the first sight of her and 
the sweetness of her smile. So he rose forthright and locking 
the door, took the damsel in his arms and pressed her to Im 
bosom and they embraced, whereupon the young man's s^ard 
swelled and rose on end, as it w'ere that of a jackass, and he 
rode upon her breast and futtered her, whilst she sofabed and 
sighed and writhed and WTiggled under him. Now the bath' 
keeper was standing behind the door, awaititig what should 
betide between them, and he began to call her saying, "O Umm 
Abdillah, enough! Come out, for the day is long umm thy 
sucking child." Quoth the youth, "Go ferth to my boy and 
come back:" but quoth she, 'Tf I go forth from thee, ray soul 
will depart my bocy; as regards the child, so I must either leave 
him to die of weeping or let him be reared an orphan, without a 
mother," So she ceased not to abide w*ith him till he had done 
his desire of her ten times running, wlide her husband stood at 
the door, calling her and ciying out and weeping and impbring 
succour. But none cunc to aid him and he ceased not to do 
thus, saying, "1 will slay mysell!"; till at last, finding no way 
of access to his wife, and being distraught with rage and jealousy, 
to hear her sighing and murmuring and breathing hard under the 
young man. he went up to the top of the hath and, casting him¬ 
self down therefrom, died, "Moreover, O King” (continued the 
Wazir), "there hath reached me another storj' of the malice of 
women." “What is that?" asked the King, and the Wazir 
said, "Know, O King, that it is anent 

Alw Laylah wa Laylah. 

The Wife e Device lo ChcM her Hushand/’ 

There was once a woman who had no equaj in her day for 
beauty and lo\'elmess and grace and perfection; and a cert^ 
lewd you^ and an obscene setting eyes on her, fell in love with 
her and Io\'ed her with exceeding passion, but she was dmee and 
inclined not to adultery* It chanced one day that her husband 
went on a jouniey to a certain town, whereupon the young man 
feU to sending to her many times a day; but she made him no reply* 
At last, he resorted to an old woman, who dwelt hard by, ^d 
after saucing her he sat down and complained to her of his suffer^ 
ings for love of the woman and his longing to enjoy her* Quo^ 
she, **I will warrant thee this; no harm shall bcfal thee, for I will 
surely bring thee to thy desire, Insballah,—an it pl ea s e Allah the 
Most High!’' At these words he gave her a dinar and went his 
way. When the morning morrowed she appeared before the 
woman and, renewing an old acquaintance with her, fell to vi«t' 
ing her daily, eating the undertime with her and the evening 
meal and carrying away food for her children, Morrover, she 
used to sport and jest with her, till the wife became Axarupted' 
and could not endure an hour without her enmpany. Now she 
was wont, when she left the lady’s house, to cake bread and fat 
wherewith she mixed a little pepp^ and to feed a bitch, chat was 
in that quarter; and thus she did day by day, till the bitch 
became fond of her and followed her wherev'er she went. One 
day she cook a cake of dough and, putting therein an overdose 
of pepper, gave it to the bitch to eat, w'hereupon the beast’s eyes 
b^an CO shed tears, for the heat of the pepper, and she followed 
the old woman, weeping. When the lady saw this she was 
amazed and asked the andent, *'0 my mother, what ails this 
bitch to weepr' Answered she, “Learn, O my heart's love, that 
hers is a strange story. Know that she was once a dose friend of 
mine, a lovely and accomplished young lady, a model of comf 

^ I htrft *re perfecthr aware of the her womw wimipt wntois 

Etiuch m«F thui men da. The ijJe J* iKe "St«T of the Libmiiie HiiBhnnd'" in thr 
of Slndihid; h!cntied with the "Stoiarcf the Gahttween ind iKc Birch” la the Back of 
Siniilbai !t ti rclaitti in thc^DiiCTpEn* CWciEt^of fAJ>. the fibHiu 

of Ld vittl/t Maiilt /j fgunt the Gesta (thfitcnth century) ond ih* 

**Ctiiim£ig Siddhikui'^m die 

The Wife's Dea^cb to Cheat hee Husband. 153 

line&s and perfect gmcc. A yG^lng Natarene of the quarter feQ 
in love with her and his passion and pinine increased on bim, 
til! .he took to hu pillow, and he sent to her times manifold, 
begging her to have compassion on him and show him mercy, 
but she refuKd, albeit I gave her good counsel, saying, “O my 
daughter^ have pity on hm and be kind and consent to all he 
wisheth.' She gave no heed to my advice, until, the young 
man’s patience failing him , he complained at last to one of his 
friends, who cast an enchantment on her and changed her human 
^pe into canine form. When she saw what cransformaticn had 
befallen her and that there v;as none to pity her case save myself, 
she came to my bouse and began to fawn on me and buss my 
hands and feet and whine and shed tears, till 1 recognised her 
and said to her, 'How often did I not warn thee?; but my 

advice profited thee naught,' "-^And Shahracad perceived the 

dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

Slifcrt ft hiaj( Jfihe l^unhrcb aith (Cisttfp'hfth 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the old 
trot related to the young lady the tale of the bitch and recounted 
the case in her cunning and deceit, with the view to gain her 
consent and said to her, "'When the enchanted beast came to me 
and wept I reminded her, 'How often did I not warn thee?; but 
my advice profited thee naught,' However, O my daughter, seeing 
her misery, I had compassion on her case and kept her by me; 
and as often as she bethinketh herself of her fomuer estate, she 
weepeth thus, in pity for herself.” When the lady heard this, she 
was taken with great alarm and said, "O my mother, by Allah, 
thou afflightest me with this thy story." “Why so?" asked the old 
woman. Answered the bdy, “Because a certain handsome young 
man fell in love with me and hath sent many times to me, but 
hitherto I have repeUed him; and now I fear lest there befa] pie 
the bke of what bcfel this bitch." “O my daughter " rejoined the 
old woman, "look thou to what I counsel thee and beware of 
crossing me, for 1 am in gr^t fear for thee. If thou know not 
his abiding'place, describe his sembbnee to me, that I may fetch 
him to ihec, and let not any one’s heart be angered against 
thee.” So ^e lady described him to her, and she showed not to 
know him and said, “When 1 go out, I will ask aiter hun,” But 

Axf Latiak wa Laylah, 


when she left the lad^, she went straight to the young man and 
said to hitn, “Be of go^ cheer, for 1 have played with the girl's 
witsj ao to'morrow at noon wait thou at the head of the street, 
dU I come and cany thee to her house, where thou shalt take 
thine case with her the rese of the day and all night long,” At 
this the young man rejoiced with exceeding joy and giaye her two 
dinars, saying, '‘When 1 have won my wish of her, I will give thee 
ten gold pieces,” Tlren she returned to the hdy and said to her, 
“1 have seen him and spoken with him on this matter. 1 found 
him exceeding wroth with thee and minded to do thee a hann, 
but 1 plied him with fair words till he agreed to come to-morrow 
at the time of the call to noon-prayer," When the lady heard 
this ^e rejoiced exceedingly and said, “O my mother, if he keep 
his promise, 1 will give thoe ten dinars." Quoth the dd woman, 
"Look to his coming from none but from me," When the next 
mom morrowed she said to the lady, "Make ready the early meal 
and forget not the wine and adorn thyself and don thy richest 
dress and decoradon, whilst I go and fetch him to thee." So she 
dad herself in her finest finery and prepared food, whilst the old 
woman went out to look for the young man, who came not. So 
she went around searching for him, but could come by no news of 
him, and she said to herself, "What is to be done? Shall the 
food and drink she hath gotten ready be w’asted and I lose the 
gold pieces she promised me? Indeed, 1 will not allow my cunning 
contrivance to come to naught, but will look her out another man 
and carry him to her." So she walked about the highways till 
her eyes fell on a pretty fellow, young and distinguished-looking, 
to whom the folk bowed and who bore in bis face the traces of 
travel. She went up to him and saluting him, asked, "Hast thou 
a mind to meat and drink and a girl adorned and ready?" 
Answered he, "Where is this to be had?" “At home, in my 
house," rejoined she and carrying him to bis own house, knocked 
at the door. The lady opened to them and ran in again, to make 
an end of her dressing and perfuming; whilst the wicked old 
woman brought the man, who was the husband and house-master, 
into the saloon and made him sit down congratulating herself on 
her cunning contrivance. Presently in walked the lady, who no 
sooner set eyes on her husband sitting by the old trot than she 
knew him and guessed how the case stood: nevertheless, she w-asi 
not taken aback and without stay or delay bethought her of a 
device to hoodwink him. So she pulled her outer boot and 

Tke Wife's Device to Cheat her Husband. 155 

cried ac tier husband, "Is this bow thou keepest the contract 
between us? Hitw canst thou betray me and deal thus with me? 
Know that, wheo I heard of thy coming, I sent this old woman 
to try thee and she hath made thee fall into that against which I 
warned thee; so now 1 am certilied of thine afair and that thou 
hast broken faith with me. I thought thee chaste and pure till I 
saw thee, with my own eyes, in this old woman's company and 
knew that thou didst frequent loose baggages." So saying, she 
fell to beating him with her slipper about the head, and crying 
out, "Divorce me I Divorce me!'’; whilst he excused himself and 
swore to her, by Allah the Most High, that he bad never in his 
life been untrue to her nor had done aught of that whereof die 
suspected him. But she stinted not to weep and scream and bash 
him, crying out and saying, “Come to ray help, O Moslems!"; 
dll he laid hold of her mouth with his band and she bit it. 
Moreover, he humbled himself to ber and kissed her hands and 
feet, whilst she would not be appeased and continued to cuff 
him. At last, she winked at the old woman to come and hold 
her hand from him. So she came up to her and kissed her hands 
and feet, till she made peace between them and they sat down 
together; whereupon the husband began to kiss her hands, saying, 
“Allah Almighty requite thee with all good, for that thou hast 
delivered me from her!" And the old woman mar\Tdled at the 
wife’s cunning and ready wit. "This, then, O King" (said the 
Waair) "is one of many instances of the craft and milice and 
perfidy of women." When the King heard this story, he was 

persuaded by it and turned from his purpose to slay his son;- 

And Shahra^d perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her 
permitted say. 

lihen it tt?? jFiue ^nhreli anh eEg:h({''E^dcth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
fourth Wazir had told his tale, the King turned tiom his purpe^ 
CO slay his son; but, on the fifth day, the damsel came in to him 
bending a bow] of poison in hand, railin g on Heaven for help and 
buffeting her cheeks and face, and said to him, “O King, either 
thou shalt do me justice and avenge me on thy son, or I wiU 
drink up this poison'cup and die, and the sin of my blood shall 
be on tby head at the Day of Dtxim. These thy Ministers accuse 


Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

me oi and pcrildy, but therfi be ntine in the world more 

perJidious than men. Hast thou not heard the story of the 
Goldsmith and the Cashmere* singitig'girl?" “What befel the 
twain, O damad?" asked the King; and she answered, say' 
ing, “There hath come to ray knowledge, O august King, a 
tak of the 

GoUnnith dtid tlie Gishmcre Singing-Gid. 

Th£re lived once, in a dty of Persia a gddsmith who delighted 
in women and in drinking wine. One day, being in the bouse of 
one of his intimates, he saw painted on the wall the 6gure of a 
lutanist, a beautiful damsel, beholder never beheld a fairer or a 
more pleasant. He looked at the picture again and again, 
marveling at its beauty, and fell so desperately in bvc with it, 
that he sickened for passion and came near to die. It chanced 
that one of his friends came to visit him and sitting down by his 
side, adted how he and what ailed him, whereto the gold^ith 
answered, “O my brother, that which ails me is love, and it befd 
on this wise, I saw a figure of a woman painted on the house* 
vrall of my brother such an one and became enamoured of itJ” 
Hereupon the other fell to blaming him and said, ‘This was of 
thy lack of wit; how couldst thou fall in love with a painted 
figure on a wall, that can neither harm nor profit, that seech not 
neither heareth, that neither t^eth nor wi^oldcth," Said die 
side man, “He who painted yonder picture never could have 
limned it save after the likeness of some beautiful woman.’’ 
“Haply,” rejoined his friend, “he painted it from imagination.” 
“In any case," replied the goldsmith, “here am I dying for love 
of the picture, and if there Uve the original thereof in the world, 
I pray Allah Most High to protect my life till 1 see her.” When 
those who were present went out, they asked for the painter of the 

*^ The Kaatimir pwptcp men tromcn^ hatve a rtery ht^d nnne m t il n, tie 

fcifmex ibe tzeodkerj and the Wter fesy imthii&tity^ A dlitii:^ Hys^ 

If fofle be icam h food in d»n h ne'er let tbm kt* come acaryc: 

Flm SandJ, Kcoiid Jatr uid 

The wofnat fjdr tkw and bomlHimf rrieurs hut, likr nU In zmtCp 

Bcniiitii, Sindla, Afgluiif, bo$ami fall after the child nJid htcoiac Hke 

udden, Thli ii ftoe thif ciu wiEh Hiudilf womenj iUjimci^ ^Mai-ithihi etc. 

Ta£ Goldsmith and the Sincinis^irl, 157 

picture and^ findmg that he had travelled to another town, wrote 
him a letter, complaining of their comrade's case and enquiring 
whether he had drawn the of his own inventive talents or 
copied it From a living nnxlu; to which he replied, painted it 
after a certain smging'girl belonging to one of the Wazim in 
the city of Cashmere in the land of Hind." When the goldsmith 
heard this, he left Persia for Cashmere'city, where he arrived after 
much travail. He tarried awhik there till one day he went and 
clapped up an acquaintance with a certain of the citizens who was 
a dru^ist, a fdlow of a sharp wit, keen, crafty; and, being one 
even'tide in company with him, asked him of their King and his 
polity; to which the other answered, saying, "Well, our King is 
just ^d righti(£}us in his governance, equi^le to his lieges and 
benefic^t to his commons and abhorreth nothing in the world 
save sorcerers; but, whenever a sorcerer or sorceress falls into his 
hands, he casteth them into a pit without the city and there leaveth 
them in hunger to die." Then he questioned him of the King s 
Wazirs, and the druggist told him of each Minister, his fashion 
and condition, till the talk came round to the singing'girl and he 
told him, **She belongcth to such a Wazir," Tlie goldsmith took 
note of the Minister's abiding place and waited some days, till he 
had devised a device to his desire; and one night of rain and 
thunder and stormy winds, he provided hinisdf with thieves* 
tackle and repaired to the house of the Wazir who owned the 
damsel. Here he hanged a rope-ladder with giappling'irons to 
the battkmencs and climbed up to the tcrrace-roof of the palace. 
Thence he descended to the inner court and, making his way into 
the Harim, found all the slave-girls lying asleep, each on her own 
couch; and amongst them reclining on a couch of alabaster and 
covered w'ith a coverlet of cloth of gold a damsel, as she w'ere the 
moon rising on a fourteenth night. At her head stood a candle 
of ambergris, and at her feet another, each in a cancDestick of 
glittering gold, her brilliancy dimming them both: and under her 
pillow lay a casket of silver, w’hertin were her jewels. He raised 
the coverlet and drawing near her, considered her straitly, and 
behold, it was the lutanist whom he desired and of whom he was 
come in quest. So he took out a knife and wounded her in the 
hack parts, a palpable outer wound, whereupon she awoke in 
terror; but, wh^ she saw him, she was afraid to cry out, thin^g 
he came to steal her goods. So she said to him, *‘Take the box 
and what is therein, but slay me not, for ! am in thy protecrion 

Alf Laviah wa L^ylab, 

and under thy safe-cuard^ and my death wfll profit thee nothing,*' 

Accordingly, he took the box and went away.-And Shahr^d 

perceived the dawn of day and c ea s e d saying her pertmited 

iShtn tt uafi die ifthe Ihunhreh anh Ctgditp'ficlirnth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspiaous King, that when 
the goldsmith had entered the Waair's palace he wounded 
damsel slightly in the back parts and, taking the boa which 
contained her jewels, wended his way. And when morning 
morrewed he donned clothes after the fashion of men of teaming 
and doctors of the law and, taking the jewd'case went in there¬ 
with to the King of die city, before whom he kissed the ground 
and said to him, "O King, 1 am a devout man; withal a byal 
wdl-wUhcr to thee and come hither a pilgrim Co thy coun from 
the land of Khorasan, attracted by the report of thy just govern¬ 
ance and righteous dealing with thy subjects and minded to be 
under thy standard. I reached this city at the last of the day 
and finding the gate locked and barred, threw me down to sleep 
without the walb; but, as I lay betwdst sleep and wake, behold, 1 
saw four women come up; one riding on a broomstick, another 
on a wine-jar, a third on an oven-peel and a fourth on a black 
bitch,* and I knew that they were witches making for thy city. 
One of them came up to me and kicked me with her foot and 
beat me with a ffjx^s tail she had in her hand, hurting me 
grievously, whereat 1 was wroth and smote her with a knife ! had 
with me, wounding her in the back parts, as she turned to flee 
from me. When soe fdt the wound, she fled before me and in 
her flight let drop this casket, which I picked up and opening, 
found these costly jeweb therein. So do thou take it, for 1 have 
no need thereof, being a wanderer in the mountains,* who hath 
^ected the world from my heart and nenemneed it and ail that is 
in it, seeking only the face of Allah the Most High." Then he 
set the casket before the King and fared fonh. The King opened 
the box and emptying out aU the trinkets it contained, fell to 

^ thcae wor4ia ^ mppe^cd tQ hiflcmour. 

vehitki HE^cat nJcrimioji from European wjtcbeiir. la tht Bfcsl. Edit. (i». 
3CH) one of the rides i. "MlltFiMJih" tsr brooni. 

A rtfkjE ^h£i aiftuds 

The Goldsmith and the SinginS'Giiu.. 


turning them over with hts hand, till he chanced upon a necklace 
whereof he had made gift to the Watir to whijm the girl belonged. 
Seeing this, he called the Minister in question and said to him, 
’This is the necklace 1 gave thee?” He knew it at lirst sight 
and answered, "It is: and 1 gave it to a singing girl of mine,'‘ 
Quoth the King, "Fetch that girl to me forthwith.” So he fetched 
her to him, ana he said, "Uncover her back parts and see if there 
be a wound therein or no.” The Wazir according!/ bared her 
backside and hnding a knife'wound there, said, ”Yes, O my lord, 
there is a wound," Then said the King, "This is the witch of 
whom the devotee told me, and there can be no doubt of it,” and 
bade cast her into the witches* well. So they carried her thither 
ii. once. As soon as it was night and the goldsmith knew that 
his plot had succeeded, he repaired to the pit, taking with him a 
purse of a thousand dinars, and, entering into converse with the 
warder, sat talking with him till a third part of the night was 
passed, when he broached the matter to bun, saying, "Know, O 
my brother, that this girl is innocent of that they lay to her charge 
and that it was I brought this calmnity upon her." Then he told 
him the whole story, first and last, ad^ig, ’Take, O my brother, 
this purse of a thousand dinars and give me the damsel, that I 
may carry her to my own land, for these gold pieces will profit 
thee more than keeping her in prison; moreover Allah will requite 
thee for us, and we too will both offer up prayers for thy pittsper- 
ity and safety.” When the warder heard this stor>> he mar%'eU»J 
with exceeding marv-el at that device and its success; then taking 
the money, he delivered the girl to the goldsmith, conditioning 
that he should not abide one hour with her in the dty. Thereupon 
the goldsmith took the girl and fared on with her, without ceasing, 
till he reached his own coimtry and so he won his w'ish. "S«, 
then, O King” (said the damsel), "the malice of men and their 
w'iles. Now thy Watirs hinder diee from doing me iustice on 
thy son; but tOKmorrovv we shall stand, both thou and 1, before 
the Just Judge, and He shall do me justice on thee, O King.” 
When the King heard this, he commanded to put his son to 
death; but the fifth Waxir came in to him and kissing the ground 
before him, said, "O mighty King, delay and hasten not to slay 
thy son: speed will oftentimes repentance breed; and f fear for 
thee lest thou repent, even as did the man who never laughed for 
the rest of his days.*’ "And how was that, O Waiir?” a^ed the 
King. Quoth he, “I have heard tdl, O King, this calc concaning 

Alf Latiam wa Layiam, 


The Man wlio nfutfr Laugh tfd during the Rest 
0 / hi5 Dayj. 

Tber£ was 0 QC£ a man "who was ridi in lands and houses and 
monies and goodsi eunuchs and slaves, and he died and went to 
the mercy of Allah the Most High; leaving a young son, who, 
when he grew up, gave hitpself to f e a sting and carousing and 
hearing music and singing and the loud laughter of parasites; 
and he wasted his subSance in. gifts and prodigahty tm he had 

squandered all the mcMiey his father left him,-And Shahraaad 

perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

Klhcn ii \m& tfje Jf iiia Ibunhrch anh ^isbh 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the young 
man, when he had squandered all the money his fatlrer left 
him and naught thereof remained to him, betook himself to selling 
his slaves and handmaids, lands and houses and spent the proceeds 
on like wise, till he was reduced to beggary and must needs labour 
for his living. He abode thus a year’s space, at the end of whi^ 
time he was sitting one day under a ■w-all, awaiting who should hire 
him when behold, there came up to iiim an old man of com^ 
aspect and apparel and saluted him. The young man asked, **0 
uncle, hast thou known me aforetime?" and the other answered, 
“Not so, O my son, ! know thee not at all, at all; but J ^ 
trace of gentle breeding on thee dapite thy present case." "O 
unck,” rejoined the poor man, “needs must Fate and Fortune be 
accomplished; but, O uncle, O bright of hire, hast thou any OC' 
casion wherein thou wouldst employ me?" Said the other, "I 
wish, O my son, to employ thee in a slight matter." “What is 
it?" quoth the young man, and quoth the stranger, “We are 
elev'en old men in one house, but we have none to servfe us; so 
an thou wilt stay and take service with us, thou shalt luve food 
and clothing to thy heart's content, besides what cometh ta thee 
of coin and other good; and haply Allah will restore thee thy 
fortune by our means." Replied the ^uth, "Hearkening and 
obedience!" "But I have a condition to impose on thee." “What ' 
is that?" "O my son, it is that thou keep our secret in what thou 

The Mak who nevee Laughed. i6i 

seest u£ do, and tf thou see us weep, that thcu question us not of 
the cause of our weeping.'* "it is wel^ O imdef' "Come with 
me, O my son, wdth the blessing of Allah Almighty." So he 
followed him to the bath, where the old man caused his 

body of the crusted dirt, after which he sent one to fetch a Iiand' 
some garmmt of linen and clad him therein. Then he carried 
him to liis company which was in his domicile and the youth 
found a house lofty and spacious and strongly builded, wherein 
were sitting'chambers facing one another: arid saloons, in each 
one a fountam of water, with the birds warbling over it, and 
windows on every side, giving upon a fair garden within the 
house. The old man brought him into one of parlours, which 
was variegated with many-coloured marbles, the ceiHng thereof 
being decorated with ultramarine and glowing gold; and the floor 
bespread with silken carpets. Here he found ten Shaykhs in 
mourning apparel, seated one opposite other, weeping and wailing. 
He marvelled at their case and puiposed to ask the reason, when 
he remembered the condition and held his peace. Then he who 
had brought him delivered to him a chest containing thirty thou¬ 
sand dinars and said to him, “O my son, spend fri^y from this 
chest what is fitting for our entertainment and thine own; and be 
thou faithful and remember that wherewith 1 charged thee/’ "I 
hear and I obey," answered he and seiv'ed them days and nights, 
til! one of them died, whereupon his fellows washed him and 
shrouded him and buried liim in a garden behind the house,' nor 
did death cease to take them, one S^ter other, till there rerdtained 
but the Shaykh who had hired the youth for service. Then the 
two men, old and young, dw'clt together in chat bouse alone for 
years and years, nor was there with them a third save Allali the 
Most High, till the elder fell sick; and when the younger despaired 
of his life, he went up to him and condoling with him, said, "O 
nuncie mine, I have waited upon you twelve years and have not 
failed of my duties a single hour, but have been byal and faithful 
to you and served you with my might and main." "Yes, O my 
son," answered the old man, "thou hast served us well undl aU my 
comrades are gone to the mercy of Allah fto whom belong honour 
and gloryf) and needs must I die also." "O my lord," said the 
other, *‘thou art in danger of death and I would fain have thee 

*■ ''Gwtecnied snound" ii bipintf unknann to Mulcau. 


1^2, Ali Laylak wa Laylah. 

acquaint me with tke cause of your weeping and wailing of 
your iinr^tmg mourning and limeatadon and regrets. O my 
son,*’ answered the old man, '''it concerns thrc not to know this, 
so impciitune me not of what 1 may not do: tor I have vowed to 
Almighty Allah that 1 would acquaint none of His cneatures with 
this, lest he be afflicted with what beid me and my comrades. If, 
then, thou desire to be delivered from that into which we fell, 
thou open not yonder drxjr, ^ and pointed to a certain part 
house; “but, if thou have a mind to suffler what we have suffered, 
then open it and thou shalt learn the cause of that thou hast seen 
us do; and whenas thou know^t it, thou ahalt repent wlpt tii^ 
repentance will a^ail thee not."'—^—And Shahrazad perceived the 
dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

lahcn fl teas t&e dffftc ©uit&reti anh CiK()lP'T*init> 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspiaous King, that the sur' 
viving Shiiykh of the ten said to the ycutli^ Beware how thou 
open yonder door or thou shalt r^ent what time repencioce will 
avail thee not-" Then his sickness grew on him and he acaw 
pushed his term and departed life to the presence of his Lord; 
and the young man washed him with his own hands shrouded 
bim and buried him by the side of his comrades; after which he 
abode alone in the place and took possession of whatsoe\’er was 
therein. Withal he was uneasy and troubled concemii^ the care 
of the old men, dll, one day, as he sat pondering the words of his 
de ad master and his injunction not to open the door, he suddenly 
bethought biiTLself to go and took for it. So he rose up ^d 
repaired tathe part whither the dead man liad pointed and sought 
tffl, in a dark unfre^ented comer, he found a little door, over 
which the spider bad spun her webs and w’hich was fastened wim 
four padlocks of steel. Seeing this he recalled the old man a 
warning and restrained himself and went away; and he held aloof 
from it seven days, whilst all the time his heart prompted him to 
open it. On the eighth day his curiosity got the better of him and 
he said, ‘‘Come what will, needs must 1 open the door and sre 
what will happen to me therefrom. Nothing can avert what is 
fated and fore'Ordained of Allah the Most High; nor doth aught 

tTliii ineidtnt ogcnn In ihe “TWr^ Knlinilsf’f Talt** S«e wl- i. t57j wid ante 14 
p. 141. 

The Ma>' who kever Laughed, 163 

befai but by His will/* * So Eaying, he rose and broke the padlocks 
and opening the door saw a narrow passage, which he toUowed 
for some three hours when lo! he came out on the shore of a vast 
ocean’ and fared on along the beach, marvelling at this main, 
whereof he had no knowledge and turning right and left. Fres' 
ently, a great eagle swooped down upon him from the lift and seis' 
ing him in its talons, ilew away with him betwixt heaven and earth, 
till it came to an island in the midst of the sea, where it cast him 
down and flew away. The youth was dazed and knew' not whither 
he should wend, but after a few da^re as he sat pondering his case, 
he caught sight of the sails of a ship in the middlemost of the main, 
as it were a star in the sky; and bis heart dave to it, $0 haply 
his deliverance might be therein. He continued gazing at the 
ship, until it drew nigh, when he saw that it was a foyst budded 
all of ivory and ebony, inlaid w'ich glistening gold made fast by 
nads of steel, w'ith oars of sandal and lign^oes. In it were ten 
damsds, high-bosomed maids, as they were moorB? and when 
they saw him, they came ashore to him and kissed his hands, say¬ 
ing, “Thou art the King, the Bridegroom I" Then there accost^ 
him a young lady, as she were the sun shining in sky serene 
baring in hand a silken napkin, wherein were a royal robe and a 
crown of gold set with all manner rubies and pearls. She threw 
the robe over him and set the crown upon his head, after which 
the damsels bore him on their arms to the foyst, where he fotmd 
all kinds of silken carpets and hangings of various colours. Then 
they spread the sails and stretchod out into mid-ocean. Quoth the 
young man, ^Indeed, when they put to sea with me, meseemed it 
was a dream and I knew not whither they were "wending with 
me. Presently, we drew near to land, and 1 saw the shore full of 
troops none knoweth thdr number save Allah (extolled and 
e^calted be He?) and all were magnificently armyed and dad in 
complete steel. As soon as the vessel had made fast to the land, 
they brought me five marked® horses of noble breeds, housed and 

* The Mac. Edit, hai 

* iVtf. marked with tKc Waun or tdbd to sbfiw rhcir btond^ The mitject flf WaLkci 

u nUeswve an'i bigiitt iftEcrcrdng^ for many of thcjic bmnJi date doubtltia froan prehi^ 
tone Pi®ci. For Ijiatance, some of the grrus ApmlbIi aarren {mst tribe) uie a cirelct^ th* 
itudiJ erf Uicr flinar (an ±\yi^AcZTtT}f. wbidi thu3 ahowi ehc eye frcmi wliick it wjw rorawti 
I hav*? some apedntenf of Waam. ui The of Midian (i, 320) where, « amimgai 
the Bailawin, Tmitw kmiip of mjsac* are pre^imJ lung after ibe dcMtlt Aod 

buriaJ of Giriitiaeuir- 

Alp Laylaii wa Latlah. 


saddled with gold, inlaid with all manner pearls and high-prio^ 
besel scones. 1 chose out one of them and mounted it, whilst they 
led the four others before me. Then they raised the banners and 
the standards over my head, whilst the troops ranged themselves 
right and left, and we set our, with drums beatmg and cymbals 
darling, and rode on; whilst 1 debated in myself wheth^ I were 
in sleep or on w'ake; and we never ceased faring, 1 b^eving not in 
that my estate, but taking all this for the imbroglio of a dream, 
rill we drew near to the green mead, full of palac^ and gardens 
and trees and streams and blooms and birds chanting the praises 
of Allah the One, the Victorious. Hereupon, behold, an army 
sdlied out from amid the palaces and gardens, as it were the 
torrent when it poureth down,* and the h^t overflowed the mead. 
These troops halted at a little distance from me and presently 
there rode rortk from amongst them a King, preceded by some of 
his chief officers on foot.” W^hen he came up to the young man 
(saith the tale-teller) he dismounted also, and the two salut^ each 
other after the goodliest fashion. Then said the King, * Gome 
with U5, for thou art my gi^t ” So they took horse again ^d 
rode on stiirup touching stirrup in great and stately procession, 
conversing as they went, rill they came to the royal palace, where 

they alighted together.-^And Shahmad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

IBljm (t teas tfic JFihe J&ttnhreh anh Ninetieth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the two rode 
together in stately procession till they entered the palace, when the 
King taking the young man by the hand, led him into a domed 
room followed by hu? suite, and making him sit down on a throne 
of gold, seated h^sedf beside him. Then he unbound the swathe 
from his lower face; and behold, the King was a young lady, like 
the splendid sun shining in the sheeny sl^, perfect in brauty and 
loveliness, brilliancy and grace, arrogance* and all perfection. The 
youth looked upon this singular blessing and embodied boon and 

^ f j. fivim tfi^ The *^!i*vr* iS 1 feature in ,4rflh« Id Sflurhem 

where eitinT ciffitcn hiVe l&if their hj Irrir^ lO ftw'fm it. 

^ Arjb> "^"tTib ** i iiic ifi tfia Spaniih ^ti«c -fif tc/^ ind 

The Man who nev'er Laughed. 165 

was lost m wonder at ber ckanns and comeliness and seemlihe^ 
and at the splendour and aiiluence he saw about hiin» when she said 
"Know^ O King» that 1 am the Queen of this land and that all the 
troops thou hast seen, whether horse or foot, are womeiv there is 
no man amongst them; for in this our state the tnen delve and sow 
and ear and occupy themselves with the tillage of the eaith and 
the building of towns and ocher mechanical crafts ami tisclul artSi 
whilst fhp women govern and hU the great offices of state and bear 
arms," At this the youth marvelled with exceeding marvel and, 
as they were in discourse, behold, in came the Wanr who wm 
a tail gray'haired old woman of venerable semblance and majestic 
aspect, and it was told him that this was the Minismr. Quoth the 
Queen to her, '“'Bring us the Kazi and witnesKS, So she w’^t 
out to do this, and the Queen, turning to him, conversed wdth turn 
in friendly ta<hto n, and enforced herself to reassure his awe of her 
and do away his shame with speech blander than the zephyr, 
saying, “Art thou content to be to me baron and I to thee feme?” 
Thereupon he arose and would have k i ss e d ground between her 
hands, out she forbade him and he replied, sa^dng, O my lady, I 
am the 1*^^ of thy slaves who serve thee," “Seest thou ^ these 
servants and soldiers and riches and hoards and treasures? asked 
she, and he answered, *^Yes!'' Quoth she, “All these are at thy 
commandment to dispose of them and gK'e and bestow as Beem«h 
good to thee." Tlien she poin ted to a closed door and said, 
“All these things are at thy disposal, save yonder door; that 
shalt thou not open, and if thou open it thou shalt repent when 
repentance will avail thee naught, So bewarel and again I say, 
bew^l” Hardly liad she m^e an end of speaking when the 
Waziress entered followed by the Kazi and witness^, all old 
women, with their hair streaming over their shoulders and of 
reverend and majestic presence; and the Queen bade them 
draw up the contract of marriage between herself and the young 
man. Accordingly, they performed the marriage'Ceremony and 
the Quie^ ma^ a great bride'feast, to which she bade all the 
troops; and after they had eaten and drunken, he \^t in unto 
his bride and found her a maid virginal. So he did aw-ay her 
hymen and abode with her seven years in all joyance and 
and delight of life, tdl, one day of die days, he bethought himsdf 
of the forbidden door and said in himself, “Except there were 
therein treasures greater and grander than any 1 have seen, she 
had not forbidden me therefrom." So he rose and opened the 


Alf Laylah wa Layxah. 

door, wh^ bt behind rt was the very bird which had brought 
Hitn from the sea'shore Co the island, and it said to him, “No 
welcome to a face that sha.1l never pro 3 perJ“ When he saw it 
and heard what it he Hcd from it; but it followed him and 
seizing him in its cabns, Rew' with him an hour's |oumey betwixt 
heaven and earth, till it set him dowti in the place whence it had 
fee carried him oft and Rew away. When he came id his senses, 
he remembered his late estate, great, grand and glorious, and the 
troops which rode before him and tus lordly rule and all the 
honour and fair fortune he had lost and feU to weeping and 
wailing.^ Jde abode two months on the sea'shore, where the 
bird hM set him down, hoping yet to return to his wife, tiU, as 
he sat one night wakeful, tnouming and musing, behold, he heard 
one speaking, albeit he saw no one, and saying, “How great were 
the delights! Alas, far from thee is the return of that which Is 
past!" When he heard this, he redoubled in his regrets and 
despaired of recovering his wife and his fair estate chat was; sa 
he returned, weary and broken'hearted, to the house where he had 
dwelt with the old men. and knew that they had fared even as he 
and that this w^as the cause of their shedding tears and lamenting 
their lot; wherefore he ever after held them excused. Then, being 
overcome with chagrin and concern, he took to his chamber and 
gave himself up to mourning and lamentation; and he ceased not 
crying and complaining and left eating and drinking and pleasant 
scents and merriment; nor did he laugh once oR the day of his 
death, when they buried him beside the Shaykhs. “See, then, O 
King," continued the Waair “what cometh of precipitance: verily, 
it is unpraise worthy and bequeatheth repentance; and in this 1 
give thee true advice and byal counsel." When the King heard 

this story, he turned from slaying his son;-And Shahrasad 

perceived the dawn of day and cca^ saying her permitted say, 

Hhm ft tpod the dTibe anb ilinetpofireit iU^i. 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that when the 
King heard this story he turned from slaying his son: but, on the 
sixth day, the favourite came in to him bending a naked knife in 
hand, and said to him, “Know, O my brd, that except thou 

1 In thii Pfy ut eye. 

Kiug's Soy ANJ> ms Mekchast's Wipb. 167 

hearken to my complaint and protect thy right and thine honour 
against these thy Ministers, who are banded together against me, 
to do me wrong, 1 will kill mysdi with this knife, and my blood 
will ^tify against thee on the Day of Doom. Indeed, they pre* * 
tend that women are full of tricks and malice and p^dy; and 
they design th^ndiy to defeat me of my due and hinder the 
Xing from doing me justice; but, behold, I will prove to thee 
that men are more perfidious than women by the story of a 
King among the Kings and how he gained access to the wife 
of a certain merchant/' "And what passed between them?'^ 
asked the King, and she answered, "1 have heard tdl, O august 
King, a tale of 

The King's Son mid the Merclunt's Wife, 

A CERTAIN merchant, who was addicted to jealousy, had a wife 
that was a model of beauty and Icn'diness; and of the excess of 
his fear and jealousy of her, he would not abide with her in any 
town, but built her a pavilion without the city, apart from all other 
buildings, And be raised its height and stren^ened its doors and 
provided chm with curious locks; and when he had occasion to go 
into the dty, he locked the doors and hung the keys about h^ 
neck/ One day, when the merchant was abroad, the King's son 
of that city came forth, to take bis pleasure and solace in the open 
country without the walls, and seeing the solitary pavilion, stood 
still to examine it for a long while. At last he caught sight of a 
channiog lady looking and leaning out of one of the windows/ and 
being smitten with amazement at her grace and channs, cast about 
for a means of getting to her, but could find none. So he called up 
one of his pages, who brought him mk-case* and paper and wrote 
her a letter, setting forth his condition for love of her. Then he set 

^ Htc-tdlert niwa^i hirp ti^n th?t ihcmc, rKa ninmng prcctudcni ukfn hj 

miiilonij Kftii rheir uiccr conifuucm by md In ludi its Weal 

r^ttiArks^ **Ct <tue femmt vmt l>jcu v-cut*'^ 

* At faviHtnEts An iwtipalSnn rn Onentd laruli at in Sofutltem Europe uiil 
where the Qtrnitu or muntry viUm heuae bt thillE hy the ruEui-flijie ptEAAc ihe milEfiru 

*The link-c»c wnuld ccmuiin the pcriA; fiertce cnUeil In Tndja KkEAmiiin ■ reed 
bm, I have An!vised tnvctleK tft pfcjfrr the tirti«?le Iirjw to the Perel«n p 

wlitck IB of wfidd «rr pepicr-mlch^p preliily varniihaip but not Ip vifcar k in the walve-bcHt. 
si thli ii ■ tii^n of b^g m foibc, i. ?5 j J 

Alt Latlah wa Latuji. 


it tm ttc pfle^point of an arrow and shot it at the pavilion^ and it 
fell in the garden, where the lady was then walking with her 
maidens, said to one of the girls, “Hasten and bring me yon 
Imer," for she could read writing;* * and, whai she had read it and 
understood what he said in it of love and passion, yearning and 
longing, she wrote him a merciful reply, to the effect that she was 
smitten with a yet deroer desire for him; and then threw the letter 
down to him from one of the windows of the pavilion. When he 
saw her, he picked up the reply and after reading it, came under 
the window and said to her, “Let me down a thread, that 1 may 
send thee this ke>’; which do thou take and keep by thee." So 
she let down a thread and he tied the key to it.® llien he went 
away and repairing to one of his father's Wasirs, complained to 
him of his passion for the lady and chat he could not live without 
her; and the Minister said, '*And how dost thou bid me contrive?" 
Quoth the Prince, “1 would have thee set me in a chest’ and com' 
mit it to the merchant, feigning to him that it is thine and desiring 
him to keep it for thee in his country'house some days, that 1 may 
have my will of her; then do thou demand it ba^ from him." 
The Wazir answered, “With bve and gladness,” So the Prince 
returned to his palace and the padlock, the key whereof he 
had given the lady, on a chest he had b>' him, entered therein. 
Then the Waair locked it upon him and setting it on a mule, 
carried it to the pavilion of the merchant, who, seeing the Minister, 
came forth to hi.m and kissed his hands, saying, “Bel^e our lord the 
Waair hath some need or business which we may have the pleasure 
and honour of accomplishing for him?” Quo^ die Minister, “I 
would have thee set this chest in the safest and best place within 
thy house and keep it riU I seek it of Ehec." So the merchant 
made the porters carry it inside and set it down in one of his store' 
closets, after which he went out on busine^. As soon as he was 

* The vulgar Eaitcm ifJM « thnt wtimffl ttr kn^tig cnoti^h without Jontiof to 
ftid iKd wtrcc : jtnd e.i all cventf they thMiJii aoi be f^uigbc anydupfi bfly&nd re-JuUrm the 
Kdruip or lume dcarir-writcen Kwk, The control viith ruidCTn Eufupc it gicxt; i:re3itcr 
■till in AffglA^^tnctiea Out 4ml gTutsn Ehe new wet* which propose *^biiiTics" 
and '^buexuKlA'^ imi “womc^i robed with the tun/' 

*■ tn ihc Bfcal. Etht the Printer liel 9 key fs> MC<Q^d mow and ibtwti it inifi Uic pavilion. 

*The hu oficji borrt pUyied with uiaeo^ bj jmsoeipE t hoar 

of othert. The rtubnett with which the Wi«dr cntcri into the Hhemc i* Ehancterutic 
of DrientiJ Krvibey t ui hoasa. hkdein khtnthl ■£ leul pul in a remafiatranu. 

Pack who Feicneu to Know the Speech op Birds, 169 

gone, hts wife arose and went up to the chest and unlocked it with 
key the lCiiig*s son had given her, whereupon there came torth 
a jrauth like the moon. When she saw him, she donned her richest 
raiment and carried him to her sitting'SaloDn, where they abode 
se^en days, eating and drinking and making mory; and as often 
as her husband came home, she put the Prince back into the chest 
and locked it upon him. One' day the King asked for his son and 
the Wazir hurried off to the merchant's place of business and 

sought of him the chest.-And Shahrazad perceived the datwi 

of asy and ceased to say he? permitted say. 

iZUftn it tnatf the JFiht liutthreh anb ^incip^atomb 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
the Waeir reached the merchant s counting'house he asked {<x the 
box. The man accordingly repaired in haste to his pavilion, emv 
trary to his custom and roocked at die door. When his wife was 
ware of him, she burned the Prince back into the chest, but, in her 
confusion, forgot to lock it The merchant bade the porters take 
it up and carry it to his house in the town. So they took up the 
box by the lid, whereupon it flew open and In! the Prince was 
lying within. When the merchant saw him and knew him for the 
King's son, he went out to the Wazir and said to him, **Go m, 
thou, and take the King’s son; for none of us may lay hands on 
him.” So the Minister went in and taking the Prince, went away 
with him. As soon as they' were gone, the merchant put away 
wife and swotz that he would never marry ag^. "And,” con¬ 
tinued the damsel, "1 have heard tell, also, O King, a of 

The Page luho feigned 10 Know the Speech 
of Birds. ^ 

A CERTAIN man of rank once entered the slave>markct and saw 
a page Eieing cried for sale: so he bought him and carrying him 
home, said to his wife, ‘Take good care of him.” The lad abode 

^ This irory ippcArl hut I hive nof fErund it ciJ? to tnicc- Tn Boolt pf 

Sindib^'* It Im sppzrcndy rvprcscticcd by n tomuui, 1 n the Squlrc"i TiUe Ojuicct 
Cuu^e^s fini; EiuibleA ihr wrMT to Lindcratsiid ti-Cft icErdy to m 

ddc* the ilare^hoy Ln the t^JCL 


Alf Laylah wa Lavlah. 

there for a while till, one day, the man said to hi$ wife, ‘‘Go forth 
tomorrow to the garden and cake thy solace cherein and amuse 
thyself and enjoy thyself," And she replied, “With fove and glad' 
ness!” Now when the page heard thi^ he made ready in secret 
meat and drink and fruits and desert, and sallied forth with them 
privily that night to the garden, where he laid the meat under one 
tree, the wine under another and the fruit and conserves under a 
third, in the way his mistress must pass. When morning mor' 
rowed the husband bade him accompany the lady to that garden 
carrying with him all the provisions required for the day; so she 
took horse and riding thiciier with him, dismounted and entered. 
Presendy, as they were walking about, a crow croaked,' and the 
page said, “Thou sayst sooth;" whereupon his mistress asked 
him, “Dost thou know what the crow said?"; and he answered, 
“Yes, O my lady, he said, Under yonder tree is meat; go and eat 
itSo she said, "1 see thou really dost understand them;” then 
she went up to the tree and, Ending a dish of meat ready dressed, 
was assured that the youth told the truth and marvelled with ex> 
ceeding marvel. They ate of the meat and walked about awbde, 
taking their pleasure in the garden, till the crow croaked a second 
time, and the page again replied, “Thou sayst sooth." “What 
said he?” quoth the lady, and quoth the page, “O my lady, he 
saith that under such a tree are a gugglet of water flavoured with 
musk and a pitcher of old wine," So she went up with him to the 
tree and, Ending the wine and water there, redoubled in wonder¬ 
ment and the page was magnified in her eyes. They sat down and 
drank, then arose and walked in another part of the garden. Pre- 
eently the crow croaked again and the page said, “Thou sa^^stsooth." 
Said the lady, “What saith he now?" and the page replied, “He 
saith that under yonder tree are fruits, foesh and dried," So they 
went thither and found all as he said and sat down and ate. l^en 
they walked about again till the crow croaked a fourth time, 
whereupon the page took up a stone and threw it at him. Quoth 
she, “What said he, that thou shouldst stone him?" “O my 
bdy,” answered he, “he said what I cannot tell thee," “Say on,'* 

*The mw U an IH-drnencd feird In AMaloA mhA m Ensifm ChnAemiomH "Thu mw 
of cunod Kfu ind fw\ odoor/' fsyt the Bode of ECaUlah aiui Dtmua (fi. 4+), Thu Hmdtio 
m eu oaly tiroroctof^ 4Tid In thii matter they follow mit mih ihu Gucln% [ miy nm 
thar tbe ward bdoogB to the dayt befere ^'Aryui'* nnd tpocuh h$d paittd; wo 

fijid It in Hcbfc Orchi Ghuiib; tit, Comiij Engl. Cnn^ etc. 

Page who Feicnei} to Know the Speech of 171 

rejoined she; ^'and be not abashed in my pTesena*^ for there ^ 
naught between me and thee." But he cea^ not to ^y, “NOt" 
and she to press him to speak, tili at last she conjured hm to tell 
her, and he answered, ‘The oxiw said to me, '’Do with thy lady 
even as doth her husband/ " When she heard his words she 
latched till she fell backward and said, 'This is a light matter* 
and 1 may not gainsay thee therein/' ^ saying, she went up to 
a tree and, spreading the carpet under it, lay down, and called to 
him to come and do her need, when, lo! her husband, w'ho had 
foUow'cd thpin unaware and saw this, called out to the page, 
saying, "Hark)'e, boy! What ails thy mistress to be there, w'eep* 
ing?” Answered the page, "O my lord, she fell off the tree and 
was killed;^ and none but Allah (be He extolled and exalted!) 
restored her to thee. Wherefore sne lay down awhile to recover 
herself by rest/' When the lady saw her husband standing by her 
head, she rose and made a show of weakness and pain, saying, 
"O my back! O my sides! Come to my help, O my friends! I 
s^h =* ll never survive mis/' 60 her husband was deceived and said 
to the page, "Fetch thy mistress's horse and set her thereon.” 
Then he carried her home, the boy holding one stirrup and theman 
the other and saying, "Allah vouchsafe thee ease and recovery!” 
'These then, O King,^' (said the damsd) “are some instances of 
the craft of men and their perfidy; wherwore let not thy Waairs 
turn thee from succouring me and doing me justice/' Then she 
wept, and when the King saw' her weeping (for she was (he dear- 
est to him of all his slave'giHs) he once more commanded to put 
his son to death; but the sixth Minister entered and kissing ground 
before him, said* “May the Almighty advance the King! Verily 
1 am a loyal counsellor to thee, in that 1 counsel thee to deal 

deliberately in the matter of thy son;”-^And Shahrazad per' 

cetved the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say, 

(ESljtn it toasr tfjt iFibt ^utibreb rnili i^inctp>-tt)(rti 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the sixth 
Waair said, “O King, deal deliberately in the matter of thy son; 
for folsehot^ is as smoke and fact is built on base which sh^ not 
be broken; yea, and the light of sooth dlspcUeth the night of 

I In thr Hibernian icaifl or bdnji "Idit/ 


Al? Laylah wa Lavj^. 

untruth. Know that the pciidy of women is great, even is saith 
AUah the Most High in His Holy Boot, * *Verily, the malice 
you is great/^ And indeed a tale hath reached me that a certain 
woman befooled the Chj'efs of the State on such wise as never did 
any before her," Asked the King, “And how was that?'* .And 
the Waar answered, "1 have heard tell a tale, O King, as f^lowa 

The Lfldv and her Five Suitors. * 


A WOMAN of the daughters of the merchants was married to a man 
who was a great traveller. It chanced once that he set out for a 
far country and was absent so long that his wife, for pure ennui, 
fell in love with a handsome young man of the sons of the mcr^ 
chants, and they loved each other with esc^ding bve. One day, 
the youth quailed with another man, who It^ged a complaint 
against him with the Chief of Police, and he cast him into prison. 
When the news ramg to the merchant's wife his mistress, she well' 

^Quotetl Lri Nijlii tilxxidi.; tild by Kjtfir of IiHr (PoripbarJ mUta Vw wife {RiU or 
Zuiaykhs-) Joieph witb dtcompiinig fier cbordly And hr stw theit the ytantb'^i: 

ftfnnent wu whale m hunt md rent In rWr {Koftin, chupc. sh.) 

*ThiB witty tttlcj cjid'iHg tomcwhiit here, hu o^cr-wAnekred dfcic wtidtL Firrt 

wc find if ni the K.Kthi (S. S.) where the mciry wifr of Vitimchi* dLirobes W 

vciitim, A ratirtS ly prieit, ■ commAnFlo' of the :^ArLJ jmii the piinfe*! tutfir^ und-cr pEci of 
the hAth And ilBwj them nwiy in bodkcti whTiih aiJHgest FnlUtniF* ^‘buck-bniket:^ 111 
Sfdkrs” *'inL|jAi] Fairy Td!r&'^ the filr idfe nf xn ibKnt Rirreltani pIaja »imulMr 
noEAbk pir»ik upan the Kotwil, the Waiclr, the Kn£ ind the King; ST\d vk\n tP ihk ti 
the of TeiDBl Rfiirriklftnnn, the MAtlrati Tyl who by 

meAm of ■ lidy uve» hi» life froro ihe RajAh mrl the l^i^h PH«t- Mr. G. H. Demuit 
(pp, 317-360 of die ^HndlAn AnliniMiTr'* of 1173) rebtc] the *Tidc nf the TfwthfKwte,^ 
m pf DinAfiffur, whemn * woman "‘(eUi"' her fo«r ichiiirers. In the FerddnTalW 

AKribed x& the Dnw'iih [Mukhn?) of Iifahan^ thrUdy Aniyi tnekt iiid cjcpciaei 

A KaH, a doctor md r ^OTtmor. Bnccaccio tTipi- 1> hts the itary of t lady wfto ihut up 
hit ^dUnt in m thw with her Iii 4 »hmncl*j Aafl-edtifl j lad e jimlL^Lr lade Ox, I) pf Rlnucdo 
And Alexander with the wrpK of Scfinjiitdce rnifakh^d)li Renee a Lyde.:itc A.D* 
1430) deriTcd the plot ftf hii mcftkal tale of '*Thff l_ady Frio«» and herT^rK SiEert”; 
which wu modEfied irt the NcEhcrlmndSAh verglon hy the introductio-T of the Iji>ng Wappef, 
a Kternidv Bobin GcxMlTeUuw, FoJSowed in HfigUih thcmctricAJ tile of 'TTic Wri^fht'* 
Chaatr Wife,'^ by Atkin of Cobham ^oJited by Mf- FumiTaU frcEDa a MS. of dre^ 

1466) where tike TioEimt ire i lord, a atewjud and a priKwr. Sec iU4> 'The MAwer-Maid*^ 
in Dr. (iww Sit Gee^r^l "PbputAr TaIci ffrwn Ehe Nnrjfr" Mr. Oatistan, who 

ipvef thoe iletilk mm fully^ men dans a umllir Scottith SEury cemeernTO^ a Idiciviaua 
monk Jind the dujte wife of a imllTr. 

Tub Lady and her Fiv'e SurroRS, 


nigh lost her wits; then she arose and donning her richest dothes 
repaired to the house of the Chief of Police. She saluted him 
and presented a written petition to this purport, "He thou hast 
dapped in jail is my brother, such and such, who id\ out with 
fiui^ an one; and those vrho testified against him bore false 
witness. He hath been wrongfully imprisoned, and ! have none 
other to come in to me nor to provide for my support; the^ore 
1 beseech thee of thy grace to rdease him." Whm the magistrate 
had read the paper, he cast his eyes on her and fell in love with 
her forthright; so he said to her, "Go into the house, till I bring 
bim before me; then 1 will send for thee and thou shalt ralcc him/' 
"O my lord," replied she, "I have none to protect me save Al' 
mighty Allahl: 1 am a stranger and may not enter any man's 
ab^e." Quoth the Wah. "1 will not Irt him go, except thou 
come to my home and I take my will of thee " Rejoined she^ 
"D' it must be so, thou must needs come to my lodging and sit 
and sleep the siesta and rest the whole day there/' "‘And where 
is ^y abode?" asked he; and she answered, “In such a place,'' 
and appointed him for such a time. Then she went out from him, 
leaviog his heart taken with love of her, and she repaired to the 
Karf of the city, to whom she said, “O our lord the Kaiil" He 
exclaimed, “Yes!" and she continued, "Look into ray case, and 
thy reward be with Allah the Most High!" Qtioth he, “Who 
ha tti WTOTigcd thee?" and quoth she, "O ray lord, I have a brother 
and I have none but that one, and it is on his account that I come 
to thee; because the Wall hadi imprisoned him for a criminal and 
men have borne false witness against him that he is a wrong-doen 
and I beseech thee to intercede for him with the Chief of Poli^/' 
“When the i Ca^i looked on her, he fell in love with her forthright 
and said to her, “foter the house and rest awhile with my hand- 
maids whilst T send to the Wali to release thy brother. If I knew 
the money-fine which is upon him, T ivould pay it out of ray own 
purse, so I may have ray desire of thee, for thou pleasest me with 
thy sweet speech." Quoth she, *‘lf thou, O my lord, do thus, we 
must not blarae others.'* Quoth he, "An thou wilt not come in, 
wend thy ways." Then said she, “An thou wilt have it so, O our 
lord, it will be prfvier and better in ray place than in thrae, for 
here are slave-girls and eunuchs and goersdn and coracrs'out, and 
indeed I am a woman who wotteth naught of this fashion: but 
need compellcth/' Asked the Kad, “And where is thy bouse?"; 
and she answered, “In such a place," and appointed him for the 

Alf Laylaii wa Laylak. 


$ainc (ky and time as the Chief of Police. Then she went out 
from him to the Wazir, to whom she preferred her petition lor the 
release from prison of her brother who absolutdjr necessary 
to her: but he also required her of hersell,, saying, “5u£er me to 
have my will of thee and 1 will set thy brother free. Quoth she, 
“An thou wdt have it so, be it in my house, for there it will be 
privier both for me and for thee. It is not far (hstant and thou 
^west that which behoveth us women of cleanliness and adorn- 
mentAsked he, "Where h thy house?" ‘'In such a place, 
answered she and appointed him for the same time as t^ two 
o^ers. Then she went out from him to the King of the and 
told him her story and sought of him her brother's lekasc. "Who 
imprisoned him?" enquir^ he; and she replied, “Twas thy 
Chief of Police." WTien the King heard her speech, it transpierced 
his heart with the arrows of love and he bade her enter the palace 
with him, that he might send to the Kaii and release her brother. 
Quoth she, "O King, this thing is easy to thee, whether I will or 
nilh ^d if the King will india^d have this of me, it is of my good 
fortune; but, if he come to my house, he will do me the more 
honour by setting step therein, even as saith the poet, 

‘O ro>' friendj. hive yc seen Of have yc hianl * Of his visit whose virtues I 
hold so ■* 

Quoth the King, "We will not cross thee in this." So she 
appiintcd him for tlie same time as the three others, and told 
him where her house was.-^-—And Shahratad perceived the dawn 
of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

CQIjrn ft tuas Hje Jfihe Jj^unhceli anh J^inctp'fourih 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the woman 
tdd the King where her house was and appointed him for the 
same time as the Wall, the Kaai and the W^aiir. Then she left 
him and betaking herself to a man which was a carpenter, said to 
him, "I would l^ve thee make me a cabinet with four comparc- 
ments one above other, each with its door for loddng up. Let 
me know thy hire and I will give it thee." Replied he. 
price will be four dinars; but. O noble lady and w^-pratected. if 
thou wilt vouchsafe me thy favours, 1 wtU ask nothing of thee. 

The Lauv aud her Five Suftorr. 

Rejoitied she, “An there be no hdp but that thou haw it so, th^ 
Tpak g thou five compartments with their padlocks;” and ^ 
appointed him to bring it exactly on the day required. M he, 
“It is well; sit down, O my lady, and I will make it^ for th^ 
forthright, and after I will come to thee at my leisure." So ^e 
sat down by him, whibt he fell to work on the cabinet, and when 
he had made an end of it she chose to see it at mce carried home 
and set up in the sicting'chamber* * Then she took four gowns 
and carried them to the dyer, who dyed them each of a different 
colotir; after which die applied herself to making ready meat and 
drink; fruits, flowers and perfumes. Now when the appoint^ 
trysting day came, she donned her costliest dress and adorned 
herself and scented herself, then spread the ritting'room with 
%'aiious kinds of rich carpets and sat dowTi to awart who should 
OTme. And behold, the Kazi was the lirst to appear, de'-’ancing 
the rest, and when she saw him, she rose to her feet and kissed 
the ground before him; then, taking him by the hand, mar^ him 
sit down by her on the couch and lay with him and fell to jestmg 
and toying with him. By and by, he would have her do hw 
Ibut shiC ^ O iny lord^ doff tiiy cloctics ^nd turbiind 
this yellow ca-ssock snid this whilst bring 

thee meat and drtnki and after thou shalt win thy wdl' ™ 
sa>^g, ^he took his clothes and turband and dad him irt the 
cassock and the kerchief; but hardly had die done^this^ when lol 
there came a knocking at the door. Asked he» 
rapping at the dexjr?"' and she answered, “My husband. 
the Kazi, ‘"What is to be desne, and where sbali 1 goT Quoth 
shtj “Fear nothings 1 hide thee in this cabinet: 

“Do as seemeth good to thee.” So she took him by the hand 
and pushing him into the lowest compartment^ locked the door 
upon him. Then she went to the house-door, she found 

the Wali; so she bussed ground before him and taking his hand 
brought him into the saloon, where she made him sit down and 
aaid to him, "‘O my lord, this house is thy housei this place is thy 
place* and I am ihy handmaid: thou shalt pass all this day with 

' When Fjralcm* down m a ilritiltng bout, which mean* to get J^rtk m s^tfijr 

*nd rlcMinUv u «H»bTc, thc)f put ttnsea "f iiuH iii 

chnhc* wpplikj hy the h«i. of ilw hHshtnir he nmy bnvc. rttico*nr rel w*^. 
foJ of «>La.W So the Ittdy’i praecfdina wji rot Ijkriy to hreeJ mipiaMi *1- 

thOD^ hef TiSKi were wmewhiK far.tJ»ric 4flJ like NtlM Julia, i tTCiiUBr. 

Alf L^ylah wa Laylah- 


me; wherefore do thou doff thy clothes and don this ted gown, 
for It is a sleeping gown." So she toot away his cbthcs and 
maHi> him assume the red gown and set otv his head an old 
patched rag she had by her; after which she sat by him on Ac 
divan and she sported witli him while he toyed with her awl^e, 
till he put out his hand to her. Whereupon she said to him, *‘0 
our lord, this day is thy day and none shall share in it with thee; 
but first, of thy favour and bene\'olcncc. write roe an order for my 
brother's release from gaol that my heart may be at ease/* 
Quoth he, "Hearkening and obedience: on my head and eyes be 
itf"; and wrote a letter to his treasurer, saying, *''As soon as 
tins communication shall reach thee, do thou set such an one free, 
without stay or delay; neither answer the bearer a word" Then 
be sealed it and she took it from him, after which she began 
to toy again with him on the divan when, behold, some one 
knodied at the door. He asked, “Who is that?" and she 
answered, "My husband." *'What shall 1 do?” said he, and she, 
"Enter this cabinet, till I send him away and return to chise." So 
she dapped him into the second compartmefit from the bottom 
and padlocked the door on him; and meanwhile the Kad heard 
all they said Then she went to the house door and opened it, 
whereupon lo! the Wacir entered. She bussed the ground before 
him and received him with all honour and worship, saying, "O 
my lord, thou exaltesr us by thy coming to our house; AUah never 
deprive us 01 the tight of thy countenanoei" Then she seated 
him on the divan and said to him, “O my lord, doff thy heavy 
dress and turband and don these lighter vestments." So he put 
off his dothes and turband and she dad him in a blue cassock and 
a tall red bonnet, and said to him, "Erst thy garb was that of the 
Warirate; so leave it to its own time and don this light gown, 
•which is better fitted for carousing and making merry and sleep.” 
Thereupon she began to play wito him and he with her, and he 
would nave done his desire of her; but she put him off, saying, 
"O my lord, this shall not fail us/' As they were talking there 
came a knodting at the door, and the Wazir asked her, “Who is 
that?'*: to which she answered, "My husband." Quoth he, 
"What is to be done?" Quoth she, "Enter this cabinet, dll 1 get 
rid of him and come back to tfue; and fear thou nothing/' So me 
put him in the third compartment and locked the door on him, 
after which she went out and opened the house-door when lo and 

Thi La&y and jier. Ftvb Suitors. 


behold' in came the King, M soon as she saw him die kiss^ 
ground before him, and taking him by the hand, led him mto cIm 
saloon and seati^ him on the divan at the upper end. Then said 
she to him, ‘^Verdy, O King, thou dost us high honoitf, and if we 
brought thee to gift the world and all that therein is, it w*ould not 
be worth a single one of thy steps us'wards.' ——And Shahrazad 
perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

IShtn tt tnaii the ^ihe f&unhccl) anh ^inetp-fiflh 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
King entered the lady’s house she said to him, ‘’Had we brought 
thee to ^ft the world and all which is therein, it would not be 
worth a singje one of thy steps us-wards." And when he had 
taken his seat upon the divan she said, "Give me leave to speak 
one word/' "Say what thou wHt," answered he, and she said, 
*'0 my lord, take thine ease and doff thy dress and turband, ’ 
Now his clothes were worth a thousand dinars; and when he put 
them off she dad him in a patched gown, worth at the very moa 
ten dirhams, and fell to talking and jesting with him; all this 
while the folk in the cabinet hearing that pas^, but 

not daring to say a word. Presently, the King put his hand to 
her neck and sought to do his desire of her; when she said, 
"This thing shall not fail us, but I had 6rst promised myself to 
entertain thee in this sitting'diamber, and 1 have that which shall 
content thee/' Now as they were speaking, some one knocked at 
the door and he asked her, "Who is that?" "My husband, 
answered she. and he, "Make him m away of his ow-n good will, 
or I will fare forth to him and send him away perforce. Replied 
she, "Nay, O my lord, have patience till [ send him away by my 
skilful contrivance/' “And I, how shall I do!” enquired the 
King; whereupon she took him by die hand and making 1^ 
enter the fourm compartment of the cabinet, locked it upon him. 
Then she went out and opened the housc'door when behold, the 
carpenter entered and saluted her. Quoth ^e,^ What manner 
of thing is tJ^s cabinet thou hast made me?” "What ailcth it, 
O my lady?" asked he, and she answered, 'The top oompartment 
is too strait.” REfoined be, "Not so; and she, thy^f 

and see; it is not wide enough for thee," Quoth he, “It is wide 
enough for four," and entered the fifth compartment, whereupon 


Alf L^rijui WA Laylah. 


&he locked the door on him. Then she took the letter of the Chief 
of Police and carried it to the treasurer who, having read and 
understood it| kissed tt and delivered her lover to her. She told 
him all she had done and he said, "And how shall we act now?" 
She answered. *‘Wc will remove hence to another city, for after 
this work there is no tarrying for us here." Sc the twain packed 
up what goods they had and, loading them on camels, set out 
forthright for another city. Meanwhile, the five abode each in his 
compartment of the cabinet without eating or drinking three whole 
days, during which time they hdd their water undi at last the 
carpenter could retain bis no longer; so he staled on the King's 
head, and the King uriried on the Warir's head, and the Warir 
piddled on the Wall and the Wali pi^ed on the head of the Kasi; 
whereupon the Judge cried out and said, "What nastiness^ is this? 
Doth not what strait we are in suffice us, but you must make 
water upon us?” The Chief of Police recognised the Kari s voice 
and answered, saying aloud, “Allah increase thy reivard. O Kari!” 
And when the Kaii heard him, he knew him for the Walk Then 
the Clikf of Police lifted up his voice and said, *'What means this 
nastiness?” and the Warir answ'ered, saying, "Allah increase thy 
reward, O Wali I" whereupon he knew hfm to be the Minister, 
Then the Wazir lifted up his voice and said, "What means this 
nastiness?” But when the King heard and recognised his 
Minister's voice, he held his peace and concealed his affiair. 
Then said the Warir, “May &xl damn * rhia woman for her 
dealing with us! She liath brought hither all the Chief Officers of 
the state, except the King.” Quoth the King, “Hold your peace, 
for I was the first to faU into the toils of this lewd strumpet." 
Wliercat cried the carpenter, "And I. what have 1 done? I made 
her a cabinet for four gold pieces, and when I came to seek my 
hire, she cricked me into entering this compartment and locked 
the door on me.'" And they to talking with one another, 
diverting the King and doing away bis chagrin. Presently the 

* Arab. mcnfiL&'g uivdiing tmclctiii ^hicb raqulTC* jiblutiwi puniT^ir- 

Un^iTunurc^ mucus is not of the mtmb«rf to iht cominaD Moslctn it vi^ry in 

iIk mattifT isf nose- 

■Hcrc the w^rrd '1**^*n** El u«d which m«t Moftlemi ifximsa by wme faphemiini. 
The Tulffiir ViJ* "Nfl’iiJ'* iSapri jinj^ S^fprifll Tsw Safri ^nJ the 

RimioiL^ n '"1 semi him die ihiix Utters"^ tlmj lyn end niju 

The Lady and her Five Surrofijs, 


neighbours up to the bouse snd, seeing it deserted, said one 
to other, “But yesterday our neighbour, the wife of such an one, 
was in it; but now no sound is to be heard tbereiD nor is soul to 
be seen. Let us break (^)en the doors and see bow the case 
sranftg^ lest it come to the ears of the Wali or the King^^d we be 
cast into prison and regret not doing this thing before,” So they 
broke open the doors and entered the saloon, where diey saw 
a large wooden cabinet and heard men within groaning for 
hunger and thirst. Then said one of them, “Is there a jinni in 
this cabinet?” and his fellow, “Let us heap fuel about it and bum 
It with fire.” When the Kasi heard this, he bawled out to them, 

“Do it not!“-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her pennitted say, 

it bias tijc Jfihe S^unhreh anh 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
neighbours proposed to heap fuel about the cabinet and to bum It 
the Kazi bawled out to diem, “Do it not!" And they said 
to one another, “Verily the jinn make believe to be mortals and 
speak with men's voices," Thereupon the Kari repeated some' 
what of the Sublime Koran and said to the ndghlxjura, “Draw 
near to the cabinet wherdn we are " So they drew near, and be 
said, “I am so and so the Kari, and ye are such an one ^d such 
an one, and we are here: a company," Quoth the neighbours, 
"Whfl brought here?” And he told them the whole case 
from beginning to end. Then they fetched a carpenter, who 
opened the five doors and let out Kasi, Was:r* W^, King and 
carpenter in their queer disguises; and each, when he saw how the 
others were accoutred, fell a-Iaughing at them. Now she had 
taken away all their clothes: so every one of them sent to his 
people for fresh clothes and put them on and went out, covering 
himself therewith from the sight of the folk. "Consider, therefore, 
O our lord the King" (said the Warir), “what a trick this woman 
played off upon the folk! And 1 have heard tell also a tale of 

Alf Laylah wa Layiah* 

Tlic Tliree Wwh«.* or the who Lonjjed 
to tfitf of Power, 

A CERTAIN man had longed all his life to look upon the Night of 
Power,* and one night it befel that he gazed at the sky and saw 
the angeb, and Heaven's gates thrown oticn; and tic beheld all 
things prostrating themselves before their Lord, each in its several 
stead. ^ he said co his wife, “Harkye, such an one. verily Allah 
hath shown me the Night of Power, and it hath been proclaimed 
to me, from the invisible world, that three prayers will be granted 
unto me; so I consult thee for counsel as to what shall I ask." 
Quoth she, "O man, the perfection of man and his delight is in his 
prickle; therefore do thou pray Allah to greaten thy yard ^d 
magnify it," So he lifted up his hands to heaven and said, “O 
Allah, greaten my yard and magnify it," Hardly had he spoken 

* Ttw? EdlL k htre var fionciAt: better the llrwt. Etlit fiiilL 326>. Hm 
the Eflitcrfl form of the Three Wtabci which slam fjrjtn the carhrtt agti end which 
tu biu been to a, mijrterrif ^^bkde fuihiitii.*' Ir it the grwnt and 

ntott bfLii,il Satire dK thit » wuman woukl prefer lui eddittonai ind) ^ 

penis w on-Tthin^ this wctkl or the ncKE can ftiTrr her. In chr ikKtk of^ndibad It is rhe 
isory tif the Peft aad ReliflimiJ Mnn; Id* kiirriirtg the C/tent Nsuic; and <on5ul£ii3^ 
with hi* wife Stc lino La Fontdne^i 'Troii Souhaiis,*' PViart "'l.^dlt," md *'Lc* quafr* 
SwJinin lie Saini-Martnn.” 

■ Arab. Night cf Power Or of Divine Opirecs. It b "hrttef tliaa m 

thiioKlikl monthl'^ ^ Kata.n xerd 5), hot unhjrppiLy the eitaet dme ij mrE known alEJuTOlfh 
all agree thst it b oiie of tho last toi In Rirtiflatn. TIlc iaiur ^htn ftamed by Kilib ibn 
Mumih, anccftor of ibmn rwo cefimnet hefore ALTsknn^ correiponfled with 

Jidy-A-uiCLjaE and took ki tuime from w itileiwa beat. Rur the Prirpheu In the 

lenih Hijtidi ycar^ mest iinwiicty forbade tTreanluI iittCTV*bti«H3 ( Koran la, 34> 

amJ thus the lunar tncioTh wicnr tiaiirnd all the *cEiion*. On the \1ghr of Power the Karan 
wes deywn from the Preterved Tablet by AUah^s thnoae^ lo tKc dm ur lintir HciTen 
whence GebHcl hruuKht it far oppmoneti ftvelaitcm co the Apostle (Komn wvis.h AUo 
durfnit thU nisht aIX Ditdrkfr Decreet fne the enviilmt yar tm lakett fnrm the Tabkt and 
arc given eo ibe anych For cxeconon whilit, the itates of Heaven bdn^openf prayer (as m 
the tCKtJ li Stine uf ttjcceirt, Thif mass of absmiUTy ha» cnficrulcTot a host of aoper^ritiiMii 
evclTwhere vjirymg. Lane (Miad, EgTp*i damhei how Mime of the PaiEhfid 

keep tasting m rtrp of salt water which ^uukl becatne sweci in ibe Nig^h: of Nighu. In 
(Modernl ErulU not mW the ica tierofiiinsweety biiT all the vegetahkcrEiEioii Hown down 
before AUsh^ The «cacc ttme h known ondy in Prophrta; but the piout ue Ehnough the 
Mihc of R-imnian 27ih ^oor Zftth" Rflyins flfld ImnunfE incirnsc-pudEles. In StiTtihoJ 
ihimii o^Ss:ial'ly h SitJ in be the N4fh* of Fowe?. So in mcdhcval Eunape on Oinatimia. Eva 
die cattle wiotfiJupped G&:| fn tkaz itdl* and 1 have met points in bVjncc and Italy who 
nmily kiEicved that tunate hciita an that night not oiitf ifTcak hut pritlicr the ctenu of 
the Coming vear. 

The Thuee Wishes. 


when his tool became as big as a column and he could ndther 
sit nor stand nor move about nor even stir from his stead; and 
when he would have carnaJl/ known his wife, she fied before him 
from place to place. So he said to her» “O accursed woman, 
what is to be done? This ta thy list, by reason of thy lust.” 
She replied, ”No, by Allah, 1 did not ask for this Irngth and 
huge bulk, for wWch the gate of a street were too strait. Pray 
Heaven to make it less." So he raised his eyes to Heaven and 
said. "O A llah , rid me of this thing and deliver me therefrom." 
And immediately his prickle disappeared altogether and he 
became clean smooch. When his wife saw this, she said, *1 have 
no occasion for thee, now thou are become pegles as a eunuch, 
shaven and shorn;” and he answered her, saying, “All this comes 
of thine ilhomened counsel and thine imbecile judgment. 1 had 
rKw prayers accepted of Allah, wherewith 1 might have gotten 
me my good, both in this world and in the nest, and now two 
washes are gone in pure waste, by thy lewd will, and there 
remainetb but one.” Quoth she, "Pray Allah the Most High to 
restoreiheethy yardasit was." So he prayed to his Lord and his 
prickle was restored to its first estate. Thus the man lost his three 
wishes by the ill counsel and lack of wit in the W'oman; “And 
this , O King” (said the Warit), "have 1 cold thee, that thou 
raightest be certified of the thoughtlessness of women and their 
inconsequence and silliness and see what oometh of hearkening 
to their counsel. Wherefore be not persuaded by them to slay 
thy son, thy heart's core, who shall cause thy remembrance 
to survive thee." The King gave ear to his Klinister s words 
and forbore to put his iion to death: but, on the seventh day, 
the damsel came in. shrieking, and after lighting a great 
in the King’s presence, made as she would cast herself therein; 
whereupon they laid hands on her and brought her before him. 
He asked her, “Wliy hast thou done this?"; and she answered, 
“Except thou do me justice on thy son, I will cast myself mto 
this very fire and accuse thee of this on the Day of Resurrection, 
for 1 am aweary of my life, and before coming into thy presence 
I wrote my last will and testament and ^ve alms of my goods 
and rcsolv^ upon deith. And thou wilt repent with all repent' 
ance, even as did the King of having pfunishied the pious wi>man 
who kept the Hammam." Quoth the King, “How was drat?” 
and quoth she, “I have heard tell, O King, this tale aanccrmng 

AlF LATt^Oi WA Laylau. 


Thtf Stolen J^ecltldce, 

There was once a di^^’otect ^ redu$t;, a womn who had devotied 
herseif to teligioiL Now she used to resort Co a certain King's 

d ace,' whose dwellers were blessed by her presence and she was 
d of them in high honour. One day she entered that palace 
according to her custom and sat down beside the King's wife. 
Ptesentiy the Queen gave her a necklace, worth a uousand 
dinars, saying, "Keep this for me, O woman, whilst I go to the 
Ham mam .” So she entered the bath, which was in the palace, 
and the pious woman remaining in the place where the Queen 
was and awaiting her mum laid the necklace cn the prayer' 
carpet and stood up to pray. As she was thus engaged, there 
came a magpie' which snatched up the necklace, wMle she went 
out to obey a call of nature and carrying it off, hid it inside a 
crevice in a comer of the palace-walls. When the Queen came 
out of the bath, she sought the necklace of the recluse, who also 
searched for it, hut found it not nor could light on any trace of 
it: so she said to the King’s wife, “By Allah, O my daughter, 
none hath been with me. When thou gavest me the necklace, 
I laid it on the prayer-carpet, and I know not if one of the 
scr\-ants saw it and took it without my heed, whilst I was engaged 
in prayer. Almighty Allah only knoweth what is come of it!” 
When the King heard what had happened, he bade his Queen 
put the bath-woman to the question by 6re and grievous blows, 

-And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying 

her permitted say. 

^ H«icc the ifiisfortunc befd htr? dac picMJ* * xvmd cempijrAl [tdocan 

*TTiLi li our tate of M^td snd tiic Magpie the Mae. Fjfff, doa rwt iped5^ the 

^Tiyr" (sny Mrd) b«i the BreaJ. Edit. Hat ■ Tw^- The mac Magpie (C 

called Bitiarij (?) And Abii Mitsiih (»thc Sweeper, froni; it* laitl) la found 

tjn the UbantiA a^ Ana-libimaxft [Utacxpiorcd Sfria li. 77 * 143 ), b^it [ cever saw it in 
jwts cf Syria w b Arabian 1 r if ccrmpletrly iffnorecf by the Revcfcftd Mr Tahtjiiii 
in hi* pidn-hilir wper&dai hook "The Nettiral Histoiy of the Bihlt^^™ pubTiihed by the 
Sfidety Ibr Phxziutuia ChrutUn Knowkdss (or rather Isnorancc), IS73. 

Th£ Two Piobonb. 


GBIien ft tuan tttc ^Ibe l^unbreb anb /jtinct^fcbentb 

She said, It bath readied me, O auspicious King, thaj when the 
King bade his Queen question die bath'woman with hre and 
grievous blows, mey tortured her wnth all manner tortures, but 
could not bring her to confess or to accuse any. Then he coni' 
manded to cast her into prison and manacle and fetter her: and 
they did as he bade. One day, after this, as the King sac in the 
inner court of his palace, with the Queen by his side and water 
Howing around him, he saw the pie fly into a crevice in a comer 
of the wall and pull out the necklace, whereupon he cried out to 
a damsel who was with him , and she caught the bird and took 
the necklace from it. By this the King knew that the pious 
bathAix>nmn had been wronged and repented of that he had done 
with her. So he sent for Iict to the presence and fell to kissing 
her bead and with many tears sought pardon of her. Moreos'er, be 
commanded much treasure to be given to her, but she refused 
and would none of it. However, she forgave him and went away, 
swearing never again to enter any one’s house. So she betook 
herself to wandering in the mountains and valleys and worshipped 
God until she died, and Almighty Allah have mercy upon her! 
"And for an instance of the mali ce of the male sex” {continued the 
damsel), "I have heard, O King, tdl this tale of 

The Two Pigeoiw- ' 

A PAIR of pigeons once stored up wheat and barley in their nest 
during the winter, and when the summer came, the gram shrivelled 
and became less; so the male pigeon said to his wife, “Thou 
hast eaten of this grain.” Repli^ she, "No, by AUah, I have 
never touched it!” But he bdieved not her words and beat her 
with his wings and pecked her with his hill, till he killed her. 
When the cold season returned, the com swelled out and became 
as before, whereupon he knew that he had slain hia wife wrong' 

* Thli StdT* ofthcTif™ boXcl tt emtiEneiEkIn ttie Bc»korSSnd]Euid. 

ScT I>e cnct ui tbc K^IjiL wa D^mruih, hi the ''Book of KiiMth tod 

DjiEnnafe" 306 )i. 

Alp Lj\vlah wa Laylah. 


ously and wickedly, and he repented whcnaii repentance avaikd 
him naught. Tnen he lay down by her side, mourning over her 
and weeping for grief, and left meat and drink, tiU he fell sick 
and died. “But" (added the damsel), "I know a story of the 
malice of men more extiaiordirutry than either of these." Quoth 
the King, “Let us hear what thou hast to tell;'' and quoth she, 
“I have heard tell, O King, this 

Story 0 / Prince Behriint ^ind rlic Prmcess 

Teieri was once a King s daughter, Tvho had no equal in her 
rimi* for beauty and luveline^ and symmetrical stature and grace, 
brilliancy, amorous lace and the art of ravishing the wits of the 
masculine race and her name was Al'Datma, She used to boast, 
"'Indeed there is none like me in this age." Nor was there one 
more accomplished than she in horsemanship and martial exercises 
and all that behoveth a cavalier. So all the Kings' sons sought 
her to wife; but she would take none of them, saying, “No man 
shall marry me except he cn'erconie me at lunge of lance and 
stroke of sword in fair field and patent plain. If any can do this, 
1 will willingly wed him: but, if I overcome him, 1 will take his 
horse and clothes and arms and write w'itb fire upon his forehead, 
'This is the freed man of Al'Datma.* “ Now the sons of the 
Kings flocked to her from e\'ery quarter far and near, and she 
overcame them and put them to shame, stripping them of their 
arms and branding them with fire. Presently the son of a King 
of the Kings of the Persians, by name Behram ibn Tajt, heard 
of her and journeyed from afar to her father's court, bringing 
with him men and horses and great store of wealth and roym 
treasures. When he drew near the city, he sent her parent a 
rich present and the King came out to meet him and honoured 
him with the utmost honour. Then the King s son sent a message 
to him by his Wasir, demanding his daughter's hand in marriage; 
but the King answered, saying, "O tny son, as regards my daughter 
Al'Datma. 1 have no power over her, for she hath sworn by her 
soul to marry none except he overcome her in the listed field." 
Quoth the Prince, "I journeyed hither from my father's court with 
no other object but this; I came here to woo and for thmc 


alliance to suef* quoth the King, 'Thou abalt meet her Uy 
morrow.** So next day he sent to bid hifi daughter who, fn airi Tig 
ready for battle, donned her harness of war, and the folk, hearing 
of the coming joust, docked from all sides to the deld. Pre^dy 
the Princess rode into the Uses, armed cap'R-pie and bdted and 
with visor down, and the Persian King's son rji mf out single^ 
handed to meet her, equipped at all points after the fair^ of 
fashions. Then they drove at each other and fought a great while, 
wheeling and falsing, advancing and netreatitig, till the Princess, 
Unding in him such courage and cavalarice as she bad seen in 
none else, began to fear for herself lest he put her to shame 
before the bystanders and knew that he would assuredly over* 
come her. So she resolved to trick him and, raising her viaor, lo! 
her face appeared more brilliant than the full moon, which w'hen 
he saw, he was confounded by her beauty and his strength failed 
and his spirit faltered. When she peredved this, she fell upon, 
him imawares in his moment of weakness, and tare bim from 
his saddle, and he became in her hands as he were a sparrow in 
the clutches of an eagle, knowing not what was done with him 
for amazement and confusion. ^ she took his steed and clothes 
and armour and, branding him with fire, let him wend his ways. 
When he recovered from his stupor, he abode several days without 
meat or drink or sleep for despite and love of the girl which had 
taken hold upon his heart. Then he sent a letter by certain of 
his slaves to his father, advising him that He could not return home 
till he had won his will of the Princess or died for want of her. 
When his sire got the letter, be was sore concerned for his son 
and would have succoured him by sending troops and soldiers; 
but his Waairs dissuaded him from this and exhorted him to 
patience; so he committed his affair to Almighty Allah. Meate 
while, the Prince cast about for a means of coming to his desire; 
and presently, disguising himself as a decrepit old man, with a 
white beard over his own black beard repaired to a garden of the 
Princess wherein she used to walk most of her days. Here he 
sought out the gardener and said to him, *'I am a stranger from 
a far country and from my youth upwards 1 have been a gardener, 
and in the pafting of trees and the culture of fruits and Howeis 
and care of the vine none is more skilled than I.*’ When the 
gardener heard this, he rejoiced in him with ex<teeding joy and 
carried him into the gard^, where he commended him to his 
underlings, and the Prince betook himself bo the service of the 


Alf L^ylau wa Laylah. 

garden and the tending of the trees and the bettering of cbetr 
tnuts and improving the Persian watcT'WhccIs and disposing the 
irrigation-channels. One day, as he was thus empbyed^ b! he 
£aw some slaves enter the garden, leading mul^ laden with carpets 
and vesseb, and asked them the meaning of this, to wWch they 
answered, “The Princess is minded to take her pleasure." '%Tien 
he heard these words he hastened to his lodging a^, fetching 
some of the jewels and ornaments he had brought with him from 
home, sat down in the garden and spread somewhat of them out 
before him, shabng and making a show of extreme old age, —— 
And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her 
permitted say. 

{{Ibcn it bafi tht JTibe ^unbreh nnh .^iQdlh 

She said, It hath reached me, O at^idous King, that the son of 
the Persian King, after disguising himself as an old man shotten in 
years and taking a seat in die garden, spread out somewhat of the 
jewels and ornaments before him and made a show of shaking and 
trembling as if for decrepitude and the weakness of extreme senil' 
ity. After an hour or so a company of datnseb and eunuchs €»• 
tcred with the Princess in thdr midst, as she were the moon among 
the stars, and dispersed about the garden, plucking the fruits and 
diverting themselves. Presently they espied a man sitting under 
one of the trees; and, making towards him (who was the Prince), 
found him a very old man, whose hands and feet trembled for 
decrepitude, and before Jiitn store of precious jewels and royal 
ornaments. So they marvelled at his case and asked him what 
he did there with the jewels; when he answered, "Witli these 
trinkets I would fain buy me to wife one of you," They laughed 
together at him and said, 'Tf one of us marry thee, what wilt 
thou do with her?" Said he, "I will give her one kiss and 
divort^ her,” Then quoth the Princess, "1 give thee this damsel 
to wife,” So he rose and coming up to her, leaning on his 
and shivering and staggering, kissed her and gave her the jewels 
and ornaments: whereat she rejoiced and they, laughmg at 
him, went their way, Next day* they came again to the g^den, 
and £nding him seated in the same place, with more Jewels 
and ornaments than before spread in ^ont of him, asked him, 
"O Shaykh, v^t wilt thou do with this jewellery?"; and he 

pRlMCfi BehUAM and the PklNCESS. 187 

snswcred, sa^’ing, I wish therewith to ralfp* one of you to wife 
even as yesterday.'* So die Princess said. "1 tn^rry thee to this 
cUhiscI; and he came up to her and kissed her and gave her 
die jewels, and they all went their ways. But, sedng such gene¬ 
rosity to her ha ndtna i d s, the Princess said in herself, *'I have more 
right to all th^e fine things than these baggages, and no harm 
can betide me.’* So when morning morrowed she went down 
from her chamber singly into the garden, in the habit of one of 
her damsels, and presenting herself privily before the Prince, said 
to him, **0 Shaykh, the King's daughter hath sent me to thee, 
that thou mayst marry me.’* He looked at her and knew her; so 
he answered, With love and gladness,*' and gave her jewels and 
ornaments of the finest and costliest. Then be rose to kiss her» 
and she off her guard and fearing nothing but, when he came up 
to her, he suddenly laid hold of her with a strong hand and 
instantly throwing her down, on the ground abated her maiden- 
h^d,‘ Then he pulled the beard from his face and said to her, 
“Dost thou not know me?" Asked she, "Who art thou?" and 
be answered, “f am Behram, the King's son of Persia, who have 
changed my fevour and am become a stranger to my people and 
estate for thy sake and have lavished my treasures for thy love." 
So she rose from under him in silence and answered not his 
address nor ^ake a word of reply to him, being d=*7 ,** d for what 
had befallen ner and seeing no^ng better than to be silent, for 
fear of shame; and she l^oughc herself and said, “If 1 kill 
myself it w^ be useless and if I do him die, his death will profit 
me naught;" and presently added, “Nolhing will serve me but 
that 1 elope with him to his own country." Then she gathered 
D^ether her monies and treasures and sent to him, acquainting 
him therewith, to the intent that he alsa might equip himself with 
his wealth and needs; and they agreed upon a night on which to 
depart So, at the appointed time, they mounted racc^horses and 
set out under cover of the gtoom, nor did morning morrow tdl 
diey had traversed a great distance; and they ceased not faring 
forwards till they drew near his father s capitd in the land of the 
Persians. ^Vhen the King heard of his son s coming, he rode out 
to meet him w'ftb bis troops and rejoiced in him with exceeding 

*Thi* remtnetr wilful ynung peticm had nmiicTEJ rape cxciiuhle. The i«at. 

mefit mwdi ciillMl fur bjr ccroiit] heminci of modifA hedon—let ne nrEnrinn r^jncna 


Au Laylah wa Laylah. 

joy. Then, after a few days, he sent the Princess's father a 
spl^did present, and a letter to the effect that his daughter wm 
with him and demanding her wedding equipage. Al'Datma's 
father came out to meet the messengers with the greatest glad¬ 
ness (for that he had deemesd his daughter lost and had grieved 
sore for her loss): after which he made bride-feasts and, summon¬ 
ing the Kaai and the witnesses, let draw up the marriage-contract 
between his daughter and the Prince of Persia, He invested the 
envoys with rol^ of honour, then he made ready her equipage 
and despatched it to her; and Prince Behram abo^ with her ml 
death sundered their union. "See therefore, O King" (continued 
the favourite) ("the malice of men in thdr dealing with women. As 
for me, I will not go back from my due till I die." So the King 
once more commanded to put his son to death; but the seventh 
Waair came in to him and kissing the ground before him, said, “O 
King, have patience with me whilst I speak these words of good 
coun^ to thee; how many patient and slow-moving men unto 
their hope attain, and how many who are precipitate fall into 
shameful state! Now 1 have seen how this damsel hath profii- 
gately excited the King by lies to horrible and unnatural cruelties; 
but 1 his Mameluke, whom he hath overwhelmed with his favours 
and bounties, do proffer him true and loyal rede: for chat I, O 
King, know of the malice of women that which none knoweth 
save myself; and ih particular there hath reached me, on this 
subject, the story of the old woman and the son cf the merchant 
widi its warning instances." Asked the King, "And what fell out 
between them, O Wazir?" and the seventh Waiir answered, "I 
have heard tell, O King, the tale of 

The Ht^use tf ith die Belvedere. ‘ 

A wEALTinr merchant had a son who was very dear to him and 
who said to him one day, "O my father, I have a been to beg of 
thee," Quoth the merchant, "O my son, what is it, that I may 
give it thee and bring thee to thy desire, tiiough it were the light 
ot mine eyes." Quoth the youth, “Give me money, that I may 

"^Thc Story of thr Hiildtft tn the Book of Smdibtd; wher? if ii told 'mth itlT 
mMna€r of Pcrttun -embeUtthinenli- 

The House with the Belvedere. 


/ourney with the merchants to the dey of Bagdad aod see its 
sights and sail on the Tigris and look upon the palace of the 
C^phs^; for the sons of the merchants have d^cxibed th^ 
things to me and I long to see them for myself.” Said ^e 
father, “O my child, O my little son, how can I endure to part 
from thee?'* * But the youth replied, '*! have said my say and 
there is no help for it but I journey to Baghdad with thy consent 
or e'en without it: such a longing for its fallen upon 

me as can only be assuaged by the going hither.”-^And Shah' 

raaad pcrceivra the dawn of day and saying her permitted 


IBhtn it toast the ^ibr ^unbreh anh .^iiietp*nmth ^ighh 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the mer' 
chant's son said to his sire, ‘There is no help for it but that I 
joiOTicy to Baghdad.” Now when the father saw that there was no 
help for it, he provided bis son with goods to the value of thirty 
thousand gold pieces and sent him with certain merchants in 
whom he trusted, committing him to their charge. Then he took 
leave of the youth, who journeyed with his fiiends the merchants 
till they readied Baghdad, the House of Peace, where he entered 
the market and bir^ him a house, so handsome and delectable 
and spacious and elegant that on seeing it he well'nigh lost his 
xvits for admiration; for therein were pavilioos facing one another, 
with doors of coloured marbles and ceilings inlaid with gold and 
lapis lazuli, and its g^dens were full of warbling birds, & he 
a^ed the door-keeper' what was its monthly rent, and he replied, 
‘Ten dinars.” Quoth the young man, “Sp^est thou soodily or 
dost thou but jest with me?” Quoth the porter, “By Albh, 1 

^ turned Into GoTCTTtTncTft ofikes fur J«iJ * ^TritmRiJ uf Coan^ 

jMefce*" etc. 

* Anb. a pmonage as IcupDrtiEnt u the aid Fmich conactgc mtnA a man 

ci mat ha ai the ktft ttul mih Inning v*aRt n»rui. in the Berber 

from the Upper Nile ii the fivmtrice iut»e bdng held more honeti «- mcher rsKtlljr 
chan the uiual Egyptian. These Bnrhrrt, bawerer, jire erne burbariAns^ orcrfotid of 
B&isii fthc beer of Ovinil md not tmf^ueittly dangerous. They 4fe Mppwd by 
Mogleuift to dcKcnd from the old ^ynuii expcbcil by jostmi. For the faroiKitc chuff 
Againtt them, cjting the (not the puppy-pie), see They *rt the 

of Egypt to whem aH Idtidj of imlli sitd btumicis ux ettnbuced- 


Alf Lavlah wa Laylah. 

£peak naught but the truth, for none who taketb up his sbode in 
this house lodgeth in it more than a week* or two." "And how 
is that?" quodi the youth; and quoth the porter, "O my son, 
whoso dwdlL'th in this house ooineth not forth of it, except sick 
or dead, wherefore it is known amongst all the folk of Baghdad 
so that none oSercth to inhabit it, and thus cometh it that its rent 
is fallen so low." Hearing this the young merchant marvelled with 
exceeding marx'el and said, "Needs must there be some reason for 
this sickening and perishing," However after considering a while 
and seeking refuge with Allah from Satan the Stoned, he rented 
the house and totik up his abode there. Then he put away appre* 
hension from his thought and busied himself with selling and 
buying; and some days passed by without any such ill 
befalling him in the hoijse, as the doorkeeper had mentionoi 
One day as he sat upon the bench before his door, there came 
up a griialed crone, as she were a snake speckled white and 
black, calling aloud on the name of Allah, magnifying Him 
inordinately and, at the same time, putting away stones 
and other obstacles from the path,^ Seeing the youth sitting 
there, she looked at him and marvelled at his case; where' 
upon quoth he to her, "O woman, dost thou know me or 
am 1 like any thou knowest?" she beard liim speak, 

she toddled up to him and saluting him with the jabm, asked, 
"How long hast thou dwelt in this house?" Answered he, 
“Two months, O my mother;" and she said, ‘It was hereat I 
marvelled; for I, O my scfn, know thee not, ndtha- dost thou 
know me. nor yet art thou like unto any one 1 know; but 1 mar' 
veiled for that none other than, thou hath taken up his abode in 

ni«Lni ciilifT cr a In pr&Mcisien] dertes it 

warn dltwi Al-Arub^th (the other wedtdayi being S^hijfir or Buhaii, 

l>ibar mi Fimunb or ThursdaK). litfltilly =■ “Mcedtig" or’CsHiirfr 

gicttm {-diy), WA5 made Uj nepfueni the jertpssh SabhAih aM the Chmdati Stmeky 
beciujitan thitt diy Allah ctkIkI thrwwk ofcrcaiidn; k wm alw the date of ^ftlha^mIl!d'| 
entoint; ALMnbnali. ptoprdiFig to it was coileJ A^semhly-day 

ibn Lowsl, one the Prophet'^ flAtMtors, tiicLl m the poople before him on 

Fridiyi. McHlcmv arc mot fortudden to do setnbr wort after the congfcgmdonaf pmycn 
at thf hcKLT wh¥n they mu?it 'fasten to ihectimmemundon d/AllAh and ieawc mcithamlli- 
iii|fflkOFiLt^ chiiptK tstii. 9.) 

* Thli it dcfflt only hy thf wy picnai; if they *cf a Kbt of they kin h, plan it o^pon 
ihcir hcadj md ihrpcriir h upon a wall or mmt place wlteme it wilt not W froddnn on She 
aUp TwvEved the atonci lea? haply they pmvt iciiiitibjb^.bUickj to lomc MoaUm ibot 

The House with the Belvedere. 191 

this house but hath gone forth from it, dead or djfing, saving thee 
alone. Ekiubtless, O my son, thou hast perilled thy young years; 
but I suppose thou hast not gone up to the upper story neither 
looked out frtun the belvedere there/' So saying, she went bca^ 
way and he fell a'pondering her words and said to himself, “I 
have not gone up to the top of the house; nor did I know that 
there w'as a belvedere there," Then he arose forthright and going 
in, searched the byways of the house till he espied, in a wah- 
comer among the trees, a narrow door between whose posts* * the 
spider had woven her webs, and said in himself, “'Haply the 
spider hath not webbed over the door, but because death and 
doom is within/' However, he hearten^ himself with the saying 
of God the Most High, ''&y, nothing shall befal us but what 
Allah hath written for us;"” and opening the door, ascended a 
narrow £ight of stairs, till he came to the teirace-roof, where he 
found a belvedere, in which he sat down to nest and solace himself 
with the view. Presently, he caught sight of a fine house and a 
well'cared for hard by, sunnounted by a lofty belvedere, over" 
looking the w'hole of Baghdad, in which sat a damsel fair as a 
Hourj, Her beauty took possession of his whole heart and made 
away with his reason, bequeathing to him the pains and patience 
of Job and the grief and weeping of Jacob. And as he looked at 
her and considered her curiously, an object to enamour an ascetic 
and make a dev'otce lovesick, fire was lighted in his vitals and he 
cried, “Folk say that whoso taketh up his abode in this house 
dieth or sickeneth. An this be so, yon damsel is assuredly the 
cause. Would Heaven I knew how I shall win free of this affair, 
for my wits are clean gone!" Then he descended from the ter- 
race, pondering his case, and sat down in the house, but being 
unable to rest, he went out and took his seat at the door, absorb^ 
in mclanclMly thought when, behold, up came the old woman 
adoot, praising and m a^ifying A1 lah as she went. When he saw 
her, he rose and accosting her with a courteous salam and wishes 
for her life being prolonged said to her, "O my mother, I was 
healthy and hea^ till thou madest mention to me of Ae door 
leading to the belvedere; so I opened it and ascending to the top 

* Alh/lr, vhidh may mHn oilier rhe or rhff bolt#. Ljjic 

Oil. 174) iTMslfttM it the trees'*—in « mkm! 

* Kflrafl (tt, 5!)| when Molujnmtd rcpfti^hes the ufibcilcvcn for noc scimmiajiifLM 
Mm to vtamy ijc nuntyrdom. 

Au Laylah wa Laylah. 

of the house, saw cheoce what stole away my senses; and now 
methirks I am a lost man, and 1 know no physidan for roe but 
thyseLf.” When she heard this, she laughed and said. “No harm 
shall befal thee Inshallah—so Allah please!" Whereupon he 
nose and went into the house and coming back with an hundred 
dinars in fus sleeve, said to her, "Take this, O my mother, and 
A>ai with me the dealmg of lords with slaves and succour me 
quickly for, if I die, a for my blood will meet thee on the 
Day of Doom." Answered she, "With love and gladness; but, 
O my son, I expect thou lend me thine aid in some small matter, 
whereby hangs the winning of thy wish." Quoth he, "What 
wouldst thou have me do, O my mother?" Quoth she, “Go to 
the silk^market and enquire for the shop of Abu al'^Fath bin 
Kaydam. Sit thee down on his counter and salute him and say 
to him, 'Give roe the facovei!'' thou hast by thee orfrayed with 
gold:’ for he hath none handsomer in his shop. Then buy it of 
him, O tny son, ai bis own price however high and keep it till I 
come to thee to-morrow, Allah Almighty willing.” So saying, 
she went away and he passed the night upon live coals of the 
Ghaia'-wood. Next morning he took a thousand ducats in his 
pocket and repairing to the silk^market, sought out the shop of 
Abu al'Fath to whom he was directed by one of the merchants. 
He found him a man of dignified aspect, surrounded by pages, 
eunuchs and attendants; for he was a merchant of great wealth 
and consideration befriended by the Calipb; and of the blessings 
which Allah the Most High had bestowed upon him was the 
damsel who had ravished the young man's heart. She was his 
wife and had not her match for beauty, nor was her like to be 
found with any of the sons of the Kings. The young man 
saluted him and Abu al'Fath returned his salam and bade him 
be seated. So he sat down by him and said to him, “O mer' 
chant, J wish to look at such a face-veiL" Accordingly he bade 

^ Arth. t val, not the “ or *ith iKr pcep-hnles. It 

11 oppoKd m the “Tirkah*' m Europtimt jnT^^h i^tJiiAtt the vdl which 

te^rs-nn. fkr hup of Imii it i:s the cuntriny tiie nraat {:Dquef^ih of 

efintdvancea, Kidina cqanc ithi, Sahy noM^ wuJc tnouth^ and Tiniihlng tihieiii tnd 
ihowirtg tJtiXf Imtfoci and l^uid blftck errt MQTe^>ver ■ pretty wBuiin^ *ha wishes, 
wad Aiwiyi y(Bj ice fcmcihjjifl under fhe veit. [PIlgrItnjigE 1. 337, 

ydi^-flowered ircemiiifl or dtKsinthe whcic wood hunt Sslte holm-odh. (Une*- 
plorcd Syria iif 43,'^ S« t^L u. 24 for ftirthcr Jicruis. 

The House with hie Belveoesjl. 195 

his slave bring him a bundle of silk from the inner shop and 
opening /c, brought out a number of veils, whose beauty amazed 
the youth. Amoi^ them wee the veil he sought; so hie bought 

it for fifty gold pieces and bore it home plea^.-And 

Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her 
permitted say. 

IZUjctt it the ^tx l^uRhrthtb 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the youth 
after buying the veil of the merchant bore it home; but hardly 
had he reached the house when lol up came the old woman. He 
rose to her and rave her his purchase when she bade him bring a 
live coal, w'ith is^ch she burnt one of the comers of the veil, then 
folded it up as before and, repairing to Abu al-Fath’s house, 
knocked at the door. Asked the damsel, *'Who is there?*’; and 
she answered, “I, such an one,” Now the damsel knew her for 3 
friend of her mother so, when she heard her voice, she came out 
and opening the door to her, said, **What brought thee here, O 
my mother? My mamma hath left me and gone to her own 
house. Replied the old w^oman, “O ray daughter, I know thy 
mother is not with th^, for I have been with her in her home, and 
I come not to thee, but because I fear to pass the hour of prayer; 
wherefore I desire to make my Wuiu-ablution with thee, for I 
know thou art dean and thy house pure."^ The damsel admitted 
the old trot who saluted her and called down blessings upon her. 
Then she took the ewer and went into the wash-house, where she 
made her ablutions and prayed in a place there, Ptesently, 
came out again and said to the damsel, *'0 my daughter, I suspect 
thy handmaidens have been in yonder place and defiled it; so do 
thou show me another place where j may pray, for the prayer I 
have prayed I account null and void.*’ Thereupon the 
took her by the band and said to her, '*0 my mother, come and 
pray on my carpet, where my husband sits.'* So she stood there 
and prayed and w*orshipped, bowed and prostrated; and presendy. 

‘T>16 F»n er obll5*hjf7 prayert, I hare nobnl. musr t* «dn3i (if n«cnury) in the 
niiMf imptift place: trot to ijie othef ttriani. Hener the um of the or prayiv. 

rdtf, m irndt twj well knpif n fe requite dcKription. 


Au* Laylau wa Lavlau. 


she cook the dunsd oniwEres and made shift to slip the vdt 
under the cushion, unseen of her. Then she blessed her anti went 
her ways, Now as the day was closing Abu al^Fath came home 
and sac down u^n the carpet, whilst his wife brought him food 
and he ate of it his suf&ciency and washed his hands; after which 
he leant hack upon the cushion. Presently, he caught sight of a 
comer of the protruding from under the cushion; so he pulled 
it out and considered it straitly, w'hen, knowing it for that he had 
sold to the young man, he at once suspected Im wife of uncbasdty. 
Thereupon he c^ed her and said, "Whence hadst thou this veil?" 
And she swore an oath to him, saying, “None hath come to me 
but thou." The merchant was silent Tor fear of scandal, and said 
to himsdf, “If I open up this chapter, 1 shall be put to shame 
before all Baghdad;" for he was one of the jntiniates of the Caliph 
and so he could do nothidg save hold his peace. So he asked no 
questioiis, but said to bis wife, whose name was Mahdyah, “It 
hath reached me that cby mother lleth ill of heart'ache’ and all 
the women are with her, weeping over her; wherefore 1 order thee 
to go to her." Accordingly, she repaired to her mother's house 
and found her in the best of health; and she asked her daughter, 
"What brings thee here at this hour?" So she told her what her 
husband had said and sat with her aw'hile; when behold, up came 
porters, who brought her clothes from her husband s houW, and 
transporting all her paraphernalia and w'hat not else belonged to 
her of goods and %'cssels, deposited them in her mother's lodging, 
V^'lien the mother saw this, she said to her daughter, "Tell me 
W'hat hath passed between thee and thy husband, to bring about 
this." But she swore to her that she knew not the cause thereof 
and that there had befallen nothing between them to call for this 
conduct. Quoth her mother, "Nee^ must there be a cause for 
thp." And she answered, saying, "I know of none, and after this, 
with Almighty Allah be it to mate provision I" Whereupon her 
mother fell a'weeping and laments her daughter’s separation 
from the like of this man, by reason of his sufficiency and fortune 
and the greatness of his rank and dignity. On this wise things 
abode some days, after which the curst, ill'omened old woman, 
whose name was Miryam the Koranist,* * paid a visit to Mahriy ah 

* i ■ CoUc. 

* Atahu “ whiirh hia tvo fVt^pcflf it dir ifiird order of 

Tfididoiiiiu Mt of 1 coiii of fiirt fir ilKuk toew 30CI,O0Cl mdi dofu wkI thar ucirp* 

The House with the Belveoehe. 


m hei mother's house and saluted her cordially, saying, "What aits 
thee, O my daughter, O my darling? Indeed, thou hast troubled 
my mind." Then she went in to her mother and said to her, "O 
my sister, what is this business about thy daughter and her Hus' 
band? It hath reached me that he hath divorced her] What 
hath she done to call for this?” Quoth the mother, "Belike her 
husband will return to her by the blessed influence of thy prayers, 
O Halizah: so do thou pray for her, O my sister, for thou art a 
day^faster and a night'praycr*" Then the three fell to talking 
together and the old woman said to the damsel, “O my daughter, 
grieve not for, if Allah please, 1 will make peace between thee and 
my husband before many days,” Then left tbgm and going 
to the young meiuhant. said to him, "Get ready a hanthome 
entertainment for us, for I will bring her to thee this very night." 
So he sprang up and went forth and provided all that was fitting 
of meat and drink and so forth, then sat down to await the twain; 
whilst the old woman returned to the girl's mother and said to her, 
"O my sister, we have a splendid bride-feast torught; so let thy 
daughter go with me, that she may divert herself and make merry 
with us and throw off her cark and care, and forget the min of her 
home. 1 will bring her back to thee even as I cook her away.” 
The mother dressed her daughter in her finest dress and costliest 
jewels and accompanied her to the door, where she commended 
her to the old woman's charge, saying, “ 'Ware lest thou let any of 
Almighty Allah’s creatures look upon her, for thou kncfwest her 
hushed’s rank with the Caliph* and do not tarry, but bring her 
back to me as soon as possible," The old woman carried die girl 
to the young man's house which she entered, thinking it the place 
where the wedding was to be held; but as soon as she came into 

the aitting'saloon,-And Shahtazad perceived the dawn of day 

and ceased saying her permitted say. 

tioni, PtijmUriy wlw atn redre the liy Thcrr bit sit gmi Trtdii™- 
Utl wfiQTC wofds arv hftd ta be pfime lEuthcinlici; (1^ AS-Bokbiri i (2]l MiiaElm; thd tKde 
mpc cntitl-cd Ai-S■l(^ba 7 n, The (|wq true) BEstbc^iiict. After thpn (!^} AUTimudi ; itnl (4) 
Abu Diud : tbe tutbon cf the ch± ochm tic (5) Ab^^uli 

ttid IbQ Mljflb (ic? Jwett'i pp. uidj fbr iDodera Ara^b ttudia, Filpiin.- 

i. 151 id 


Alt Laylah wa Layijui. 

It S^ix ^unbrtti anb Jfu^t 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that as soon as 
the entered the sitting'^aloon, the youth ^rang up to her 

and flung his arms round her neck and ki^d her hands and feet. 
She was confounded at his loveliness, as well as at the beauty of 
the place and the profusion of meat and drink, flowers and^r' 
lumes that she saw therein, and deemed ail was a dream. When 
the old woman saw her amaremen t. she said to her, "The name of 
Al lah be upon thee, O my daughter! Fear not; I am here sitting 
with thee and will not leave thee for a tnoment. Thou art worthy 
of him and he is w'orthy of thee.” So the damsel sat down shame- 
fast and in great confusionT but the young man jested and to^ 
with her and entertained her with laugh^le stones and loving 
verses, till her breast broadened and she became at her case. 
Then she ate and drank and growing warm with wine, took the 
lute and sang these couplets, 

fn^d vfcrit hati j^rturned emet nuare; * * Oh* tlic wclccme ligtic 
that eudi beauty sbowi! 

And but for the fear of those arrowy • Fran his kwdy cheek I had 
cuUcd the rcMd.^* 

And when the youth saw that she to his beauty did indine he 
waxt drunken without wine and his bfe was a b'ght matter to hitn 
compared with his love.^ Presently the old woman went out and 
left them alone together to enjoy their loves till the nest morning, 
when she went into them and gave them both good morrow^ and 
asked the damsel, "How hast thou passed the night, O my lady?" 
Answ'ered the girl, “Right well, thanks to thy adroitness and the 
excellence of thy going-between Then said the old woman, 
“Up, let us go back to thy mother.” At these words the yo^g 
man pulled out an hundred sequins and gave them to her, saying, 
“Take this and leave her with me to-night." So she left them 

^ Lsne (ill- majiiH tbr aicHiruciB caiiplc, thus nutkJh^ the ftoiy higMf pwpct m3 
fohbirtg If tH hi ]»!nir 

* Arat>. “ 54bU;ih^k^ Allah bil kkftTT->A]lAh pvt lh« riwmin^: 

iilU riic pcrpiilir phfAM. 

*Anb. with ihc jnrplictl hint uf her a ar ihe-paJidier^ 

Br«l FMt. (wii. 3S6) blanrt>- 5 «iT»^'KiyidatMk^^—tlij prmpiniF. 

The House with the Belvedese. 


and repaired to the girls mother^ to whom quoth she, ‘Thy 
daughter saluteth thee, and the bride's mother hath sworn her to 
abide with her this mght." Replied the mother. yO my si^, 
bear her my salam, anc^ if it please and amuse the girl, th^ is no 
harm in her staying the night; so let her do this and divert herscU: 
and come back to me at her leisure, for all 1 iear for her is chagrin 
on account of an angry husband/* The old woman ocased not to 
make e:xcuse after excuse to the girl’s mother and to put off cheat 
upon cheat upon her, till hlahiiyah had carried seven days with 
the young man, of whom she took an hundred dinars each day for 
her^f; while be enjoyed all the solace of life and coition. But 
at the end of this time, the girl’s mother said to her, “Bring 
my daughter back to me forthnght; for I am uneasy about her, 
b^use she hath been so long absent, and 1 tiiisdoubt me of 
this/’ So the old woman went our saying, "Woe to thee! shall 
such words bt spoken to the like of me?”; and, going to the young 
man's house, took the girl by the hand and carried her away 
(leaving him lying asleep on his bed, for he was drunken ivith 
wine) to her mother. She received her with pleasure and glad- 
ness and seeing her in redoubled beauty and brilliancy rejoiced in 
her with exceeding joy, saying, "O my daughter, my heart was 
troubled about thee and in my uneasiness I offended against this 
my sister the Koranist with a speech that wounded her/' Replied 
Mahziyah, “Rise and kiss her hands and feet, for she hath been 
to me as a servant in my hour of need, and if thou do it not thou 
art no mamma of mine, nor am I thy girl. ’ So the mother went 
up at once to the old woman and made her peace with her. 
Meanwhile, the young man recovered from his drunkenness and 
missed the damsel, but congratulated himsdf on having enjoyed 
his desire. Presently Miryam the old Koranist came in to him 
and saluted him, saying, "What thinkest thou of tny feat? 
Quoth he, ‘‘Excellently well conceived and contrived of thee u'as 
that same.” Then quoth she. "Come, let us mend what we have 
marred and restore this girl to her husband, for we have be^ the 
cause of chdr separation and it is unrighteous." A^ed he, "How 
shall 1 do?" and she answered, “Go to Abu al'Fath's shop and 
salute him and sit dowm by him, till thou scest me pass by, when 
do thou rise in haste and catch hold of my dress and abuse me 
and threaten me, demanding of me the veil. And do thou say to 
the merchant, ‘^ou knowest. O my brd, the face-veil I bought 
of thee for fifty dinars? It so chanced that my handmaid put it 


Ai.f Latiah wa Latlah, 

on and burnt a comer of it by accident' so she gave it to this old 
woman, w'ho took it, promising to get it £iLe'dniwn^ and return it, 
and went away, nor have I seen her from that day to this.'" “With 
Joy and good replied the young man, and risii^ forthnght, 
walked to the shop of the silk merchant, with whom he sat awhile 
till behold, the olo woman passed telling her beads on a rosary she 
held in hand; whereupon he ^rang up and laying bold or her 
dress began to abuse and rail at her, whilst she answered him with 
fair wo^, saying, “Indeed, my son, thou art excusable/* So the 
people of the ba^ flocked round the two, saying, *'What is the 
matter?" and be relied, “O folk, 1 bought of this merchant a 
veil for fifty dinars and gave it to my slave-girl, who wore it awhile, 
then sat dowm to fumigate it with perfume. Presently a sparir Hew 
out of the censer and, lighting on the edge of the veil, burnt a 
hole in it. So we committed it to this pestilent old woman, that 
she might give it to who should fine-draw it and return it to us; 
but from that time we have never set eyes on her again til] this 
day." Answered the old woman, “This young man speaks sooth. 
1 had the veil from him, but I took it with me into one of the 
houses where I am wont to visit and forgot it there, nor do I know 
where I left it; and, being a poor woman, 1 feared its owner and 
dared not face him." Now the girl’s husband was listening to aU 

they said,^-And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say. 

Sfitn ft teas tfir ^ix IhuRbreh anh ^ectmb 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspidoua King, that when the 
young man seited the old woman and spoke to her of the veil as 
she h^ primed him, the gM*s husband was Listenmg to all they 
said, from beginning to end, and when he heard the mle which the 
crafty old woman had contrived with the young man, he rose to 
his feet and said, “Allah Almighty! I crave pardon of the Omni" 
potent One for my sics and for what my heart suspected!” And 
he praised the Lord who had discovered to him the truth. Then 
he accosted the old woomn and said to her, “Dost rbm t use to visit 

* Ar>b- ilic "Rafu^rjtr"* ot fino.dnwef {it TivlUi, wfao dsa trasde iCtIs 

of dinunf, if finutl jieif fkilL 

King's Son ako mu IpKrr’s Mistress. 199 

us?“^ Replied she, ‘'O my son» I visit you and ocher than you, 
for the of alios^ but from chat day to this, none hath given 
tee news of the veiL" Asked the merchant, “Hast thou enquired 
at my house?" and she answered, "O my lord, I did indeed go to 
thy ^use and ask; but they told me chat the person of the house’ 
had been divorced by the merchant; so I went a^y and asked no 
farther; nor ^ve I enquired txf anybody else until this day/' 
Hereupon the merchant turned to the young man and said, “Let 
the old woman go her way: for the veil is with me." So saying 
he broi^ht it out from the shop and gave it to the hnc'drawer 
before all present. Then he betook himself to his wife and, giving 
her somcvfhat of money, took her to himself again, after making 
abundance of excuses to her and asking pardon of Allah, because 
he knew not what the old woman had acme, (Said the Wadr), 
‘Tliis then, O King, is an instance of the malice of women and for 
another to the same purport, J have heard tell the following tale 

The King's Son dnd the Ifrits Mirtress, * * 

A cEaTAiN King's son was once walking alone for his pleasure, 
w'hen he came to a green meadow, abounding in trees laden with 
fruit and birds singing on the boughs, and a river running athwart 
it. The place pleased him; so he sat down there and taking out 
some dried fmits he bad brought w-ith him. began to eat, when lo! 
he espied a great smoke rising up to heaven and, taking fright, 
he climbed up into a tree and bid himself among the branches. 
Thence he saw an Ifrit nse out of the midst of the stream baring 
on his head a chest of marble, secured by a padlock. He set down 
the chest on the meadow'sward and opened it and there came forth 
a damsel of mortal race like the sun shining in the sheeny sky. 
After seating her he solaced hims elf by gaaing on her awhile, then 
Said Sus head in her lap and fell asleep, whereupon she lift^ up 
his head and laying it on the chest, rose and walked about Pre- 

^Thc <7uc9iiDii louidi to m die MwtEm Eitt ■ dim kmm 

trtutihn^^ esewpt hj of tlie wKo hja 

* Antb. *^Ahl it-Lajrt/* ia aa oof ruJclj 10 luy 

*Thii It a THCrc alMrracE of tbc talc cold in the introfiiicdon (vioj- id Here, 

hovem, the Hnga ■« tlboui eighty ^ there th-e number rmri ffoio npnetT 10 fve hunilml 
and «TMt7> 


Ax; Layxah wa Lavxah. 

sently^ she chanced to raise her eyes to the tree wbeicm was the 
Prince, and seeing him, signed to him to come down. He refused, 
but she swore to him, saymg, "Except thou come down and do as 
I bid thee, I will wake the urit and point thee out to him, when 
he will straightway kill thee/' The King's son fearing she would do 
as she said, came do wn, whereupon she kissed his hands and feet and 
besought him to do her need. To this he oonsentod and, when he 
had sarisiied her w'ants, she said to hinx ^*Give me this seai'ring 
1 see on chy hnger/' ^ he gave her his signet and she set it in 
a silken kerchief she had with her, wherein were more than four* 
score others. When the Prince saw this, he asked her, “What dost 
thou with all these rings?"; and she answered, “In very soodi 
this Ifrit carried me off from my father’s palace and shut me in 
this box, which he beareth about on his head wherever he goeth, 
with the keys about him; and he hardly leaveth me one moment 
alone of the excess of his jealousy over me, and hindereth me 
from what I desire. When I saw this, I swore that I would deny 
my last favours to no man whatsoever, and these tings thou seest 
are after the tale of the men who have h a d me; for after coiri m i 1 
took from each a scal'iing and laid it in this kerchief/’ Then sh fi 
added, “And now go thy veays, that I may look for another than 
thyself, for the Ifrit will not aw^ yet awhile/’ Hardly crediting 
what he had beard, tlie Prince returned to his fathers palai^, but 
the King knew naught of the damsel's malice (for feared not 
this and cook no count thereof), and seeing that bis son 
his ring, he bade put him to death/ Then he rose from his place 
and entered his palace; but bis Waiirs came in to him and prc' 
v^ed with him to abandon his purpose. The same night, the 
King sent for all of them and thanked them for having dissuaded 
him from slaying his son; and the Prince also thanked them, say* 
ing. It was well done of you to counsel my father to let me live 
and In sha l lah ? I will soon requite you abundantly/' Then he 
telated to them how he had lost the ring, and they offered up 
prayers for his long life and advancement and withdrew, “See 
then, O King,*' (smd the “the malice of women and what 

they do unto men. The King hearkened to the hdinister's coun," 
sel and a^n countermanded bis order to day his son. Next 
monung, it being the eighth day, as the King sat in his audience^ 
chamEscr in the midst of his Orandees and Emirs and ^JVasiis and 

^ fLLSipcCtp^ the fnrt -nf witJi Dnc pf Kfl 

Kitic's Son and the Iertt's Mistress, 

301 . 

Olema, the Prince entcroi, with his hand in char of his governor, 
Al^Sindibad, and praised his fathef Etnd hi$ Ministers and lords 
and divines m the most eloquent words and thanked them tor 
having saved his life; so that all who were present wondered at 
his eloquence and ilucncy of sj«ecL His father rejoiced in him 
w'ith exceeding, all'suipassing joy, and calling him to him, kiss^ 
him between the eyes. Then he c^ed his preceptor, Al-SIndibad, 
and him why his son had kept silence these seven da^, to 
which he replied, our lordt the truth is, it was 1 who enjoined 
him to this, in my fear for him of death: 1 knew this from the day 
of his birth: and, when 1 took his nativity , 1 found it written b the 
scars that, if he should speak during this peri^, he woidd surely 
die; but now the danger is over, by the King's fortune.** At this 
the King was glad and said to his Warirs, "If 1 had killed my 
son, would the fault have fallen on me or the damsel or on the 
precepior, Al-Sindibad?” But all present refrained from replying, 
Mid Al'Sindibad said to the Prince, "Answer thou. O my son.' 

--^And ShahTOT-ifl perceived the dawn of day and c^sed saying 

her permitted say. 

{Ohm ft timd be ^uibrtD anh IHjfrti ,0igf|t. 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that whoi 
Al-Sbdihad said, "Answ^er timu, O my son." the Prmce replied, 
“I have heard tell that a merchant ai whose house certain 
guests once alighted sent his slave^irl to the market to buy a 
jar of dotted milk/ So she bought it and set out on her reti^ 
home; but on the way there passed over her a kite, holding 
and squeering a serpent b its claws, and a drop of the serpent & 
venom fell into the mdk-jar, unknown of the girl. So, when she 

* Ajal*. utirt Huh. itipp. w "l«fain.hatll>," ot iwnply 'TiiUb*’ = frciJi milk), nullt 

Uttildatlv sCrunKit the Dehln ofltuflHT Kiiaj/ii o( th« Slar44nd frtir CMfBr 

But in Tiic Nighs. ccmtntr » modem pctpulw msose, "Laban" ii also applied u freih 
Kilk. The soiirwl form ij uaiveraollv in ihc East, eiiitii wiik rice and coter* tn» ll»c 
SslAtnh ee eoeu Fnbcr.fjiLd. 1 have tinted elsewhere i hat atl the Calaetophap. the 

Kve OR wli, ttie it in the touted ncrer in the ftcth The Bidawt h^e enrimM 

preiiMlieee ahoui It s it it u diiirraee to fdl It Itliouph not to eechteige ttl, and "Lohhtn,** 
er “milltrTBnriw," i* #n i (isuli . The BeiKn? and Detoeh tumiiiilea h* ve th e aame pundonot 
possiWy Jeomt frem the Arab* (RJerimige i. 363). For Tgt fAWO, MoMr, Suiboh. 
Jimidah ond other lictseid prcpomtiotii, see iUJ, I 362. 

Alf Layiah wa Layiah. 

came back, the merchant cook the milk from her and drank of it, 
he and his guests; but hardly had it settled in their stomachs 
when they aU died.' Now consider, O King, whose was the fault 
in this matter?" Thereupon some present a^, “It was the fault 
of the company who drank the mdtc without examining it." And 
other some, 'TTiat of the girl, who left the jar without cover/* * 
But Al^Sindibad asked the Prince, ”What sayest thou, O my 
son?" Answered he, “I say that th& folk err; it was neither the 
fault of the damsel nor of the company, for their appointed hour 
was come, their divinely'decreed provision was exhausted and 
Allah had foreordained them to die thus,"* Vw^ec courderis 
heard this, they marvelled greatly and lifted up their voices, 
blessing the King's son, and saying, "O our lord, thou hast 
a reply saw peiir, and thou art the sagest man of thine age smu 
reprocfie.” ‘‘Indeed. I am no sage,” answered the PHnee; “the 
blind Shaykh and the son of three yars and the son of five years 
were wiser than I." Said the bystanders, "O youth, cell us the 
stories of these three who were wiser than thou art. O youth/’ 
Answered he, “With all my heart. I ha^'e heard tell this tale 
concerning the 

SnucLal'Wood Merchant and the Sfmrpm, * 

Tkere once lived an exccedine rich merchant, who was a great 
traveller and who visited all manner of places. One day, being 
minded to journey to a certain dty, he asked those who came 
thence, saying, “What kind of goods brought most profit there?” 
and they answered, “Chanders-woodj for it selleth at a high 

‘ I wwJ b^ly ihdT the fxNiAti winAd bi=n utterir humiat, dnla* the« huA 
been itt ihmcm of tbe ildn. The it blamef for Mjrrin* the i»r uaewrafed 

beetoec ihu* it would eiiren the e«l ejfe, to ihit Boclt nf Sindiiad tKr tile tpodit u 
(fit Storr of the Poiwooil Guesk; ami the bird li a. itork. 

•Tb* Prince ckTrte3»e» the jntfe aori ertll popular Motleiti feting j end y« ihe iMmed 
^ eifpCTenced Mt. Redbnmw would euttfiue abwhie ftwletiinarion with ProH. 
deuce. fnend tdla me tfiar the idea of afncluEt Fate in The Nighia her f«J ai 
if the v6f\d were n {.lilr 

• In the Bmk orrSinJibad thii It tfie Story of the Siiiulil.w»d Merchant and the Advfa 
^thc Blmd Old Man Mr. Ctouatim fp. tSil quoret a TUmittlie joke which it akin to the 
ShajrkS i aJince and t reply of Tyl EtileiMiriegel, the aMh.«5ae, wbicb hat oIki i finair 

Sandal-Wood Merchant and the Sharpers, aoj 

price." So he iRi'd out all his money tci sandal and set out for 
that city; and amvtng there at dose of day, behold, he met an 
old woman drh'ing her sheep. Quoth she to him, "Who art 
thou, O man?" and <juoth he, "I am a stranger, a meFchant, 
‘"Beware of the townstoUc,” said she, "for they are cheats, rascals, 
robbers who love nothmg more th^ imposing on the foreigner 
that they may get the better of him and devour his subst^kce. 
Indeed I give thee good counsel." Then she left him and on the 
morrow mere met him one of the cinsetis who saluted him and 
asked him, "O my lord, whence comest thou?” Answered the 
merchant, “From such a place." "And what merchandise hast 
thou brougM with thee?" enquired the other; and replied he, 
"Ghanders-wood, for it is high of pride with you." Quoth the 
townsman, “He blundered who told thee that; for we bum 
nothing under our cooking-pots save sandal-wood, whose worth 
with us is but that of fuel." When the merchant h^rd this he 
sighed and repented and stood balanced between belief and 
unbdicf. Then he alighted at one of the khans of the city, 
and, when it was night, he saw a merchant make £ie of chan- 
ders-wood under his cooking-pot. Now this was the man who 
had spoken with Kim and this proceeding a trick of his. 
When the townsman saw the merchant looking at him, he asked, 
"Wilt thou sell me thy sandal-wood for a measure* * of whatever 
thy soul shall desire?" "I sell it to thee," answered the mer¬ 
chant; and the buyer transported all the wood to Kis own house 
and stared it up there; whilst the seller purposed to take an 
equal quantity of gold for it. Next morning the merchant, who 
was a blue-eyed man, went out to wal k in the city but, as he 
went along, one of the townsfolk, who was blue-eyed and one- 
eyed to boot, caught hold of him, saying, “Thou art he who stole 
my eye and I wflJ never let thee go."® The merchant denied 
this , saying, “I never stole it: the thing is impossible.** '^Tiere- 
upon the folk coUecced round them and beawght the one-eyed 
man to giant him till the morrow, that be might give him the 

«Arab. "MV," * ineMiire of wn. cK,. »tw pvcti ia The Kamii* mikei 5t= 

femr muiid* betns I 3 tht pcopk attdumand b]r it (our dmea the meagre oi 
a Tni-n'i two npen hnnclit^ 

* . till ibfti rwtorg mv cyt me. ThU ityle of prothcsla wiihotiE npododi la 

Oummon ifi Arttiic nn4 ihfHiM lie im minjiBtiem, la it a^iii a tft thr il 7 !o+ 

Wff &jsd Iy m ili^ 2, ‘'Ami now Icar he put fortli ItaJid,” w* 

Alf Layijui wa Latlak. 

price of his eye. So the merchant procured one to be surety for 
hiiDf and they let him go, Now hk sanc^ had been rent in the 
struggle with the oac'eyed man; so he stopped at a cobbler's stall 
and gave it to him, saying, “Mend it and thou shalt have of me 
what shall content thee,” Then he went on, till he came to some 
people sitting at play of forfeits and sat down with them, to divert 
his cark and care. They invited him to play with them and he 
did so; but they practised on hirn and overcoming him offered 
him his choice,’ either to drink up the sea or disburse all the money 
he had. “Have patience with me dU to'moirow," said he, and 
they granted him the delay he sought; whereupon he went away, 
sore conceniKl for what had betided him and knowing not how 
he should do, and sat down in a solitary place heart-heavy, care' 
full, thought^jpprcst. And behold, the old woman passed by and 
seeing him thus, said to him, “Peradventure rhe townsfolk have 
gotten the better of thee, for I see thee troubled at that which hath 
befallen thee: recount to me what aileth thee." ^ he told her 
all that had passed from first to last, and she said, “As for him 
who diddled thee in the matter of the chanders'wood, thou must 
know that with us it is worth ten gold pieces a pound. But I will 
give thre a rede, whereby 1 trust thou shalt deliver thyself: and 
it is this. to such and such a gate whereby lives a blind 
Shaykh, a cnpple, who is knowing, wise as a wiaard and erpe- 
rienced; and all resort to him and ask him what they require, 
when he ^unscls them w'hat will be for their advantage; for he 
is versed in craft* * and magic and trickery. Now he is a sharper 
and the sharpers resort to him by night; therefore, I repeat, go 
thou to his lodging and hide thyself from thine adversaries, so 
thou mayst hear what they say, unseen of them; for he tclleth 
them which party got the better and which got the worre; and 
haply thou shalt learn from them some plan which may avail to 

deliver thee from them ”-^And Shahrazad perceived the dawn 

of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

' plsTing *r Mutihiniih, [tfcc children imongji at. It U »t» eineif “Hulctn 

ir* Ri^ =DfdeT ind wHiKfli. Ttis pejwlir it fcimctKtng Tidiraloin. but here it 

WM viMainiius 

• ETfifr MrtlEin apifil hH * '‘Stuykh c.f the thWet" who hold* niguiar IsYfc* iiul 
whrj wtli rtnttn iwTen irtKln for t ediuaderanoo: loti ihii hu tutted unce the dir* ot 
Difidorta f^cuhii i* 91)+ 


BQien it toas tfjr ^ix iDNnlnreti ontr iFour^ 

She said. It hath reached me. O auspicious King, tlat the old 
woman said to the merchant, “CSo this night to that expert who 
is frequented by the townsfolk and hide thine identity: haply 
shalt mou hear from hint some plea, which shall deliver thee from 
thine adversaries,” So he went to the place she mentioned and 
hid himself albeit he cook scat near the nlind man. Before loi^, 
up came the Shaykh s company who were wont to choose him 
for their judge: they saluted the oldster and one another and sat 
down round him, whereupon the merchant recognised his four 
adversaries. The Chief set somewhat of food bdore them ^d 
they ate; then each began to tell what had befallen him during 
his day^ and amongst the rest came forward he of the chanders' 
wood and told the Shaykh how he had bought of one man isandal 
below its price, and had agreed to pay for it a Sa a or measuTe of 
whatever the should desire.’ Quoth the old man, * *Thine 
opponent hath the better of thee." Asked the other, “How can 
that be?”: and the Shaykh answered, “What if he say,! wiU take 
the measure full of gold or silver, wilt thou give it to him?' 
“Yes ” replied the other, “T will give it to him and Stitt be the 
gainer.” And the Shaykh answei^ “And if he say. I will take 
the measure full of fieas,* half male and half female, what wdt 
thou do?" So the sharper knew that he worsted. Then 
forward the one^yed man and said, O Shaykh, I met 
tuyday a bluc'eyed man, a stranger to the town; so I picked a 
quarrel with him and caught hold of him, saying, ‘‘“Twas thou 
robbedst me of my eye*; nor did 1 let him go, till some became 
surety for him that he should return to me tcymorrow and satisfy 
me for my eye.'* Quoth the oldster, “If he will he may have 

>Thit wait tmr (hemndititHi; b<K I hAvelaftthe icii 


*Thc tEJctt would TOdilf occur iti Errpt tho piles » »tUl * playtK ■lEhcniefc ^ 
SultiJi li md to lioki Itti emu-t nt Tibcria*. wi fcmn^c** fafj tfii: rogue, orherwiEr 

!c wQulii betHV to nU e bttilicl with TTicipiieartfioMer \nA\a sccsrdlng 
JO wme ami wm iurrodtiRtl hy icrangers. IliLi » qmie pawble. In 1163 

the liF^'cr wat not found In WcBTCin wJitn t ccturucsl Ihefe in 1882 

\t had ri^elover from rhf Bmii! and hfld hectme namnl^cd «n the criuttofial Afrtcu 
pettbourd. The Ar»h* call nml Tbrntj^th il-bthrl thomnf ua 

wUnd r«cr. fSt* Rlgrimttge L J21> 

Alp Laylak wa Lavlah, 


the better ot tbee aad thou the worae." “How so?” asked the 
sharper; and the Chief said, “He may say to thee, Tluck out 
thine eye, and 1 will pluck out one ot' mine; then we will weigh 
them both, and if thme eye be of the same weight as mine, thou 
sayest sooth in what thou avouchest.' So wilt thou owe him the 
: and be stone blind, whilst he will still sec 

So the sharper knew that the merchant 

might bafEe him with such plea. Then came the cobbler; and 
said, "O Shaykh, a man brought me his sandal-shoe to-day, 
sajTiig, 'hfend this;' and 1 asked him, ‘What wage wilt thou give 
me?‘; when be answered, ‘TIiou shalt have of me what will content 
thee.' Now nothing wEl content me but alt the wealth he hath." 
Quoth the oldster, “An he will, he may take his sandal from thee 
and give thee nothing." “How so?" quoth the cobbler, and 
cjuotn the Shaykh, "He has but to say to thee, "Ihe Sultan's 
enemies are put to the rout; his foes are waxed weak and his 
children and helpers are multiplied. Art thou content or no?' 
If thou say, 'I am content,'^ he will take Ids saondal and go away; 
and if thou say, *I am not content,' he wtU take his sandal and teat 
tlw therewith over the face and neck." So the cobbler owned 
himself worsted. Then came forward the gamester and said, "O 
Shaykh, I played at forfeits with a man tew^y and beat him and 
quoth [ to him, 'If thou drink the sea I w^ give thee ah my 
we^th; and if not 1 will take all that is thine.'" Replied the 
Chief, “An he will he may worst thee." "How so?" asked the 
sharper, and the Shaykh answered, “He hath but to say, 'Hold 
for me the rnouth of the ses in thjne Kam j ajidi give it nvg^ Etitd 
I will drmk it. But thou wilt not be able to do this; so he will 
bafilc thee with this plea. Whioi die merebant heard this, he 
knew how it behoved hini to deal with his adversaries. Then 
the sharpers left the Shaykh and the merchant returned to his 
Ic^ging^ Now when morning morrow^, the gamester came to 
him and summoned him to drink the sea; so he said to him, 
“Hold for me its mouth and I will drink it up-“ Whereupon 
he confessed himself beaten and redeemed his forfeit by paying 

1 Subm^n t?Mhe und ikt liilinB* of his thtjuJil ccmecRt cve/7 Eiitttn 

Bui, ai On«itil h^iciry iht: form of govicrnmenr ii 1 cemper^ 

hr Aad under m rule \t ^ 

. fiindinf MttiJ iTTWftny which duraetmeet evefy mode nf democncy 
or «pii3titutionalitm« Ij. pdidcjil 

Sandal'Wood Merchant and the Sharpers. 207 

an hundred gold pieces. Then came the cobbler and sought of 
him what should content him. Quoth the merchant, “Our lord 
fho Sultan bath overcome his foes and hath destroyed his enemi^ 
and his children are multiplied. Art thou content or no?” “I 
am concent," replied the cobbler and, giving up the shoe* without 
wage, went away.' Ncitc came the onc'Cyed man and demanded 
the 1^1 price of his eye. Said the merchant, “Pluck out thine 
eye, and I will pluck out mine: then we will weigh them, and 
if they are equal in weight, I will acknowledge thy truth, 
pay thee the price of thine ^e; but, if they differ, thou liest 
and 1 will sue thee for the price of mine eye.” Quoth the one* 
eyed man, “Grant me time;” but the merchant answered, saying, 
“J am a stranger and grant time to none, nor will 1 part from thee 
till thou pay. ’ So the sharper ransomed his eye by paying him 
an hundred ducats and went away, l^st of all came the bnyw" 
of the chanders'wood and said. •‘Take the price of thy ware." 
Ask^ the merchant, “What wilt thou give mc?"t and the other 
answered, “We agreed for a Sa’a-measure of whatever thou 
shouldst desire; so, if thou wilt, take it full of gold and sflvet." 
“Not I," rejoined the merchant, “Not I! nothing shall a^e me 
but I must have it full of fleas, half male and half female. Sud 
the sharper, “I can do nothing of the kind;" and, confessing him¬ 
self beaten, retumed him his sandal'wood and redeemed himseif 
from him with an hundred sequins, to be ofl^ bis bargain. TTteu 
the merchant sold the chanders-wood at his own price and, quitting 

that dty o f sharpers, returned to his own land,-And Shahiazad 

perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

IBlim it 1085 tbe l^unhreh anh 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious Kmg, that when the 
merchant had sold his chandere-wood and had taken the money 
he quieted that city and returned to his own land. Then the 
Prince continued, “But this is not more wondrous dian the tale of 
ybe three'year'old child.*' **^Vhat may that be? asked the ICing, 
and the Prince answered, “1 have heard tell this tale of 

• tive l«it bai ’’Mafltfib”-* ihoe; «lwi»hrtc "Na’jir'-a vandii!, rapwiAlly wiA 

WDojcR Mk. tfl ctMKcaL Arabia, hewevtr, "Ni**!*' ntar I* » *lioe, a botacJihw Tiren. 
filitr, not rim Iib« Ociivt. The Ena]. Eilit. Itn ’'Wati," affy feo(.(«ar. 

The DeBducfjftf dud ths Three'Tear'Old ChiJd. 

Kuowj O ICmg that a certain profli^te man, who was addicted to 
the sex, once heard of a beautiful and lovely woman who dwelt to 
a dty other than his own. So he journeyed thither, taking with 
him a present, and wrote her a note, setting forth all that he 
suffered of love-longing and desire for her and how his passion for 
her had driven him to forsake his mtjt'e land and come to her; 
and he ended by praying for an assignation, iJhe gave him leave 
to visit her and, as he entered her abode, she stood up and received 
him with all honour and worship, kissing liis hands and enter 
taining him with the best entertainmmt of meat and drink. Now 
she had a little son, but three years old, whom she left and busied 
herself in cooking rice,* Presently the man said to her, "Come, let 
us go and lie together;" but she replied, "My son is sitting looking 
at us, ' Quoth the man, “He is a little child, understanding not 
neither knowing how to speak," Quoth the w^oman, “Thou wouldst 
not say thus, an thou knew Ids intelligence." When the boy saw 
that the rice was done, he wept W'ith bitter weeping and his mother 
said to him, “What gars th^ weep, O my son?" "Ladle me out 
some rice,** answered he, “and put clarified butter in it.” So she 
ladled him out somewhat of rice and put butter tlimin; and the 
duld ate a little, then began to weep again. Quoth she, "WTrat 
ails thee now, O my son?"; and quoth he, "O mother mine, I 
want some sugar with my rice" Ac this said the man, who was an- 
angered, “Thou art none other than a curat child.*' “Cur^t thy¬ 
self, by Allah," answered the boy, “seeing thou weariest thyself 
and joumeyest from city to dty, in quest of aduitery. As for me; 
I wept because I had somewhat in my eye, and my tears brought 
it out; and now I have eaten rice wi^ butter and sugar and 
iim content; so which is the curst of us twain?" The man was 
confounded at this rebuke from a little child and forthright grace 
entered him and he was reclaimed. Wherefore he laid not a 
finger on the woman, but w-ent out from her and returned to his 

i wt» s>ir Edsf. * Tmiptint for /{mt or net. Wattr- 

md4^i iCTFiftl up raw cat btc ks be eaten wiih tie? Jimi men. They 

fcrre (^Ksdloidr l^c^l fn keep tbe pablc clean uM cool. 

Thi Stolen Purse. 


own country, where be lived a contrite life rill he died. "As for 
the story ot the hve-yearold child" (continued the Prince), "I 
have heard tell, O King, the following anoic 

TJic Stolen Purse. 

Four merchants once owned in common a diousand gold pieces^ 
so they laid them mingled together m one purse and set out to 
buy merchandise therewith. They liappened as they wended thdr 
way on a beautiful garden; so they lelt the purse with a woman 
who had care of the garden, saying to her, "Mind thi%, thou shall 
not give it back save when ah four of us in person demand it of 
thee." She agreed to this and they ent€3:ed and strolled awhile 
about the garden'walks and ate and drank and made merry, after 
which one of chein said to the others, *T have with me scented 
fuller's'carth; come, let us wash our heads therewith in this 
running water." Quoth another, "We lack a comb;'' and a 
third, "Let ua ask the keeper; belike she hath a comb,** There¬ 
upon one of them arose and accosting the care-taker, said to her, 
"Give me the purse.*' Said she, "Not until ye be all present or 
thy fellows bid me give it thee," Then he called to his com¬ 
panions (who could see him but not hear him) saying, "She will 
not give it me;" and they said to her, "Give it him,” thinking he 
meant the comb. So she gave him the purse and he took it and 
made off as fast as he could. When the three others were weary 
of waiting, they went to the keeper and asked her, "Why wilt 
thou not give him the comb?** Answered she, "He demanded 
naught of me save the purse, and I gave not that same but with 
your consent, and he went his way with it." When they heard 
her wor^ they buffeted their faces and, laying hands upon her, 
said, **We authorized thee only to give him the comb;” and she 
rejoined, “He named not a comb to me." Then they seized her 
and haled her before the Kazi, to whom they related their claim 
and he condemned her to make good the purse and bound over 

sundry of her debtors to answer for her.-^And Shahrazad 

perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted 



Alp Layuvm wa Layxail 

Klljfn it teog ^Titreb nnti BW, 

SHb said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the Kaa 
condemned the carc'cakcr tcwnake good the purse and bound over 
sundry of her debtors to answer for her. So she went forth, 
confoundf^ and knowing not her way out of the diiBculty. Pre* 
gently she met a five-year-oid boy who, seeing her troubl^ said 
to her, “What ails thee, O my mother?" But she gave him no 
answer, contemning him because of his tender age, and he 
repeated his question a second time and a third time till, at 
last, she told hhri all that had passed,* not forgetting the condition 
that she was to keep the purge until all four had demanded 
it of her. Said the boy, "Give me a dirham to buy sweet' 
meats withal and 1 will thee how thou tnayst acquit thyself." 
So she gave him a silver and said to him, "What hast thou to 
say?" Quoth he, “Return to the Kazi, and say to him. It was 
agreed between myscl/ and them that I should not give them the 
purse, excqst all four of them were present. Let them all four 
come and I will give them the purse, as was agreed." So she 
went back to the Kaii and said to him as the boy had counselled; 
and he asked the merchants, "Was it thus agr^ between you 
and this woman?"; and they answered, “Yes." Quoth the Kazi* 
‘■'Then bring me your comrade and take the purse." So they 
went m quest of their fellow, whilst the keeper came oil scot-free 
and went her way without let or hindr^ce. And Allah is 
Omniscient!' When the King and his Wazir and those present 

^ TTic Ccif (Jifi wholt Acoiy of^ igdin^Tnarc thjui Eiirapan patience esn bear, 

> Thi: uHLii ro?Tq.LjJ« vhcii ixUing in impmbi^tr But hm It it hfirdly ulkd IWt 
the tuncaToty iqt\d {cm w>cBfe au^horir^) of ihc Aicwifc^ Three Gridcri and Aitomef* 
General Niy Juno U. IJ77-IW+) when ire yean did Ijown. As^at, Soc- 

aciuL !280}. Tht aaihi! feit had been eredired ro Tho^iu Ltml Chmecdlor La A.D* 

1 f40-1fcl7 (DtalincTB, Bjcgrapluqal t>icTwn(try ™u B«e the story^ hid almid^r 

fciyad IT* w*r into ifie popukf J^Jncjidki «ich u *Tak* leid Quidt Aoiwrin, vttf Merf 
an4 Plcfwint to Rede” (1530); of Dovcr^i Qaeat of Inqiirric for the boole of »I1 

Ftwio'* tinder fhr title Fodc of SVaiehtiter^^^ and in and Encer- 

iiicung Eiplcits of Geori^ Buthatun^ ockfamunly culled die King'* Foot." The bukef- 
tPBrd Rogen fm Irijjr) wai wld i aimilar start coacetrung i widow of ihe l^mberuni 
hrcjyse centiuTl. Tlionsa» ^'nKht (I ntfr^uciicn Co I he Ser«i Sage*) wy i he had irt« 
the tak jn Latin ccncuri«5 end m rajiant in the '^tatreius Conret k rirc 

{Anaitcrdoiti (737)^ nndcr the otle ^'Jugenicnt Suhtil du Due d'Os&onc oontre DcdS 

m the assembly heard the Prince's words they said to his father, 
*'0 our lord the King» in very sooth thy son is the mc^ accom- 
plished oian of his time;” and they called down blessings uj^ 
the King and the Prince, Then the King strained son to his 
bosom and kissed him between the eyes and qu^oned hm of 
what had passed between the favourite and himself; ^d the 
Prince swans to him, by Almighty Allah and by o y 

Prophet that it was she who had required him of love he 

reused, adding, “Moreover, she promised me that she ^uld give 
th e^ poison to drink and kill ^ee, so should the kmgsi^ be 
mine; whereupon I waxed wroth and signed to h^, O 
curs^ one, whenas I can speak I wdll requite theel 5o she 

feared me and did what she did" The King believed his vrords 

and sending for the favourite said to those present, “How shall ^ 
put this damsel to death?" Some counselled him to cut out her 
tongue and other some to bum it with fine; but, when she came 
before the King, she said to him, “My case with thee is like unto 
naught save the tale of the fax and the folk. How so? asked 
he; and she said, *T have heard, O King, tell a 

Story of the Fox mid the Fol^- * 

A pox once made his way into a city by tbc wall and, entmng a 
currifir's stors^housCi pl^ycci h^voc with eU ihtinein End spoiled th^ 

Mwchwia*-" 1 b oriipB it ffycntly ihe old SindibW-nanah rraniliitcd from Syr,^ low 
Creek (“SyndpB*,'' xi«> antury): lom Hebrew (Mlohli Sasdobar eentu^) taA inm 
ike Attbiln i«o M C=stil!«. "Uhro do lo. Eftgwnn^ ct ^^y«wnto* 

Mueefe*" (AJ). 12S51, ^bfroof ■ tmotlxriofl h append^ » ^r*3«r 
"Rieemhe in wmc wl Uhw S Sindibud.” by Mr- H- C Cwte ^ the Folk-1^ 

Sodetj. TIi« PcmJmji metrlciJ fonn (i« elwWiMw rfOTc rnuch older) front J J75, 
»d Bwve tiee W 4 . hoK of inomtiooi loch n* ilroTtirkijh the Fo^ \W the 

"K-thi Mnnj-ri." whertfourperoodicortend* pw»e Seeoto^Wtn » 
“PertJiiH Moattihee,” No. vi, of "Plrawns S(iirie#| wd Mr. aorwpm i paper. 'ntlM 
In the Tftnrr. Ml »!k ^t«n f^ of Cirem. e Enfxntt 

Tcrtibk*;''* ahowinfi tht pwEictt»tij pnMtiiy for whirb lome duMren (inimie ptiencMnem, 
cdcolMCing boys, etc. tic 3 Nave b«n ftmoiit, ^ ^ i , - 

1 From thV^. Edit- *15. SSI , The S*1*b « Aba Hoex?« (Fnthw pf the F^lrt) I* 
the fei, in Muwceo Akklb; Ttdib Yi«tf «nd Wa'^ w the j«*»L Arete h*ee mc 
prew^od ’'Intel** from the Heh. Shu'el end Fo«J«i Sheghfl fiwtStepil) i* the Ror- htr. 
Tmtratn mwnforms hie retulort (Nflt- Hiei. p. 85.) 

Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

skins for the owner. Om day, the currier set a trap for him and 
taking him^ beat him with the hide&i tdl he fell down sensdess^ 
whereupon the roan deeming him to be dead, cast him out into 
the road by the dty'gate. Presently, an old woman who was 
by, ^eing the fox said, "This is a fox whose eye. hung 
about a child s neck, is salutary against weeping," So she pluckt 
out his tight eye and went away. Then passed a boy, who said. 

Wh^ does this tail on this fo5t?*‘; and cut off his brush. After 
a while, up came a man and saying, **Thi 9 is a fox whose gall 
clcareth away film dimness from the eyes, if they be anointed 
wcre^th like kohl, took out his knife to slit up the fox's paunch. 
But Reynard said in lumself, *We bore with the plucking out of 
the eye mid the cutting off of the tad; but, as for the sUtting of 
the paunch, there is no putting up with that!" So saying, he 
sp^g up and made off through the gate of the city, hardly 
belii£vitig in bis escape* Quoth the King, eDtcusc her. End in 
my son’s hands be her doom. If he will, let him torture her, and 
if be will, let him kill her." Quoth the Prince, "Pardon is better 
ton vengeance and mercy is of the quality of the noble;" and 
gie King r^^ " 'Tis for thee to dedde. O my son/’ So the 
Prm^ set her free, Eaying, "Depart from our neighbourhood and 
Allah pydon what is past!" Therewith the King rose from his 
throne of ^te and seating his son thereon, crowned him with his 
crown and bade the Grandees of his realm swear fealty and com' 
manded them do homage to him. And he said, "O folk, indeed, 

I am stricken in years and desire to withdraw apart and devote 
myself only to the sei^'ice of my Lord; and i call you to witness 
that di^ myself of the kingly dignity, even as J have divested 
m^f of my crown and set it on my son's head." So the troops 
and officers swore fealty ro the Prince, and his father gave himself 
up to the worsWp of his Lord nor stinted from this, whilst his son 
abode m his kingship, doing justice and righreousnes: and bis 
power magnified and his sultanate strengthened and he abode 
m all delight and solace of hfe, till there came to him the Cer¬ 

Jui}Aii AND MIS Brethren. 


judar‘ and his brethren. 

There was once a man and a merchant named Omar and be bad 
for issue three sons, the eldest caUed Salim, the youngest Judar, 
and the cadet Salim. He reared them all till they came to mans 
but the youngest he loved than his brothers, wbo^ 
seeing waxed jealous of Jucbr and hatsd him. Now when 
their father, who was a man shotten in years, aw that his two 
eldest sons hated their brother, he feared lest after his death 
trouble should befal him from them. So he assembled a com- 
pany of his kinsfolk, together with divers men of learning and 
propertV'distributors of the KaiTs court, and bidding bring all ha 
monies and cloth, said to them, “O folk, divide ye this money and 
Stuff into four portions according to the law/' They 
he gave one part to each of his sons and fc^t xht fourth hiroselr, 
saying 'This was my good and I have divided it among them in 
my lifetime; and this that I have kept shall be for my wife, th^ 
mother^ wherewithal to provide for her subsistence whenas she 
shall be'a widow.”——And Shahramd perceived the dawn of day 
and ceased saying her permitted say. 

fHfjcn it teas tfje ^ix SjunUteh anh frehent!) 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
merchant had divided his money and stuff into four portions, he 
said. “This share shall be for my wife, their mother, whcrcMothd 
to provi^ for her subsistence whenas she shall be a widow.’ A 
litUe while after this he died, and neither of the two elder bit^heis 
wascontent with Iiis share,* * but sought more of Judar, saying. Our 
father's wealth is in thy hands. So he appealed to the judge^ 
and the Moslems who had been present at the partition came^aim 
bore witnessof that which they knew, wherefore the judge forbade 

»T»ie Mmv b «lil mi dawcJ AwKetln Aftwc ihe yviittB Araaion wm 
J uaar >n public (Swr of Jjiyd< «nd KMMV Tt Ujbf. m will be t^nyme 
qnirtcT la Cmk, mi mtn oftca «JJd »f«r nd» placet, AUJu^T the Sik 
i-Jubo In DtiBtKM*. Tbe elonr 1* ete^naly tnd dwitfle thoundi ca Cmftnc 

*nIgari«F»»; rtpedally in the Ecetl. Edit- it. 3M._ _j ’ii 

' H«d the merchant left tiii pto pe rty to be (Tmcied aftte hit dea th and out made a will 
the widow would haw hu! oaly on6«ighth iMtcad of a fewrtlu 

Alf Laylak va Latlah* 

ai 4 

them fmm one anothei; but Judar and his brothe;^ wasted much 
money in bribes to him. Alter this, the twain leit him awhile; 
presently, however, they began again to plot against him and he 
appealed a second time to the magistrate, who once more decided 
in his favo^; but ail three lost much money which went to the 
judges. Nevertheless Sdl^ and Salim forbore not to seek his 
hurt and to carry the case from court to court,* * he and d^cy losing 
rill they had given all their for food to the oppressors and 
they became poor, all three. Then the two elder bmehens went to 
their mother and flouted her and beat her, and seizing her money 
drave her away. So she betook herself go her son Judar and told 
him how- his brothers had dealt with her and fell to cursing the 
twain. Said he, "O my mother, do not curse them, for Allah will 
requite each of them according to his deed. But, O mother mine, 
see, 1 am become poor, and so are my brethren, for strife occa- 
sioneth loss ruin'rife, and we have striven amain, and fought, 1 and 
they, before the judges, and it hath p rob red us naught: nay, wc 
have wasted all our father left us and are disgraced among the folk 
by reison of our testimony one against other. Shall I then con¬ 
tend with them anew on thine acccFunt and shall we app^ to the 
judges? This may not bel Rather do thou take up thine abode 
with me, and the scone I cat I will share with thee. Do thou pray 
for me and Allah will give me the means of thine alimony. Leave 
them to receive of the Almighty the recompense of their deed, 
and console thyself with the saying of the poet who said, 

■If a fool oppress ttne hear patiently; • And from Time cipevt thy levaure 
t o see: ^ 

Shun tyraimj'; for if momit oppressed * A mount, 'tssould be slunered bv 

And he s^thed and comforted her dll she consented and took up 
her dwelling with him. Then he gat him a net and went a'£shing 
every day in the river or the banks about Bulak and old or 
some other place in which thena was water; and one day he would 
cam ten coppers,* another twenty and another thirty, which he 

’ lit "frcBi tyriJii » tjmtr U W offifUJ » officLJ, AtZaLunah, the 
or popuixr pnrknre. 

• The ;» on] ml in ihr tvft Init it U mdtndT tht "Nuif - « halfKiirhMa Line 

fili. 13SJ, th» the ajptit h wmth t^O b thi* talc, thinlu that it nu written 

far tnpJed f) tfter the Owamli Cunqtwst of tlgypt tlnfcrTtuiutely he r ^ ri" r all the 
pcnCKl whm the valu4 id tbc smaD ciuo^ f^i lo tow. 



spoil upon hi5 mother and hitmeU, and the/ ate well and drank 
well. But, as for his brothers, they plied no craft and neither sold 
nor bought; misery and niin and overwhelming calamity entered 
chdr bouses and they wasted that which the)’ had taken from their 
mother and became of the wretched naked beggars. So at times 
they would come to their mother, humbline; themselves before 
her exceedingly and complaining to her of hunger; and she (a 
mother s heart being pitiful) w'ould give them some mouldy, sour' 
smdling bread or, if there were any meat cooked the day before, 
she would say to them, “Eat it quick and go ere your brother 
come; for ''cwould be grievous to liim and he would liarden his 
heart against me, and ye would disgrace me with him." So they 
would eat in haste and go. One day among days they came ia to 
thdr mother, and she sec cooked meat and bread befeve them. As 
they were eadng, behold, in came thdr brother judar, at whose 
sight the parent was put to shame and confusion, fearing lest he 
should be wroth with her; and she bowed her face ca^wards 
abashed before her son. But he smiled in thdr faces, saying, 
“Welcome, O my brothersl A blessed day?* How comes it 
that ye visit me blessed day?’*' Then he embraced them both 
and entreated them lovingly, saying to them, *'I thought not that 
ye would have left me desolate % your absence nor that ye wrould 
have forborne to come and vtait me and your mother." ^d they, 
“By Allah, O our brother, we longed sore far thee and naught 
withheld us but abashment because of what hefel between us and 
thee; but indeed we have reputed much. 'Twas Satan's domg. 
the curse of Allah the Most High be upon him! And now we 

have no blessing but thyself and ourmother."-^And Shahia^ad 

perceived the tbwn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

Sll;rn if tfie ^ix ^utibtth atib figfith 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when Judar 
entered his place and saw' his brothers, he welcomed them both, 
saying, “And I have no ble^ing but you twain." And his mother 
exclaimed, “Allah whiten thy face, and increase thy prosperity, for 
thou art the most generous of m aU. O my son!" Then he said 
“Welcome to you lx>tht Abide with me: for the Lord is bounci'' 

1 Ai^b. amn tnubirdk 1*^ ilin ■ papuliLr 


Aif Layljim wa Latmh. 

ful and good abountktb with me," So he made peace with th^ 
and they supped and nighted with him; and next mot^g, after 
tW had broken their fast, Judar shouldered his net and went ou^ 
misting in The Opener' whilst the two others dso went forth and 
were absent till midday, when they returned and thar mother set 
the nomi'meal before them. At nightfall Judar came home, bear¬ 
ing meat and greens, and they abode on this wise a month s spa^ 
Ji^lax catching 6sh and selling it and sending thi^ price on his 
mother and his brothers, and these eating and froUckmg till, <me 
day, it chanced he went down to the river-bank and rawing tos 
net. brought it up empty. He c^t it a second time, but a^ it 
came up empty and he said in himself, No m this pl^. 
So he removed to another and threw the net there, but without 
avad. And he ceased not to remove from place » 
fall, but caught nota single sprat* and said to hin^If, ^ ondm^l 
Hath the fish fled the river or what?" Then he shomdered toe 
net and made for home, chagrined, concerned, feeling for his 
mothi^r and brothers and knowing not how he should feed 
that night- Presently, he came to a baker's oven and saw' the folk 
crowding for bread, with silver in their hands, whilst the haker 
took no note of them. So be stood there sighing, and the bakCT 
said to him, "Welcome to thee, O Judar! Dost ^u want bread. 
But he was silent and the baker continued, An thou haw no 
dirhams, take thy sufficiency and thou sholt get credit." & Jud^ 
said, "Give me ten coppers' worth of bread and take this net in 
pledge." Rejoined the baker, “Nay, my poor fellow, the net is 
thy gate of earning thy livelihood, and if I take it from thee, 1 
shall close up against thee the door of thy subsistence. Take thee 
ten Nusfs' worth of bread and take these other ten, and to-monow 
bring me fish for the twenty. On my head and^eyes be it! 
quoth Judar and took the bread and money saying, ‘Tomorrow 
the Lord will dispel the trouble of my case and will provide me 
the means of acquittance." Then he bought meat and vegetable 
and carried them home to his mother, who cooked them and they 
supped and went to bed. Next morning he arc^ at daybreak 
and took the net, and his mother said to him, "Sit down and 

‘ ij. of th? itoor of diily brtBd 

».'irtb. “SJfah.” » inull fith dtffen-ntly d»mlted fDe S*cy, "Riljtirtit de I'Eot™ P"' 
Abd.*ll*tif," pp. 27S-2i3 : La"*, Nq^hii iit Z34). It i* iwt fcmid la Soiwuas * Iwt 



break thy last." But he Gaid, **Do thou and my biDthers break' 
fast," and went down to the river about Bulak where he ceased 
not to cast once, twice, thrice; and to shift about all day, without 
aught facing to Kim, rill the hour of mid'aftenioon prayer, when 
he shouldered his net and went away sore dejected. His way led 
him perforce by the booth of the baker who, when he saw him, 
counted out to him the loaves and the money, saying, *'Come, 
talre it and go; an it be not tfKlay, ‘twill be to-morrow.” Judar 
would have excused himself, hut the baker said to him, "Gol 
There needeth no excuse: an thou had netted aught, it would be 
with thee; so seeing thee empty-handed, i knew thou hadst 
gotten naught; and if tO'inonow thou have no bcttei: luck, come 
and bread and be not abashed, for 1 will give thee credit." 
So Judar took the bread and money and went home. On the 
third day also he sallied forth and fi^cd from tank to tank until 
the rirnig of aftemoon'piaycr, but caught nothing; so he went to 
the baker and took the bread and silver as usual. On this wise 
he did seven days r unnin g, till he became disheartened and said 
in himself, ‘To-^y I go to the Lake Karun."^ So he went thither 
and was about to cast his net, when there came up to him unaw-ares 
a Maghrab], a Moor, dad in splendid attire and riding a she-mule 
with a pair of gold-embroidered saddle-bags on her back and ail 
licr trappings also orftayed. The Moor alighted and said to him, 
“Peace ^ upon thee, O Judar, O son of Omari" "And on ch^ 
likewise be peace, O my lord the pilgtiml" replied the fisbennan. 
Quoth the Magh^bi, “O Judar, I Imve need of thee and, given 
thou obey me, thou shale get great good and shalt be my com¬ 
panion and manage my affairs for me.*‘ Quoth Judar, "O my 
lord, tell me what is in thy mind and f will obey thee, without 
dirnaur." Said the Moor, "Repeat the Fatihah, the Opening 
Chapter of the Koran."“ So he recited it with him and the Moor 
bringing out a silken cord, said to Judar, "Pinion my elbows 
Isehind me with this cord, as fast as fast can be, and cast me into 
the lake; then wait a bnle while; and, if thou see me put forth 
my hands above the water, ntising them high ere my body show. 

»A urilt vif lakclcr in ihc sotichtTR p»rii esf Cvtq, ngo Uhd up; Vcm 
k irthfirited thif ntftnt iJit ciil Oiaran^t Lakz Mcinphi*^ &vcf whiiJi 

makJtig xht iEframcm ■■ Iciiid of cnvcnHrit; tt Ctibolici mnild ndte 

m Pater Of an Awe 

Alt Laylah wa Lavlah. 

cast thy net over me and drag me out in haste; but if thou see 
me come up feet foremost, then kriow chat 1 am dead} in which 
case do thou leave me and take the mule and saddle-bags and 
cany them to the merchants' bazar, where thou wtk iind a Jew 
by name Shamayah, Give him the mule and he will give thee an 
hundred dinara, which do thou take and go thy ways and keep 
matter secret with alt secrecy." So Juuar tied his arms tightly 
behind his back and he kept saying, "Tie tighter." Then said he, 
"Push me till I fall into the lake:" so he pushed him in and he 
sank. Judar stood waiting some time till, behold, the Moor s feet 
appeared above the water, whereupon he knew that he was dead. 
So he left him and drove the mule to the bazar, where scat^ on a 
stool at the door of his storehouse he saw the Jew who spying the 
mule, cried, "In very sooth the man hath perished," adding, “and 
naught undid hi^ but covetise." Then be took the mule from 
Judar and gave him an hundred dinars, charging him to keep the 
matter secret. So Judar went and bought what bread he nemKl, 
saying to ch^ baker, “Take this gold piece I”; and the man 
summed op what was due to him and said, 'T stil owe thee two 

days’ bread"-.i^nd Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased saying her permitted say. 

SSJjcn jl tnas JBimbrtb anh 

She continued. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Jud^, 
when the baker after surammg up w’hat was due to him said, “I 
still owe thee two ctiys* bread," replied, "Good," and went on to 
the butcher, to whom he gave a gold piece and took meat, saying, 
“Keep the rest of the dinar on account" Then he bought ve^- 
ablcs and going home, found his brothers importuning their mother 
for victual, whilst she cried, '*Have patience till your brother come 
home, for I have naught," So he went in to them and said, “Take 
and eat;" and they fdl on the food like cannibals. Then he gave 
his mother the test of his gold saying, "If my brothers cr^me to 
thee, give them wherewithal to buy food and eat in my absence.' 
He sl^t well that night and next morning he took his net and 
going down to Lake Karon stood there and was about to cast his 
net, when behold, there came up to hmi a .‘econd Maghribi. riding 
on a she-mule more handsomely accoutred than he of the day 
before and having with him a pair of saddle-bags of vrhich each 



pocket contained a casket, “Peace fae with thee. O Judarf' said 
the Moor; “And with thee be peace, O my loiid, the pilgrimi" 
replied Jodar, Asked the Moor, "Did there come to thes yester¬ 
day a Moor lidtng on a mule like this of mine?" Hereat Judar 
was alarmed and answered, "1 saw none," fearing lest the other 
say, "Whither went he?" and if he repli^ *‘lie was drowned in 
the late," that haply he should charge him with having drowned 
him; wherefore he could not but deny. Rejoined the Moor, 
“Harkyc, O unhappy!' this was my brother, who is gone before 
me." Judar persisted, "1 know naught of him." Then the Moor 
enquired, "Didst thou not bind his arms behind him and throw 
him into the lake, and did he not say to thee. If my hands ap¬ 
pear above the water first, cast thy net over me and drag me out in 
haste; hut, if my feet show first, know that I am deid and carry 
the mule to the Jew Shamayah, who shall give thee an hundred 
dinars?'" Quoth Judar, "Since thou knowest alt this why and 
wherefore dost thou question me?"; and quoth the Moor, “f 
would have thee do with roe as thou didst with my brother." 
Then he gave him a silken cord, saying, “Bind my hands behind 
me and throw me in, and if I fare as did my brother, take the 
mule to the Jew and he w*ill give thee other hundred dinars." 
Said Judar. '‘Come on;" so he came and he bound him and 
pushed him into the lake, where he sank. Then Judar sat watch¬ 
ing and after awhile, his feet appeared above the w’ater and the 
fisher said, "He is dead and damned! Inshallah, may hlaghnbis 
come to me e\Try day, and I will pinion them and push them in 
and they shall die; and I wiH content me with an hundred dinars 
for each dead man." Then he took die mule to the Jew, who 
seeing him asked, “The other is dcadr* Answered Judar, “May 
thy head live!"; and the Jew said, "This is the reward of the 
covetous!" Then he took the mule and gave Judar an hundred 
dinars, with which he returned to his mo&er* "O my son, said 
she, “whence hast thou this?" So he told her, and she said, * Go 
not again to Lake Karun, indeed I ftar for th«: from the Moore," 
Said he, “O my mother, I do but ca-st them in by their own wish, 
and what am I to do? This craft bringeth me ait hundred dinars 
a day and I return speedily: wherefore, by Allah, 1 will not leave 

TAfnb. pocr drtil; meiqTdn, Jtindiirm, wwdi cwiUndy dcnTtnl fwm 


Ajj* Laylak wa Laylak. 


going to Lake Karun, till the trace of th^ Magharibah* is cut off 
and not one of them is left." So. on the morrow which ^ the 
thiixl day, he went down to the lake and stood there, till the^ 
came up a durd Moor, riding on a mule with saddle-bags and sdll 
more richly accoutred than the hist two, who said to him, Peace 
be with thee, O Judar, O son of Omart" And the fisherman 
saying in hunself, hlow comes it that they all know me? 
returned his salute. Asked the Maghnbi, Have any Moors 
passed by here?" "Two" answered Judar. "Whither went 
they?" enquired the Moor, and Judar replied, “1 pinioned their 
hands behind thpm and cast them into the late, wh^e they were 
drowned, and the same fate is in store for thee" The Moot 
laughed and rejoined, saying, "O unhappy! every life hath its 
term appointed.” Then he alighted and gave the fisherman 
silken cord, saying, "Do with me, O Judar, as thou didst with 
them." Said Judar, "Put thy hands behind thy back, that I may 
pinion thee, for I am in h^te, and time flies.” So he put his 
hands behind him and Judar tied him up and cast him in. Then 
he waited awhile j presently the Moor thrust both hands forth of 
the water and called out to him, saying, “Ho, good fellow, cast 
out thy net!” So Judar threw the net over him and drew him 
ashore, and lo! in each hand he held a fish as red as ooraL Quoth 
the Moor, "Bring me the two caskets that are in the saddle-hags." 
So Judar brought them and opened them to him, and he laid in 
each cadtet a fish and shut them up. Then he pressed Judar to 
his bosom and kissed him on the right cheek and the left, saying, 
"Allah save thee from all stress! By the Almighty, hadst thou 
not cast the net o^^er me and pulled me out, I should have kept 
hold of these two fishes till I sank and was drowned, for 1 comd 
not get ashore of myself.” Quoth Judar, "O my lord the pilgrim, 
Allah upon thee, tell me the true history of the two drowned men 

and the truth anent these two fishes and the Jew."-And Shah- 

raiad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted 

^ PliiT. of hriW^ m VVewem fnao, a Moor, 1 ilreadv the imrd 

the Lai^ (mm bp-nir un^le to TvraominK iKe ChaTrt 

for gh fike tht madern Cnircnts) would turr] ti mta n.’’ They are niMtlT iht 

M^liSd sclml ffbe which kc Sile) utd m fftmcim m nm^ciani toil 
AmivruE^at the t^icc of the litc Amir Abd nl-lkEdit, who [ived mmy -v^^n uid died In 
Dtmatcui, 1 fbuTid fTFcnf nicit profovudlf versed in Etficrn tplnlutditni ind occ^thoiL 



filiien il bKU @tintiteb niib lE^eutti 

Shp continued^ It haih reached me, O auspicious King, that whoi 
Judar asked the MaghrJbi, saying, “Prithee tell roe btst of the 
drowned men," the Magbribi answered, “Know, O Judar, i^t 
these drowned men were my two brothers, by name Abd al'Saiam 
and Abd al'AhaJ, My own name is Abd al'Samad, and the Jew 
is our brother; bis name is Abd al-Rahim and he is no Jew, 
but a true bebever of the Maliki school. Our father, whose name 
was Abd al'Wadud,'^ caught us magic and the art of solving 
mysteries and bringing boards to light, and we applied ourselves 
thereto, till wt compelled the Iftits and Marids of the Jmn to do 
us service. By-and'by, our sire died and kft us much wealth, and 
we divided amongst us bis treasures and talisitians, dll we came to 
the bwks, when we fell out over a volume called ‘The Fables 
of the Ancients,' whose like is not in the world, nor can its price 
be paid of any, nor is its value to be evened with gold and jewels; 
for in it are particulars of ail the hidden hoards o^ the earth and 
the solution of every secret. Our father w-as wont to make use of 
this b^k, of which we had some sroaK matter by heat^ and each 
of us desired to possess it, that he mieht acquaint himself with 
what was therein, I'low when wc fell out there was in our com.'' 
pany an old man by name Cohen AhAbtan,* * who had reared our 
sire and taught him divination and grunarye, and he said to us, 
‘Bring me the booL' So we gave it him and he continued, ‘Ye 
are my son's sons, and it may not be that I should wrong any of 
you. So whoso is minded to have the volume, let him address 
himself to achieve the treasure of AhShamardal* and bring me the 
celestial planisphere and the Kohl'phial and the seal'ring and ^e 
sword. For the ring hath a Marid that serveth it called Al-Ra'ad 
and whoso hath possession thereof, ndther King nor 
Sultan may prevail against him; and if he will, he may therewith 
make himsefif master of the earth, in all the length and breadth 
thereof. As for the brand, if its bearer draw it and brandish tt 

* The aix refpertivHy^ Slirr of the Salta tfan: rt/ the One fGwf J i of the p Temati, 
nf the Cotnp*i^nr»te e 9Tid cJ" itir LDving. 

1 U. "the mnit profound"; thr twr ii that of ‘‘Wirinl," e jrnotric, h reprobate, 

* t-f the Till One. 

* The <mirf pejiliiaff jpT bfeekitif: Tkurtdef. 

Alp Laylah wa Laylak* 

againstan army, the army will be put to the rout; and if he say the 
while, ‘Slay yonder host,' thrae will come forth of chat sword 
bghtning and £re, chat will kill the whole many. As for the 
planisphere, its possessor hath only to turn its face toward any 
country, east or west, with whose sight he hath a mind to solace 
himself, and therein h£ will see that coim^ and its people, as they 
were between bis hands and he sitting in his place; and if he be 
wroth with a city and have a mind to bum it, he hath but to face 
the planisphere towards the sun s disc, saying, 'Let such a city be 
burnt/ and that aty will be consumed with foe. As for the Kohl- 
phial, whoso pcncilkth his eyes therefrom, he shall espy all the 
treasures of the earth. And I make this conation with you w'hich 
is that whoso faileth to hit upon the hoards shall forfeit his right; 
and that none save he who shall achieve the treasure and bring 
me the four pr^ious things which be therein shall have any claim 
to take this book.' So we all i^recd to this condition, and he 
continued, 'O my sons, know tliat the treasure of Al'‘Shamardal 
is under the commandment of the sons of the Red King, and your 
father told me that he had himself essayed to open the treasure, 
but could not; for the sons of the Red King &ed from him into 
the land of Egypt and took refuge in a lake there, called Lake 
Karun, whither he pursued them, but could not prevail over them, 
by reason of their stealing into that lake, which was guarded by a 

spell,' ”-^And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased 

saying her permitted say. 

{{U)tn tf the l^uiVbFtb anb Slebentb 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
Cohen AbAbtan had told the youths this much, he continued his 
tale as follows, "So your father returned empty'handed and 
unable to win to his wish; and after failing he complained to me 
of hjs tU'SUcccss, whereupon I drew him an a?)tmIogical figure 
and found that the treasure could be achieved only by means of a 
young fisherman of Cairo, higbt Judar bin Omar, the pfocc of 
foregathering wnth whom was at Lake Kamn. for that he should 
be the means of capturing the sons of the Red King and that: the 
charm would not fcc dissolved, save if he should bind the hands of 
the treasure'seekerbehind him and cast him in to the lake, there to do 
batde with the sons of the Red King. And lie whose lot it was to 

Jut>AH AND Kis 

succeed would lay hands upon theta; but^ if it w^ere not destined 
to him he should pedsh and his foet appear ahen'e \vater. As 
for him who was successful, his hands would show fim, whereupon 
it behoved that Judar should cast the net over him and draw him 
ashore." Now quoth my brothers Abd ai'Solant and Abd ah 
Abaci, “We will wend and make trial, although we pen'^:" and 
quoth I, “And 1 also will go;*' but my brother Abd aJ'Rahim (he 
whom thou sawest in the habit of a Jew) said, “I have no mind to 
this." Thereupon w’e agreed with him that be should repair to 
Cairo in the disguise of a Jewish merchant, so that, if one of us 
perished in the lake, he might take his mule and saddk'bags and 
^ve the bearer an hundred dinars. The first that came to thee 
the sons of the Red King slew, and so did they with my second 
brother; but against me they could not prevail and I laid hands t>n 
them. Cried Judar, “And where is thy catch?" Asked the 
Moor, “Didst thou not see me shut them in the caskets?" "Those 
were fishes," said Judar. “Nay,” answered the h^faghiibi, “they 
are Ifrics in the guise of fish. But, O Judar," continued be, "thou 
must know' that the treasure can be opened only by thy means: so 
say, w'ilt thou do my bidding and go with me to the city Fex and 
Mequinca’ w'bere we will open the treasure?; and after E will give 
thee what thou wilt and thou shall ever be my brother in the bond 
of Allah and return to thy farafiy with a joyful heart." Said 
Judar, “O my lord the pilgrim, I have on my neck a mother and 

two brothers,”-And Shahr^d perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say. 

SBfim ft biui &ix anb 

She continued. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that Judar 
said to the Maghribi, “I have cm my neck a mother and two 
brothers, whose provider I am; and if E go with thee, who shall 
give them bread to eat?" Replied the Moor, “This is an idle 
excuse! if it E« but a matter of expenditure, E will give thee a 

^ Arab. und Mlknia^ the writer evtdemJji* tc^psr^ ^ one atfr 

ntconi ft hatcli:ct^ ftcni tht tradidon of orte hAvin^ been faemd, la^ Ihn 

the bwe vtidtr fhr fbuTMtitr IdrJi bin bSrti fA.n. His swnnl wii pliifcd on 
ihe pEnn^LcSc tk>e' mlnAi^t buILi by dit Tmini Abu AKmid ben Aha Bukr entlosed lit Jl 
Eoldcn «itti pcarff ffitd prenoua stdRet Ffam tic fucml pn^nundtriifm 

h d«i™i tlic rel c:ip of chs atfsicf (lee Ihn 230 ). 

A i f Laylah wa Laylah. 

thousand ducats tor thy mother, wherewith she may provide her- 
self till thou come back: and indeed thou shalt return before the 
end of four months," So when Judar lieard mendon of the 
thousand dinars, he said, "Here with them, 0 Pilgrim, and I am 
thy man;” and the Moor, palling out the money, gave it to him, 
whereupon he carried it to his mother and told her whai had 
passed between them, saying, “Take these thousand dinars and 
expend of them upon thysdi and my brothers, wiiilsi 1 |ourney to 
Marocco with the Moor, for I shall be absent four montj^ and 
great good will betide me; so bless me, O my mothcrl An' 
swered she, "O my son, thou desolatest me and i fe^ for thee " 
*'0 my mother," rejoined he, ""no harm can befal him who is in 
Allah's keeping, and the Maghribi is a man of worth;" and he 
went on to praise his condition to her. Quoth she, * Allah indine 
his heart to thee! Go with him, O roy son; peradventure, he will 
give thee somewhat.** So he took leave of his mother and rejoined 
the Moor Abd al-Samad, who asked him, "Hast thou consulted 
thy mother?" "Yes,” answered Judar; "and she blessed me, 
"Then mount behind me," said the Maghribi. So Judar mounted 
the mule’s crupper and they code on from noon till the time of 
mid'aftemoon prayer, when the fisherman was ^-hungered; but 
seeing no victual with the Moor, aid to him, “0 my lord the 
pilgrim, belike thou hast forgotten to bring us aught to eat by the 
way?" Asked the Moor, "Art thou hungry?" and Judar an' 
swered, “Yes.” So Abd abSamad alighted and made Judar alight 
and take down the saddle-bagsh then he said to him, “What 
thou have, O my brother?” "Anything." “Allah upon^ ch^, 
tell me what thou hast a mind to.” “Bread and cheese." “O 
my poor fellow! bread and cheese besit thee not; wish for some* 
thing good,” "Just now everything is good to me." “Dost thou 
like nice browned chicken?” "Yes!" "Dost thou like rice and 
honey?” “Yes!" And the Moor went on to ask him if he liked 
this dish and that dish till he had named four'and'twenty kinds of 
meats: and Judar thought to himself, “He must be daft! Where 
are all these dainties to come from, seeing he hath neither cook 
nor kitchen? But I'll say to him. ’Tis enough!*” So he cried, 
"That will do; thou makesr me long for all these meats, and 1 
see nothing," Quoch the Moor, "Thou art wdoome, O Judar!" 
and, putting his hand into the saddls'bags, pulled out a golden 

■ A«b. "^ALKhuti/^ ihr Spin. Lat Alforjai- 


Hjjih containing two hot browned chickens. Then be thiusc his 
hand a second time and drew out a golden dish, full of kabobs*; 
nor did he stint taking out dishes from saddlc'bags. till be bad 
brought forth the whole of the foux^and'twency kinds he had 
nam^, whilst Judur looked on. Then said the Moor, *'Tall to, 
poor fellow!'', and Judar said to him. "O my lord, thou earnest m 
yonder saddlc'bags kitchen and kitcheners!" The Moor laughed 
and replied, "These are magical saxldle^bags and have a servant, 
who would bring us a thousand dishes an hour, if we called for 
them." Quoth Judar, *’By Allah, a meat thing in saddle'hagsi" 
Then they ate their fill and threw away what was left; after which 
the Moor replaced the empty dishes in the saddlc'bags and putting 
in his hand, drew out an ewer. They drank and making the 
Wutu'ablution, prayed the mid'aftemoon prayer; after w*hich Abd 
al'Samad replaced the ewer and the two caskets in the saddle' 
bags and throwing than over the mule's back, mounted and cried, 
‘■‘Up with thee and let us be off," presently adding, "O Judar, 
knowest thou how far we have come since we left Giiro?” “Not 
I, by Allah," rephed he, and Abd al'Samad, "\Vc have come a 
whole month's journey." Asked Judar, “And how ts that?"; and 
the Moor answered, “Know, O Judar, that this mule under us is a 
Man'd of the Jinn who e\'ery day perfonneth a year’s ioumey; 
but, for thy s^e, she hath gone an easier pace." Then they set 
out again and fared on westwards till nigbaall, when they halted 
and the Maghribi brought out supper from the saddle-bags, and in 
like manner, in the mommg, he took forth wherewithal to break 
their fast. So they rode on four days, journeying till midnight 
and then alighting and sleeping und! morning, when they fared on 
again; and all that Judar had a mind to, he sought of the Moor, 
who brought it out of the saddk'bags. On the fifth day, they 
arrived at Fez and Mequinez and entered the city, where all wiio 
met the Mnghribi saluted him and kissed his hands; and he con' 
tinued riding through the streets, till he came to a certain door, 
at which he knock^, whereupon it opened and out came a girl 

ast bmb car IfitO tmaU EKtu.ziT^ 4nd giillol qrpaci 
k if tht nFflit mi^t cf thf tzt^sxr Efit irhi?ie, sf m the Wm, men hdre noft knititd fn ccuk 
meat wa ta lo pftscrvr fll ita flavour. Thia i* in Uic "AjtV* ql" the Argrruiiiic 

GAuduo who bretla the flnb while aqll quivering and before the fibft hjti dme to ht. 
Hcncr Jt u perfr^tJy tcfuLcf^ if the anim al be Twtogj and hn m r-oltc half bit by 



Au Lavlak wa Lavlah. 

ia 6 

like the moon, to whom said he, "O my daughter, O Rahmah,' 
open us the upper chamber.” "On my head and eyes, O my 
papa!” replied she and went in, swaying her hips to and fro with 
a graceful and swimming gait Hkc a thirsting gaa elte , movements 
rh^r ravished Judar’s reason, and he said, "This is none other than 
a King's daughter." So she opened the upper chamber, and the 
Moor, taking the saddle bags from the mule’s back, said, ”Go* and 
God bless thee!" when lo! the earth clove asunder and st^ow- 
ing the mule, closed up again as before. And Judar said, *‘0 
Protector! praised be Allah, w'hn hath kept us in safety on her 
back!” Quoth the Maghribi, "Marvel tint, O Judar. 1 told thee 
that the mule was an Ifrit; but come with us into the upper cham* 
her.” So they went up into it, and judar was ama:^ at the pro- 
fu^on of rich furniture and pendants of gold and silver and jewels 
and other rare and precious things which he saw there. As soon 
as they were seated, the Moor bade Rahmah bring him a certain 
bundle" and upenmg it, drew out a dress worth a thousand dinars, 
which he gave to Judar, saying, ‘■‘■Don this dress, O Judar, and 
welcome to thee!” So Judar put it on and became a fair en' 
sample of the Kings of the West. Then the Maghribi bid the 
sadtuc-bags before him, and, putting in his hand, pulled out dish 
after dish, till they had before them a tray of forty kinds of meat, 
when he said to Judar, "Come near, O my master! eat and excuse 

us"-And Shahraiid perceived the dhvvn of day and ceased 

saying her permitted say. 

IBljen ft ttje &ix Jl^unhteh attb ^Efiirteetitti .^I'sbh 

She continued. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the 
Maghribi having served up in the pavilion a tray of forty kinds 
of meat, said to Judar, "Come near, O my master, and excuse us 
for that we know not what meats thou desirestj but tell us what 
thou hast a mind to, and we will set it before thee without dday." 
Replied Judar, "By Allah, O my lord the pilgrim, I love all kinds 
of meat and unlove none; so a^ me not of aught, but bring all 

^EquivKlenc re our p«rii:«iinil "Mercv.” 

' Aiit, dac PetijAti m wjt dF kKpInit ItEw dotim 

jfl the E«il « to Ur them in i piect of rough kvitg^loth wi th peppw spieci m 
dnYT rway morh^ 

JUDAJt ANI> H 18 Brethren. 


that cometh to thy thought, for save eating to do 1 have nought.” 
After this he tarned twenty days wth the Moor, who dad hun in 
new clothes every day, and all this time they ate from the saddle' 
bags; for the Maghhbt bought neither meat nor bread nor aught 
dse, nor cooked, but brought everythin out ol the bags, even to 
various sorts of fruit. On the twcnty'hrst day, he said, **0 Judar, 
up with thee; this is the day appointed ibr opening the ho^d of 
Ai'Shamardal,” So he rose and mcy went afoot^ without the dty, 
where they found two slaves, each holding a she'mule. The Moor 
mounted one beast and Judar the other, and they ceased not riding 
till noon, when they came to a stream of running water, on whose 
banks Abd al'Samad alighted saying, ‘'Dismount, O Judar!" 
Then he signed with his hand to the slaves and said, "To ttl" 
So they took the mules and going each his own way, were absent 
awhile, after which they return^ one bearing a tent, w’hich. he 
pitched, and the other carpets, which he spread in the tent and 
(aid mattiasses, pillows and cushions therearound. Then one of 
them brought the caskets containing the two fishes; and another 
fetched the saddlc'bags; whereupon the Maghribi arose and said, 
“Come, O Judar!" So Judar followed him into the tent and sat 
down besick him; and he brought out dishes of meat from the 
saddlc'bags and they ate the undurn meat. Then the Moor took 
the two and conjuTcd Over them both, whereupon there 

came from within voices that said, “Adsumus, at thy service, O 
diviner of the world! Have mercy upon us?" and called aloud for 
aid. But he ceased not to repeat conjuiatiims and they to call for 
help, till the two caskets flew in sunder, the fragments flying about, 
and there came forth two men, with pinioned hands saying, 
“Quarter, O diviner of the world? Wbat Viilt thou with us?” 
Quoth he, "My will is to bum you both with fire, except ye make 
a covenant with me, co open to me the treasure of Al-ShatnardaL” 
Quoth they, “Wc promise this to thee, and we will open the trea' 
sure to thee, so thou produce to us Judar bin Omar, the fishcmian. 
for the hoard may not be opened but by his means, nor can any 
enter therein save Judar." Cried the Maghribi, “Him of whom 
ye speak, I have brought, and he is here, listening to you and 

* Hill ii iilwiyi upedfreii^ for reffpcciahtc men. (50 of rown on IwrR-liftdt* nev^ nn 
w ow frkuuji the 1 hai't setfrt ■ Sjfmn put to iLamc vhtu. 

oonipcllct} hr to walk nith mEt Mn4 every nc^uuntancc he mu adiirciiad hinij 

' afoot? 

32 $ 

Alp Laylah wa Laylak. 

looking at you.'* Thereupon they covenanted with him to open 
the trciisun; to lum, and he released them. Then he brought out 
a hollow wand and tablets ol red camelian which he laid on the 
rod^ and after this he took a chafing'diBh and setting charcoal 
thereon, blew one breath into it and it kindled furtliwith. 
sently he brought incense and said, judar, I am now about to 
begin the necessary conjurations and fumigations, and when 1 
have once begun, I may not speak, or the cKann will be naught; 
so I will teat^ thee flr^ w'hat thou must do to win thy wish.'* 
'Teach me," quoth Judar. “Know," quoth the Moor, “that when 
I have recited the s{^l and thrown on the incense, the water will 
dry up from the river's bed and discover to thee, a golden door, 
the bigness of the city-gate, with two rings of metal thereon; 
whereupon do thou go doFwn to the door and knock a light knock 
and wait awhile; then knock a second time a knock louder than 
the iiisc and wait another while; after v;hich give three knocks in 
rapid succession, and thou wilt hear a voice 'Who knocketh 
at the door of the creastirc, unknowing how to solve the secrets?' 
Do thou answer, '1 am Judar the fishennan son of Omar’ : and 
the door will open and there will come forth a figure with a brand 
in hand who will say to thee: 'If thou be that man, stretch forth 
thy neck, that I may strike off thy head.' Then do thou stretch 
forth thy neck and fear not: for, when he lifts his hand and smites 
thee widi the sword, he will fall down before thee, and in a little 
thou wilt see him a body sans soul; and the stroke shall not hurt 
thee nor shall any harm befal thee; but, if thou gainsay him, he 
will slay thee. When thou hast undone his enchantment by obc' 
dience, enter and go on till thou see another door, at which do 
thou knock, and there will come forth to thee a horseman riding 
a mare with a lance on his shoulder and say to thee, ‘What 
bringeth thee hither, where none may enter ne man ne Jinni?* 
And he will shake his lance at thee. Bare thy breast to him 
and he will smite thee and fall down forthright and thou shalt 
see him a body without a soul; but if thou cross him he will 
kill thee. Then go on to the third door, whence there will come 
forth to thee a man with a bow and arrows in his hand and take 
aim at thee. Bare thy breast to him and he will shoot at thee and 
fall down before thee, a body without a soul: but if thou oppoise 

him, he wall kill thee. Then go on to the fourth door”-^And 

Shahraxad perceived the dawn of day and c^sed to say her per* 
mltted say. 

JUiMIl UU tilL£TliJUiN. 

^en it tooiS tfjt ^ix j^untireb anb ;fourteenttr 

She continued. It hath, reached me, O auspicious King, that the 
hdaghribi said to Judar, "'Go on to the fourth door and knock and it 
shall be opened to thee, when there will come forth to thee a lioa 
huge of bulk which will rush upon thee, opening his mouth and 
showing he hath a mind to devour thee. Have no fear of him, 
neither flee from him; but when he com^ to thee, give hun thy 
hand and he will bite at it and fait down straightway, nor shall 
aught of hurt betide thee. Then enter the fifth door, where thou 
shaft find a black slave, who will say to thee, *Who art thou?* Say, 
am Judarf and he will answer. 'If thou be that man, open the siath 
door/ Then do thou go up to the door and say, ‘O Isa, tell Musa 
to open the door'; whereupon the door will fly open and thou 
wilt see two dragons, one on the left hand and another on the 
right, which will open their mouths and lly at thee, both at once. 
Do thou put forth to them both hands and they will bite each a 
hand and fall down diiad; but an thou resist them, they will slay 
thee. Then go on to the seventh door and knock, whereupon there 
will come forth to thee thy mother and say, ‘Welcome, O my 
son! Come, that 1 may greet thee!’ But do thou reply, ‘Hold off 
from me and doff thy dress/ And she will make answer, ‘O 
my son, I am thy mother and I have a daim upon thee for 
suckling thee and for rearing thee: how then wouldst thou strip 
me naked?* Then do thou say, 'Except thou put off thy clothes, 
I will kill thee!* and look to thy right wheru thou wilt see a sword 
hanging up. Take it and draw it upon her, saymg, 'Strip!* where¬ 
upon she will wheedle thee and humble herseli to thee; but have 
thou no ruth on her nor be beguiled, and as often as she puttetb 
off aught, say to her, 'Off with the lave'; nor do thou cease to 
threaten her with death, till she doff all that is upon her and fall 
down, whereupon the enchantment will be di^lved and the 
charms undone, and thou wilt be safe as to thy life. Then enter 
the hall of the treasure, where thou w-ilt see the gold lying in 
heaps- but pay no heed to aught thereof, but look to n closet 
at ^e upper end of the hall, where thou wilt see a curtain 
drawn. Draw hack the curtain and thou wilt descry the en¬ 
chanter, Al Shamardal, lying upon a couch of gold, with some¬ 
thing at his head round and shining like the moon, which is the 

Aj,p La^iah wa Layxak. 


cgipjtrial planisphere. He is baldrick'd with the sword’ ; on his 
finger is the ring and about his neck hangs a chain, to which 
hangs the Kohl-phial. Bring me the four talismans, and beware 
lest thou forget aught of that 'which I have told thee, or thou 'wiit 
repent and diete wfll he fear for thee." And he repeated ^ 
directions a sect^d and a third and a fourth cinie, till Judar said, 
“I have them by heart: but who may face all these endiantmeots 
that thou namest and endure against these mighty terrors?” 
Replied the Moor, "O jutfar, fear not, for they are semhlances 
without life;" and he went on to hearten him, till he said, "I put 
my trust in Allah." Then Abd al'Samad thiOT perfumes on the 
dufing'dish, and addressed himself to reciting conjurations for a 
time when, behold, the water disappeared and uncovered the river* 
bed and discovered the door of the treasure, whereupon Judar 
went down to the door and knocked. Therewith he heard a voice 
saying, "Who knocketh at the door of the treasure, unknowing 
how to solve the secrets?" Quoth he, "i am Judar son of Omar;' 
whereupon the door opened and there came forth a figure 'with a 
drawn sword, who said to him , "Stretch forth thy neck,” So he 
stretched forth his neck and the spcdcs smote him and fell down, 
lifeless. Then he went on to the second dix)r and did the like, nor 
did he cease to do thus, till he had undone the enchantments of the 
first six doors and came to the se^'Cnth door, whence there issued 
forth to him his mother, saying, “I salute thee, O my son!" He 
asked, "Wliat art thou?", and she answered, ”0 my son, 1 am thy 
mother who hare thee nine months and suckled thee and reared 
thee." Quoth he, "Put off thy clothes." Quoth she, “Thou art 
my son, how wouldst thou scrip me naked?" But he said “Strip, 
or I will strike off thy head with this sword;" and he stretched 
out his hand to the brand and ndrew it upon her saying, "Except 
thou strip, I will day thee." Then the strife became long 
between them and as often as he redoubled on her hie threats, she 
put off somewhat of her clothes and he said to her, "Doff the rest," 

^ Thij Indutflng the Enchanted SwqflI which ilny« whole dfiniM, wa* in 

EuitTpe u we f«e in (iir. 31, and thr ''Wmer of life" whish the Grimini ^nd 

in Hesac, ew^T ^'Cammer G^mian Pn^tutaj- Stunes/' Kdg^r Tajflor, Edli, lfl78 : 

tnd noir pghlfjhcd iit form » HouKhnld Tale^/^hv IfitnTi with 

IntTDcluttifm hr A. 2 vdIi-. 8 vo, 183 ^. it h cunuua tlut 9o imtl cvpin^ s 

cTfftt, who Will OMitlcwscnd la nmice a tfiiar^rtnt fn unothcr'# bodk^ shonkl Uy open 

to eerier;; t utiTm^tSvcTHon hy tttcli n rvnWirig fktngi* of half-digEiEnj knowlotlgc u that 
which cwnpmiw Aiulrcw Lang's Tfitr&:iucticn. 

Jul>A& AND HIS BjUrrHilEN. 531 

urtth mwy mcmces; while she removed each article slowly and 
kept saying, “O my sen, thou hast disappointed my fcksterage of 
thee " till she had nothing left but her petcicoat'tnousers, Thai 
said she, "O my son, is thy heart stone? Wilt thou dishonour me 
by discovering my shame? Indeed, this is unlawful, O my son!^^ 
And he answered, "Thou sayest sooth; put not off thy trousers." 
At once, as he u ttered these words, she cried out, "He hath made 
default; beat him!" Whereupon there fell him bb^ like 
ram'drops and the servants of the treasure Qodbed to him and 
dealt him a tunding which he forgot not in all bis cUys; after 
which they thrust him forth and threw him down wtchwt the 
treasure and the hoard^doors closed of themselvK, whikt the 

waters of the river retumed to thcir bed,’--And Shahiazad per' 

edved the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say* 

SBfirn it toss! tf)e &ix iS^unhteh anh JTtfteentfi 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
servants of the treasure beat Judar and casthim out and the hoard- 
doors dos^ of themselves, whilst the river-waters returned to their 
bed. Abd al'Samad the Maghribi tock Judar up in haste and 
repeated conjurations over him, till he came to his senses but still 
as with drink, when heasked him, “What hast thou done, O 
wretch?” Answered Judar, "O my brother, I undid all the 
opposing enchantments, till I came to my mother and there befcl 
between her and myself a long contention. But I made her doff 
her clothes, O my brother, till but her trousers remained upon ha 
and she said to me, ‘Do not dishonour me; for to discover one’s 
shame is forbidden.’ So 1 left her her trousers out of piiy, and 
behold, she cried out and said, ‘He hath made default; beat him!' 
iATiereupon there came out upon me folk, whence I know not, and 
tunding me with a belabouring which was aSister of thrust 

me forth: nor do I know what befel me after this. Quoth the 
Moor, "Did I not warn thee not to swerve from my directions? 
Verily, thou hast injured me and hast injured thyself; for if thou 
hadrt made her take o ff her petticoat-trousers, w-e had won to oim 
wish; but now thou must abide with me till this day next ye^. * 
Then he cried out to the two slaves, who struck the tent forthright 
and loaded it on the hosts; then they were absent awhile and 
presently returned with the two mules; and the twain mounted 

Alf Lavlaii wa Lavlah. 

and rode back to the city of Fei, where judar tarried with the 
i^jaghribi, eating well and drinking well and donning a grand dress 
every day* till the year v^i’as ended and the anniversa^ day 
dawned. Then the Moor said to him, “'Cotne with me, for this 
is the appointed day.'* And judar said, " *Tia well," So the 
Maghnbi auned him without the dty, where they found the two 
slaves with the rauJes. and rode on till they reached the river. 
Here the slaves pitched the cent mid furnished it; and the Moor 
brought forth die tray of food and they ate the morning meal; 
after which Abd ai-Samad brought out the wand and the tablets 
as before and, kindling the fire in the chafing'dish, made ready the 
incense. Then said "O judar, 1 wish to renew my charge to 
thee." "O my lord the pilgrim," replied he, "if 1 have forgotten 
the bastinado, I have foigotten the injunctions."^ Asked the Moor, 
"Dost thou indeed remember them?" and he answered, "Yes." 
Quoth the Moor, "Keep thy wits, and think not that the woiaan 
is thy very mother; nay, she is but an enchantment in her sem- 
blance, whose purpose is to find thee defaulting. Thou earnest olF 
alive the first time; but, an thou nip this time, they wiD slay thee." 
Quoth Judar, "If I slip this time, 1 deserve to be burnt of them." 
Then Abd al'Samad cast the pertumes into the fire and recited the 
conjurations, till the river dried up; whereupon Judar descended 
and knocked. The door opened and lie entered and undid the 
Beveral enchantments, til! be came to the seventh door and the 
semblance of his mother appeared before him, saying, “W^dcome,^ 
O my son!" But he said to her, "How am 1 thy son, O accursed? 
Strip!" And she began to wheedle him and put off garment 
after garment, till only her trousers rcmmncd; and he said to her, 
"Strip, O accursed!” So she put off her trousers and became 
a body without a soul. Then he entered the hall of the treasures, 
where he saw gold Ipng in heaps, but paid no heed to it and 
passed on to the closet at the upper end, where he saw the 
enchanter Al-Shamardal lying on a couch of gold, baldrick’d with 
the sword, with the ring on his finger, the Kohl-phial on his 
breast and the celestial planisj’sliere hanging over his head. So 
he loosed the sword and taking the ring, the Kohl-phial and the 
plamsphere, went forth, when behold, a band of music sounded 

fewm of ludnr »rc txacity whm a, fh^rp Feltih ay on wjch 


Arsib. jphir. oTSbiliicn^ a wttLcomc. 

JuDAR a*;d HJ5 Brethren. 


for him sind the servantis of the tiessure cried out, saying, “Mayest 
thou be assaxned with that thou host gained^ O Judaif' Nor did 
the music leave sounding, till he came forth of the treasure: to the 
Maghrib], who gave up his conjurations and fumigations and rose 
up and embraced him and saluted him . Then Judar made over 
to him the four hoarded talismans, and he took thgm and cried 
out to the slaves, who carried away the tent and brought the 
mules. So they mounted and returned to Fet'city, w'hcre the 
Moor fetched the saddle-ba^ and brought forth dish after dish 
of meat, till the tray was fulX and said, "O my brother, O Judar, 
eatl" So he ate tm he was satisfied, w'hen the Moor empded 
what remained of the meats and other dishes and returned the 
empty platters to the saddle-bags. Then quoth he, “O Judar, 
thou hast left home and native land on our account and thou 
hast accomplished our dearest desire; wherefore thou hast a right 
CO require a reward of us. Ask, therefore, what thou wilt, it is 
Almighty Allah who giveth unto thee by our means/ Ask thy 
will and be not ashamed, for thou art deserving,"' "O my lord,'* 
quoth Judar, ask hrst of Allah the Most High and then of 
thee, that thou give me yonder saddle-bags." Bo the Maghnbi 
called for them and gave them to him, sajing, “Take them, for 
they are thy due; and, if thou ludst asked of me aught else 
instead, 1 had given it to thee. Eat from them, thou and thy 
family; but, my poor fellow, these will not profit thee, save by 
way of provaunt, and thou hast wearied thyself with us and we 
promised to send thee home rejoicing. So we will join to rhe -ge 
other saddle-bags, full of gold and gems, and forwajd thee back 
to thy native land, where thou shalt become a gentleman and a 
merchant and clothe thyself and thy family; nor shall thou want 
ready money for thine expenditure. And know that the marmcr 

^ This SenEcttce A Mc^cm idd^ whick gixatlr pr^Hr?! ^lTa,nigtrTk, Anbic kf 

no cquirnlcnf cf oitr ^Think you^' fKsssarA s mebe —Allih 

incrt^K thj !), twcin fixpms gT;intU4i4S nv^ hy i fieriphra^c The Maikm 

Aciciurw[cLl$ie:9 A Teii^uf by EilrasiinjT the lioqoF j.niH by witkiffg: Kim inf pf^ 4 peiil 7 r. 
*" Mfty cKt shaiicifw never be kss ITncftin, MaycnE t+wki Always exetnd m me thy ehdier 
end ;«reicctioru t nomed thb bdTnrc but lE meriN repeddon. Strm^cn, end 
etprdtilLv Engliahmcfii ate Very pcidrive And wery much miifoken iipcm ■ |»int.p which aU 
who have Ta do with £g"^dins Hful Al^hi Gni^hr ihomughljr CO UndjenCAnd- OM dwcHcrm 
in ibe f^st kttim cIijit the theory of ^ngridtuile iri no wiy interfem with che sense ni 
BTatlEiidc ionalc in man (and beaisc) 4i>d dknc the ^'Urciy sense oi favours to come/' is u 
quick in Orient land m Eun?^ 


AxT LAVUJi WA Lavlaii. 

of using our gift is on tliis wLse, Put thy hanJ therein and say. 
‘O servant of these saddle-bags, I conjure thee by dve virtue of tie 
Mighty Names which have power over thee, bring me such a dishl' 
And he will bring thee whatsoever thou askest, chough thou 
shouldst call for a thousand diJferenc dishes a day." So saying, 
he filled him a second pair of sadtUfi'bags half with gold and half 
with gems and precious stones; and, sending for a slave and a 
mule, said to him, "Mount this mule, and the slave shall go before 
thee and show thee the way, till thou come to the door of thy 
house, where do thou take the two pair of saddle-bags and give 
him the mule, chat he may bring it back- But ad^ none into 
thy secret; and so we commend thee to Allah!" "May the 
Almighty increase thy good!" replied Judar and, laying the two 
paim of saddle-bags on the mule's back, mounted and set forth. 
The slave went on before him and the mule followed him all that 
day and night, and on the morrow he entered Cairo by the Gate 
of Victory,'' where he saw his mother seated, saying, “Alms, for 
the love of Allah!" At this sight he wdl-nigh lost his w'its and 
alighting, threw hiaiself upon her: and when she saw him she 
wept. Tlien he mounted her on the mule and walked by her 
stirrup,' till they came to the house, where he set her down and, 
taking the saddle-bags, left the she-mule to the slave, who ted her 
away and returned with, her to his master, for that both slave and 
mule were devils. As for Judar, it was grievous to him that his 
mother should beg; so, when they were in the house, he asked 
her, “O my mother, are my brothers welir’; and she answered, 
“They are both well." Quoth he, "Why dose thou beg by the 
wayside?" Quoth she, ‘'Because 1 am hungry, O my son," and 
he, “Before 1 went away, 1 gave thee an hundred dinars one day, 
the like the next and a thousand on the day of my departUTB," 
“O my son, they cheated me and took the money from me, 
saying, 'We will buy goods with it.' Then they drove me away, 
and 1 fell to begging by the wayside, for stress of hunger." “O 
my mother, no harm shall befal thee, now 1 am come; so have 
no concern, for these saddle-bags are full of gold and gems, and 

^ OuisiJc chis nnblc Bib imr, thcT'e m ccinctcry vherdn R by the bvj 

liei Owrekhnnit^ my predcccswr um i Hajj to M^scrali snd Hcnec loauy 

ftrv fmiftd in ita nu^hboiithEitxJ. 

^ Fnendv ^ornctinaci Viitik akunifndc the adrrup In of iJFtc aihI 

Kwpcct^ «fpcddiy W tfcc retorttin^ pil^ia. 


good aboundetb with me.” ''Verily, thou ait bleseed, O my sonj 
Allah accept of thee and increa;^ thee of His bounties! Go, 
O my son, fetch m some victual, for 1 slept not last night for 
excess of hunger, having gone to bed supperless.'* “Welcome to 
t he^t O my mother! CaU for what thou wilt to eat, and 1 will 
set it before this moment; for I have no occasion to buy 
from the market, nor need 1 any to cook,” ”0 my son, I sec 
naught with thee." “1 have with me in these saddle-bags all 
manner of meats." “O my son, whatever is ready will serve to 
stay hunger," "True, when there is no choice, men are content 
with the smallest thing; but where there is plenty, they like to 
eat what is good; and 1 have abundance; so call for what thou 
hast a mind CD." "O my son. give me some hot bread and a slice 
of cheese." "O my mother, this belitteth not thy condition/* 
"Then give me to eat of that which beaitteth my case, for thou 
knowest it." **0 ray mother," rejoined he, "what suit thine 
estate arc browned meat and roast chicken and peppered rice and 
it becotnetb thy rank to eat of sausages and stulfed cucumbers 
and stuffed lamb and stuffed ribs of mutton and venuicdli with 
broken almonds and nuts and honey and sugar and fritters and 
almond cakes" But slie thought he was laughing at her and 
making mock of her; so she said to him, "Yaiih! Yauh!* what 
is come to thee? Dost thou dream or art thou daft?" Asked 
he, “Why deemest thou that I am mad?" and she answered, 
“^cause thou namest: to me all manner rich dishes. ^'*ho can 
av'aii unto their price, and who knoweth how to dress them?" 
Quoth he, “By my life! thou shall eat of all that I have named 
to thiK, and that at once;" and quoth she, *‘I see nothing;*’ and 
he, “Bring me tlie saddle-bags." So she fetched them and teding 
them, found them empty. However, die laid them before him 
and he tlmist in his hand and pulled out dish after dish, till he 
hnd sec before her all he had named. Whereupon asked she, O 
my son, the saddle-bags are small and moreover they W'ere empty; 
yet hast thou taken thereout all these dishes. Where then were 
they all?"; and he answered, “O my mother, know that these 

* E^ujnlent tDour Atai! wqmaiiV word ncTcr usel h'r msn; and in* 

be itiCrtl cmful of tbii dilEfnfilltUi ufldcr pain ofinCmrln^ ticilculc. 

I frttictnbeT im offidet lit the Bowibinv Army wHq, hiving ktEyrtr 3 fr™* Mmen, 

Kjvftyt spoke «f bim^lf in thi fcnatiiiM i rid y KSJiibilbtii tbe Scpoyi* 

Alf Laylah wa Laviah. 


saadle-bags, which the Moor gave me, ane ench^ted and they 
have a servant whom, if one desire aught, he hath but to ad^ 
by the Names w^ch command bun, saying, O servant of the^ 
saddle-bags, bring roe such a dish!' and he W'iU bring it. 
his dother^ '"'And may 1 put out my hand and ask of 
Quoth he, “Do so." So she scrciched out her hand and ^d, 
“O servant of the saddle-bags, by the ^rme of the Names whidi 
command th^, bring me stuffed ribs." Then she thrust m Kot 
hand and found a dish containing delicate stuffed rtbs of lamb. 
So -^he cook it out, and called for bread and what else she had a 
mind to: after which Judar said to her, “O my mother, when thou 
hast made an end of earing, empty what is left of the food into 
dishes other than these, and restore the empty platters to the 
saddle-bags carefully " So she arose and laid them up m a safe 
place- “And look, O mother mine, that thou keep this secret, 
added he: “and whenever thou hast a mind to aught, ta^ it 
fordi of the saddle bags and give alms and feed my broto^ 
whether I be present or absent." Then he fell to eating with her 
and behold, while they were thus occupied, in came his two 
brothers, whom a son of the quarteri had apprised of his reti^ 
saying, “Your brother is oome back, riding on a she-mule, with a 
slave before him, and w'earing a dress that hath not its like.” So 
they said to each other, "Would to Heaven we had not evilly 
entreated our mother! There is no hope but that she will st^y 
tell him how we did by her, and then, oh our disgrace with I^!" 
But one of the twain said, "Our mother is soft-hearted, and if she 
tell him, our brother is yet tenderer over us than she;^^d, given 
we excuse ourselves to him, he will accept our excuse.'' ^ they 
went in to him and he rose to them and saluting them with the 
friendliest salutation, bade them sit down and eat. So they ate 
till they were satisfied, for they were weak with hunger; after 
which Judar said to them, "O my brothers, take what is left and 
distribute it to the poor and needy." "O brother," replied they, 
“let us keep it to sup withal." But he answ'ered, “When supper- 
time cometb, ye shall have more than dm ” ^ they took the 
rest of the victual and going out, gave it to every p<Mr man who 
passed by them, saying. 'Take and eat" till nothing was left. 
Then they brought back the dishes and Judar said to his mother. 

* Mj. ■ tu=ipliV««nir. TheBarters^*! * lovn in ihci Eft^t Mn efetft rm the wonteJ tomu. 


JuD/ui AND tna 

"PVjt them in the satidk-bags."-^And Shahrawd peredved the 

dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

{ahm it taaft the i^hc i^unbreh aitb #txkeni$ 

She continued, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, t^t Ju<^. 
when his brethren had hnished their under-mcaJ, said to lus 
mother. “Put back the pbtters in the saddle-bags." /tod whm 
it wss €v<£XitidCj liG cntcxcd the siJoon snd took fortK of cnE s^udlc 
bags a table of forty dishes; after which he went up to the upper 
room imd, sitting between bis brotbers, said to bis moth^p 
"Bring the supper." ‘ So she went down to the saloon and, finding 
there the dishes ready, laid the tray and brought up the forty 
dishes, one after other. Then they ate the cve^g mea^ and 
when they had done, Judar said to his brothers. ‘Take and 
the poor and needy.” So they took what was left and gave alms 
thereof, and presently he brought forth to them aweetmea^ 
whereof they are, and what was left he ba^ them give to the 
neighbours. On the morrow, they brake their fa^ after the s^e 
fashion, and thus they fared ten diys, at the end of which tuM 
quoth to Salim, “How comedt it that our hrodier sett^ 
before us a banquet in the morning, a banquet at noon, ^d a 
banquec at sundown, besides swcetBieats late at night, and all that 
is left he giveth to the poor? Verily, this is the fasbon of bidtans. 
Yet we never see him buy aught, and he hath neither kitchener 
nor kitchen, nor doth he light a fire* Whence hath he this 
plenty^ Hast thou not a mind to discover the cause of all 
Siis?" Quoth Salim. “By Allah. 1 know not: but ^ou 

any who will tell us the truth of the case? Quoth Salim 
'^None will tell us save our moeber/' So they laid a plot and 
repairing to thdr mother one day. in th^ brother s abs^ce, 
to her "O cair mother, we arc hungry. Replied she Rejoice, 
for ye shall presently be satisfied;” and going into the saloon, 
sought of the servant of the saddlebags hot mc^. wkeh she tc^k 
out and set before her eons. "O our moth^, aied they, ™s 
meat is hot; yet hast thou not cooked, neither kindled a fire. 

1 Ja the F»ma«:h,r »ag* cf 

DjAmta* I found, in m-nf tttd-fiuliimcd hou*«. t»Jf "i*' 

(oert* Very ffIcKwt. biti mmEwhal mnlmg m firsT. 

Alp L/iVXAH wa LAriAH. 

Quoth she, "It cometh fitjm the saddle-bags " and quoth they, 
"What manner of thing be these saddle-bags?" She answered, 
"They are enchanted; and the required is produced by the 
charm;" she then told lier sons their virtue, enioining them to 
secrecy. Said tiiey, ‘The secret shall be kept, O our mother, 
but teach us the manner of this." So slie taught them the fashion 
thereof and they fell to putting their hands into the saddle-bags 
and taking forth whatever they had a mind to. But judar knew 
naught of this. Then quoth Silim privily to Salim, "O my 
brother, how long shall we abide with Judar servant-wise and eat 
of bis dms? Shall we not contrive to get the saddle-bags from 
him and make off with them?" "And how shall we make shift 
to do this?" "We will sell him to the galleys,” "How shall 
we do that?" "We rwo will go to the Rais, the Chief Captain of 
the Sea of Sues and bid him to an entertainment, with two of his 
company. What 1 say to Judar do thou confirm, and at the 
end of the night 1 will show thee whai I will do." So they 
agreed upon the sale of dieir brother and going to the Captain's 
quarters said to him, “O Rais, we have come to thee on an 
errand that will please thee." "Good.” answered he; and they 
continued, "We two are brethren, and we have a third brother, 
a lewd fdlow and good-for-nothing. When our father died, he 
left us some money, which we shared amongst us, and he took 
his part of the inheritance and wasted it in frowardness and 
debauchery, till he \vas reduced to poverty, when he came upon 
us and cited us before the magistrates, avouching that we had 
taken his good and that of his father, and we disputed the matter 
before the judges and lost the money. Then he waited awhile 
and attacked us a second time, untd he brought us to beggary; 
nor will he desist from us, and we are utterly weary of him; 
wherefore wc would have thee buy him of us." Quoth the 
Captain. "Can ye cast about with him and bring him to me 
here? If so, I will pack him off to sea forthright," Quoth they 
"We cannot manage to bring him here; but be thou otar guest 
this night and bring with thee two of thy men, not one more; and 
when he is asleep, we will aid one another to fall upon him, we 
6ve, and seire and gag him. Then shalt thou carry him forth the 
house, under cover of the night, and after do thou ’with him as 
thou wilt. Rejoined the Captain, "With all my heart! Will ye 
sell him for forty dinars?" and they, “Yes, come after nightfall to 



such a street, such a mosque, and thou shalt find one of us 
awaittng thee.” And he replied, “Now be off,” Then they 
repaired to Judar and waitea awhile, after which Salini went to 
to him and kissed his hand. Quoth ]udar, What ails thee, O 
my hrotherr^ And he made answer, saying, “Know that 1 ha'\-'e 
a friend, who hath many a time bidden me to bis house in dune 
ak^ce and hath ever hospitably entreated me, and I owe him a 
thousand kindnesses, as my brother here wotteth, 1 met him to¬ 
day and he invited me to his house, but S said to him, J cannot 
leave my brother Judar/ Quoth he, ‘Bring him with thee : and 
quoth I, ‘He wtU not consent to that; but if ye will be my 
guests, thou and thy brothers'' * * * * * * (for his brothers were 
sitting with him); and I invited them thinking that they would 
refuse. Bur he accepted my invitation for all of them, saying, 
‘Look for me at the gate of the Little mosque," and I will come to 
thee, I and my brothers.' And now 1 fear they will come and am 
ashamed before thee. So wilt thou hearten my heart and enter' 
tain them this night, for thy good is abundant, 0 my brotium? 
Or if thou consent not, give me leave to take them into the ndgb' 
hours' houses.” Replied Judar, ‘^Why sbouldst thou cany them 
into the neighbour' houses? Is our house then so strait or have 
we not wherewith to give them supper? Shame on thee to 
consult me! Thou hast but to call for what thou needest and 
have rich, viands and sweetmeats and to spare. Whenever thou 
bringest home folk in my absence, ask thy mother, and she will 
set before thee victual more than enough. Go and fetch them; 
blessings have descended upon us through such guests. So 
Salim kissed his hand and going forth, sat at the gate of the 
little mosque till after sundown, when the Captain and his men 
came up to him, and he corned them to the house, W^hen Judar 
saw them he bade them wrelcome and seated them and made 
friends of them, knowing not w'hat the future had in store for 
him at their hands. Then he called to his mother for supper, 
and she fell to taking dishes out of the saddle-bags, whilst 
he said, '‘Bring such and such meats, till she liad set forty 
different dishes before them. They ate their sufficiency and the 
tray was taken away, the sailors thinking the while that this liberal 

* Hctt the xpodpdB wdulJ be "VTe can 3TI mp ftugcrlicr* , i « l t. 

* Arab. ^ = whreh n tn * -TfriU ,1 chape* tn Achurch, 


Aj,p Laylah wa Layiak- 

entertainment came from Salim. When a third part of the night 
was past, judar set sweetmeats before them and Salim served 
t herrii whilst his two brothers sat with the guests, til] they sought 
to sleep. Accordingly judar lay down and the others with him, 
who waited tfll he was asleep, when they fell upon him together 
and gagging and pinioning him, before he was awake, carried him 

forth of the house, ^ under cxjver of the night,^-And Shahra^ad 

perceived the dawn oi day and ceased saying her permittEd say. 

it jljitnhrth anh Stheniceidh 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that they seised 
Judar and carrying him forth of the house under cover of the 
night, at once packed him off to Suez,, where they shackled him 
and set him to work as a galley-slave; and he ceas^ not to serve 
thus in sileiice a whole ycar.^ So far conceiving Judar; but 33 
for his brothers, they went in next morning to his mother and said 
to her, “O our mother, our brother Judar is not awake." Said 
she, "Do ye wake him," Asked they, “Where lieth he?" and 
she answered, “With the guests " They rejoined, "Haply he 
went away with them whilst we slept, O mother. It would seem 
that he had tasted of strangcrhixxf and yearned to get at hidden 
hoards; for we heard him at talk with the Moors, and they said to 
him, * *We will take thee with us and open the treasure to thee/ " 
She enquired, “Hath he then been in company with Moors?;" 
and they replied, saying, “Were they not our guests yester^ 
night?" And she, “Most hke he hath gone with them, but 
Aliah will direct him on the right way; for there is a blessing 
upon him and he will surely come back with great good," But 
she wept, for it was grievous to Her to be partKl from her eon. 
Then said they to her, "O accursed woman, doist thou love Judar 
with all this |o\'e, whilst as for us, w^hether we be absent or pres¬ 
ent, thou neither joyest in us nor sorrowest for us? Are w/e not 
thy sons, even as Judar is thy son?" She said, "Ye are indeed my 
? hut ye arc reprobates who deserv'e no favour of me, for since 

* Arak a ^ tlifl Tutcin ipcikt nfW\^ ''iiLilmw,'* 

• TTiit Ii-ili- riT * rDT^Wn W 31 piicrc fcl^lpvy. Bur rnun^ centimtul^srer tlEkgTiiJiiiKilt 

tri l?C j-i’l ' mi Vi il;e [tlatiUbdiu in AnuitiCa. 



yovir father's death 1 have never seen any gocxJ in you; whikt as 
for Judar, 1 have had abundant good of him and he hath heartened 
my heart and entreated me with honour; wherefore it behoveth 
roe to weep tor him* because of his kindness to me and to you," 
When they heard this, they abused her and beat her; after which 
they sought for the saddle-bags, dll they found the two pairs 
and took the enchanted one and all the gold from one pouch 
and jewels from the other of the uncnchanted, saying, “This was 
our father's good," Said their mother, “Not so, by Allah!; it 
belongeth to your broilicr Judar, who brought it from the land of 
the Magharibah" Said ^cy, "Thou Uest, it was our father’s 
property; and we wiD dispose of it, as we please." Then they 
divided the gold and jewels between them; but a brabble arose 
between them oonceming the encKinted saddle bags, Salim saying, 
‘■‘‘I will have them;" and Salim, saying, "1 will take them;" and 
they came to high words. Then said she, "O my sons, yc have 
divided the gold and the jewels, but this may not be divided, nor 
can its value be made up in money; and if it be cut in twain, its 
spdl will be voided; so leave it with me and I will give you to 
eat from it at ail times and be content to take a morsel with you. 
If ye allow me aught to cloche me, 'twill be of your bouncy, and 
each of you shall tralac with the folk for himself. Ye are my 
sons and I am your mother; wherefore let os abide as we are, 
lest your brother come back and we be disgraced." But they 
accepted not her words and passed the night, wrangling with each 
other. Now it chanced that a Janissary’ of the King’s guards v;as 
a guest in the house adjoining Judar’s and heard them through the 
open window. So he looked out and listening, heard all the angry 
words that passed between them and saw the diviskin of the spoil. 
Next morning he presented himself before the King of Egypt, 
vvhose name was Shams ahDaulah,* and told him all he had heard, 
whereupon he sent for judar's brothers and put them to the ques- 
tion, till they confessed; and he took the two pairs of Saddle* 
bags from them and clapped them in prison, appointing a sufficient 

■Arab. Ijl i.u ifthcr, liJ Jfthfrr dt /rf flrtmaiidsdi. la 

^rmcr dm ii dc^rouJ n urg^AnE, tn ippiritor, in who neaj«d magiiEcnAl 

ordat. In rnodrm £|rFPt beesme n i. 2^}. M he 

appein in gofigftiUA uniform inJ mu mmebed to public offica And Cm- 


■ A purelir ImiLgiMfy 

Alp Layiah wa Layiah. 

daily allowance to thdi mother. Mow as negatds jxidar, he abode 
a whole year in eeruioc at Sues, till one day, being in a ship bound 
on a voyage over the sea, a wind arose against them and cast the 
vessel upon a rock projecting from a mountain, where she broke 
up and all on board were drowned and none gat ashore save 
Judar. As soon as he landed he iared on inland, dll he reached 
an en cam pment of fladawi, who questioned him ot his case, and 
he told them he had been a sailor,' Now there was in camp a 
merchant, a native of Jiddak, who took pity on him and Slid to 
him, “Wilt thou take service with me, O Egyptian, and 1 will 
clothe thee and carry thee with, me to Jiddali?” So Judar took 
service with hjm and companied hun to Jiddah, where he showed 
him much favour. After awhile, his master the merchant set out 
on a pilgrimage to Meocah, taking Judar with him. and wtmn they 
rmched the city, the Cairene tiepaired to the Haram temple, to 
circumambulate the Ka'abah. As he was making the prescribed 
circuits," he suddenly saw his friend Abd al'Samad the Moor do' 

ing the like;-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say. 

^fjrn it tool! the Ihtitibrrh anb Cigfjleenttl 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Judar, as he 
was making the circuits, suddenly saw his friend Abd al^Samad 
also drcumambulating; and when the Maghiibi caught sight of 
him, he saluted Kim and asked him of his state; whereupon Judar 
wept and told liim all that had befallen liim. So the Moor carried 
him to his lodging and entreated Kim with honour, clothing him in 
a dress of which the like was not, and saying to him, “Thou hast 
seen the end of thine ills, O judar," Then he drew out for him a 
geomantic figure, w'bich showed what had befallen. SMim and 
Salim and said to Judar, “Such and such things have befallen thy 
brothers and they are now in the King of Egypt's pristm; but 
thou art right welcome to abide with me and aocompliah thine 

*TTit Breal. Edk, 3^0"? hm juvl clKfwhcne ws ikc wfthJ for 

Ehe cotninan or MpJUh^ 

^ ‘TvxifJ" the tiflinc flivcti fd iht sets of ssvefi ciTruin wilh thf kft 

fhoiiUer prcKniKl to iJic Udtf Houic; ihai ii ‘^iri ddiMThini” or the 

win" rhe lun" Wkn the movement af a waicbjl.. Fur ihff midnts cif fhii rite 

jic£ i'lir 234. 

JlTOAil AKD sa Bilethrxn, 


ordinances of pOgrimage and all shall be well" Replied Judar, 
“O my brd. let me go and take leave of the merchanc with whom 
1 am and after 1 will come back to thee/' thou owe 

money?" asked the Moor, and he answered, ^^No/* Said Abd 
al'Samad, "Go thou and t^e leave of him and come back forth' 
right, for bread hath claims of its own from the ingenuousSo 
Judar retumed to the merchant and fareweUed him, saying, “I 
have fallen in with my brother."^ “Go bring him here," said the 
merchant, *'and we w ill make him an entertainment." But Judar 
answered, saying, ““He hath no need of that; for he is a man of 
wealth and hath many sen'ants." Then the merchant^^ve Judar 
twenty dinars, saying, "Acquit me of reponsibility";* and be 
bade him adieu and went forth from him. Presently, he saw' a 
poor man, so he gave him the twenty ducats and retumed to the 
Moor, with whom he abode till they had accomplished the pd' 
grimageTites when Abd al-Samad gave him the se^-ring, that he 
had t^cn from the treasure of Al'Shamardal, saying, “This ring 
will win thee thy ■wish, for it enchanteth and hath a servant, by 
name AJ'Ra'ad ^'Kasif; so whatever thou hast a mind to of the 
wants of this world, nib this ring and its servant wiU appear and 
do all thou biddest him." Then he rubbed the ring before him, 
whereupon, the Jinni appeared, saying, “Adsuin, O my lord! Ask 
what thou wdit and it shall be given thee. Hast thou mind to 
people a mined city or ruin a populous one? to slay a king or to 
rout a host?" "O Ra'ad," said Abd al'Samad, *’this is become 
thy lord; do thou serve him faithfully.** Then he dismissed him 
and said to Judar, "Rub the ring and the servant will appear; 
and do thou command him to do whatever thou desirest, for he 
will not gainsay thee. Now go to thine own country and take 
care of the ring, for by means of it thou wik bafHe thine enemies: 
and be not ignorant of its puissance.'* "O my lord," quoth Judar, 
"with thy leave, I will set out homewards." Quoth the Maghribi, 
"Summon the Jinni and mount upon his back; and if thou say to 
him. 'Bring me to my native city this very day,* he will not 
disobey tliy commandment." So he took leave of Mcor Abd a2' 
Sam,id and rubbed the ring, whereupon Al'Ra'ad presented him' 

' Anb. ; broihrr has « wide nmcmott odeou nnd mtj bt u«tl tti 

&f (tny of ibe SuTinir Fajtk, 

SaM by niitttor wlun •tlunui^ng a Krtfitt and "F haw not fBiSfii In my 

duty to tbM*’" The "Attih aoqi'ik rhee thereof’' 


Alf Laylah wa Layjlah. 

self^ saying, “Adsum; ask and ic shall be givCT to thee. Said 
Judar, “Carry me to Cairo this day;'* and he reph^ ‘*Thy will 
be done:” and, taking him on his back, flew with him from cocm 
till midnight, whcm he set him down in the courtyard of his 
mother’s house and disappeared. Judar went in to his mother, 
who rose weeping, and greeted him fondly, and told him how the 
King tnd beaten his brothers and cast them into gaol and taken 
the two pairs of saddlc'bags; which when he heard, it was no 
light matter to him and he said to her, “Grieve not for the past; 
I will show thee what 1 can do and bring my brothers hither forth' 
right." So he rubbed the ring, whereupon its s^ant appearEd, 
saying, “’Here am l! Ask and thou slwt have.” Quoth Judar, 
"i bid thee bring me my two brothers from the prison of the 
King " So the jinni sank into the earth and came not up but in 
the midst of the gaol where Salim and Salim lay in piteous plight 
and sore sorrow for the plagues of prison/ so that they wished for 
death, and one of them said to the other, “By Allah, O my broti^ 
er, afficrion js longsome upon usl How long shall we abide in this 
prison? Death would be relief.” As he spoke, behold, the earth 
dove in sunder and out came Al-Ra’ad, who took both up and 
plunged with them into the earth. They swooned away for mteesa 
of fear, and when they recovered, they found themselves in th^ 
mother's house and saw Judar seated by her side. Quoth he, “I 
salute you, O my brothers! you have cheered me by your prs' 
scnce ” And they bowed their heads and burst into tears. Then 
said he, "Weep not, for it was Satan and covetssc that led you to 
do thus. How could you sell me? But 1 comfort myself with the 
thought of Joseph, whose brothers did with him even more than 
ye did with me, because they cast him into the pit.'*—^—And 
Shahiaaad perceived the dawn of day and ceasM saying her 
permitted say. 

‘ A Mtvleni priwe is life ot a. eaiiiKy *bi>i to think of it giva ijiwH^ 

fl«h. Kutcmi InnBh at mif iJea of penitctitiafy a nil the AriIh of Bombay eaU it "Al- 
BiKln** Gi^pclcn^ becautg the ccnift catitkini a few trcfli #isd iibmiw. AdA wtih them 
a garden always sin idea of F^ndLic, There are indred anty wtj cfficiia&ita fonna 

cf pMJitsSmcHt alt the world corponiJ fesr che poor and finci for the rich* the latter 
bda^ the ievitrer fonm 

JOUAR AND Kia BikETliaiN- 


it ms ttie ®un&rrl» anD ^intttentt 

She continued. It hath reajched me, O aospidmis King, that Judar 
said to his brothers. *'How could you do with me thus? But 
repent unto Alkh and crave pardon of Him, and He will forgive 
you both, for He is the Most Forghring, the Merdful. As for me, 
I pardon you and welcome you: no harm shall befal you.” Then 
he comforted them and set their hearts at ease and related to them 
all he had suffered, till he fdl in with Shaykh Abd al-Samad, and 
told them also of the seal-ring. They replied, ”0 our brother, 
forgive us this time; and, if we return to our old ways, do with us 
as thou wilt.” Quoth he, ”No harm shall befal you; but tell me 
what the King did with you.” Quoth they, **He beat us and 
threatened us with death and took the two pairs of saddle-bags 
from us.” “Will he not care?**' said Judar, and rubbed the ring, 
whereupon Al-Ra’ad appeared. When his brothers saw him, they 
were affrighted and thought Judar would bid him slay them; so 
they fled to their mother, crying, “O our mother, we throw our¬ 
selves on thy generosity; do thou intercede for us, O our motheri” 
And she said to them, ”0 my sons, fear nothing!” Then said 
Judar to the servant, “I command thee to bring me ail that is in 
the King's treasury of goods and such; let nothing remain and 
fetch the two pairs of saddle-bags he took from my brothers" ”1 
hear and I obey,” replied AJ-Ra’ad; and, disappearing straight¬ 
way gathered together all he found in the tneasurj- and returned 
with the two pairs of saddle-bags and the deposits therein and laid 
them before Judar, saying, “O my lord, I have left nothing in the 
treasury.” Judar gave the treasure to his mother bidding her keep 
it and laying the enchanted saddle-bags before him, said to the 
Jinni, “I command thee to build me this night a lofty palace and 
overlay it with liquid gold and furnish it with magnificent fumi- 
tuic: and let not the day dawn, ere thou be quit of the whole 
work.” Replied he, ”Thy bidding shall be obeyed;” and sank 
into the cartn. Then Judar brought forth food and they ate and 
took their case and lay down to sleep. Meanwhile; Al-Ra'ad 
summoned bis attendant Jinn and bade them build the palace. So 
some of them fell to hewing stones and some to building, whilst 
others plastered and painted and furnished; nor did the day dawn 

^ hff iiul] uuw for thu. 

Alf Laviah wa Laylah. 


ere the ordinance of the pakce was complete; whereupon ad 

ramp (o Judaj and said to lum, “O my lord, the palace is finished 
and in best order, an it please thee to come and look on it.*’ So 
Judar went forth with his mother and brothers and saw a palace, 
whose like there was not in the whole world; and it confoun^d aE 
minds with the goodliness of its ordinance. Judar was delighted 
with it while he W'as passing along the highway and withal it had 
cost him nothing. Then he asked his mother, “Say me, wilt thou 
cake up thine abode in this palace?” and she answered, “I will, O 
my son," and called down Wessings upon htm. Then he rubbed 
the ring and bade the Jinni fetch him forty handsome white hand¬ 
maids and forty black damsels and as many Mamelukes and negro 
slaves. “Thy will be done,” answered Al-Ra'ad and betaking 
himself, with forty of his attendant Genii to Hind and Sind and 
Persia, snatched up every beautiful girl and boy they saw, till they 
had made up the required number. Moreover, he sent other four¬ 
score, who fetched comely black girls^ and forty others brought 
male chatteb and carried them all to Judar's house, which they 
filled. Then he showed them to Judar, who was plca^d with 
them and said, "'Bring for each a dress of the finest. * “Ready!” 
replied the servant- Then quoth he, “Bring a dress for my mother 
and another for myself, and also for my brothers.” So the Jinni 
fetched all that was needed and clad the female sbves, saying to 
them, “This is your mistress: kiss her hands and cross her not, but 
serve her, white and black.” The Mamelukes also dressed them- 
selves and kissed Judar’s hands; and he and his brothers arrayed 
themselves in the robes the Jinni had brought them and Judar 
became like unto a King and his brothers as Wazirs. blow hfe 
house was spacious; so he lodged Salim and Ids slave-girls in one 
part dicreof and SaEm and his slave-girls in another, whilst he and 
his mother took up their abode in the new and each in his 

own place was like a Sultan. So far concerning them; but as 
regards the King’s Treasurer, thinking to take something from the 
treasury, he went in and found it altogether empty, even as saith 
the poet, 

“Twas ad a hive of bees chat gready thrived* * But, when the bee-swarm 
fledfc "twafl dean unhivcd.*’^ 

* A pmi tipcm (besshivd irn3 fesnptyl, KhiTrjfih 1 * 

■ hive Lk^ unth t litaitrv-cdmb in the hoUffv of I tm-trynk. to 

tiiT muic of clit or cArih CAf-Hirin: A» nf TlffH}, There vtc mimv other omnii for 

Artin m auioiu rltout PilfriiTux^^ m. 



So he rave z great cry and fell down in a fit. When he came to 
himscU, he left the door open and going in to King Shams 
al'Daulah, said to him, “O G^mmander of the Faithful,’ I have 
to inform thee that the treasury hath become empty during the 
night." Quoth the King, "What hast thou done with my momes 
which were therein?" Quoth he, "By Allah, ! have not done 
aught with Ehcm nor know i what is come of them! I visited the 
place yesterday and saw it full; but tO'day when 1 went in, 1 found 
it dean empty, albeit the doors were locked, the walls were un- 
pierced' and the bolts® arc unbroken; nor hath a thief entered 
it." Asked the King, "Are the two pairs of saddle-bags gone?” 
“Yes," replied the Treasurer; whereupon the King's reason fiew 

from his head,-And Shahraiad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased to say her permitted say. 

it teas Ihc ^ix J^trnhrth anh ITtocttttrtb .Sight. 

She said. It hath reached me. O auspicious King, that when the 
Treasurer informed the King that all in the treasury had been 
plundered, including the two pairs of saddle-bags, the Kim’s 
reason flew from his head and he rose to his feet, saying, Go 
thou before me." Then he followed the Treasurer to the treasury 
and he found nothing there, whereat he was wroth with bum; and 
he said to them, "O soldiers! know that my treasury hath been 
plundered during the night, and I know not who jdid this deed 
and dared thus to outrage me, wnthout fear of me. Said they, 
"How so?"; and he replied, "Ask the Treasurer." So they ques¬ 
tioned him, and he answered, saying, “Yesterday I visited the 
treasury and it was full, but this morning when I ento-ed it 1 
found it empty, though the walls were unpierced and the doors 
unbroken." They ail marvelled at this and could make the King 

' L 4 ii« ^iii. 337) by ttti* * dslt tliat the luchor refated hb tile n> the 

the citiptiMii. “Coenmander of the FMTbfur’ w«, I !i»Te the »^le bf 

Ontar in (irdtr w ivend the clumiineu nf "Cafipit" fjtKSccSMrp of the Cilipn (Abu tUir) 
tlie Apcitlc nf Altih. + , , l. 

* rhicvti count (oiir mode* af (1) picking wt t>uml tmew^ 

(1} ctrltinfi thraiiph itnbaVwd brick*; (1) welting m mud w^ll (4) boftnff thrEKigh * 
ir^cn ir»t| (Viknum Jind the Vntrtptfe p . 

* Anb Gt ■ Uiinl (km. s * wadsn bek, the <inl7 ^ted ttirtoghouf 

^ JIliMfTaikm of it* curiiK» a sh Lflfic fM- F lmra{iicruw>K 

Alp Laylah wa Layiah, 

no answer, when in came the Janissary, who bad denounced Salim 
and Salim^ and said Shams al'Daulah, “O King of the age, all 
this night I have not slept for that which 1 saw.” And tiie King 
asked, "And what didst thou see?" “Know, O King of the age,” 
answered the Kawwds, "that ah night long I have been amusing 
mysdf With watching builders at work; and, when it was day, 1 
saw a paiaoe ready ^lilied, whose like is not in the world. So I 
asked about it and was told that judar had come back with great 
wealth and Mamelukes and slaves and that he had freed bis two 
brothers from prison, and built this palace, whcidn he is as a 
Sultan.” Quoth the King, "Go, look in the prison." So they 
went thither and not finding Salim and Salim, returned and told 
the King, who said, "It is plain now who be the thief; he who 
took Sal^ and SaHm out of prison it is who hath stol^ my 
nionies." Quoth the Waiir, "O my lord, and who is be?"; and 
quoth the King, “Their brother Judar, and he hath taken the two 
pairs of saddlebags; but, O Wasir do thou send him an Emir 
with fifty men to seal up his goods and lay hands on him and his 
brothers and bring them to me, that 1 may hang them," And 
he was sore enraged and said, "Ho, off with the Emir at once, 
and fetch them, that 1 may put them to death." But the Waair 
said to him, "Be thou merciful, for Allah is merciful and hasterh 
not to punish His ser\.iint5, whenas they sin against Him. More' 
over, Ik w^bo can build a palace in a single mght, as these say, 
none in the world can vie with him; and verdy I fear lest the 
Emir fall into dilhculty for Judar. Have patience, therefore, 
whilst I devise for thee some device of getting at the truth of 
the case, and so shalt thou win thy wish, O King tif the ' 
Quoth the King, "GDunsel me how I diall do, O Watir." And 
the Minister said, "Send him an Emir wdtb an invitation; and I 
will make much of him for thee and make a show of love for him 
and ask bim of his estate; after which we will see. If w'e find 
him stout of heart, we will use sleight with him, and if weak of 
will, then do thou seise him and do w'itb him thy desire.” The 
King agreed to this and despatched one of his Emirs, Othman 
hight, to go and invite Judar and say to him, 'The King blddeth 
thee to a banquet;" and the King said to him, “Return not, 
except with him,” Now this Othman was a fool, proud and 
conceited; so he went forth upon his errand, and wh^ he came 
to the gate of Judar's palace, be saw before the door an eunuch 
seated upon a chair of giold, who at his approach rose not, but 



sat as if none came near, though there were with the Kmir fifty 
footmen. Now this etmuch was none other than i^'Ra’^ad al- 
Kasif, the servant of the ring^ whom Judar had commanded to 
put on the guise of an eunuch and sit at the paJace'gate, So 
the Emir rode up to him and asked him ^ “O dave, where is 
thy lord?”; whereto he answered, ‘In the palace;" but he 
stirred not from his leaning posture; whereupon the Fiytit 
Othman waxed wroth and said to Him, *'0 pestilent aJave, art 
thou not ashamed, when I apeak to thee, to answer me, sprawl¬ 
ing at thy length, like a g^ows-bird?" Replied the eunuch, 
“Off and multiply not words." Hardly had Othman heard 
this, when he was filled with rage and drawing his mace' would 
have smitten the eunuch, knowing not that he was a devil; 
but Al'Ra'ad leapt upon him and caking die mace from him, 
dealt him four blows with it. Now when the fifty men saw 
their lord beaten, it was grievous to them; so they drew their 
swords and ran to slay the slave; bait he said, “E>o ye draw 
on us, O dogs?" and rose at them with the mace, and every 
one whom he smote, he broke his bones and drowned Hm in 
his blood. So they fell back before him and fled, whilst he 
followed them, beating them, till be had driven them far from 
the palace-gate; after which he returned and sat down on his 

chair at the door, caring for none.-And ShaKra:;ad perceived 

the daw'Q of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

IHlEt^n ft htttf (fit ^ix i^ttnbrth anh tEtatnlp-firjjt .^fght. 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the eunuch 
having put to flight the Emir Othman, the King's officer, and his 
men, till th^ were driven far from judar s gate, returned and sxt 
down on his chair at the door, caring for none. But as for the 
Emir and his company, they returned, discomfited and tunded, to 
King Shams al-DauIah, and Othman said, “O King of the age, 
when 1 came to the palace gate, 1 espied an cunudh seated there 

f A^nb, “Dibbib.^ T!k Eiiittrn macti It well knwn eo cfllbcton; U u thr^i'i 

of fnetaJ, vtd mwtfy tte«1, viEh m tKnri li;EnrUc Ukv our dlicd 

Strver/^ The heaij it tn urtrioai farms^ thtt vmpictt t bal|^ tmpoth and nfUlLcl^ Of h wnt pw 
mto Euiiiir> hj^ MJid Tiflg^i li^^c u md(inp vui In tck^ci wcuponi USte the 

bcMi oi HQfikc tuirnal* Uylt^ ^tsL 

AU' Lvylaii \va Laylau, 

in a chair oi goW ajid he was passing proud for, when he saw me 
approach, he stretched himself at fuU length albeit he had been 
sitting in his chair and entreated me ctinttimcliously, neither of- 
feted to rise to me. So I began to speak to him and he answered 
without stirring. W'hercat wrath gat hold of me and I drew the 
mace upon him, thinking to smite him. But he snatched it from me 
and beat me and my men therewith and overthrew usi. So we fled 
from before him and could not prevail against him,” At this, the 
King was wroth and said, “Let an hundt^ men gp down to him." 
Accordingly, the hundred men went down to attack him; but he 
arose and fell upon them with the mace and ceased not smidng 
them till he had put them to the rout: when he regained his chair; 
upon which they returned to the King and told him what Had 
pa^ed, saying, “O King of the he beat us and we Qed for 
fear of him.'* Then the King sent tw-o hundred men against him, 
but these also he put to the rout, and Shams Al'Daulah said to 
his Minister, “I charge thee, O Wa^ir, take five hundred men 
and bring this eunuch in haste, and with him bia master Judar and 
his brothers.” Replied the Wazir, “O King of the age, I need no 
soldiers, but wdl go down to him alone and unarmed. "Go. 
quoth the King, “and do as thou seest suitable.'’ So the Waiir 
laid down his arms and donning a while habit,* took a rosary in 
bis hand and set out afoot alone and unattended. When be came 
to Judar's gate, he saw' the stave sitting there; so he went up to 
him and seating himself by his side courteously, said to him, 
"Peace be with thee'.”; whereto be replied, "And on thee be 
peace, O mortal? What wilt thou?" When the Wa^ir heard him 
say “O mortal," he knew him to be of the Jinn and quaked for 
feai-; then he ad^Bd lum, "O my lord, tdl me. is thy master Judar 
here?" Answered the eunuch, "Yes, be is in the palace." Quoth 
the Minister, "O my lord, go tliou to him and say to him, ‘King 
Rbamn Al'Daulah solutci^ thee and biddeth thee honour hh 

I Tlie red bjliir h ■ ^it of aait vim^carwrc rhe Perain Kiop like Patb Ai 

StfAh^ used to wasr it when a.bwt ns tJfLiei mmt hortid putu^meni, wteh mx tke "Shikk"; 
In tHi A msJi was liuiia iip by 3iia iiedi fliid m in iwo from the feric dqwnwMidi to the 
dkS^ iMhen # Emn of ths left that fflitauthed WJiite roti« d^otiaj pciie and 

merer 11 wfEJ 1 * juy. Thr "Vhitc' hand "'bliick"* haiid hive been ecplilfliitl- A 
"while dcith" is iiuict and iwrurid, with fofgjeencH of he;^ A "black death" h rlolenl 
mn4 drtMifulj as hy iWirtguJarinTi; a death” ii tolcHg in Uui pSTcket R 

tkmah| and a "W dfiiih" U b> '*^ar ot bJoodibcd tA. P. ii. 670). Aixiong iha mFSdct it 
11 the rtsifftafica of mno to hb 


dwelling with thy presence and eat of a banquet he hath made for 
thee.*" Quoth the eunuch, “Tairy thou here, whilst I consult 
him/’ So the Wasir stood in a respectful attitude, whilst the 
Marid went up to the palace and said to Judar, "Know, O my 
lord, that the King sent to thee an Emir and fifty men, and I E)«at 
them and drove them away. Then he sent an hundred men and I 
beat them also; then two hundred, and these also I put to the 
mitt. And now he hath sent thee his Wacir unarm^ bidding 
thee visit him and eat of his banquet. What sayst thou?" Said 
Judar, "Go, bring the Warir hither. ' So the Marid went down 
and said co him, "O Waair, come speak with my lord/' "On my 
head be it," replied he and going in to Judar, found him seated, in 
greater state man the King, upon a carpet, whose like the King 
could not spread, and was dated and amaa^ at the goodliness of 
the palace and ite decoration and appointments, whidi made him 
seem as he were a beggar in comparison. So he kissed the ground 
betore Judar and called down blessings on him ; and Judar said to 
him, “What is thy business, O Warir?" Replied he, “O my lord, 
thy friend King Shams AbDaulah salutetb thee with the .'^bm 
and longcth to look upon thy face; wlierefore he hath made thee 
an entertainment. So say, wilt thou heal his heart and eat of his 
banquet?’’ Quoth Judar, "If he be indeed my friend, salute him 
and bid him come to me/' "On my head be it/’ quoth the Minis' 
ter. Then Judar bringing out the ring rubbed it and bade the 
Jinni fetch him a dress of the best, which he gave to the Wazir, 
’'Don this dress and gu tell the King what 1 say/' So die 
Waiir donned the dress, the like whereof he had never donned, 
and nttuming to the King told him wliat had passed and praised 
the palace and that which was therein, saying, *‘Judar biddeth 
thee to him/’ So the King called out, “Up, ye men; mount your 
horses and bring me my steed, that we may go tn judar!" Then 
he and his suite rode off for the Cairene palace. Meanwhile Judar 
summoned the Marid and said to him, "It is my will that thou 
bring me some of the Ifrits at thy command in the guise of guards 
and station them in the open square before the palace, chat the 
King may see them and be awed by them; so shall his heart 
tremble and he shall know that my power and maj^ty be greater 
than his/' Thereupon Al'Ra'ad brought him two hundred Ifrits 
of great stature and strength, in the guise of guards, magnificently 
armed and equipped, and when the King came and saw these tall 
burly fellows his heart feared them. Then he entered the palace. 

Alt Laylaii wa Lavlah. 


and found Judar sitting in such state as nor King nor Sultan could 
even. So he saluted him and made his obeisance to him; y« 
Judar rose not to him nor did him htjiiour nor said Be seated, 

but left him standing*-And Shahrazad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

niitii it tnae the ^unbreb anb Cbjenlj^^etonb 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicioi^ that when the 
King entered, Judar rose not to Inm, nor dM him honour nor even 
said "Be seated!"; but left him standing,* so that fear entered 
into him and he could neither sit nor go away and said to himself, 
"If he feared me, he would not leave me thus unheeded; perad* 
venture he will do me a nuschief, because of that which I did with 
his brothers.*" Then said Judar, "O King of the age, it beseem- 
cth not the tike of thee to wrong the folk and cake away their 
good." Replied the King, "O my lord, deign excuse me, for greed 
impelled me to this and fate was thereby fulfilled; and, were tha^ 
no offending, there would be no forgiving," And he went on to 
him^ for the past and pray to him for pardon and indul¬ 
gence till he recited amongst other things this poetry, 

*'0 ihou of gencToua *«sl and true nobility, * Rcpncmi me not for that 

which ■ cartn jL frOTi me to ihcc] 

We paitian thee if thou have wrought u£ any wrong * AikI if 1 wixsught die 
wrong I priy thee piirdoG mEf" 

And he ceased not to humble liimself before him, till he said, 
"Allah pardon thee!" and bade him be seated- So he sat do^ 
and Judar invested him with garments of pardon and immunity 
and ordered his brothcre spread the cable. When they had eaten, 
he dad the whole of the King's company in robes of honour and 
gave them largesse; after which he bade the King depart. So he 
went forth and thereafter came every day to visit Judar and held 
not his Divan save in his house: wherefore friend^p and famili' 
arity waxed great bctw'cen them, and they abode thus awhile, 
t^ one day the King, being alone with his Minister, said to him, 

* Tfirt in tSc Eiit ii thfl wit itfaife Eurupc^Ju would hM. It » 

mm **b4r of lropu4i«ncc^" Apisg 



"O Wazir, 1 fear lest Judar sby me and take the kingdom away 
from me.'* Replied the Wasir, "O King of the age, as for his 
taking the kingdom fioro thee, have no of that, for Judar's 
nresem estate is greater than that of the King, and to take the 
kingdom would be a lowering of his dignity; but, if thou fear that 
he kill thee, thou hast a daughter: give her to him to wife and 
thou and he will be of one condition/' Quoth the King, ‘’O 
Waiir, be thou intermediary- between us and him”; and quoth the 
Minister, "Do thou invite him to an encemininent and pass the 
night with him in one of thy saloons. Then bid thy daughter 
don her richest dress and ornaments and pass by the door of the 
saloon. When he seeth her, he will assuredly fall in love with 
her, and when we know this, 1 will turn to Kim and tell him that 
she is thy daughter and engage him in converse and lead him on, 
so that thou shalt seem to know nothing of the matter, till he ask 
her to thee to wife. When thou hast married him to the Priocessw 
thou and he will be as one thing and thou wilt be sale from him; 
and if he die, thou wilt inherit ml he hath, both great and smalt” 
Replied the King, ‘"rhou sayst sooth, O my Waiir," and made 
a banquet and invited tbereto Judar who came to the Sultan's 
palace and they sat in the saloon in great good cheer till the end 
of the day. Now the King had command^ his wife to array the 
maiden in her richest raiment and ornaments and carry her by the 
door of the saloon. She did as he told her, and when Judar saw 
the Princess, who had not her match for beauty and grace, he looked 
fixedly at her and said, “Ahr*; and his limb s were loosened; for 
love and longing and passiem and pine were sore upon lum; desire 
and transport gat hold upon him and he turned p^e. Quoth the 
Wazir, '‘May no harm befal thee, O my lord! Why do I sec thee 
change colour and in suffering?" Asked Judar, ”0 Wazir, whose 
daughter is this damsel? Vcniy' she hath enthralled me and 
ravished my reason." Replied the Waiir, "She is the daughter 
of thy friend the King: and if she please thee, 1 will speak to him 
that he marry thee to her.” Quoth Judar, "Do so, O Wazir, and 
as I live, I will bestow on thee what thou wilt and will give the 
King whatsoever he shall ask to her dowry; and we will become 
friends and kinsfolk/' Quoth the Minister, “It shall go hard but 
thy desire be accomplished." Then he turned to the King and 
said in his ear, "O King of the age, thy friend Judar seeketh 
alliance with thee and will have me ask of thee for him the hand 
of thy daughter, the Princess Asiyah; so disappoint me not, but 



accept my interccssiatx, and what dewry soever ihou askest he 
will give thee.” Said the King, "The dowry i have already 
received, and as for the girl, she is his handmaid; 1 give her to 
him to wife and he will do me honour by accepting her,* *'—— 
And Shahraiad perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her 
permitted say. 

{Bben it tnafi Ibuttbreb anb 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when the 
Waiir whispered the King, "Judar soeketh alliance with thee by 
taking thy daughter to wife," the other replied, “The dowry 1 have 
already recelv^, and the girl is his handmaid; he wiU do me honour 
i>y accepting her," So they spent the rest of that night togethw 
and on the morrow the King held a court, to w'hich he summoned 
great and small, together with the Shaylth al-Islam.^ Then Judar 
demanded the Princess in marriage and the King said, “The dowry 
I have reoeiveid.'’ Thereupon they drew up the marriage-contract 
and Judar sent for the saddle-bags containing the jewels and gave 
them to the King as settlement upon his daughter. The drums 
beat and the pipes sounded and they held high festival, whilst 
Judar went in unto the girl. Thenceforward he and the King were 
as one flesh and the^- abode thus for tnany days, till Shams al' 
Daulah died; whereupon the troops proclaimed judar Sultan, 
and he refused; hut they importuned him, till he consented 
and they made him King in his father-in-law's stead. Then he 
bade build a cathedral-rnosque over the late King*s tomb in the 
Bundubinryah^ quarter and endowed it. Now the quarter of 
Judar’s house w'as called Yamaniyah; but, when he became Sultan 
he buflt therein a congrcgatioi^ mosipie and other buildings, 
wherefore the quarter was named after him and was called die 
Judariyah* quarter. Moreover, he made his brother Salim hia 

'•Thu Chief ^rufli or Doctor of ihc Ijiw, in appcrintmcFif iirtt mwle by this OsrminE 
Mohdotmccl when hfl CAptuml Cin^rantini^ln in A-D. i4SJ, th*t lamt the 

fucirrioftt wenr diKHiiTsird by rhe Kiii iLKuxdc (Krua^ln-Chicn. the ChiinDcilof- 

* So caLal bfiCiUur hefe lived ttie tnjJcftrh of crmhowi f Arnk BunJiih ni?* mtirnns * 

^re-pieces It i^ thc rnodmi dwtrict about the vdt.lcTiOwn Khnn 

* ^noLUiced atui » tAlbd iftcr one of tbc <if the Fntmiite 

Thi HAine ^TL'jtsnirtiyih" is probably to the 'a 



Waair of the right and his brother Saian his Wasir of the kft 
hand; and thus they abode a year and no more; for, at the end 
of that time, SaUtn said to Salim, “O my brother, how long is 
this state to last? Shall we pass our whole lives in stavery co 
our brother Judar? We shall never enjoy ludc or lorddiip whilst 
he Ih'es,” adding, '“so bow shall wc do to kill him and take the 
ring and the saddle-bags?’* Replied Salim. '“Thou art craftier 
than !; do thou device, whereby we may kill him.’" “If 1 ciFect 
thb," asked Salim, “‘wilt thou agree that 1 he Sultan and keep 
the ring and that tbuu be my right-hand Watar and have the 
saddle-bags?" Salim answered, "I consent to this;” and they 
agreed to slay Judar their brother for love of the world and of do- 
minion. So they laid a snare for judar and said to him, "O our 
brother, verily wc have a mind to glor>' in thee and w’ould fain 
have thee enter our houses and eat of our entertainment and 
solace our hearts." Replied Judar, “So be it, in whose house 
shall the banquet be?” “In mine," said Salim “and after thou 
hast eaten of my victual, thou shalt l>e the guest of my brother.” 
Said Judar, “ “Tis weG," and went with him to his house, where 
he set before him poisoned food, of which when he had eaten, his 
flesh rotted from his bones and he died,’ Then Siltm came up to 
him and would have drawn the ring from his finger, but it resisted 
him; so he cut off the finger -with a knife. Then he rubbed the 
ring and the Marid presented liimself, saying, “Adsum! Ask w'hat 
thou wilt.” Quoth Salim, "Take my brother Salim and put him 
to death and carry forth the two bodies, the poisoned and die 
slaughtered, and cast them down before the troops” So the 
Marid took Salim and slew him: then, carrj’ing the two corpses 
forth, he cast them down before die chief officers of the army. 

* I hftiT t mlfi in Th« po^ticiJ jun^icc i* adm]mitcrf;d with murh 

figour fi-Pid cstflffjtiiilc. Hertj KtAtfcrcTij the taic-itHcf jtlJowi the ^ood brother fa he ihiiii 
by the tmr> widuil brother* Bit he parrtktctl iht ttlultCTTHu 4 Ijc=ai pj escape of 

Qp- SteSriHiiBff tFfinfis to my notice that I hflTe Et) dk* jutiicc lo 
the itcB-y of SharrUa {vd, ii-, r 1^)* where i note that tht inlcrctl ti injured by the 
Inceit But tiiii hi* ■ ntetniof tni m grander irtiiric effect. SharfSan 

bcgjtii with moft ujihrocherjy fueling* towflrdi hia faTher'i chKltfrcn by & fcoond wife* 

Bui APili'id*™! fb™Min m love hh hulf-dfltffrdcipitc himteir. ccid nws ind ret^ciiMKe 

convert the who |oy* ic the newi of hin brocHcrV [rpcLPtcjl deithi in ^ bsyel itid 

devoted whicct ef ihe Mine brocher. Put Juilar wiih all hU proved Kinwdf 

irront laafTT mul wiui nn inEicrh ftir two atiTKaouj viUaini- AhJ there miky be ovenutkch 
of bnrviveneu ba of every other jjood 


Alp Laylah wa Laylau. 

who were sitting at tabic in the parlour of the house. Whm 
they saw Judar and Salj'm slain^ they raised their hands from the 
food and fear gat hold of them and ^ey said to the Marid, “Wlw 
hath dealt thus w'ith the Sultan and the Wazir?" Replied the 
Jinni, “Their brother Salim/' And behold, Salim came up to 
them and said, “O soldiers, eat and make merry, for Jut^ is 
dead and I hav-c taken to me the seol'ring, whereof the Marid 
before you is the servant: and I bade him slay my brother Sati m 
lest he dispute the kingdom with me, for he was a traitor and I 
feared lest he should betray me. So now I am become Sultan 
oyer you; will ye accept of me? If not, 1 will rob the ring and 

bid the Marid slay you all, great and small."-And Shahraaad 

perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

Sahtn it \aitii (fir ^ix J^unbrrb anb Cbitntp-fouttfi ^igbt. 

She continued. It hath readied me, O auspicious King, that when 
Salim sard to the oncers, “Will ye accept me as your Sultan, 
otherwise I will mh the ring and the Marid shall slay you all, great 
and small?"; they replied, “We accept thee to King and Sultan." 
Then he bac^ bury his brothers and summoned the Oivan; and 
some of the folk followed the funeral, whilst others forewent him 
in state procession to the audience^hall of the palace, where he 
sat down on the throne and they did homage to hitTf as King; 
aftcr^which he said, *‘It is my will to marry my brother Judar s 
wife/ Quoth they, “Wait till the days of widowhood arc ac' 
compiished. * Quoth he, “I know not days of widowhood nor 
aught dse. ^^As my head liveth, I needs must go in unto her 
vi^ night/* So they drew up the marriage'contract and sent tti 
tell the Princess Asiyah, who replied, "Bid him enter." Accord' 
he went ifi to her and she received hitti with a sht 3 w of joy 
and welcome: but by and by she gave him poison in water and 
made an end of him. Then she toolc dve ring and brcJte it, that 
none nught possess it thenceforward, and tore up the saddle' 
bags; after which she sent to the Shaykh aMsIam and other 
great officers of state, telling them what had passed and saying 
to them, "ChcxMc you out a King to rule over you." And tids is 

* 1 ft Macft cm dit ** Iddati” would be fijor oidiithm *ud tcfi dtyit. 

Gbarib abd his BRcrmER Ajia. 157 

all that hath come down to us of the Story of Judar and his 
Brethren.* * But 1 have also heard. O King, a caJe caUcd the 


Thebe was once in dden cirae a King of might, Kundamir hight, 
vrfio had been a brave and doughty man of war, a Kahrama^ in 
his day, but was growTi passing old and decrepit* Now it 
Allah to vouchsafe him, in his extreme senility, a son, whom he 
named Ajib^^—^the Wonderful—because of his beauty and loveli' 
ness^ so he committed the babe to the midwives and wet-'niirscs 
and hatidmaids and scrving women, and they reared him ^ he 
ww full seven yrais aid, when his father gave h^ in charge to a 
divine of his own folk and faith. The priest taught him die laws 
and tenets of their Misbehef and instructed him in philcisophy 
and all manner of other knowledge, and it needed but three re¬ 
told years ^ he was proficient therein and his spirit waxed reso- 
lute and his judgment matures and he became Seamed, p?nr|iipr>r 
and philosophic’^; consorting with the wise and disputing with the 

* Nw quite fine. Wttl'i Geniiin femon, from a MS. in the DutsI UEirvy oTGodu, 

ei»E3 Ac "Stwr td JwJar of Ctiro ind Miknud of TunU*' in a very dtffmnt IbnR. It 
Etn been pleamiitly **tnkn«l4ted: (rioiTi Ac German) and edited*' by Mr, W. F. Kitby of 
the Rritith Miuemn, Under the title of "The New Arabran (London: W. Swu 

SanneoKht^ &Co.), and Ae niAof kindly wot me a copy, Arabian Ni^n” 

teem* now loharo bectntioa fsAionafaie dde applisi wichout onv «gi,jSoidont r»l*’h at 
bay U die pleas»nt Mllccdw of NiwteeniH Century Notdettes' pnblithcd under A*e 
tlcsisEutioa by Mr. Robert T.dtiia Stn^eiHaia. CJutta nud ftlikdiii, fkcudilty, ISS4. 

* VoTi Hammer holdt thi* story ta be u wtirt on Anb snpendtiaq Hid Ac ernnp^jlsory 
ptTTjMBAtion, die ftmptlft twhiw, of ALtslam. Lone (St. 2aS> omitt it oJu^hcr foe 
muons of bii own. I differ wi A srnot dtiideiKC from Ac lenniol ftfT»n whose Oriental 
mding WH eitniare; bui Ac toJedon not seem to /usd/y Ids explanndoiM. It appears 
to me umpljr one of Ac wilder mmeucet. full ef purpooeful tnscbnudiiTM (r.;. dared 
beiween Abraham and Mom, yet quotin* the Keton) and wrirten by someone ibimtiar 
with the histo^ of Oman, Theiiyl^ twif pKuliar, in many fdaceeon abrupt rhai much 
m^utadon is required (ontakeii prcKntzbIe: it suit*, bowevec, A« roUkking, rinlcnt, 
brigitidJikc lifo wbieti bdopicts. There iiimly one incident about theend wbiehituiifta 
Von Kunmer's luspidoo. 

*The Pknlafl heso of romance who eoneersts with the Sintbegh or Criffiti. 

♦Theowtl is os mueh used in E^t aa««rhiiMur in Gamnny, A*anexekmadonit 
n equivalent to "mighty fiticl'' 

■In modem dsyi used in a bsdtcn9e,isBlrecAin)icr,ctC. SoDolHoh Ao^Iyisnorcd 
to be a phUdoaphcTSSI. 


Alj* Laylau wa Laylah. 

doctors of the kw. When hk father saw this of )um« it pleased 
him and he taught him to back the steed and stab with spear and 
smite with sword, till he grew to be an accomplished cavalier, 
versed in alt marria] exercises; and, by the end of his twentieth 
year, he surpassed In aU things all the folk of his day. But his 
skill in weapons made him grow up a sCubhom tyrant and a devd 
arrogant, using to ride forrii a'^hunting and a'^asing amongst a 
thousand horsemen and to make raids and raxrias upon the neigh^ 
bouring knights, cutting off caravans and carrying away the 
daughters or Kings and nobles; wherefore many brought com' 
plaints against hini to his father, who cried out to five of his slaves 
and when they came said, “Seise this dog!" So th^ seiied 
PVince Ajib and, pinioning his hands behind Kim, beat him by bis 
father's command dll be lost his senses; after which the King 
imprisoned him in a chamber so dark one might not know heaven 
from earth or length from breadth; and there he abode two days 
and a night. Then the Emirs went in to the King and, kissing 
the ground between his hands, interceded with him for the Prince, 
and he released him. So Ajib bore with his father for ten days, 
at the end of which he went in to him as be slept by ni^t and 
smote his neck. When the day rose, he mounted the throne of 
his sire's esmte and bade bis men arm themselves cap'k'pie in 
steel and stand with drawn swords in front of him and on his right 
hand and on his kft. By and by, the Emirs and Captains entered 
and finding tbdr King and his son Ajib seated on the throne 
were confounded in mind and knew not what to do. But Ajib 
said to them, “O folk, verily ye see what your King hath gain^- 
Whoso obeyeth me, 1 will honour him. and whoso gainsayeth me, 
I will do with him that which I did with my sire,” When they 
heard these words they feared lest he do them a mischief; so they 
replied, “Thou art our King and the son of our King;" and kissed 
ground before him: whereupon he thanked them and rejoiced in 
them. Then he bade bring forth money and apparel and clad 
them in sumptuous robes of honour and shower^ largesse upon 
them, wherefore they all loved him and obeyed him. In like 
manner he honoured the governors of the Provinces and the 
Shaykhs of the Badawin, both tributary and independent, so that 
the whole kingdom submitted to him and the folk obeyed him and 
he reigned and hade and forbade in peace and quiet for a time of 
five months. One night, hewever, he dreamed a dream as he lay 

Ghamu and ms Bujotheb. Ajib. 159 

dumbeiing; whereupon he awoke tremWmg, nor did sleep visit 
him again till the mortung. As soon as it was dawn he mounted 
biE thione and hia officers stood before him, right and left. Then 
he called the oneiromants and the astrologers and said to them, 
‘^Expound to me my dteaml'' “What was the dream?" asked 
they; and he answe^, "As 1 slept last night, 1 saw my father 
standing before me, with his yard imoovered, and there came forth 
of it a thing the bigness of a bee, which grew cili it became as a 
mighty lion, with claws like hangers. As 1 by wondering at this 
lo! it ran upon me and smiting me with its daws, rent my bdly 
in sunder; whereupon 1 awoke startled and trembling. So cx' 
pound ye to me the meaning of this dream." The interpreters 
looked one at other; and, after considering, said, "O mi^ty King, 
this dream pointeth to one bom of thy dre, between whom and 
thee shall befal strife and enmttyt wherein he shall get the better 
of thee: so be on thy guard against him, by reason of this ^y 
vision. * When Ajib heard iheir word^ he said, "I have no 
brother whom I should fear; so this your speech is mere lying," 
They replied, "We tell thee naught save what we know;" butfe 
w^an^gered with them and bastinadoed therm Th^hc roseand, 
going in to the paternal pabce, examined his father's concubines 
and found one of them seven months gone with child; whereripon 
be gave an order to two of his slaves, saying, “Take this damsel, 
ye twain, and carry her to the sea-shore and drown her." So they 
took her forthright and, going to the sea-shore, designed to drown 
her, when they looked at her and seeing her to be of singular 
beauty and loveliness said to each other, “Why should we drown 
this damsd? Let us rather cany her to the forest and live with 
her there in rare bve-liasse." Then they took her and fared nn 
with her days and nights till they had borne her afar off and 
had brought her to a bushy forest, abounding in friiit-tiees and 
streams, where they both thought at the same time to win their 
will of her; but each said, "I will have her first," So they fell out 
one with the other concerning this, and while so doing a company 
of bkckamoois came down upon them, and they drew their swords 
and both sides feU to laying on load. The mellay waxed hot 
with cut and thrust; and the two slaves fought thdr best; but the 
blacks dew them both in less than the twinkling of an eye. So 
die damsel abode alone and wandered about the forest, eating of 
its fruits and drinking of its founts^ till in due time she gave birth 

26 o 

Alp Laylah wa Laylah. 

to 31 boy, brown but dean-'llnibod and comdy, whom she named 
Gharib, the Stranger, by reason of her strangerbood. Then she 
cut his navd'String and wrapping him in some of her own clothe^ 
gave him to suck, harrowed at heart, and with vitals sorrowing for 

the estate she had lost and its honour and solace.-^And Shah' 

rasad perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted 

Klljen it tDos the ^ix iE^unlrreli anb 

She said, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that the damsd 
abode in the bush harrowed at hcarc and a^sorrowed; but she 
suckled her babe albeit she was full of gnef and fear for her lone* * 
hness. Now behold, one day, there came horsemen and footmen 
into the forest with hawks and hounds and horses laden with 
partridges and cranes and wild geese and divers and other water¬ 
fowl: and young ostriches and hares and gazdles and wild oxen 
and lynxes and wolves and lions.* Presently, these Arabs entered 
the thicket and came upon the damsel, sitting with her child on 
her breast U'suckling him: so they drew near and asked her, '‘Say 
art thou a mortal or a Jinniyah?” Answered she, “i am a mortal 
O Chiefs of the Arabs.’’ Thereupon diey told thdr Emir, whose 
name was Mardas, Prince of the Banu Kahtan,’ and who had come 
forth that day to hunt with £ve hundred of his cousins and the 
nobles of his tribe, and who in the course of the chase hafi hap¬ 
pened upon her. He bade them bring her before him, which they 
did and she related to him her past from 6rst to last, whereat he 
marvelled. Then he cried to hri kinsmen and escort to continue 
the chase, after which they took her and returned to their encamp¬ 
ment, where the Emir appointed her a separate dwelling-place and 
five damsels to serve her; and he loved her with exceeding bve 

*Thc (iine b much mticil up nfiei- Arab fuhlan, Tlir b the Siyifasmli- 

i>r iFfih c^rMa^, che Xyn%^ which ray itich 

D-^rhihmtik. LyjiEc* sdlt m tJie thifketi nur Cairo. 

* Thc ^SdUi of KjihtinL/ * thi Vi^imikih msule tntreh biatnry irt Dm an. 

(ihf tpoovimai) |i wntccEi Yi’afib; bui Ya^arub (Iroin Warobii, 

ol'Amlul h Uew, bcciuae Mcronfuig fn *ll authoridi^hewia the fiimt w ciJtlffaic 
pTimipTc A^nbiwi t{i«ch amJ Amble poetry. tCjuisb dc Hiir. dra Anbc 4 i- 

50, toe J 

Ghakib a»d ms Btu^thek Ajib, a6t 

and went in to her and Jay with her. She concehned bj' him 
fitniightway, and, when her months wene accomplished, she bare a 
man child and named him Sahim ai'LayL' He grew up with his 
brother Gharib amcHig the nurses and throve and waxed upon the 
lap of the Emir Maidas who, m due time committed tlie two boys 
to a F akih for mstrucciotn in the things of their faith; after which 
he gave them in charge to valiant knights of the Arabs, for nain' 
ing them to smite with sword and lunge with Jance and shexK with 
shaft; so by the time they reached the age of fifteen, they knew 
all they needed and surpassed each and every brave of their tribe; 
for Gbarib would undertake a thousand horse and Sahim al^Layl 
no fewer. Now hlardas had many enemies, and the men of his 
tnbe were the bravest of all the Arabs, being doughty cavaliers, 
none might wann himself at their fire/ In his neighbourhood was 
an Emir of the Arabs, Hassan bin Sabit hight, who was his inti' 
mate friend; and he took to wife a noble lady of his tribe and 
bade all his friends to the wedding, amongst them Mardas lord of 
the Banu Kaiitan, who accepted his invitation and set forth with 
three hundred riders of his tribe, leaving other four hundred to 
guard the women, Hassan met him with honour and seated him 
in the highest stead. Then came all the cavaliers to the bridal 
and he made them bride-feasts and held high festival by reason of 
the marriage, after which the Arabs departed to their dwelling' 
places. When Mardas came in sight of his camp, he saw slain men 
lying about and birds hovering over them right and left; and his 
heart sank within him at the sight, Then he entered the camp 
and was met by Gharib, clad in complete suit of ring'mail, who 
gave him joy of his safe return. Quoth Mardaa, ’^Whiat meanerh 
this case, O Gharib?”: and quoth Gharib, “AhHamal bin Majid 
attacked us with five hundred horsemen of his tribe.” Now the 
reason of this was chat the Emir Mardas hod a daughter called 
Mahdiyah, seer never saw fairer than she, and Al-Hamal, lord cf 

^ IrU who an Jtnw by* * tnght. Set- die death of Aniar ihni down in die dark 

by the HTcbef wnn c^f JlNr^ wKd had iKrtt hlmilfL'i by a red-hot oabre Itcigtc 

hif ci'cs. 1 niaj note tfajit kil ■ fae« firinoo cif A3-AHiiia^h ta the real *AnUr fcif \Antaiah J 
Ured tQ a ^ood okl and pmbably dkJ the ^Jiraw-dearh,'' 

*SccTt]lrii.Hp.77f ^aretninbcenceoftfiatEerhil ICin^ Kulaybanii hit Hi or domain. 

Hefr tltr phrase wwjM mriin^ 'T'fone coukl ap|m>icJi them whiat ihry were weotli; tjane 
mm fiifc fran tbdr riLgCr** 

Alp Layi.ah wa Latlak. 


the Banu Nabhan,’ heard of her charms; isAereupon be took 
horse with five hundred of his men and ft)de to Mardas to d ema nd 
her hand; but he was not accepted and was sent away disap' 
pointed * * So he awaited ttU Marcias was absent on his visit to 
Hassan, when he mounted with his champions and, falling upon 
the camp of the Banu Kahtan, slew a number of their knights 
rfip- rest fled to the mountains. Now Ghanb and his brother 
had ridden forth a-hunring and chasing with an Imndred horse 
and returned not till mid^y-, w'hcn they found that Al'Hamal 
had seiaed the camp and ^ therein and had carried off the 
ma i<W >s. among whom was Mahdiyah, driving her away with 
the captives. When Gharib saw this, he lost his wits for rage 
and cried out to Sahim, saying, "O my brother, O son of an 
arr^irsf^d dam,* they have plundered our camp and carried off our 
wcunm and childrenl Up and at the enemy, that we may deliver 
the captivcsl" So Gharib and Sahim and their hundr^ horse 
rushed upon the foe, and Gharib’s wrath redoubled, and he reaped 
a haiv'est of heads slain, giving the champions death'cup to drain, 
till he won to Al'Hajnai and saw Mahdiyah among the capdvea. 
Then he drave at the lord of the Banu Nabhan braves; with his 
lance lunged him and from his destrier hurled him: nor w*as the 
time of mid'aftemoon prayer come before he had slain die most 
part of the foe and put to rout the rest and rescued the captives; 
whereupon he returned to the camp in triumph, bearing the head 
of Al'Hamal cm the point of Eus lance and improvising these 

”1 un be who ii known on the day of fight, * And the Jinn of earth at my 
shade take fright; 

And a awond have [ when tny right hand wields, * Death hastens fimn left 
on mankind to alight; 

^ The ttf NjbhAii (whom Mr. DaJger cills N^blaln] !nip|>]ini the Mdlf^ or 
)Gn£9 of Oman. {.Uiuory of the Imutu Bn4 Sdryyidfl of FlfOsluyt 

Soc. IS?!.) 

* This is 1 sore insult m Arobii* wheie iluy foK ^ireamr ol a “jBifib<lubp“ liloe 

that of Cilctitta in the d4 to tmu h*d beai hllf t doxeti tj™-t 

rdtuod in An^Ec^tudiaa jn^n) could bcloc^ ' ] am doI t itdLIkm to 
be itrudc cm xbe »f the Al^bi. 

* ^'laveitAi apeech'': £t is as if m said, you're b JAirmed £nc fdknr^ 

so/* «c- "^Allah tunc thee* Tbeu liaii £Uafde4 ihy msmm olite uAd said; the 

man di ScLla|tii la admiAtioa pltn tbrustia^ His spw Ihti? eyt of dead Rabi'jiii* 


I have eke a hsiot and who look themm Sec a o«:mt-h^ of the liveliest 

And Ghaiib Tm highc of to/ cribe the brave * And if few my men 1 fed 
naught affrighL** 

Hardly had Ghaiib made an end of these verses when up came 
Mardas who, seeing the slain and the vultures, was sore troubled 
and with Qutterittg heart asked the cause. The youth, after due 
greetings, rebted all that had befallen the tribe in bis step'sire's 
absence. So Mardas thanked him and said, ‘’'Thou hast well 
requited our fosteiage^ains in rearing thee, O GbaribP: then, he 
alighted and entered his pavilion, and the men stood about him, 
all the tribe praising Gh^'b and saying, ‘'O our Emir, but for 
Gharib, not one of the tribe had been saved!" And Mardas 

again thanked him.-^And Shahraaad perceived the dawn of 

day and ceased to ray her permitted ray. 

I8{icti ft htafi tfie ^tx ^uithrtlt anh frbteii£2*-iiixth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspidous King, that Mardas, 
hearing the tribesmen's praises of Gh^'b, again thanked him for 
his deningdo. But the youth, when he had delivered Mahdiyah 
fnam Al^Hamal whom he slew, was smitten by the shaft ot her 
glances and fell into the nets of her allurements, wherefore his 
heart could not forget her and he became drowned in love and 
longing and the sweets of sleep forsook him and he had no |oy of 
drink or meat. He would spur his horse up to the mountain tops, 
where he would spend the day in composing verses and return at 
nmbtfall^ and indeed manifest upon him were the signs of 
affection and distraction. He discovered his secret to one of 
h» companions and it became noi^ abroad in the camp, till it 
reached the ears of Mardas, w*ho thundered and lightened and 

* Tht Biuiimi m iferw-sjwanp mmy expedaBy fhe prtttHj wcjtkod 

MiZfik {Pilfnioigc L M9 ); S^m for footmeo (Siialfiili, ■ bwinp or wilh a 

head abmji x hjnd brosid]i, aod; the Itmghitly bfice^ n fnafe bamboo Pomc 12 feet long vleh 
inn hevE and a i^ng poi»i oftm o^n watk at dMnuserned under vhteh 

Bre rufii of bhidk mcnch fmhef«i one or two. I never iiw a crrie«ecni^ape4 hnd a* the 
tenT ^iggnn. k ib ■ ^^Pundcioor^ not lo sell these -mtcapotit: you vmjp me that 

ari^de niu! 1 wiU Htiafy thee!** After whidt the Snni of the Sxml mil bi^c ow ejLi:li 
copper u if you were GhenpernDg a theepr CIbid- IH. 7JJ) 


Alp LATu^H WA Latlah. 

rose tip and sat down and snarkcd and snorted and reviled the 
sun and the moon, saying, ^This is the reward of him who 
reamh the sons of adultery! But except I kill Ghanb, 1 shall 
be put to shame.''* Then he consulted one of the wise men of 
his tribe and after telling his secret took counsel with him of 
killing the youth. Quoth the elder, “O Emir, 'twas Init yester^ 
day that he fro^ thy daughter from captivity. If there be no 
help for it but thou must slay him, [et it be by the hand of another 
than thyself, so none of the folk may misdoubt of thee.” Quoth 
Mardas, "Advise me how I may do him die, for 1 loot to none 
but to thee for his death." "O Emir," answered the other, "wait 
till he go forth to hunt and chase, when do thou tak«? an hundred 
horse and lie in wa^ for him in some cave till he pass; then fall 
upon him unawares and cut him in pieces, so shah thou be quit of 
his reproach." Said Mardas, “This should serve me well;'" and 
chose out an hundred and fifty of his furious knights and Amala-^ 
kites'" whom he lessoned to his will. Then he watched Ghanb till 
one day, he w'ent forth to hunt and rode far away amongst the 
deUs and hill s ; whereupon Mardas followed him with his men. ilh 
omened wigbes. and lay m wait for him by the way against he 
should return from the chase that they might sally forth and slay 
him. But as they by in ambush among the trees I^hold, there fell 
upon them five hundred true Amalekitc^s. who slew sixty of thf;m 
and made fourscore and ten p risoners and trussed up Mardas with 
his amts behind his back. Now the reason of this was that when 
Gharib put Al'Hamal and his men to the sword, the rest fled and 

• Tht wu tli4i( hu) wen die Btrl eiul lied fallen in bve wtdi fitr 

rniwaa of d^lru>£ foT her hand ia rcmsniwd form, 'fheic irunriilias of the Dewn wt 
fiw ifnj ICfcfiy; do tdrMgina ttcm- 

■ The Aralffl derive t}Li:ie Nnauihi;!* h^m oF Slism, (tha iftcr tKe 

of tQPffUM seirtkd at ihcn nioiN5d North ic MwiJi ;tnd built the iiFtli 

Tlic dyitMtac nxm? waa Arkam* M Pmtval"* which he wwjW 

idcTiEtfj wiEii R,ckcni CNumbdii jccet., Tltc Ijjt ATkACd JTtll before im $cn.t by 
Mom Ed purge fhf Holy Luftd (Al-Hijai) oF idulatTF. Commcni^idTi on the Korui 
Cchtpi. til J tflJl the Ph^riidh uf Mokj jJid Jibif derive him from the AmHlchiitt s (re 

huvs Uieijr ascmimihi rhjtt rhtit Mosc-Ptith wuof the Shcphcrd-Kinjs Mtl thus, locfietiing 
tp the older Medems. rhe Hykn of the smt of Iniltlt. H und ill. 

I50.|^ In S)tm they with Joihiu son of Xun, Hu! ttibe or rmhet nieionnhty wm 

irui pcweifiil j wc Icnow Uttfe niiout it and I lUBy sifdy predicf ihdc when the 
Amaickite niuotry diajj hoivc been wdl ciplnncd, Kt ifiU pfrducir monumefitr eecond m 
vt the Hirdfi:^ “A nomadk tribe which occupied the PeninHiIji of Sknii'* 
(Snutn e DlErfL of thfc Bible) niperfitiaJ^ even fior tbst jiKut ^tiperhcijU of boo hi. 

GhABIB AKD HJ3 fiROntER AjlB. 265 

ceased not flying tili they reached their lord s brodier and told 
him what had happened, whereat his DDom'day rose and he 
gathered together nis Amalddtes and choosing out five hundred 
cavaliers, fifty ells high,’ set out with them in quest of blood' 
revengement for his brother. By the way he fell in with Mardas 
and hL companiciiis and there happened between them what hap* 
penedi after which he bade his men alight and rest, saying* “O 
folk, the idols have given us an easy biood'wreak; so guard ye 
Mardas and his tribesnien, till 1 carry them away and do them 
die with the foulest of ckaths." When Mardas saw himself a 
prisoner, he repimted of what he had done and said, "This is the 
reward of rebelling against the Lord!” Then the enemy passed 
the night rrioidng in their victory, whilst Mardas and his men 
despaired of life and made sure of doom. So far concerning 
them; but as regards Sahjm al'Layt, who had been wounded in 
the fight with J^-Hamiil, he went in to his sister Mahdiyah, and 
she rose to him and kissed, his hands, saying, "May thy two hands 
ne’er wither nor thine enemies have occasion to be bHtherj But 
for thee and Gharib, we had not escaped captivity among our foes. 
Know, however, O my brother, that thy father hath ridden forth 
With an hundred and fifty horse, purposing to slaughter Gharib; 
and thou wottest it would be sore loss and foul wrong to sky him, 
for that it was he who saved your shame and rescued your good." 
When Sahira heard this, the li^t in his sight became ni^t, he 
donned his battle'hamess; and, mounting steed, rode for the place 
where Gharib was a'hunting. He presently came up with him and 
found that he had taken great plenty of game; so he accosted him 
and saluted him and said, "O my brother, why didst thou go forth 
without telling me?" Rephed Gharib, "By ALbh, naught hiiv 
dered me but that I saw thee wounded and thought to give thee 
rest.” Then said Sahim, "O my brother, beware of my sire!" and 
told him how Mardas was abroad with an hundred and fifty men, 
seeking to slay him. Quoth Gharib, "Allah shall cause his treason 
to cut his own throat." Then the brothers set out camp wards, but 
night overtook them by the way and they rode on in the darkness, 
till they drew near the Wady wherein the enemy lay and heard the 
neighing of steeds in the gloom; w^hereupon said Sahim, "O my 
brother, [rn' father and his men are ambushed in yonder valley; 

* The Ajuildutcji mere glpnu And ItTod 500 y^eart. i"RlgdiD2|f, citn} 


Alp La^xau wa Laylah. 

let us flee from it,'* * Eut Gharib dismounted and throwing his 
bridle to his brother^ said to him, "Stay in dap stead till 1 come 
back to thee." Then he went on till he drew in sight of the folk, 
when he saw that the^’ were not of hJs tribe and heard them 
naming Mardas and saying, "We will not slay him, save in hb 
own land." Wherefore he knew' that nuncle Mardas w'as their 
pris(.>ner, and said. "By the life of Mahdiyah, 1 will not depart 
hence till I have delivered her father, chat she may not be 
troubled!" Then he sought and ceased not seeking till he hit 
upon Mardas and found him bound with cords; so he sat down 
by his side and said to him, “Heaven deliver thee, O und^ 
from these bonds and this shame!" W'heQ Mardas saw Gharib 
his reason fled, and he said to him, “O ray son, I am under thy 
pnjtcction; so ddiver me in right of my fosterage of thee!" 
Quoth Gharib, "If 1 deliver thee, wilt thou give me Mahdiyah?" 
Queth the Emir, “O ray son, by whatso I hold sacred, she is 
thine to all time!" So he loosed him, saying, “Mote for 
hotses, for thy son Sahim is there:" and Mardas crept along like 
a snake till he came to his son, who rejoiced in him and congratU' 
lated him on his escape. Meanwhile, Gharib unbound one after 
another of the prisoners, till he had freed the whole ninety and 
they were all far from the foe. Then he sent them their weapons 
and war'horees, saying to them, "Mount ye and scatter yourselves 
round about the enemy and cry out. Ho, sons of Kahtan! And 
when they awake, do ye remove from them and encircle them in a 
thin ring.”* So he waited till the last and third watch of the 
night, when he cried out, "Ho. sons of Kahtanl" and his men 
answered in tike guise, dying, “Ho, sons of Kahtan," as with one 
voice; and the mountains echoed thdr slo^n, so that it seemed to 
the raiders as though the whole tribe of Bano Kahtan were assail'' 
ing them; wherefore tltey all snatched up their ams and fell upon 

one another,-And Shohrazad perceived the dawn of day and 

ceased saying her permitted say. 

miien It bias: the &)':( lE)untirrb anb 1EtDpntp>gtbetttb 

She said. It hath reached me, O anspidous King, that when the 
raiders* aw'oke from sleep and heard Gharib and his men crying 

*■ Hli men biorig titnm ire hundreil, 

• Art3>. jptOFt Cjfaffl) jifccTWAnlivit tribe- RdmtioRt hefifccfl 

ChAXIB and his BRDfTHER AjtB. 167 

out, "Ho, sons of EahtanF”: they imagined that the whole tribe 
was assailing them; wherefote they snatched up their amts and 
fell one upon other with mighty slaughter. Gharib and his men 
held aloof, and they fought tme another till daybreak, what 
Gharib and Mardas and their ninety warriors <^une down upon 
them and killed some of diem and put the rest to flight, Then 
the Banu Kahtan took the horses of the fugitives and the weapons 
of the slain and returned to their tribal camp, whilst Mardas caulU 
hardly credit his deliverance from the foe, When they reached 
the encampment, the stay'at'hotiie folk all cam e forth to meet 
them and rejoiced in their safe return. Then they alighted and 
betook them to tlieir tents; and all the youths of the tribe flocked 
to Gharib's stead and great and small saluted him and did him 
honour. But when hlardas saw' this and the youths encircling his 
stepson he waied more jealous of Gharib than before and said 
to his kinsfolk, "Verily, hatred of Gharib groweth on my heart, 
and what irketh me most is that J see these flocking about him! 
And to-morrow he will demand Mahdiyah of me." Quoth his con¬ 
fidant, "O Emir, ask of him somew'hat he cannot avail to do." This 
pleased Mardas who passed a pleasant night and on the morrow, 
as he sat on his stulTcd carpet, with the Arabs about him, Gharib 
entered, followed by his men and surrounded by the youth ot the 
tribe, and kissed the ground before Mardas who, making a show? of 
joy, rose to do him honour and seated him beside himself. Then 
said Gharib. "O uncle, thou madest me a promise: do thou ftillil 
it." Rqplied the Emir, "O my son, she is thine to all rime; but 
thou lackesc wealth," Quoth Gharib, "O uncle, ask of me what 
thou wilt, and I will fall upon the Emirs of the Arabs in thdr 
houses and on the Kings in their towns and bring thee fee’ enough 
to fence the land from East to West." "O my son," quoth 

BitLm < 3 iT>« *Tif of thtre kind*! fll il!ie» cflTiwinre mcut difenave, rR44Hl( wtw 

iittmtiJinT; f?) (tlmiij fplitr. of Kaum) when thf liloGd-fiuil rdati, in4 (3) Athwin— 
breihera- The last it * eempncaieil iffalf; w brDtherhmd, derwtei (he tie 

betwten patrno itid client (a. iiatili emi an iftioUe tribe) of between the atranccf mhd ihe 
tribe which dnimi an tinmenmriiil and unaltcnaUc » it* own land*. Hrnei a imBN 
fee f AUlf/lcah) niiitt be paid and the wavelkr and hii lfe*it become "diihfl,'* of enut(«i 
to UiutKcrJicIp. The (tiuniliaii 0 knmeji in tike Wrat i* RuflV; Babfa ift EsaCsm ArtW* i 
Ghaftr til “Sinai!" amnn^t the SemaJ, Abbin aiul the GaJla* .Mogita Funher detdii 

art gdven in PSturimime iii. SS-S'. 

* Anh. "btdl." hErc=I}4(l*wi irnme^, (!«kj and betdt, ear ‘*fee from fwrti, mEh, 
cattle; at peevtnia fram pecna, etc-, etc. 


Alp I-aylah wa L^ylah* 

Mardas»“I have sworn by all the Idols that I would not give 
Malidiyah save co hiin who should take my blood-wite of 
enemy and do away my reproach,” “O uncle,” said Ghanb, *’tcU 
me with which of the Kings thou hast a feud, that I may go to him 
and break his throne upon his pate,” ”0 my son ” replied Mardas, 
"1 once had a son, a champion of champions, and went forth 
one day co chase and hunt with an hundred horse. They fared on 
from valley to valley, till they bad wandered far away amongst the 
mountains and came to the Wady of Blossoms and the Castle of 
Ham bin Shays bin Shaddad bin Khalad. Now m this place, 
O my son, dwdleth a black giant, seventy cubits high, who fights 
with trees from their roots uptom: and when my son reached his 
Wady, the tyrant sallied out upon him and his men and slew them 
all, save three braves, w’ho escaped and brought me the news. So 
J assembled my champions and fared forth to fight the gianc, but 
could not prevail against him; wherefore I was baulked of my 
revenge and swore that 1 would not give my daughter in mamage 
save to him who should avenge me of my son." Said Gharib, 
“O uncle, I will go to this Amalckite and take the wreak of thy 
son on him with the Kelp of Almighty Allah.” And Mardas 
answered, saying, “O Gharib, if thou get the victory over him, 
thou wilt gain of him such booty of wi^th and treasures as fires 
may not devour.” Cned Gharib, *“Sweiir to me before witnesses 
thou wilt give me her to wife, so that with heart at ease 1 may go 
forth to find my fortune.” Accordingly, Mardas swore this to 
him and took the elders of the tribe to witness; whereupon Gharib 
fared forth, rejoicing in the attainment of his hopes, and went in 
to his mother, to whom he related what had passed. *'0 my son,” 
said she, ‘‘‘'know that Mardas hateth thee and doth but send thee 
to this mountain, to bereave me of thee; then take me with thee 
and let us depart the tents of this tyrant ” But he answered, "O 
my mother, I will not depart hence dll I win my wish and foil my 
foe.” Thereupon he slept dll morning arose with its sheen and 
shone, and hardly had he mounted his charger when his friends, 
the young men, came up to him; two hundred stalwart knights 
arnjcd cap-a-pie and cried out to him, saying, “Take us with thee; 
we will help thee and company thee by the way ” And be rejoiced 
in them and cried, “Allah requite you for us with good!” adding. 
"Come, my friends, let us go.” St> they set out and fared on the 
first day and the second day till evening, when they halted at the 

Ghaius and his Brotther Ajts, 3^ 

foot of & towering inoviut and baited tbeir horses. As for Gharib, 
he left the rest and walked cm into tbat moun&in, till he came to a 
cave whence issued a ligbti Me entered and foundt at the hitter 
facing end of the cave a Shaykh, three hundred and forty yeare 
dd, whose eyebrows overhung his eyei and whose moustachios hid 
his mouth, Ghanb ai tbis sight was filled with awe and veneration, 
and the hermit said to him, ‘'Methmks thou art of the idolaters, O 
my son, stone-worshipping’ in the stead of the All-powerful 
the Creator of Night and Day and of the sphere rolling on her 
way," When Gbarib heard his words, his side muscles quivered 
and he said, “O Shaykh, where is this Lord of whom them speak^ 
that I may worship him and take my fill of Ids sight?" Replied 
the Shaykh, “O my son, this is the Supreme Lord, upon \^om 
none may look in this world. He seeth and is not seen. Me is 
the Most High of aspect and is present e^-erywhere in His wks. 
He it is who miieth all the made and ordereth time to vade and 
fade; He is the Creator of men and Jinn and sendeth the Progets 
to side His creatures into the way of right. Whoso obeyeth Him, 
He bringeth into Heaven, and whoso gainsaycth Him, He eastern 
into Hell." Asked Ghanh, "And how, O uncle, saith wh^ 
worshippeth this puissant Lord who ovct ^ hath P^’^- ^ 

my son,” answered the Shaykh. "I am of the tribe of Ad, 
were transgressors in the land and believed not in Mah. So Me 
sent unto them a Prophet named Hud, but they called him liar and 
he destroyed them by means of a deadly wind; but 1 beli^ed to- 
gether with some of my tribe, and we were sa^ from destruc¬ 
tion * * Moreover. I was present with the ^he of Th^udandsaw 
what b^el them with thdr Prophet Salih. After Salih, the Al- 

i-ITu: e.hd.rrT .he otl Arsib. 1. ihe ^ 

nide tamt whnt rile MtiXJua ieni ™t thw timed wjih th™ 

the Lind » be Kt up Jwsd -tmhipped Ukc the Ji ( 

I59J .hit the Sleek Sto« cf M^eh, -h.A 

n » tcmrstn of thU ™o«lup »nd thut the tomb of tyc nee/ JetM»h irtf Ae tM 
tewflih" « L«« Stone Ubiti. iii. SSS). Jcthlih a t^ted the 
dludmp .0 i myth «f Ute E^wth: kin properly jLiddab-i l>!ain ™‘ 

*Tk* Fiftr Aditn, J have uid^ M a\\ perimh: a few heli^irert Ktirol 

prophet Hud (Hcber?) w The S«oryl Atliw.^ho 

for c-pSwl .ttd Luknten foe kitm. w«e d..p«*.i by the A D 

dTneiM kited . thouiind yenrt, ihc Uhin* pkee MftrtiSftS »= Sicy In A U. 

iImTO Wihonh eftft A.l) lOO (C. ile Peree**!), ind avcrthrwtn by Yninih bin 
Kihidji, tbs foil lec Nisht dexr*. 

Alf Laylah wa Lavlah. 


mighty SGit a prophet, called Abraham thePrien<i’ to Nimrod son 
of Canaan, and there held what befd between them. Then my 
companions died in the Saving Faith and 1 continued in this cave to 
serve Allah the Most High, who provideth my daily bread without 
my taking thought." Ouoth Gbarih, "O unde, what shall 1 say, 
that I may become of the troop of this mighty Lord?" **Say,'^* * 
replied the old man, 'There is no god but the God and 
Abraham is the Friend of God,* ** So Gharib embraced the Faith 
of Submission- wnth heart and tongue and the Siaykh said to 
litm, “May the sweetness of belief and devotion be stahUsbed in 
thy heart!" Then he taught him somewhat of the bibb'cai 
ordinances and scriptures of AI'Islam and said to him, "What is 
thy name?”; and he replied, “My name is Gharib,” Asked the 
old man, “Whither art thou bound, O Gharib?” So he toH him 
all his history, tiU he came to the mention of the Ghul of the 

Mountain whom he sought,-^And Sbahraaad perceived the 

dawrn of day and ceased to say her permitted say. 

SIben it tsss l|ie S^ix pfunbreb snb fEtocntp-eiglitf) 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that when 
Gharib became a Moskm and told the Shaykh his past, from lirst 
CO last, till he came to the mention of the Mountajn'Ghul whom 
he sought, the old man asked him, '*0 Gharib, art thou mad that 
thou goest forth against the Ghtil of the Mountain single 
liandcd?”; and he answered, “O my lord, I have with me two 
hundred horse." “O Gharib," rejoined the hermit, “badst thou 
ten thousand riders yet shouldest thou not prevail against him, 
for his name is ‘The^Chtd'who'eatcih'me^t'Wi^pray'Allaii'foT'sitfcty. 
and he is of the children of Ham. His father s name was Hindi, 
who peopled Hind and named jt, and he left this son after him, 
whom he called Sa''adan the Ghul. Now the same was, O my son. 

^ Thin citJchii b«n ncitKcd s ir siiHitMiti the of mir tnvclkTS. 

Errry greai prup^icc hfa hit ngnoracftL Adsm Pure (w Elect) of Allbii; Knsa/i the 
Cqr t^vicci) of AlUh ; ■' K»hm) the Spern'k-cr widi Allah; l^sut the R4h 

bft*th) or KflUni (the niott]) of AlliJi. Ftir Mnhammrt3V .Al-BrnttiiV Montle-^pooil 
Jl—S 4 . 

* KoTiiii lit. I'n, thr true teh^oFt in ike of AlLdi h 

QT ilrripftrig mv^lf to the Lonih with m Hnyp^ciwi of ^^Salvjitiijn"' contcj^cd bj 
the KKit SaliTnx,^ he ^it i 

Ghawb and kis BaoTUER Ajifl. 27^ 

even in his sire's lifetinie, a duel cyriint and a rebellious wui 
kari no other food than flesh of ^e sons of Adam. His father 
when about to die forbade him from thiSj but he would not be 
forbidden and he le^ubled in his forwardnesSf till Hindi banished 
him and drove him forth the land of Hmd, after battles and sore 
travail. Then he came to. this country and fortifying himself 
herein, established his home in this place, whence he is wont to 
sally forth and cut the road of all that come and go, presently 
returning to the valley he haunteth. Moreover, he hath begotten 
five sons, warlike tvar locks, lach one of whom will do battle with 
a thousand braves, and he hath flocked the valley with his booty 
of treasure and goods besides horses and camch and caf^e and 
sheep. Wherefore 1 fear for thee from him; so do thou implore 
Almighty Allah ki further thee agiiinst him by the Tahlil, the 
f^ormub. of Unity, and w'hen thou drivest at the Infideb, cry,'God 
is most Great!' for, saying, “There is no god but the G^* con- 
foundeth those who misbelieve," Then the Shaykhgave him astcel 
mace, an hundred pounds in weight, with ten rings which ebsbed 
like thunder whenas the wielder brandished it, and a sword forged 
of a thunderbolt,* three eUs long and three spans broad, wherewith 
if one smote a rock, the stroke would cleave it in sunder. Moreover 
he gave him 2 hauberk and target and a book and said to him, 
"Return to thy tribe and expound unto them AlTslam." So Gba- 
rib left him, rejoidng in his new Faith, and fared till he found his 
companions, who met him with salams, sa3ring, "What made thee 
tany thus?” Whereupon he related to them that which had 
befallen him and expounded to them AMslam, and they all 
islamised, Eaidy next morning, Gharib mounted and rode to 
the hermit to farewell him, after which he set cut to return to 
his camp when behold, on his way, there met him a horseman 
cap^'pie armed so that only his eyes appeared, who made at him. 

* Amb. whadi i« tn be ■ tmne. Tlic h tn sword, 

made oT a dtottc, btsck, bfilliant nnJ hjtnf u ■ rcidc (an cicmlitc), wkich had 
itnit'k i epmel cat the Tigh: aad liad mric oui by xhc tfft. Tki; hlafkjimitli made it 

tnfQ ■ hlutlc tkfee fett lortfr by tfMittt bmcb a Idnd of fkkhfnn or ii 

with Boid ciiUol ii nMmi {the 'TrcflthaFvf'"V (tm if* be uid la the 


The sw^ml ’ll rnsnchflnf, f «tn nf the GhnPi clan* 

Trcndiifti tn »ooshp Imi wh^rs U th* sw^dcr-man f 

W»!cmnvm the wniTi- imir' rhtf tn-ika-V h-*l, « must laiisfACWr to ill 

but nxut. 

Au Laylah wa Laylah. 

sayingj “Doff what is on thee, O scum‘ of the Arabsj or I 
do thee die!" Therewith Gharib drave at him and there betel 
between them a battle such as would mate a new-boiti child turn 
grey aiidmelt the flinty rock with its Mre affray; but presently the 
Badawi did off his face-veil, and loj it was Gharib’s half-brother 
Sahim al-Layl, Now the cause of his coming thither ww that 
w'hen Ghanb set out in truest of the Mountain-Ghui, Sahim w^ 
absent and on his returns not seeing hU biother, he went in to his 
mother, whom he found w'eeping. He asked the rnja^n of her 
tears and she told him what had happened of his hrotlier’s journey, 
whereupon, without allowing himseU aught of rest, he donned his 
war-gear and mounting rode after Gharib, dll he overtsook him and 
there befel bmveen them what befel. When, therefore, Sahim 
discovered his face, Gharib knew him and saluted him, saying, 
"What moved thee to do this?” Quoth Sahim, ‘‘‘t had a mind 
to measure myself with thee in the field and make trial of my 
lustihoed in cut and thrust.” Then they rode together and on the 
way Ghanb expounded Al-Islam to Sahim, who embraced the 
Faith; nor did they cease riding dll they were hard upon the 
valley. Meanwhile, the Mountain-Ghul espied the dust of their 
horses;* feet and said to his sons, "O my sons, mount and fetch me 
yonder loot" So the five took horse and made for the party. 
When Gharib saw the five Amalddtes approaching, he plied 
shovddron upon his steed's flank and cried out, saying, ’‘‘Who 
are ye, and what is your race and what do ye require?” Where¬ 
upon Faibun bin Sa.*ada.n, the eldest of the five, came out and 
said, “Dismount ye and bind one another^ and we will drive you 
to our father, that he may roast various of you and boil various, 
for it is long since he has tasted the flesh of Adanv-son." When 
Gharib heard these words he drove at Falhun, shaking his mace, 
so that the rings rang like the roaring thunder and the giant w-as 
confounded. Tlien he smote him a light blow with the mace 
between the shoulders, and he lell to the ground like a tall-trunked 
palm-rrec: whereijpon Sahim and some of his men fdl upon him 
and pinioned him; then, putting a rope about his neck, they haled 

^ ,4nbL “Kutl'iK^t Bt. ■ hh oit i3ft, fhigincrit, nail-purine^ oiidf liwe ttH 
! haifc thia scctir in pElgrioiag^ i!L tia Latn? t>ften layig far n want^ 

hy T&is of my paLifmiil Lincle'" (vrife], aod thus paraj^cs Iua politoicss by diking 

m Jt Udy's namc- 

^ Ai iriU appur fhc rw-i brnthm wm jouKd bj a parcy nfhancmsiLr 



“Venlv A bcirdliiss youth, forty cobite bigh, ^ 

Oiioth Sa'adan “May the stin pour do blessuig on 

S/wt m »TrdiMS 'rrchd 

SSiTvowS L bl™ «.d ft fdl h^^lcss; wte^Sa^ 

and tbro^Mng down tha weapon, sp^g 

and caught him in his H*' ;„ the Ghul's 

the sparrow. Now when Ghanb hw ^ ^mostGreat' 

clutches, he criwJou^ saying. ^ ° i ^ Muhaounad.® the 

Oh the favour of Abraharo the rnenU, uje - jck^kr^-afl 
SUd (S whom Allah keep and as^!) — 
perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her pemutted say. 

W^rti it teas tije ft>« J&unhrth anh Ctoeiitp-nintf) fZigfJt, 

She continued. It hath teacW me, O JouT 

Gharib aw Ms brother in tte dotches of^ ^ ™b 

saying “Oh the favour of Ibrahim, the Y_ 

(whom Allah keep 

shaking his mace, till the nogs „f th^ribs 

"God % most Greatl" and smote the Ghul on the hat ot^e nDs 

t^his mace, whereupon he fell to 

loosed his grip on &him; nor did be come to himseli he P 
iS^andSacbled. When his son saw ths, 

Gharib drove Seed after hirti and 'S^h^bS 

between the shouldere, threw him from his horse, bo they 

. -Tou.^ E.15. 

»Moh»mm»d (ihf tlrwiii# e^at For « amiUr nlw wpM t^i: name, 


Aif Layuui wa Laylah. 


him with his father and brethiai and haltering them with ropes» 
haled them all six along like baggage'cunela, till they readied 
the Ghui's castle, which they found lull of goods and treasures and 
things of price; and there they also came upon twelve hundred 
Ajaniis, men of Persia, bound and shackled. Gharib sit down on 
Sa*adan's chair, which had aforetime bdonged to bin Shaya 
bin Shadflad bin Ad causing Sahim to stand on his right and his 
cnmp rtni nns on his ctchEr hand, and sending for the Ghul of the 
Mountain, said to him, "How findest thou th^'self, O accursed?” 
Replied Sa'adan, ”0 my lord, in the sorriest of plights for abase¬ 
ment and mortjfication; my sons and I, we are bound with ropes 
like camels," Quoth Gharib, "It is my will duit you enter my 
faith, the faith Al-Islam bight, and acknowledge the Unity of the 
All-knowing King whose AU-might created Light and Night and 
every thing,—'there is no God hut He, the Requiting King!—and 
confess the mission and prophethood of Abraham the Friend (on 
whom be peacef),” So the Ghul and his sons made the required 
profession after the goodliest fashion, and Gharib bade bose their 
bonds; whereupon Sa'adan wept and would have kissed his feet, 
he and his sons; but Gharib forbade them and they stood with 
the rest who stood before lum. Then said Gharib, "Harkye, 
Sa'adan!"; and he replied, "At thy service, O my lord!" Quoth 
Gharib, "What are these captives?" "O my lord," quoth the 
Ghul, “these arc my game from the land of the Persiane and are 
not the only ones." Asked Gharib, “And who is with them?"; 
and Sa'adan answered, my lord, there is with them the 
Princess Fakhr Taj, daughter of King Sabur of Persia,* and an 
hundred damsels like moons.” When Gharib heard this, he 

‘ Thr Edit !wte yivn “Sit,** but «U«tt)icK "Slai," which ihc ewtutt fenn- 

^ SApcif Scodutd (A-I5- 31 compeOiiii ki atciifk tht poverful Arab bofda 

of flf whom, liJstf tha Tsfr^ Aui anil fChitciaj, the Bany ara\ tbc 

lliriiwi left AUYoniiiiE] A«Dt IW-17G, and Kfrifid jjj tliE imrtli nsftfi-cajt oi At-Niyd. 
Tbij ifTCJi i:kcx1lii ftiiil dlEpcman of the iribei wat cauiodi ii hat. been uTdj hy the bumins 
ef the Dim ef M.lnb erifinjJly bmlt hv Abd nJr-Sh^rffv f^rher nf Hlmyar. The* 
VixriBiuan fflcea wpx tslmigrij into poyerty ami muned I]Clrt|^ra^da^ planrih^ tKcmselvn 
rhe Arabi of son 0 / AtLnia- Hcrure the lingikini of m Syn^ 

whqu phylrinchi undef the Romuti Gt^ek F.mpmn&r ConstiintinDFilo^ a^T^rr^ell^l 
pBle^irne Tmtj the Ambi of Syria mnd PaloriTie; and the kin^om of who« 

Likhmite Prinoa^ dtpendatt ttpon Perda, tnEaaipcd the Arali* of the RuphTaica, Oman 
tRil AJ-Bihrayn- 1 lit Ma'adilitei trill COOUirucd tty occupy the Central of ArtM^ 

a feamre anaJocont with Inj^n '"’abeve cite Obauta-'" 

Ghakib and his Bhothbr Ajib. 475 

marvelled and said, "O Emir, how came ye by these?" 
Replied Saadan, “1 went forth one night with my sons and 
£ve of my slaves in quest of booty, but finding no spoil in our 
way, we dispewed over wilds and wolds and fared on, hoping 
we might happen on somewhat of prey and not return empty' 
handed, till we found ourselves in the land of the Persians. 
Presently, we espied a dust'cloud and sent on to reconnoitre one 
of our slav^, who was absent a while and presently returned and 
said, *0 my lord, this is the Princess PAhr Taj, daughter of 
Sabur, King of the Persians, Turcomans and Medes; and she ts 
on a journey, attended by tw^ thousand horse.' Quoth I, 'Thou 
lust gladdened us with good newsl We CQuld have no hner loot 
than this.' Then I and my sons fell upon the Persians and slew 
of them three hundred men and took the Princess and twelve 
hundred cavaliers prisoners, together with all that was with her of 
treasure and riches and brought them to this our castle." Quoth 
Ghanb, “liast thou offered any violence to the Princess bakhr 
Taj?" Quoth Sa'adan, "Ncit I, as thy head liveth and by the 
virtue of the Faith 1 have but now embraced!" Ghanb replied, 
“It was well done of thee, O Sa'adan, for her father is King of the 
world and doubdess he will despatch troops in quest of her and 
lay waste the dwellings of thtsse who took her. And whoso 
Ifmketh not to issue and end hath not Fate to fifend. Bur where 
is the damsel?" Said Sa’axkn, *'l have set apart a pavilion for 
her and her damsels;" and said Ghaiib, "Show me her lod^g," 
whereto Sa'adan rejoined, "■Heartening and obedience?" So he 
carried him to the pavilion, and there he found the Princess 
mournful and cast down, weeping for her former condition of 
dignity and delight. When Gh^b saw her, he thought the moon 
was near him and magnified Allah, the AU'hearing, the All'Seeing, 
The Princess also locked at him and saw him a princely cavalier, 
with valour shining from between his eyes and testifying for him 
and not against him: so she rose and kissed his hands, then fell 
at his feet, saying, ‘‘O hero of the age, 1 am under thy protection; 
guard me from this Ghul, for 1 fear lest he do away my maiden' 
head and after devour me. So take me to serve thine hand' 
maidens." Quoth Gharib, “Thou art safe and thou shak be 
restored to thy father and the seat of thy worship." Whereupon 
she prayed that he might live long and have advancement m rank 
and honour. Then he bade unbind the Persians and, turning to 
the Princess, said to her, “UTiat brought thee forth of thy palace 

Ai-P Lavlah wa Laylah* 


to the wilds and wastes, so chat the high’way'fobbers made priw 
of thee?” She replied, “O my lord, my father and all the pe^lc 
of his realm, Turks and Daylamices, ore Magians. worshipping fire, 
and not the All-powerfoi King. Now in our country b a 
monastery called the Monastery of the Fire, whither every year 
the daughters of the Magians and woi^hippers of the Fire resort 
at the tune of their fesd^-al and abide there a month, after 
which they return to their houses. So i and my damsels set out, 
as of wont, attended by two thousand horse, whom my father 
sent with tne to guard me; but by the way this Ghul came out 
against us and slew some of us and, taking the rest captive 
imprisoned us in this hold. This, then, b what befcl me, O valiant 
champion, whom Allah guard against the shifts of Time!" And 
Gharib said, “Fear not: for I will bring thee to thy palace and the 
seat of honours." Wherefore she blessed him and kissed his 
hands and feet. Then he went out from her, after having com' 
manded to treat her with respect, and slept till morning, when he 
made the WutU'ablution and prayed a two-bow prayer, after the 
riteof our father Abraham the Friend (on whom peace!), whilst 
the Gbul and his sons and GhariKs company all did the like after 
him. Then he turned to the Ghul and said to him, "O Sa'adan, 
wdt thou not show me the Wady of Blossoms?”'’ “I will, O my 
lord,” answered he. So Gharib and hb company and Princess 
Fakhr Taj and her maidens all rose and went forth, whilst Sa'adan 
commanded his slaves and slavc'girls to slaughter and cook and 
make ready the moming-meal and bring it to them among the 
trees. For the Giant had an hundred and fifty handmaids and 
a thou.sand chattels to pasture his camek and oxen and sheep. 
When they came to the valley, they found it beautiful exceedingly 
and passing all degree: and birds on tree sang joyously and the 
modring-nightingalc trilled out her melody, and the cushat 

filled with her moan the mansions made by the Deity,-And 

Shahrazad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her per' 
mitted say, 

^ i hivff dEPTnbcii fP^Egiimagt t, 3T0Q th^ snslf b^qi «bkh h BMiwi wUl dSgsif/ hf 
the Ptjyiic (if al-VVifid=Vik of Rosu* 

Ghajeud and ms BKorKim Ajib. 


tB^tn it taa£ ( 1 ;c frbc attb tEfiirtirttl 

51 i£ saidt I c hath reached me, O auspicious King, chat when Ghanb 
and his merry men and the Giant and his crihe reached the \Vady 
of Blossoms they found birds flying free; thecushat filling with her 
moan the mansions made by the Deity, the bulbul singing as if 
'cwere human harmony and the merle whom ro describe tongue 
faileth utterly; the turtle, whose plaining maddens men for love- 
ecstasy and the ringdov'e and the popinjay artswering her with 
fluency. There also were trees laden with ail manner of fruitery, of 
each two kinds,* the pomegranate, sweet and sour upon branches 
growing luxuriantly, the almond-apricot,’ the camphor-apricot* 
and the almond Khorasan hight: the plum, with whose branches the 
tfoughs of the myrobakn were entwined tight; the orange, as it 
were a cresset flaming light, the shaddock weighed down with 
heavy freight; the lemctn, that cures lack of appetite, the dtmn 
against jaundice of sovereign might, and the date, red and yellow- 
bright, the cspedal handiwork of Allah the Most High. Of the 
like of this place saith the enamoured poet, 

^When da birds is the latg make mdody, * The lom Lover yeameth ks sight 
to see: 

Tis as Eden breathing a fragrant fareese, • With its shade and fruits and rilU 
flowing free.*' 

Gharib marvelled at the beauty of that Wady and bade them set 
up there the pavilion of Fakhr Taj the Qiosiojte; so they pitched 
it among the trees and spread it with rich tapestries. Then he sat 
down and the slaves brought food and they ate their sufficiency; 
after which quoth Gharib, “Harkye, Sa’adan!**: and quoth he, 
“At thy service, O my lord." “Hast thou aught of wine?" asked 

mi, 3 , tvtiy fruit two tiiffercjic IdfwJs,'* 1 ^, lutgc md imnll, bUfk mid 
And wfr, 

K A ifrmft Mlpaa mi aJiiulnd^Uce, idlidl makci iii kmicl iwcet idil xt tB csp^likl 
of HiftVtiur. Soc RfibcU'a Narurnl Kiiiiiry of xAlcprpd, p. 21. 

■ edit'd i^m rhe fl«vf/urofihr \x itwclInkriEiwii At DosiMcut when: ■ faymirito 

frail is the dricct ^prtfOE with jtn olmtinil bf way of ki^ci. There sre rnsFiy prtpuiairans 
ql Hpricotfr^ npfcldllr the ^^Mmrc^i skin'"' (JiEd d-fmsi or Ksmur d paste foEtlod 

into utd ecsctlr rescmbTing ihc smde ftom whisk it taket s niittic, Whet^ wsnted 

U h duwived iti liiE^ sad as i reluh with bresi or b^cdt (E^Egrfmaee i. 28^). 

Alf Laylah wa 


Ghanb, and Sa'adan answered, *'Ye$, I have a dsceni full of old 
wine.'* Said Gharib, “Bring us some of it.“ So Sa'adan sent ten 
abves, who returned with great plenty of wine, and they ate and 
drank and were mirthful and merry. And Gharib bethought him 
of Mahdiyah and improvised these couplets, 

"1 mind our union diy? when y-e wcic * And itmica my h^art widi 
lovc^ii consuming Ikwc. 

By AlUh, ne'er of will 1 quitted you: ’ But skiitA of Titne li^in you ocmi^ 
pcllcd ine go: 

Peaci: fair luck and greexinga tbou»nd'fakl • To frrnn exii^ 


They abode eating and drinking and taking their pleasure in the 
volley for three days, after which they returned to the castle. Then 
Gharib colled Sohim and sojd to him, “Take on hundred horse and 
go to thy father and mother and thy tribe, the Banu Kahtan, and 
Bring them all to this place, here to pass the rest of their days, 
whilst 1 carry the Prinoras of Persia back to her father. As jfor 
thee, O Sa'adan, tarry thou here with thy sons, till 1 return to 
thee." Asked Sa'adan, “And “why wilt thou not carry me with 
thee to the land of the Persians?”; and Gharib answered, “Because 
thou stolest away King Sabur s daughter and if his eye fall on thee, 
he will eat thy flesh and drink tby blood,” When the Ghul heard 
this, he bughed a loud lau^, as it were the pealing thunder, and 
said, “O my lord, by the life of thy head, if the Persians and 
Medes united against me, I would make them quaff the cup of 
annihilation.*' Quoth Gharib, "Tis as ihovi sayest;' but tany 
thou here in fort till I return to thee;” and ouoth the Ghul, “I 
hear and 1 obey,” Then Sahim departed with his comrades of the 
Banu Kahtan for the dwelUng'pIace? of their tribe, and Gharib set 
out with Princess Fakhr Taj and her company, intending for the 
cities of Sabur, King of the Persians. Thus far concerning them; 
but as regards King Sabur, he abode an'oiting his daughter's return 
from thcMonastery of the Fire, and when the appoint^ time passed 
by and she came not, flames raged in his heart. Now he had forty 
Waiirs, whereof the olde^ wisest and cbiefest was hight Day dan; 
sohesaidtohim, ”0 Minister, verily my daughter delayeth her re* 
turn and 1 have no news of her choiiijh the appointed time is past; 
so do thou send a courier to the hf onastcry of the Fire to learn what 

* ‘*p^nra Kaini tikilP*»rJic Cflircnt 

Gharib Aiit) fm Brothjga Ajib> 

is come of her,” “Hearkening and obedience," repLed Day dan; 
and, summoning the chief of the couriers, said to him, “Wend 
thou forthright to the Monastery.’' So he lost no time and when 
he reached it, he asked the monks of the King's daughter, but they 
said, “We have not seen her this year." So the oourier returned 
to the city of Isbanir^ and told the Wazir, who went in to the 
King and acquainted him with the message. Kow when Sabur 
heard this, he cast his crown on the ground, tore his beard and 
fell down in a trance. They sprinkled water upon him, and 
presently he came to himself, tearful'eyed and heavy-hearted, 
and repeated the words of the poet, 

“What I fv'p3Tt£d patience call and tean, * Tears came to call but Patience 
never hean: 

What, then, if Fortune patted ua to far? • Fortune and Perfidy xre peers 
and feres!" 

T hen he calT«l ten of his captains and bade them mount with a 
thousand horse and ride in diffetent directions, in quest of his 
daughter. So they mounted forthright and departed each with 
his thousand; whilst Fakhr Taj's mother dad heiadf and her 
women in black and screwed ashes on her head and sat weeping 

and lamenting. Such was their case;-And Shahrawd pcT' 

ceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her permitted say. 

mtien ir fuatf the ^i:t jP^unbrth anb Cbtrtp-ftrsf ^igbl. 

She said. It hath reached me. O auspicious King, that King Sahur 
sent his troops in qurat of his daughter, w’hose mother dad herself 
and her women in bbefc. Such was their case; but as regards 
the strange adventures of Gharib and the Princess, they journeyed 
on ten days, and on the eleventh day, appeared a dust-doud which 
rose to the confines of the whereupon Gharib called the 
Emir of the Persians and said to him, “Go Icam the cause thereof." 
“I hear and obey," replied he and drave his charger, till he came 
under the cloud of dust, w'here he saw folk and enquired of them. 

*Thii m%f Clcflpho^, tlic anocni cspitftl of ihc ChoirD^ on rhe Tt^rii btlow 
and ipoltcrr of eJwjwhcfE m Ths Nigiitis cipectailjr in k li 

oiltfid libinir AtMAdlilii \ Hidiln Khri (the dM qF Quhtos) heinf the AnMc ruunc 
of the old dual zitf. 

Ai,f L^yi-ah vja Laylam, 


Quoth one of them, “We are of the Banu Hattil and are questing 
for plunder; our Emir is Samsam bin AJ-Jirih and we are five 
thousand horse/’ The Persians returned in haste and told their 
saying to Gharib, who cried out to his men of the Banu Kahtan 
and to the Persians, saying, *'Don yoxxr arms!'' They did as 
he bade them and presently up came the Arabs who were shout¬ 
ing, “A plunder! a plund^!" Quoth Gbarib, “Allah confound 
you, O dogs of Arabs!" Then he loosed his horse and drove at 
them wjth the career of a right valiant knight, shouting, “AUaho 
Akbar! Ho for the faith of Abraham the Friend, on whom be 
peace!" And there befel betvi’eai them great fight and sore 
fray and the swwd went round in sway and there was much said 
and say; nor did they leave fighting till fled the day and gloom 
came, when they dr™ from one another away. Then Gharib 
numbered his tribesmen and found that five of the Banu Kahtan 
had fallen and three-and'seventy of the Persians; but of the 
Banu Hattal they had slam more than five hundred horse. As 
for Samsam, he alighted and sought nor meat nor sleep, but said, 
“In all my life I never saw such a fighter as this youth! Anon he 
fighteth w'ith the sword and anon with the mace; but, to-morrow 
1 will go forth on champioa W'ise and defy him to oombat of twain 
in battle plain where edge and point are fain and I will cut olF 
these Arabs.” Now, when Gharib returned to his camp, the Prin¬ 
cess Fakhr Ta) met him, weeping and affrighted for the terror of 
that which had befallen, and kis^ his foot in the stimip, saying, 
“May thy hands never wither nor thy foes be blither, O champion 
of die age! Alhamdolillah—Praise to God—who hath saved thee 
alive this day! Verily, 1 am in fear for thee from yonder Arabs,” 
When Gharib heard this, he smiled in her face and heartened and 
comforted her, saying. “Fear not, O Princess! Did the enemy fill 
this wild and wold yei would I scatter tliem, by the might of 
Allah. Almighty.” She thanked him and prayed that he might 
be given the victory over his foes; after which she returned to her 
women and Gharib went to his tent, where he cleansed himself 
of the blood of the Infidels, and they lay or guard through the 
night. Next morning, the two hosts mounted and sought the plain 
where cut and thrust ruled sovereign, The firet to prick into the 
open was Gharib, who dratfc his charger till he w-as near the Infidels 
and cried out, “Who ts for jousting with me? Let no sluggard 
or weakling come out to me!” Whereupon there rushed forth 
a giant Amalekite of the lineage of the vn\x of Ad, armed with an 

Ghae^b akd bib DRomm Ajib. 

iron flail twenty pountis in weight, and drove at Gharib, saying, 
“O scum of the Arabs, take what cometh to thee and learn the 
glad tidings that thy last hour is at liandl” So saying, he aimed 
a blow at Gharib, but he avoided it and the Dad sank a cubit into 
the ground. Now die badawi was bent double with the blow: so 
Gh:^b smote him with his mace and clove his forehead in suiu^ 
and he fell ^wn dead and Allah hurried his soul to tfell-tiie. 
Then Gharib charged and wheeled and called for cliammons; so 
there came out to Kim a second and a third and a fourth and so 
on, till ten had come forth to him and he slew them all. When 
the Infidels s;iw his form of fight and his swashing blows they 
hung back and forebore to fare forth to him, whereup^ Samsam 
looked at them and slid, “Allah never ble^ you! 1 will go forth 
to hiin." So he donned his battle^gear and driving his char^ 
into mid^field where he fronted the foe and cried out to Ghanb, 
saying, “Fie on thee, O dog of the Arabs! hath thy strength 
waxed so great that thou shculdst defy me in the open field and 
slaughter my men?” And Gharib replied, **Up and take blood' 
revenge for the slaughter of thy braves!” So Samsam ran at 
Gharib who a’ft-aitcd him with broadened breast and heart 
enheartened, and they smote each at other with maces, till the two 
ho^ marvelled and every eye was fixed on them. Then they 
wheeled about in the field and struck at each otheu" two strokes: 
but Gharib avoided Samsam'^a stroke which wreak had wroke and 
de^t with a buffet t^t beat in his breastbone and cast him to the 
ground—stone dead, Theteupon all his host ran at Ghanb as one 
man, and he ran at them, crying, "God is most Great! Help and 
Victory for us and shame and defeat for those who misbelieve 

the faith of Abraham the Friend, on whom be peace!”-And 

Shahratad perceived the dawn of day and ceased to say her 
permitted say. 

mfitit (t the i&nnbreb anh tThirtMetonb 

She said, It hath reached me, O ausoidous King, that when Sam- 
sam’s trib^men ru-died upon Gharin as one man, he ran at them 
crying, "God is most Great! Help and Victory for us and shame 
and defeat for the Miscreant!” Now when the Infidels heard 
the name of the All-powerful King, the One, the All'Conquer- 
ing, w'hom the sight comprehendeth not, but He oamprehendeth 

Alf Laylaii wa Laij-ah. 


the they locked at one another and said, “What is this 

say that ©aketh our sJde'museics tremble and weakenetli our 
resolution and caiiseth the liic to fail © us? Never m our lives 
heard we aught goodlier than diis saying 1“ adding, ‘'Let us leave 
lighting, that we may ask its meaning.'' ho they held their hands 
from the battle and dismounted; and their elders assembleJ and 
held counsel together,, seeking to go to Ghanb and saying, "Let 
ten of us repair to him[“ ho tliey chose out ten ol their best, 
who set tKit for Ghanb's tents. Now he and hi? people had 
alighted and returned to their camp, man.'elling at the withdrawal 
of the lulidels from the fight. But, presendy, lo and behold! the 
ten came up and seeking speech of Gharib, kissed the earth before 
him and wished him glory and lasting life. Quoth he to them, 
"What made you leave fighting?": and quoth they, "O. my lord, 
thou didst affright us with the words thou shoutest out at us," 
Then asked Gharib, "WTiat calamity do ye worship?"; and they 
answered, “We worship Wadd and Su\^*fi'a and Yaghus,* lords of 
the tribe of Noah"; and Gharib, “We serve none but Allah 
Almighty, Maker of all things and Provider of all livings. He 
it is who created the heavens and the earth and stablished the 
mountains, who made water to wdl from the stones and the trees 
to grow and feedeth wild beasts ui wold; for He is AHaK the 
One, the All-powerful Lord," When they heard dus, their 
bosoms broadened to the words of Unity-faith, and they said, 
“Verily, this be a Lord high and great, compassionating and 

* KiTran n. 103. Thr u^nMlitian it S*1 e« whlrh 1 Kav# gtncfaliv preferred, (tespife 
manr IJiM tErtiiere tkit Knun«e, "The pj’H He noi ttlm, hut He teeth 

die rre*:" ami Mr, RaiwcU, vlilan taluth in Him f fl. bjt He takeih in lU (nstm;** 
ind fbcTtrfi "'Nn sycKght rc4cturh n TEcq," 

' Sate {icCI. 1} Itlli la a\\ tJimt wsj then knnwFi of licae vhm which with Yi'dk tnc! 

Vatr *etd the rhfwf "'diitffhtcn of Gryl.*' Goddenn of F.ncnrfM (the Hindu Saitiil Afliu 
Al.Uje^ and mentianDd In the K^m wm the diitfn Ixf the pc^titsmlric t^antheon* 

! ci^nna* but ntEpcer fhjii all will he ponncctci with okl Bubj Intiian wmhlp. ALBaydlwi 
{in krtf. Ini, 23) Hyjirf Stiwi^ap \ nghtiK, j^rtil ^^ai7 they i^crc nameJ 

Cl/ pbui tnen breween and Noah. lAer* Afd* Y^hu^ wit thfl gunt Idfd 

the M aiJuj txlbc Kt AkEnmh i>f Al-Yaman anrl flficrw^dt ar Nijran AUUjel viM 
womhippeii htr hkl (at the me- l>?Jt]fl^Fur cd Ghutufin -a^i* deHifDTod ifEtr 

the Praphct'i nHer by KhiHd bin VV^TM. Allit es wncten hv Ihiosck (tpoe, J W 
"■JLihikt“ If. 4kii5cs in gcfccni. But Hmolcirna mdEntiy refen to ona b«I when he malta 
[hr AmL* worship I^yiiia u ^Otwtak Vnm'A ^AhXdx and riic in 

AtHr wumddt tn ■ Greek ear^ inirtKiucc Anficb-rf ^vllnhle ^ATlletl. Thff wai The Kocldct^ of 
the HunTih itnd Thjdilf whoje icmpic it Tlif arrtnre' like the Ki'nbsh bdbre 
M^jinmcd dcjtr^y^d it. 

GifAKifi ANQ Hts Brother Ajib. 

coropasetonacei"; atMiiig, “‘And whac shall we say, Do becume of 
the Moslerns^ of Lhose whidi submit themselves to Him?" Quoth 
Gharib, “Say, “There is no god bit the God and Abraham is the 
Friend of God.’" So the ten made veracious profession of the 
veritable rdigion and Gharib said to them, "An the sweet savour 
of Al'lslam be indeed stablished in your hearts, fare ye to your 
tribe and expound the faith to them; and if they profess, they 
shall be saved, but if they refuse we will bum them with hre." 
So the ten elders returned and expounded Al-'Islam to chdr 
people and set forth to them the path of truth and creed, and they 
embraced the Faith of Submission with heart and tongue. Then 
they repaired on foot to Gharib's tent and kissing ground between 
his bands wished him honour and high rant, saying, "O our lord, 
wic are become thy slaves; so command us what thou wilt, for we 
are to thee audient and obedient and we w'iU never depart from 
thee, since Allah hath guided us into the right way at thy hands," 
Replied he, "Allah abundantly requite you! Return to your 
dwellings and march forth with your good and your children and 
forego me to the Wady of Blossoms and the castle of bin 
Shays,’ whilst 1 carry the Princess Fakhr Taj, daughter of Sabur, 
King of the Persians, back to her father and return to you." 
“Hcaritening and obedience," said they and straightway returned 
to their encampment, rejoicing in AJdslam, and expounded the 
True Faith to their wives and children, who became Bdie^’ets. 
Then they struck their tents and set forth, with their good and 
catde, for the Wady of Blossoms, When they came in sight of 
the castle of Shays, Sa'adart and bis sons sallied forth to them, 
but Gharib had charged them, saying, "If the Ghul of the Moun' 
tain oome out to you and offer to attack you, do ye call upon 
the name of Allah the All'creator, and he wil! leave his hostile 
intent and receive you hospitably " So when be would have 
fallen upon them they called aloud upon the name of Almighty 
Allah and straightway he received them kindly and asked them 
of thdr case. They told him all that had passed between 
Gharib and themselves, whereupon he rejoiced in them and 

* S^hiLTi (Shiychl h Ab Seth fFatheJ Ssdi> <rf the Hcbfrt*, t namr corvtiJFiinj th? 
inlbftl tnd trfnfliijil Icft^ *f iht Egi^TD-Ptiftfilce-Hcbrtw Alphdhei nod ffcr ""AtjAd" 13/ 
the hAihUl Thw ctmaux jImui ici cfinni^ntTfl vith the rvAmc of AlUh fEI}^ the Zodiatal 
jmif mth the odfnitEllAri^ynfe^ bur not wholly umnEemTinf, m\\ ennwlt ^n- 

ficjtlnvTd STne” (roL i 33). 

aS4 Laylah wa Lavij^h. 

Jodged them with him and loadai them with favours. Such was 
their case; but as regards GhiirJb, he and his, escorting the 
princess fared on five days' journey towards the City of Isbanir, 
and on the sneth day they saw a dust'cloud. So Ghanb sent one 
of the Persians to learn the tneaning of this and he went and 
returned, ewiftlier than bird in llight, sa>'ing, "O my lord, these 
be a thousand horse of our comrades, whom the King hath sent 
in quest of his daughter Fakhr Taj," When Gharib heard this, he 
commanded his company to halt and pilch the tents. So they 
halted and waited till the new comers reached them, when they 
went to meet them and told Tdtnan, their captain, that the Prin- 
cess was with them; whereupon he went in to Gharib and kissing 
the ground before him, enquired for her. Gharib sent him to 
her pa\Tlion, and he entered and kissed her hands and feet and 
acquainted her with what had befallen her father and mother- 
She told him in return all that had bedded her and how Gharib 

had delivered her from the Ghul of the Mountain,--And 

Shahraiad perceived the dawn of day and ceased saying her 
permitted say. 

{6})en (t tcia)$ Ibix ^uiihteh anh lE^irlp-Cfn'th 

She said, it hath reached me, O auspicious King, that Tvhen the 
King's daughter, Fakhr Taj, had told Tuman all diat had befallen 
her from the Mountain'Ghul, and how he had imprisoned her and 
would have devoured her but for Gharib, adding, "And indeed, it 
behoveth my sire to give him the half of his reign," Tuman arose 
and returned to Gharib and kissed his hands and feel and thanked 
him for his good dealing, saying, “With thy leave, O my lord, I 
will return to Isbanir City and deliver to our King the good news 
of his daughter's approach." '"Go," replied Gharib, "and take of 
him the gift of glad ridings," So Tuman returned with all dili" 
gence to Isbaoir, the Cities, and entering the palace, kissed ground 
before the King, who said to him, "Whiit is there of new, Obringer 
of good news?" Quoth Tuman, “I will not speak thee, till thou 
give me the gift of glad tidings." Quoth the King, 'Tell me thy 
glad tidings and I will content thee " So Tuman said, "O King, 
I bring thee joyful intelligence of the return of Princess Fat& 
Taj," When Sabur heard his daughter's name, he fell down 
fainting and they sprinkled rose-water on him, till he recovered 

Gharib and Jiift BRorazjt Ajm, 185 

and cried to Tuman, “Draw near to me and tell me all the good 
whick hath befallen her/* * So he came forward and acquainted him 
with all that had betided the Princess^ and Sabur beat hand upon 
hand, saying, ‘'Unhappy thou, O Fakhr Taj!”‘ And he bade 
give Tuman ten thousand gold pieces and conferred on him the 
government of Isfahan City and its dependencies. Then he cried 
out to his Emirs, saying, “Mount, all of you, and fare we forth to 
meet the Princess Fakhr Tajf"; and che Chief Eunuch went in to 
the Queen-mother and told her and all the Harim the good news, 
whereat she rejoiced and gave him a robe of honour and a thou¬ 
sand dinars. Moreover, the people of the city heard of this and 
decorated the market streets and houses. Then the King and 
Tuman took horse and rode dll they had sight of Ghanb, when 
Sabur fexited it and made some steps towards Gharib, who also 
dismounted and advanced to meet him; and they embraCied and 
saluted each other, and Sabur bent over Gharib’s hand and kissed 
it and thanked him for his favours .* They pitched their pavilions 
in face of each other and Sabur went in to bis daughter, who rose 
and embracing him told him , all that had befallen her and how 
Gharib had rescued her from the clutches of the Ghul of the 
Mountain. Quoth the King, “By thy life, O Princess of fair ones, 
I win overwhelm him with gifte!": and quoth she, “O my papa, 
make him thy son-in'law, that he may be to thee a force against 
thy foes, for he is parsing valiant." Her father replied, “O my 
daughter, knowst thou not that King Khirad Shah seeketh thee in 
marriage and that he hath cast the brocade* and hath given an 
hundr^ thousand dinars in settlement, and he is King of Shiraz 
and its dependencies and is brd of empire and horsemen and 
footmen?" But when the Princess heard diese words she said, “O 
my papal 1 desire not that whereof thou speakest, and if thou 
constrain me to that I have no mind to, I will slay myself." So 
Sabur left her and went in to Gharib, who rose to him; and they 
sat awhile together: but the King could not take his fill of lookin g 
upon him: and he said in his mind, "By Allah, my daughter is 

* The c^dimtlioii d" MU bonsE FtilluJi. 

*Thi* it Antar iHc Clwarw ^Tuiscii iJic Abtiin hefo Uctoseh the tytn mod 
hsih him fairing him Jt A Ust rnken a fich mhe'* The coAtwf hafld flf ihe jEory^ 

tclfirr everyth] iig 6]} he inak^ i( ndiolkHzt, 

■ The ftinteit itn^pstt fhit thsi ii a royal fem of ^^ihrrm^SniE tht bitnili^rcMefs" but 
It noE ooair cisciwhere. In the Eurnpcin Edee *ttm§ to hive urieen from the 
orrcnEal jracdcc of Ktuliji* iMcntB iH nipkiiu or kerchie^H 


Au Latiah wa Lavlah. 

cxctisabic if she love this Badawil" Then he called for food and 
they ate and passed the night together. On the morrow, they took 
horse and rode till they amved at the City of isbamr and entered, 
stirrup Eu stirrup, and it was for them a great day, Fakhr Taj 
repiured to her and the abiding'pbce of her rank, where her 
mother and her women received her with cries of joy and loud 
lulhtooiiigs. As lor King Sabur, he sat down on his throne and 
seated Ghartb on his right hand, whilst the Princes and Chamber' 
kins, the Emirs, Wa^ars and Nabobs stood on either hand and gave 
him joy of tlie recovery of his daughter. Said Sabur, “Whoso 
loveth me let him bestow a robe of honour on Ghanb,” and there 
fell dresses of honour on hira like drops of rain. Then Ghanb 
abode the King's guest ten days, when he would have departed, 
but Sabur clad him in an honourable robe and swore him by his 
faith that he should not march for a whole monch. Quoth Ghaiib, 
"O King, I am plighted to one of the girk of the Arabs and I 
desire to go in to her." Quoth the King, “Whether is the fairer, 
thy betrothed or Fakhr Taj7" “O King of the age,” replied Gharib, 
“what is the slave beside the lord?" And Sabur sud, “Fakhr 
Taj is become thy handmaid, for that thou didst rescue her from 
the pounces of the Ghul, and she shall have none other husband 
than thyself.” Thereupon Gharib rose and kissed ground, saying, 
“O King of the age, thou art a sovereign and I am but a poor 
man, and belike thou w ilt ask a heavy dowry." Replied the l^g, 
“O my son, know that Khirad Shah, lord of Shiria and depai' 
dencies thereof, seeketh her in marriage and hath appointea an 
hundred thousand dinars to her dower; but J have chosen thee 
before all men, that I may make thee the sword of my kingship 
and my shield against vengeance.”* * Then he turned to hk Chief 
Officers and said to them, "Bear witness* against me;, O Lords of 
mine Empire, that 1 marry my daughter Fakhr Taj to ray son 

Gharib."-And Shahrasad perceived the dawn of <ky and 

ceased to say her penuitted say. 

SBrjen ft hia^ the Sjunbreh anh QHfiirfP'Cdtttth 

She continued, It hath reached me, O ampidous King, that 
Sabur, King of Ajam'Iand said to his Chief Officers. ye 

^1-^. If thz HUipspamtcd Knctrf itivck m*, 

* If tvrf 1 be renmted Ateiv it. 

Ghatib and h:s BnomEiL Ajib. 

witness a^nst me that I maixy my daughcer Fakhr Taj. to my 
son Gharib!" With chat he joined palms* * with him and she 
became his wife. Then said Gharib, “Appoint me a dowtar and 
J will bring it to th^ for 1 bave in the Castle ui Sasa wealth 
and treasures beyond count," Replied babiir^ *'0 my son, I want 
of thee ndtber treasme nor wealth and 1 wdl take nothing for her 
dower save the head of Jamrkan King of Oosht and the dty of 
Ahwas.*" Quoth Gharib, "O King of the age^ I will fetch my 
folk forthright and gp to thy foe and spoil his realm/' Quoth 
Sabur, “Alhdi requite thee with good!" and dismissed the wrds 
and commons, clunking, “If Gharib go forth against jamrkan, he 
will never more return." When morning nKirrowed the King 
mounted with Gharib and bidding all his troops take horse rtxk 
forth to the plain, where he said to his men. “Do ye tilt with 

tbyed one against other, and Gharib said, “O King of the age, 

1 have a mino to tilt with the horsemen of Ajam'bnd, but on one 
condition." Asked the King, “What is diat?"; and answered 
Gharib, "It is that 1 shall d<m a light tunic and take a headless 
lance; with a pennon dipped in saffron, whilst the Persian cham* 
pions sally forth and tilt against me with s Jiar p spears. If any 
conquer me, I will render myself to him: but, tf I conquer him 
1 will mark him on the breast and he shall leave the plam.” 
Then the King cried to the commander of the troops to bring 
forward the champions of the Persians; so he chose out from 
amongst the Prinoes one thousand two hundred of his stoutest 
champions, and the King said to them, in the Persian tongue 
“Whoso slayeth this Badawi may ask of me wLit he will," So 
they strove with one another for precedence and charged down 
upon Gharib and truth was distinguished from falsehood and jest 
from earnest. Quoth Gharib, “‘I put my mist jo Allah, the God of 
Abraham the Friend, the Deity who hath power over all and from 
whom naught is hidden, the One, the Almgbty, whom the si^t 
comprehendeth not!*' Then an Amalekite'like giant of die Persian 
champions rushed out to him, but Gharib let him not stand long 

* Anb, (he Arib fufiiQn pf iKakiii^ hjmilts Tht light iuIfiu anr oppUed 

fl«t 10 dfh Alhrr i thm thfi hngen ^qiueex^ the Ji44ul U r^Licd tP the 


* A dfjr loii pnrrlnc^ of the mij* be cltkcr the ttnrit IS 

KhwuAA or dar (diuhO bekmtfiiag to Ahwli tAhuiz in DliftbchatK 


At p Lavi^ wa Laylah, 

before him ere he martcd him and covered his breast with saffron 
and as he turned away, he smote him on the nape with the shaft 
of his bnce, and he to the ground and his pages bore him 
from the lists ‘ Then a second champion came forth against him 
and he overcame him and marked him on the breast; and thus 
did he with a third and a fourth and a fifth; and there came out 
against him champion after dwmpion till be had overcome them 
al and marked them on the breast; for Almighty Allah ga\'e him 
the vicrory over them and they faxed forth vanquisht from the 
plain. Then the servants sec food and strong wine before them 
and they ate and drank, till Ghanb's wits were by the 

drink. By and by, be went out to obey a call of Nature and 
would have returned, but lost his way and entered the palace 
of Fakbr Taj. When she saw him. her reason lied and she cried 
out to her women saying, “Go forth from me to your own placet 
So they withdrew and she rose and kissed Ghanb s hand, saynng, 
“Welcome to my lord, who delivered me from the Ghull Indew 
I am thine handmaid for ever and ever,“ Then she drew him to 
her bed and embraced him, w'hereupon desire was hot upon him 
and he broke her seal and lay with her till the morning. Mean- 
while the King thought that he had departed; but on the morrow 
he went in to him and Sabtir rose to him and made hnn sit by hJa 
side. Then entered tlie tributary kinp and kissing the ground 
stood ranged in rows on the right and left and fell to talking of 
Gharib'fi valour and saying, “Extolled be He who gave him such 
prowess albeit be is so young in yearsf As they were thus 
engaged, behold all espied from the palace-window's the dust of 
horse apptoachmg and the King cried out to his scouts, saying, 
“Woe to you! Go and bring me news of yonder dust!“ So a 
cavalier took horse and riding off, returned after a white, and said, 
**0 King, we found under that dust an hundred horse belonging to 
an Emir hight Sahim akLayl.'* * Ghanh hearing these words, cried 
out, *13 my lord, this is my brother, whom 1 had sent on an errand, 
and I w'dl go forth to meet him." So saying, he mounted, with 
his hundred men of the Banu Kabtan and a thousand Persians, 
and rode to meet his brother m great state, but greatness belongeth 
to God alone.* When the two came up with each other, they 

^ Thciiithe^flnli^t theSiirtp KIvisrc^Mi it rficCrjiirtorMonair^,” 

hat virlKiuc its mgicjil Bnisb* 

* "h= roJe tmt in gitaf Kiee, thif U to imj? 1/ tmineta can truly tie Mtnbiitftl 

TO fnTi etc 

Ghakib and ms Brottheb. Ajcb. idg 

dtsmoimted and embraced, and Gharib slid to Sabim, ‘*^0 my 
brother, hast thou brought our tribe to the Castle of Sasa and the 
Wady of Blossonis?” *‘0 my brother,'' replied Sahim, “when the 
perfidious dog Mardas heard that thou hadst made thee master 
of the stronj^old belonging to the Moiintain-Ghul, he was sore 
chagrined and said, ‘Except 1 march hence, Gharib will come 
and cany off my daughter Mahdiyah witlioui dower,’ So he took 
htR daughter and Eiis goods and set out with his tribe for the land 
of Irak, where he entered the dey of Cufa and put himself under 
the protection of King Ajib, seeking to give him his daughter to 
wife." When Gharib heard his broker's story* he well-nigh gave 
up the ghost for rage and said. “By the virtue of tlie faith of Al' 
Islam, the faith of Abraham the Friend, and by the Supreme 
Lord, I will assui^y go to the land of Irak and fierix war u^wn 
it I will set on foot." Then they returned to the city and going 
in to the King, kissed ground before him. He rose to Gharib and 
saluted Sahim; after which the elder brother told him w'hat had 
happened and he put tern captains at his commandment, under 
each one's hand ten thousand horse of the doughtiest of the Arabs 
and the Ajams, who equipped themselves and were ready to depart 
in three days. Then Gharib set out and journeyed till he reached 
die Ca stle of Sasa whence the Ghul and his sons came forth to 
meet him and dismounting, kissed his feet in die stirrups. He 
told them all that had passed and the giant said, “O my lord. 6o 
thou abide in this tby castle, whilst 1 with my sons and servants 
repair to Irak and lay w*aste the Gty Al'Rustak^ and bring to 
tby hand all its defenders bound in straitest bond." But Gharib 
thanked him and said, *'0 Sa adan, we wiU all go. So he made 
h im ready and the whole body set out for Irak, leaving a thousand 
horse to guard the Castle. Thus far concerning diemt but as 
r^ards Mardas, he arrived with his ttibe in the land of Irak 
bringmg with him a handsome present and fared for Cufa'City 
which he entered. Then, he presented himself before Ajib and 
ground between his hands and, after wishing him what is 

» AceonUni to riHitbcbt Ujf. Roine) it t» i namt to the villise* of Khonuan 
M "Sownd'’ (Sawidli to ihcM of Irak anil MUthln/ to diusc of Al-Vaman s thm Is, how- 
M wiclkkrtown AkRuirak {whith like Al-Bthrarn alwayi ukc4 the articlo) In the 
Province of Oman West of Maskjt; and a* It Ayma mlh "Itak" it doe* well enouith. 
Mr. Bidder call* thi* ancient capi*^ Yi'ambaJi ^‘er-RMtik (Inwaw of 


VDI. Yl, 

Alf Laylah wa Laylah, 


wished to kings, said, “O my (ord, I come to place mysdf under 

ihy protection.”-And Shahmad pered^^ed the dawn of day 

and ceased saying her permitted say. 

iOhen it tuad ihe ^(X ii^unlitth otth 

She said. It hath reached me, O auspicious King that Mardas, 
coming into the presence of Ajib, said to him, “1 come to place 
myself under thy protectionr' Quoth Ajib, * *'Tell me who hath 
wronged dice, that I may protect toee against him, though it were 
Sabur, King of the PfersiarLS and Turcomans and Daylamites.” 
Quodi Mardas, ”0 King of the Age, he who hath wronged me 
is none other than a youdi whom I reared in my bosom. 1 found 
him in his mother's lap in a certain valley and took her to wife. 
She brought me a son, whom I named Sahim al'Layl, and her 
own son, Gharib bight, grew up on my knees and became a 
blasting thunderbolt and a lasting calamity,^ for he smote AI' 
Hamal,^ Prince of the Banu Nabhan, and slew footmen and threw 
horsemen. Now I have a daughter, who behtteth thee alone, and 
lie sought her of so I rKitiired of him the head of the Ghul of 
the Motintain. wherefore he went to him and, after engaging him 
in singular combat, made the master his man and took the Casde 
of Sasa bin Shays bin Shaddad bin Ad, wherein are the treasures 
of the ancients and the hoards of the modems. Moreover, I hear 
that, become a Moslem, he goeth about, summoning the folk to 
his faith. He is now gone to bear the ^incess of Persia, whom 
he delivered from the Ghul, back to her father. King Sabur, and 
will not return but with the treasures of the Persians.'’ When 
Ajib heard the story of Mardas he changed colour to yellow and 
was in ill case and made sure of his own destruction; then he 
said, “O Mardas, is the youth’s mother with thee or with him ?"; 
and Mardas replied, "She is with me in my tents/* Quoth Ajib, 
"What is her rLame?"; quoth Mardas, "Her name is Nusrah." 
" Tis very she," rejoined Ajib and sent for her to the presence. 
Now when die came before him, he looked on her and loiew her 
and asked her, "O accursed, where are the two daves 1 sent 

' *j. a furimii knight. 

• In rbe Mit Edit^ ''Husinr mar rtyme irith NtUiiiip but it u i mers 

Ghsjmb and itis Brother Ajifl. iQi 

with thoe?’*; and she answered, "They dew each other on my 
account;" whereupon Ajib bared hts bbde and smote her and 
cut her in twain. Then they dragged her away and cast her out; 
but trouble and suspicion entered Ajib^s heart and he cried, "O 
Mar das, give me thy daughter to wife." He rejoined, "She ri 
one of thine handmaids; I give her to thee to wife, and I am 
thy slive." Said Ajjb, 'T desire to look upon this son of an 
adulteress, Gharib, that I may destroy him and cause him caste 
all manner of torments," Then he hade give Mardas, to his 
daughter’s dowry, thirty thousand dinars and an hundred pieces 
of sdk brocaded and fringed with gold and an hundred pieces of 
silk'bordered stuffs and kerchiefs and golden collars. So he 
went forth w'ith this mighty fine dowry and set himself to equip 
Mahdiyah in all diligence. Such was their case; but as regards 
Gharib, he fared on till he came to Al-Jazirah, which is the first 
town of AHrak’ and is a walled and fortified city and he hard by 
it called a halt. When the townsfolk saw his army encamped 
before it, they bolted the gates and manned the walls, then went 
to the King of the city, who was called Al'Damigh, the Brainer, 
fOT that he used tt> brain the champions in the open field of fight, 
and told him what was come upon them. So he looked forth 
from the battlements of the palace and seeing a conquering host, 
aU of them Persiajis, encamps before the city, said to the cinsKns, 
“O folk, what do yonder A jams want?"; and they replied, “Wc 
know not." Now Al'Damigh had among bis offiocra a man called 
Saha* al'Kifir, the Desert^lion, keen of wit and penetrating as he 
were a fiame of fire; so he c^ed him and said to him, "Go to 
this stranger host and find out who they be and what they want 
and return quickly.** Accordingly, he sped like the wind to the 
Persian tents, where a company of Arabs rose up and met him 
saying, "Who art thou and what dost thou require?" He 
replied, **1 am a messenger and an envoy from the lord of the 
city to your chief," So they cook him and carried him throu^ 
the lines of tentSj pavilions and standards, till they came to 
Gharib*£ Shahmiyanah and told him of the mission. He bade 
them bring him in and they did so, whereupon he kissed ground 
before Gharib and wished him honour and length of days. Quoth 

* Id Cluiical Arabw l^aS: ^tike T*jiuii, B«3i«Tn Md RirttikJ take* the erlifik 

Au Layiah wa Laylah. 


Gkirib, “What is thine errand?" and quoth Saba' al-Kifar^ "I am 
an envoy from the k)rd of tlic city of Al'Jazirah, Al'Damigh, 
brother of King Kundamir, lord of the city of Cufa and the land 
of Irak.” When Gharib heard his father's name, the tears faded 
from Ids eyes in rills and he looked at the messenger and said, 
“What is thy name?"; and he replied, "My name is Saba^ al^ 
Kifar.” Said Gharib, "Return to thy lord and tell him that the 
commander of tliis host is called Gharib, son of Kundamir, King 
of Cufa, whom his son Ajib slew, and he is come to take blood' 
revenge for his sire on Afib ebe perfidious hound." So Saba' al- 
Kifar returned to the city and in great joy kissed the ground, 
when Al'Damigh said, "What is going on there, O Saha' al'Ki* 
far?" He replied, "O my master, the leader of yon host is thy 
nepheAv, thy brother’s son,” and told hrfri all. The King deemed 
himselt in a dream and asked the messenger, "O Saba* al'Kifar, is 
this thou idlest me true?'' and the Desert'lian answered, “As 
head lii'eth, it is sooth I" Then Al'Damigh bade his cliief 
officers take horse forthright and all rode out to the camp, 
whence Gharib came fordi and met him and they emb raced 
and saluted each other; after which Gharib carried him to his 
tents and they sat dowm on beds of estate. Ai'Damigh rejoiced 
in Gharib, his brother's son, and presently turning to him, said, 
“I also have yearned to take blood-revenge for thy father, but 
could not ax-ail against the dog thy brother; for that his troops 
are many and my troops are few,*' Replied Gharib, *'0 uncle, 
here am I come to avenge my sire and blot out our shame and 
rid the realm of Ajib." Said Al'Damigh, *'0 son of my brother, 
thou hast two blood'wreaks to take, that of thy father and that: 
of thy mother," Asked Gharib, “Ajid what ailech my mother?” 
and A1 Daniigh answered, "Thy brother hath dain her.” 

-And Sliahraiad peredved the dawn of day and ceased to 

say her permitted say, 

JBfjcrt it hias Ifjc S*(j! J^unSreh anh Cbirfp-fifxtl) 

She ^d, It hath reached me, O auspicious King, that wh«i 
Gharib heard these words of his uncle Al-Daraigh, "Verily thy 
brother Ajib hath slain her!", be asked what was the cause 
thereof and was told of all that had happened, especially how 
Mardas liad married his daughter to Ajib who was about to go 


into her- Thereupon Gharib’a reason fieii from his head and 
he swooned away and was nigh upon death. No sooner did 
he come to himself than he cried out to the troops^ saying, 
'■'To horse!" But Al-Daavigh said to him, “O son of my 
brother, wait till J make ready mine affairs and mount among 
my men and fare with thee at thy stirrup," Replied Gharib, 
“1 have no patience to wait; do thou equip thy troops and join 
me ac Cufa." Thereupon Gharib mounted with his troops and 
rode, till he came to the town of Babd,' whose folk ttxifc fright 
at him. Now there was in this town a King called Jamak, 
under whose hand were twenty thousand horsenicn, and there 
gathered themselves tc^cther to him from the villages other 
fifty thousand horse, who pitched thdr tents fadng the city. 
Then Gharib wrote a letter and sent it to King Jamak by a 
messenger, who came up to the city-gate and cried out, saying, 
"I am an envoy;" whereupon the Warder of the Gate went in 
and told j amah , who said, "Bring him to me." So he ted in 
the messenger, who kissing the ground before the King, gave 
him the letter, and jamak opened it and read its contents as 
follows: ‘^'Praise bt to Allah, Lord of the Three Worlds, Lord 
of all things, who giveth to all creamres their daily bread and 
who over all things is Omnipotent! These from Gharib, son of 
King Kundamir, lord of Irak and Cufa, to Jamak, Immediately 
this letter rcacheth thee, let not thy reply be other than to 
break thine idols and confess the unity of the All-knctwing 
King, Creator of light and darkness. Creator of all things, the 
AJI'powcrful; and except thou do as I bid thee, I will make 
this day the blackest of tby days. Peace be on those who 
follow in the way of Salvation, fearing the issues of fornication, 
and obey the hest of the Most High King, Lord of this world 
and the next. Him who saith to a thing, 'Be*; and it bO' 
cometh!" Now when Jamak read tha letter, liis cy'cs paled and 
his colour failed and he cried out to the messenger, "Go to thy 
lord and say to him, 'To'taorrow, at daybreak there shall be 
fight and conflict and it shall appear who is the conquering 
hero.’ ” So he returned and told Gharib, w-ho bade his men 
make ready for battle, whilst Jamak commanded his tents to 

t Ttie back from Kuiiii faunded in Omar"! dxr to the timrt of Abrohcni. 

094 Latlah wa Laylah. 

be pitched m face of Ghiirib’s camp; and his trcops poured 
forth like the surging sea and passed the night with intention 
of slaughter. As soon as dawned the day, the two hcets 
mounted and drew up in battlc'array and beat thdr drums 
amain and dravc their steeds of swiftest strain; and they filled 
the whole earthly plain; and the champions to come out were 
fain. Now the first who sallied forth a'championing to the 
field was the Ghul of the Mountain, bearing on shoulder a 
terrible cree, and he cried out between the two hosts, saying, 
"I am Sa*adan the Ghul! Who is for fighting, who is for 
/ousting? Let no slu^ard come forth to me nor weakling." 
And he called out to sons, saying, “Woe to you! Bring me 
fuel and fire, for I am an-hungen^" So they cried upon thdr 
slaves who brought firewood and kindled a fire in the heart of 
the plain. Then there came out to him a man of the Kafirs, 
an AmaJekite of the unbelieving Amalekites, bearing on his 
shoulder a mace like the mast of a ship, and drove at Sa'adan 
the Ghul, sayings “Woe to thee, O Sa'adan!" When the giant 
heard this, he waxed furious beyond measure and raising hk 
tree'duh, aimed at the Infidel a blow, that hummed through the 
air. The Amaiekite met the stroke widi his mace, but the tr« 
beat down his guard and descending with its own weight, 
tt^cther with the weight of the mace upon his head, beat in 
his brain'pan, and he fell like a long'Stemmed palm'trec. 
Thereupon Sa’adan cried to his slaves, saying, “Take this fatted 
calf and roast him quickly," So they h^tened to skin the 
Infidel and roasted him and brought him to the Ghul, who ate 
his flesh and crunched his bones.^ Now when the Kafirs saw 
how Sa adan did with their fdlow, their hair and pile stood on 
end; their skins quaked, their colour changed, their hearts died 
within them and they said to one another, “Whoso goeth out this Ghul, he eatetb him and cra^erii his bones and 
causeth him to lack the seph>T‘'W'ind of the world,” Wherefore 
they held their handls, quailing for fear of the Ghul and his sorts 

*Thit hn4 drErn beeft pracrESsd; cxpcddlv hy the first Cnjujicfi under 

Bahtmond (Gbbais) uml In Utt yeirt by the Anh tUTcn in Fjttem IntcrtropiuL Afnn. 
After ihdr ski^ihcs mtU the rmuvc* they ttuBrccTEtl end "britrStd." the dokil tilte g«ne. 

end hckltsA tlic chMcc piecti end pretended m eet the flesh. The who wm 

nur ijf ilciJh^ WM Struck mkh temr by the ide* of bdjiff derour^; end thb sccmi 

inedfKTtive to rhe undeYebpeiJ rnimj. 

Ghajob and Kia Bsucmcea. Ajm. ^95 

and turned to fly, making for the town; but Gharib_ cried out 
to hfa troops, saying, “Up and after the runaways! “ So the 
PetaJans and die Arabs drave alter the King of Babel and his 
host and caused sword to sraite them, till they slew of them 
twenty rho u«nd or more. Then the fugitives crowded togedicr 
in the dty-gate and they killed of diein much people; and 
they could not avail to shut the gate. So the Arabs and the 
Persians entered with them, fighting, and Sa'adan, snatching 
a macfr from one of the slain, wielded it in the enemy s face 
and gained the dty race-course. Thence he fought bis way 
through the foe and broke into the King's palace, where he 
met with Jamak and so smote him with the mace, that he 
toppled senseless to the ground. Then he fell upon those who 
were in the palace and pounded them into pieces, till ail^ that 
were left cried out, *^*Quartcr! Quarter!" and Sa adan said to 

them, “Pinion your King."-^And Shahrazad saw the dawn 

of day aod ceased saying her pemutted say. 




A*3LMA1U watcntli 

cyrt i. ^ ^ * w 96 

Abd MkAhud ■»!»« of thx: One 
(God) . ^ ^ 

Abd ftl-^hTm ^!-iTe of tbt Coii^ 

pJdMRKtC ^ . i * « 

Abd i^SeUm (Pf, N.) - *!*« of 
uliririon . , * i * 

Abd id-Sunid of tb* 211 

Abd el^AmAiJ it-Suni^ (for Sm- 
anbudin . - - ^ 

Abr*h)im tbc fnwd =»mcd]cTiJ ”Sl 

Abrp-biun** ■ « - ♦ » 2"^ 

Abcu {AL}=-tiie wiott jinimud 

(/ff B^^bS} f - * , + 221 

Abu Kam —Fither of the Horn 

(oiuCQfn ?} . * - - ^21 

Abo Hoea/ii —=FAibcr of the Forilet 

fftwc) p - # - * t 2U 

AbTniiueiii (banUjf co be celled 
blickentoon? ^ . 6J 

Ao^t me of reiponiabaltty (fonuiiEi 
of diemisin^ e ^CTTsmt) ^ * 3il 

Adiffl'i Fe*lt (Ar, JabaJ ■l-Reamn) 
Adito (iwat md teojpd) ^ - - 269 

Adnin (lead oO ^Arsbie _ * • 94 

Ahw£i (GTjT end priTtiBce of Kbo- 
riitm) ,*..** 237 
AW iJ-Bwi ^ific perMsTof tbc bortse 
(euphenutic^y for w5fc) « 199 

Ajrt? (Pr* R) "«Dd«fu! - * 357 

AWj (w^c wgiiificihoti of 

tbc vtkrd) * - * * * 243 

Aibetras (Boppoved aever to lottcb 
Urd>l 23 

Atritioui fof tbc Anbiin OiIjwt) - 6> 

AllelifbepnbAd whetsobcEiutcuc) 3 

-('**tbc Meoifeat Truth") j 93 

— It smiitideBC ((wraul* u«d 

*bro tcliSna an lai|mdaeye talc) 2l0 
-- (tbc Optixr) * * i * 7X6 


Allah pt a He wbo pivi by oqc 
meant) , , » . * 233 

--^ (light oomprebaadetb Him ooO 20 

Almetiic^a^ < ■ * . # 124 

Almood^Apticoc ITT 

AroatckitEe. * * _ - - 764^ 26S 

Amid (Am.ideb)i toirit m Bleaopo- 

tunte p ^ ^ - 10ft 

Anbar (Ambir) ■imbctgs™ * • ^ 

AinlxliiBian —iSpgnixb ttf Vvi^ 
del4and) . ^ . 101 

An®ctt (ride (nebaMi) « * * 146 

Auttr and tbe Choarae « . * 211 

— (oonteat trith Kbosfnrazi) « 2S9 
AjKxkwi emitted . * * 203^ 2J9 

Ape* ptie oO * ^ ' 23 

-(ind riwiT luirfiil prapowixta) 54 

-fgtthcRti^ frunti)' * « 1 5ft 

Arab (style ocotipara:! with Padan) [15 
Ar«"Jiintpef ^ ^ + 95 

Arlitomoie* and bit fox , , . 45 

Anibak (AU) “Friday . . t 190 

Armenians (poftm €?f Coamntl^ 

nople) ... * w * 1 

Aaaf btn Barkb ira (Sokmoii't W arir) 99 
A*h4b ahttiy (epiibet of th* Hwfi 
tchooO . . . d * « lift 

Aeoka^t wife and finnAbt » - 117 

AsK;^ -deor-potla or wooden bolt* 19! 
Aorat ^bacuc^ aakcdno&a (wtiniin, 

wife) m * » n m * 30 

(of man and woman) . « H4 

Ay £t ai-N ajit * Verra of Safety * lOl 

Bin A^Nxia^^ate of Vseeory [at 
Cairo) . » - ^ ^ * 134 

iAnduklxiiyab (qtiarter of Cau^)» 254 
Banu Abb^ (ebdr coloun blade) * Sft 

-Kabiin * . . , - 2ft0 


Alf Laylah wa Laylah. 


-(fhejtr txAnura^ wW te) 

BJnyin =Fjcu» Iiulia ... 31 

B^irec (Af. Elriiah) . * . 24 
BirijttK Tpl, bftwirii) *= 11 ™^ batge i 4 - 
Bjicaikh vNeer-Rtcbm W 

B*th fraclmtsa fmin ^ 

Ibon) . ^ ^ I3f 

-imi privy faTotiritE haont* 

ihr Jjimi , . ^ . I4l 

-- (ilot m bt ^ntcrtil by tasA 

Hrftbcuc dnwm) 4 tfO 

EnrhihehA und Urijih^ md ^bdrcon* 

gnwt i. . . » k . 09 

Bitini ^ ipwiftic, i frpmb^te . 721 

Bawwab ^^dwr-kecp^ . , ^ IS9 

Beckoniii^ (EjUfET^a fuluoll oF^ |b£ 

revetie of iwi) .... 109 

Bencbd fui olJeji Europe nuireuiuaJ 

ttum chalr>) ... , , 2^ 

Berbers frenn tbc tVp«' (tJbc 

Pftddirauf ► ■ 1£9 

Bilkd ilrFilfil = home of 

{MaUtttf) . . . . . 35 

Birdu (linir only m tlie pAlrinf set^ 

•on) i . . » . . 1 ? 

-- (liugif ojK* t!i*c»woi on flit 

Afri^nn eoui) . . , . 17 

-- (left to watch otct wjvral , 13S 

- (pmended lEndeAtuidiiig <xf 

tbsr lir^fuagc) .... 169 

Biftit i . . 57 

BlLmcs^ bijoniaJi anJ wanten robed 

wEb the Min , LCS 

Bluk (colmir of the Abbi^da) , 
Box-rrick Lord . . !£5 

Bfw (Ati Suhi* ... 33 

Breath (olcroeodjlu, lerpents, etc.) 2 ^^ 

Bridc!! of the TrciiBiOT » „ , iD 9 

Brother (hai a wide 

imongut Moiktnit) « p « ^43 

BttkjAh ^bumlle . . . , 726 

Buliit fPtw. PtiUd)-itod . . 115 

Burlu*»(face-Tcii) * * - Oli 191 

Cajuxx mlgarinn > , . . 174 

Camel (wm ib a Atom li an amtn 
of deaih; why ?) ... 92 

Campho; IpEiratri-rc way of cemet- 

rn^ iO « . I « « . 21 

CaenphaT-apfkpt . , . 277 

Caonibali anil cajinlhuiJuiii 36 

Cef 05 c (Ar. hflii]) . , ^ ; 126 

Ceybti (Ar. SanuidSb} . 4 Al 

City of Bras^ p , . , . S3 

CdCoa-nuc (At. Jam af-tluuli) 4 55 
ColoAsochdya -ooksaaJ »miie . 33 
Cdouta (of the Caliphs) . . « £6 

-- (names «0 . » . ^ 111 

CommaEidcr of the Futhiul {title in- 
troJycfid by Omar) . . . 24? 

Comorin {dcrivatioo of the name) » 5? 

Gsmocrmied gimmd ** {anknowB to 

Madeiru) ..... 161 

Couflia (6ratk affmntx an Arab if iho 
mames any iave hint witbotit 
hk leavcl.145 

Creat^ for a mighty matter (i.e. for 
woiThip and. bo jwqaare for 

fururity) .... i 91 

Croeodlla (breath of) » . * 29 

Cjuw (an jU-omoiod bird) . * 17Q 

Dafei6‘t ppmaeo » * . • ^ 219 

Dihlflh (Ai--) «the Ainxiet! . . 96 

D j J;d (A^ -Modem Antt^briit . 11 

Parakah —tuiixt , . . . 9 

Datura Stramnni am {(Jhc inaaite 

herb) ...... 35 

''DaLigtiicrio/Cod’*'(the three) * 232 
DdrLi (hmubcrki of hk miko) » 1K3 

[2eatb (mannera dif, xymbcJiaed by 

colours) 25(1 

Ocarh^prayer (iituaJly a cwn-bcm 

prayer) . . . , , 7(1 

Ddisht of the Intdrigcnr^e^ (bmey 
tidcofalwk) 4 1 . . 4 80 

Pf^potiEm (tempeied by auwina^ 

non) 205 

Dhimt—the Trc&cbani (aweird of 

Anrar) . . . . , .271 

Diamonds (occurring tn allu-iial 


Dihlii «pjut:%ge ... p 10 

Donee mothmwhat they wmildret 
not they do sinDo thee . US 

Dnardtoeprn fin Egypr mostly 

Berbers) » « d. . 1 ^^ . 189 

Driukiiig beats fatEcndcd In bright 


EujrncaL eXpreafiLon » . 241 

EmcraLl (miLco-licad of) * * ,57 

-(iXMiiiolattioe-wiJadowi) , 117 

**EnfinEi TeETfbtes** in Eaiticm 

i^ix . * p . p . 211 


Enrybif AhDEher'i wciIeJi wran^ 

hjlll p t w ■» 

£upli«niimi , . , . 75 , 145 

Evil (bcfiUiAg thee k fitnn ^ywdf) 1JS 

Fxmtt (euph/cmiitkiUf Jbr wife] , 7S 

Fli^c^rofFcz , . * . 223 

Finkiii for MA^^n/inkln <pry ia 
Dirw Iwltr) . . . - . 1Q7 

fm ^ohligsiory player ^ . , 195 

Fi tih a h {repcjitetl to conArm u 
a#rccji]cot) . - * p , 117 

F^tmikh {Fr^ N. «nhc inraner) » 145 

Fjtxrnitc (Cftliplu, tbcir colwn 

grcoi) . < $6 

Faiun iJu! CrkpbiA » « « 4 117 

Fixe (thfite k act bb^O' gf>^ttcr 
ilmlehon) * , , « « E5 

—— (forbLldcn ti pimklmiA t) , 2 A 

—— (none miffhc waxiti hhn^l At 
ihek) * ^ , p 2fil 

Foil ( 4 xUndc) ^ . 6 

-(the u44lcA4dedt ... 35 

- (gTdt * Hutp ummon — 

SvnAb) IT « ^ ... £9 

Flo ((till Aft Esrptiim pliffuc) .. 305 

FoDcl-trAy olSukymBn * ^ ^ 

Fok (At* Abu KDwyn,l«i*Ub) HI 

Fmlt uf tuo kuuii * * ^ * 277 

Fiiik-boAC p p p . * £2 

Fitiiit »Ciy Caiid * p , ^ S7 

Cauctofragi (me milk Aiwiiya m 
the Acmred fonn) . . . « IQI 

Gems AaJ tbeir mixtm . . . L4 

GbAxi-nrood » y^w-Htiwmd 
AncmifiA * ^ ^ ^ * 192 

Ghui cAitnihel « . 36 

''CrcAmcsa belongcth mGnd alone"' 

(iiBcd dliptiolty) , * * 258 

Green (msbuT of tbe FAtimirt 
CAf»pla) . * * * . 86 

Gi^k^HiimeluldTAlii^'^ quoted 230 

Hire (/. lUAmhl irAdiuonut^ 

2 p one who cuk recite the Kkon 
byfoee p * * . * 195 

Hiirb Mfrcih milk . ^ , all 

tiaur^'i towm(wetrd upectof) . 103 

——-- (their auTirival juc- 

cdunied fbf by mme protected 
drought) , . . . , t16 

HeArc-Ache (for ftetmuteh-Acbe) « i94 

Herb (the bAAAc) 


HlppOpDEBiniM ^ _ 


Hotuc-btmldi^ (ftw ntodca ol) 


Hiic »ffeAt ^Mk .... 


icifTwvoiocrcAL DOArreli 



'IddAh (of vidmthocKil * » 



Imilk (grui-gTAndioa of Shem) 


InranvquoKC (chnxAcicniiic of the 

Ejjxaii Sam) . * * 



fof wriUT of The 

, p . * . 


IuiuIa ( 6 ^ Frrtinmte) 


Inverted ipench 



Irak, ete., Lmd AiwAyi with 


uikle . . p . . 



libAiur^^ttttphdti (^7 p 



kfidij Hoenue . , , , 


Idi^r^ •^Hgning, beckoning « 



Ltir vmkt dodi 



Jaiai. jxJUfetov ■■AiUm^tl^eAk 



Jarm (Atp BirijAh) * 



jAq£ al-Hmili ’^OOCdA-OIIC p 



Jfveiknm ..... 


jAw4b-dub p « « « 


Jowph A^ Fntipkir^A wi£? 



Jbdnr (GudkiJ Arab nime] . 



“ (and hk brethren, rmtOn. of a 

Gotha MS.) p . p p 


JudanyAh (quarter of Caito) . 


Jum^Ah ^Atiefnldy (Friday) , 

120, 190 

Jnmblmt (for Jdn-puiid, Life o'Sled, 

Ffp Ni'.) , * * » 4, 



Jtrance (poctkAl b the Nighu) 

ECAAij (muiEddi or kmb griUod b 
tnuiU squAxet) ...» 215 

IvAhTAntjtn (FeniAfl hero) p ^ 2J7 

KUii^ {low oD . * . . 760 

FaIa Gibod) ^ , €7 

KAlsm-diii «*roed4itot(iiil^^ , |fi7 
Kanfin =hLnTare, binder , 5 

Hxiun mbc . . . 2 A 6 

KarAwdn = CLuAiirim sdlcncniui I 

ICarkudiop nc =^’xhiEkEX}efoi . H 

Kkxtjtr(CAnM?), ScA of AU 4 lOI 
Kanin (lake) * . . . 217 

Kuhnib pmnb: ( bate a bad iitainc in 
bkimrntiJm] . . , .156 

Kamr" AlLoh KhAynik ««AJlAh in- 
crcAae thy nal » . « . 253 


Alf Layiah wa Laylah. 


Kw =-iiiliiCej omV hcni* , » 

(Cawwii Juiuaf? » < 2^1 

Kill of The *rmf ttbc sreat legiJ 

autboritr of a country} 



Khdlyah "be&hiircj empty * 



Kliiwi (akin *0 » 



KJmrj (Ai-) ««miMlc-bag Hai 


forjaa) . p d ^ 



Kbwijali (Howajee] =Rachi»bnaifer* 

man of ktrera, cE<!. 


Kh^rJrmn ^ 4 ajid af the CJtOTJgiiuai 113 ^ 
Kill&i {ofiK inot^ —Hibcraloc fcHO 171 

Ktlki^ ^vTil ■ - * ’ ■ 

Klngliihier (Liidin'^i) . ip ■ 4? 

{CuitiT bunclrcd widatt (qiimni] ^ 

icitTif (itrtrj-Fcrtiphif , . . m 

ifffiiti fuldci'a »Jim for Ful^ki^a (i 

kh6 of htxr) , , * - > J 

Koran t^UDEed (xzW, 3SJ « ^ 

—^ {ILL 21} . 95 

-Cti.5l;m. * iCrt 

-- (jtxxviiL ] 1] . ^ « I IlS . t - . - t3i 

-. 144 


—-flu* 17) . , . . * 270 

-- (kuL 3) - - * - - 277 

-^[vli03) . . - ,1*3 

KrOlAyb (uad bit ilffitnun) ^ #2^1 

Kutp^iJi hit Qjc ctc^ i . 272 

^cuiw * , . . , I7i 

Lib^n “milV srtificiaily pouTeti * 301 

liiiiMn-hjilIb ^ireiJi millt ^ f^- 

t ^jji rj ti£ [he fimity (valbbs 

thit gufitta) - * ^ ^ - 237 

Lik« . p . ^ « 2i7 

Line <uoecdt 1, K H* 33,4t, SOp 19U 

(96,214*216,147,257, 382. 

LutSnff Calamity furwm knight 290 

1 jyfuif nl- Kflitr Mliilght of powgf ^ l-KS 

Leaving one iranding (p^us i€ faJre 


Uf »6bfo of pabn^ffondi i ■ SO 
UtbcJalry of tbc old Arabf' , , 269 

liviEi^ (thfv who dieii doe) . - 6? 

Mjtct {Ar. Dabbiia) * > * , ^ 
MugKinhiiit fpL of Maghntil}* 

W&tem maiip MooTp ** Slatmii” 220 
Mflhirij =grcAi Rnijiii « . Ii 67 

Meid and Magpie ■ - * 1B2 

Mil ^Badiwi enoflj^i flodu, 267 

Mankitui (oTteea la inaloguet io: 

■U The ekmcnaj . ^ * p 121 

Mann *l™i tWT3 to pqHUuii « 90 
Maret (imlrregfutal h/ tbc wLod) - 9 

Mjfkub^ihoe . * ^ r - 207 

Mirma^ “Eiiirblc^ itabajtcf * i. 95 

Mutahah *bertchi of injjwory * 26 

Miund* 4^ Miiiii , « 4^ ^ 90 

l^lhTij=MjLhRfijj Ev , * * ^ 

^tiknia ^tovn « * 22J 

Xf lltFifcjt^h itbrooiii . * » * 158 

Milk {At. Laban* Holtb)' p « * 301 

--(b^muRadsAlwairstiiodbi tiie 

HU^ fonn) t P ■ # 

MiHkm [tiA Armhic woznd ^;p ck- 

by a nhmiiaod tbcuusd) 9t 
'^Mis"-«Hiformjii3an (piftred hf 

wenren) , , - . . 15^ 

Maiea (doaibca hii oarn death aad 

bonal} - IP 4 f * ■ 

Maikiii (kloA feelit^ liuirn to a 
fiametake) * d * « .13 

- (eolpKt ilwutd be b^Ftit 

imder OEttain draun^tancm) * 26 

- (conuwxpLij:^ of coodo- 

lence) . , - - - ■ 41 

{«!«> fonnilla of) * p 73 

—^ (eomeemed ground U3i~ 

known Eo tbetn) « « « .161 

--■ (a frea-bom^i *ale ii ftlfluir) 240 

Mother (waiting irpaa the adult 

itini} « « p 4 . * 237 

Mrigatmhni^tlie thkai cf the deer 
{mirage} . . d ^ 93 

Mufd {Doctor of Law) p ^ * 254 

MuhammaiE, .4iunild and ^£akcEl6d 273 
McriJlaliith *g«lJC of forfeats » 204 

Munlerp (to tare t£nc'a life approved 

oO » p. . * . j 44 

Muai bin bTiuayr (conquoiONr uT 
Spain) . . . , . , M 

Mualruhar =^}dning pdmv (brabak' 
ing handi • . p > . 217 

Na'ai. w$cndaJ*ahue,bar»t4hoe . 207 
Nabhin (snna of} . p . . 262 
Nfbigah aLZubjifu (pre^Ialamitic 

pdct} . d. - » - - 85 

Nahr *nvcr . n » # 163 

Najiuh i«nut:nefa (anything 

clean) . . > I7t 

N'akcdneaa (Ar^ Amat) . * ^ 30 
Nikiu >T7nodi!xii gnng (lued ai bdl) 47 



Nc^tibotin (frc^iacciciy on iLc 

of cfirttu) ...... 

" N^wAnbaoiiNIfhii” . . . 1S7 

NuUli (▼ulg, N^iMsi K«lt4j) ufjitf 

bnoA ^ m ^ ^ ^ .83 

Nuif*biir-dir£uin . . » 214 

Opxnu {of i£i£ doorofddl^ brael) 2£6 
ppiiidli (of mootEimu tm\ . 29 

pjil-LC^ (of tbt C^plkf of Ba^dbl) ] 09 
PeLbo^ (Evokiod by e 1^ ploui) , ]f2 

PEntid^fiE (anafj of tho m} # 183 

Piualng u king u AUjh pIcaMd » 
cnoiirig e Jong fimo . . * 109 

PeErl-diherlea , , . . . 60 

Pepper (ind the diKorerr of the 
Cipc mate) « . « * 38 

- (^pUatEtioEu ib^cd by 

bEnEOEf) M ^ * * * S7 

PbEdn mnd Hippolynia + * . 117 

PkEtoEOphle m a bad »cni*c) 257 
Fklar pokkrob ^ (ion of a) biLtot 

fEthef (Fenun iMEtilt) 26 

Pitgnindge quoted fL 297) . * 57 

-a 100) , * 61 

- . 263 

- (n. 116: Oi 19® . * . ^ 

-fL370) 276 

- Cum) . 277 

- &,m) . . . . . 287 

PootkEt juatiee (Edmlniiftired wiiJi 
vigoiLT In The Nightt) . . 2i 

Pooon (doLtlljr only Ln coaiict with 
tbnded skin) . « 202 

PolTphcmm (in Anb garb) . 24 

(no Mistreat P+ accepted} 27 

PrrcEuioana (thirffried by Keic End 
FtrttoHi;) . , ^ . 167 

PtedarinErHiii (ope pAnridencc^ ■ 
M»km bdlef) . . , 2D2 

Prbpflnt fMotlena) ^ - 244 

PnvT End bath fivounoc baunts of 
fhcjimift « . * « -141 

Property (left br Will) « » ^ 2l3 

Propheti (atid mck EgnomlnE) . 270 

PfOdtratkm (muit be ntade m AUiJi 
only) . i . . t . 136 

Prtiihsk Tttbout apod«ii 

lAvouriEo itylc la Arabk) ^^239 
Fuaccibos of the Desert . « « 264 

Qdaetea fwo fif the "ntighboiif) 236 

Ra*xd AL-iCijirr (Pt« N. ^ibc bod- 
peilinff Thunder} . « 2Zi 

Eafw ^iftUtie tiyU of dEroing . £98 

lUhinjib (Pr» Kd « the puncpakEl 
^Monrf^ * * * ,, 226 

Rsdt ■‘captiiin^ niEitcr (not oirtiEr^) 
of a ship . « » . « 12 

Bmpe (n-iy jrreif jHirtiAE h bi by vilTuL^ 

JIPIE) ^ ■ m t. ^ ^ 

RJy*Ttiie{^priir»ie judgment^ # 

R4y[ wationaliMt . ^ 

Red liAbit (liga of wrmth} . « 

Rehcul uf m daniAd In marnige a 
aorc intdt . . * . « 

EcUtiont berwocn BiiiEin tfibei , 
Retorts (of B i.barp FcUEk) 

Rin^ {ui fnancKTEEm) . « . 

-—'(betbt ibe HdflmrueAjeakiiii 

tiispidDi]} p . .r . - 

RiYera (uadergmtickd) . * 

Robe (the Mddeu, story of) # 

Ruby (of eKocfiTkriil i^) » 

Ruatak {Ai-)^ dty of Ornan « 

Rukh Ctbc wind-wide WyodwTogd) 

-(itodyofiby i^of.RiEiiotici} . 

Si V (uieuttrr of Qora^ ere.) 

Sibbthik^ Allah bi l KhAlr-Allih 

give [bee good momine . « 

Sabur **&Epof IL . . . . 
Si/o-gqinl (I vn in tby^I appeml 

to ihy honour) , 

SEkra.hQ ^kij ihEfr ^ . . . 

Sabijn abLiyt {fV- N," Hc who 
tbwteth an armw by u^i) 

Sail =iorTent ^ . ^ . . 

Si'ikib ^thunder bolt 
Sailor iAw* equivalsiif for) « ^ 

Sill ■'groom, honckoepo' (Syce) . 
S^jldah ■praycr-rt^ « 

StktBr (Pen, Saggar "dcgt* bcadt) 

Salih . . . . . 

SElihitEh (AL).^ wliTrtdl , , , 

Saliidlt ^Wek^el , , , 

Said (formulii of) - # - 

Samak ^^ootnmon fUh 
SEOium ^^pobonoof wfnd (Simoon) 
Sandal f At, NVal) .... 

Sarib ^ETLirEgO . . - . » 

Surindib =^SclEiMiinpa (Ccyinn) » 

S4j£ bin Shiyi ...... 274 

SEcan (hii maike weak In ooiapEt> 
ton with Ekii of women) , - 14+ 

Sea of AhKarkur * * j. .101 

= sS ^ 6S^3ise§ SSSS 



Se#-*t»13kw (mytli of ihel , ■ 9 

ScrpcQt (brciLks tbc Itnud af its 
djcvodmi prej bjr windirw fwaml 

1 tm or rockj . ^ ^ 

-- liicknco) , M 

—-{hi Af. tMtly femlfijEK} ^ 7S 

Shftkinyah "K^huttyi «iie - * 10 

j^ rhig Tm!I One 7^1 

SkniQi il-Dikildh fimuBbury kiog of 
E$Ypt) . . . , , 241 

Shtykh *t!ic OttEf of flic 

Sq{<^) S1.3J 

SJtAykk of the tlticvai fi^n« of tho 
■inrtHica of ^ MoiJon 201 

Sbayi-^ALStch . . , , 28i 

Shoe (Af. Murk ab.NVaD ^ 20^ 

ShiwilB (enriesi hy the pifetiirr* to 
M«co^) , . , . €i 

Sight cwnpnehcnrleth Bsni noti^ co:- 2^2 

Si^ni of Aikh ^-Koraiiis' versm 144 

Simoon (At. Samum ■ poisiMioas 
ifiiul) 8S 

Sifulhid (not to be ccmibiiadeii wifb 
the cpcmynt of the Siodibi^- 
nim&h) * ^ » F ^ 4 

Skikiibid the Sage . . . . \14 

StndibU-oiRish (Penlitn ronnnace) L22- 

StndlbAd^niinmK (quoted) 325^ 132, JM, 
139, 143, 145. IK\ IS2, 169, 160» m, 
]»B, m. 

Sinh fuTu]! fijih, iptPit) f ^ 
Siyighc^i rnr TuIeIl 
Skid tc^ iJwc for mooua itcttwed 
(tormulA of xMoaIcni «ii») % 73 

Sokxmofl {bki fbwi^tray) . . p SO 

-- thu Mating) * , 34 

-{ the Apoflllci of AUnh) . 99 

-Chl» WaTLr Aaaf) . - f 

-(hii eHcIc upon Bilkn) . 113 

Spe*iii Eutd jnveJibii .... 263 

Stillioo (I uxL not one m be tCrodt 
on the nose) . i « 262 

Sted (As. BuUd) . . . tJ5 

Sfimip (walking b? the) . 234 

Stonci (prock?i»p vtA ihdr mines) IS 

-(removed fifom the patii by 

die pioui) . . - - ► 190 

Sue* (Af. .4l-Suwiyi> , , ^ @0 

Sow-ays (.41-) "Socr + . p i4. 

SwitomiTig {itudmi tn BighddJ) . 134 
Sirord (i^ oidumted} . x ii 

T-unrii^KAii (fsoAdi Tadmur or 

PaImjTiaJ * * _ * * 

Tdki ng blnk f wAtchiog uvw wrfa) 132 
Tinjiii ^I'tngkra .... 106 

Tttgee (At. daraJulil ^ » 9 

Tk^tkak ^ ihj fOEiig betwoeo 

(ynmpinji p . . . . 196 

Tftundvpn *trrmp~legx ^,.51 

Twif fdiwitof tbeKikb^ p 242 
Thouinod tliniisimd =-=a redlikm . 98 

Thzxt thin^ UT better than other 

tJu= \ . - S 

"^rhmwing tjtt KajidtepeJiief“ * 2SS 
TmiAt.Ktxdh) ... * 39 

Ttfqpi —Tanjah (Tangvers) . . 106 

Tomjiij {Ati^ Sail) n dai^cpuiii fea¬ 
ture in AtsImm . . . ♦ 164 

Tortokw (ibe tqlps^) « p * 33 

TiToytiun iPenlrie . . *. # 130 

Travcllcf (a model one ttUi the truth 
when uotruih vruuLJ oot serve 
him) , . 7 

Tribes (rtlAtioiu herween] . , 767 

Tu^h "Mis caracnli lyro . 260 

TtiRki (nof tcetbi) . ^ . 82 

TyFMt (fran tu tyrant "fioni 
uScld to o^eiel) . . , 214 

Uja *arTOigaEKe Tan the Spaniah 

fenise (if g^icTTi col) i ^ » 164 

tHyxQE* (tke Ajabiua} . n . 40 

Unhappy ihdul . p > . . 285 

Utukrgmonfl men » . , ■ 6J 

Upakoshi (Variruchi's wife) . 172 

Uiihit (Al4iiibind » . . ^ 57 

Vi »mu HCE (of a diu|>|Mln^ amtur 
apprehendfiii) « p . ^ 2S6 

VivijKpult3jrc I « . * . 4l 

'IVa^u >:>^mugh gmund for 

nding - . . . , 140 

>Vsdd, Snwiik md Tighus ISl 

VVfrdy jdAVAni (the Vak of Row) 276 
Wabmah =“cnarTiaae-fc«l . * 74 

WalkLog afoot (not dignitol) . 227 

VViWdcrer Lo the mountauu re¬ 
cluse avoiding society 4 .158 

Wan Ccatued bj iri^ fluent m 
Arab hisnotv) . ^ . 142 

Waam "(ribal «gn * , . 163 

W,Tii:r-iTtcilcHU (eaten with rice and 

meat) . « . * p 208 

ItVecknlayt fuki names for) ^ ^ 190 


Whttic (fttill fAHinnon dJ* tbc Eut 
AJiicui ooEit) 4 . . II 

WJiiu (oalour of ckc Ocniiuulc^] * 

-- robe* dcmtc ^i££ ind 

nmj « p , , « * 2S0 

Wife CAaraO . . - . . 30 

-(cU^d •Timlin . * . 7J 

Will ^ not CKfo^^bc tbiill fii4'pi:t 
for tbi* * ^ - * * 24S 

Wyiddwi ^kiokinff out n fiVOUiiK 
occupiitioo In liic Eiue imd 

Wi«lie* {uk of tlw tbrtje) - * 1®0 

Wlicho (wid tikcir . * liS 

Wiroeii (belt — ^agalfUE mc;^ in 

Cam; of dfiaiiil) ^ « 1A6 

Wtv«s (niid their toitwi} - * 177 ^ 

WofiiiA fiB HindostAni jiigoii* 
nutmO « ■ » .p 0 * ^ 

- - (her (hunt erts^ds festa 

head to um] m tr , - 118 

-(thcit eomuiiff And malice) 1+1 

-(<3amipu irnnam mart than 

men do) m * k n. ^ t52 

- - (kjwwinff cniHjgh wiibout 

Jesnuni to f f^4 end write) - [6^ 


Woman (of ICnKmir] -. * * I 5 ^ 

- -(her femnk raitnn uokoan 

Eo iht hufhendi «ccpt by hear¬ 
ty) ...... 199 

-(vonis Biiod only by thetiip 

not by men) . . . « 233 

YaVaup (eponyinw of an Qmpn 

tribe) , , , H « 


Yt puddn =-0 (MHf d«vil 



YuditYiuhr^Alu . . 



Yaiuq iBub dxiik ^ bloKd day 



ZuBAT^^oaeiii bolt 


Zufijiranhdii (Abli Mssdh^FAEhcr 

of the Sweeper) ^^tnisp^ « 



Zdm “the fiowety h 


ZjiKwah "inui-iTmc between 1 




Zekmab (Ab) ■■''tyrawiy'" 



yam ^7.j nff-bar (BiadbdAiulp 

b-r} . 


Ziniv.h —ttaAiry . > 



Zu aUAutld^tlie oontHw of ue 

itJiko (PhAJuoh} 



Central Archaeological Uhrmr}* 

Call No, ^ 


Xiite— ^ 


**A bo^ that u skid U but a ^ircie’* 



^ DcpBitrocirt of Ajchaeotofy ^ 



Plea^ help utt to keep the book 
olwk and moTing.